St. George's is the capital of Grenada; the town is on a horseshoe-shaped harbour. St. George's is a popular Caribbean tourist destination; the town has developed in recent years, while preserving its history and natural environment. The town is home of St. George’s University School of Medicine and it is where the country's international airport is located, Maurice Bishop International Airport; the main exports are cocoa bean cacao and mace spice. It has a moderate tropical climate. Nutmegs are a key crop, followed by spices such as cocoa, cloves, vanilla and ginger. St. George's was founded by the French in 1650 when "La Grenade" was by Jacques Dyel du Parquet, the governor of Martinique; the French began their colonisation with a series of skirmishes that exterminated the island's native Carib population. In 1666, a wooden fortification was constructed by French colonists on a promontory overlooking Grenada's natural harbour and named Fort Royale. In 1705, work started on a new star fort on the same site, with four stone-built bastions, to the design of Jean de Giou de Caylus, the Chief Engineer of the "Islands of America" the French West Indies.
It was completed in 1710. Meanwhile, the original colonial settlement at the eastern edge of the harbour called Saint Louis after King Louis IX of France known as Port Louis, was found to be subject to flooding and malaria, so a new town was constructed called Ville de Fort Royal; when the island was ceded to Great Britain by the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the new administration renamed it Saint George's Town, after the patron saint of England and Fort Royal was renamed Fort George, after King George III. On the 1 November 1775 there was a fire in the town of St. George's known as the great fire of St George's. After the great fire of 1771, most of the boarding houses on Granby Street were moved to Gouyave. Following the withdrawal of Bridgetown, Barbados, in the mid-1880s, St. George's went on to become the replacement capital of the former colony of the British Windward Islands; the Tikal was the first art cater shop in Grenada and it was opened in December 1959. Grenada achieved independence from Britain in 1974.
Following a leftist coup in 1983, the island was invaded by U. S. troops and a pro USA government was reinstated. In 2004, St. George's and the rest of Grenada was battered by Hurricane Ivan; the hurricane left significant destruction across the island and crippled much of the island's infrastructure. It was estimated that some 90% of the island's homes had sustained damage and the nutmeg trees, which are key to Grenada's economy, were devastated. A year with the help of international donors Grenada had experienced a significant turn around in rebuilding efforts. By 2007, Grenada had participated as planned in the hosting of the 2007 Cricket World Cup. Now St. George's is one of the top 10 Yacht destination. Carnival takes place the second week in August; this festival celebrates the emancipation of slaves. The Sunday night celebrations continue into the early morning hours on Monday. On Monday a carnival pageant is held on stage at Queen's Park, where costumes and calypso queens are judged. On Tuesday, St. George's vibrates to the sounds of the calypso steel bands as they parade through the streets.
St. George's has a humid tropical savanna climate; the average temperature is about 30 °C. There are two seasons: the'dry' season is from January to May and the'rainy' season lasts for the rest of the year. There are short spells of rain in the dry period but they last no more than 5 minutes or so. Gray clouds over the mountains are the first sign of rain. Nutmeg and mace come from the fruit of the aromatic Myrristica fragrans tree; the alien tree was adopted as from March 1967 to the Spice Island. The tree is an evergreen with dark green leaves and small yellow flowers, grows up to 12 meters tall, it continues to do so for up to 40 years. The fruit looks like an apricot and when ripe, slit to reveal a walnut-sized seed. Covering the shell of the seed are lacy, red-orange strips, which are mace, inside the shell is the seed itself - nutmeg, it is used extensively for cooking to enhance the flavor of cakes, desserts and sauces. This comes from the inner bark of the cinnamon tree. Whole or ground, it is a popular household spice internationally.
It is used to flavor cakes. This dried flavored flower bud, whole or ground is used at home to season hams, meats, mincemeat pies, turtle preserves and pickles. From June to December, cuttings from the tops of cane are laid in holes about five inches deep by five feet square covered with soil; as the cane grows taller, fertiliser is used. Between planting and harvesting, corn, peas and other crops are cultivated. January to May, the ripe cane are delivered to the mill to be ground. Boiling and clarifying the cane juice is the next operation; the juice is strained after grinding and taken to the clarifying copper to be boiled.. Lime is added to speed up the operation; the liquid sugar is put into coolers for about 14 hours. The molasses is drained off and taken to the still house to be made into rum. Private boats and yachts can complete customs and immigration processing in St. George's and Prickly Bay, Lance Aux Epines as well as in Carriacou. Travellers passing through Grenada are required to have a passport.
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Payakaraopet Assembly constituency is an SC reserved constituency in Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh, representing the state legislative assembly in India. It is one of the seven assembly segments of Anakapalli, along with Chodavaram, Anakapalle and Pendurthi. Golla Baburao is the present MLA of the constituency, who won the 2019 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election from YSR Congress Party; as of 25 March 2019, there a total of 240,285 electors in the constituency. The four mandals that forms the assembly constituency are: 1984:Kakara Nookaraju,Telugu Desam Party 1989: Kakara Nookaraju, Telugu Desam Party 1994: Kakara Nookaraju, telugu Desam Party 1999: Changala Venkata Rao, Telugu Desam Party 2004: Changala Venkata Rao, Telugu Desam Party 2009: Golla Baburao, Indian National Congress 2014: Vangalapudi Anitha, Telugu Desam Party 2019: Golla Baburao, YSR Congress Party List of constituencies of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
Miramichi Bay is an estuary located on the west coast of the Gulf of St. Lawrence in New Brunswick, at the mouth of the Miramichi River. Miramichi Bay is separated into the "inner bay" and the "outer bay", with the division being a line of uninhabited barrier islands which are continually reshaped by ocean storms; the largest of these islands is the uninhabited Portage Island, broken in two during a violent storm in the 1950s. The islands provide some protection to the inner bay from ocean storms in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Miramichi Bay was named Golfe Saint Lunaire by Jacques Cartier in 1534; the Inner Miramichi Bay, the lower portions of its tributary rivers, are parts of a drowned river valley system. Since deglaciation, sea level rise in Miramichi Bay has flooded the mouths of these rivers with saltwater; the flooded, ancient Miramichi river channel forms a navigable route through the Inner Bay for ocean-going ships entering the port at Miramichi. The inner bay measures only 4 m deep with the navigation channel measuring only 6 -- 10 m.
Since dredging maintenance of this channel has stopped, the port is now only accessible to ships with a shallow draft. The estuary is a dynamic environment, subject to high freshwater outflows during the spring freshet, low outflow and rising saltwater content during the summer period, fall ocean storms and nor'easters which reshape the barrier islands and the old river channel, winter sea ice which encases the entire estuary; the shallow inner bay warms during summer. The diurnal tide cycle ranges only 1 m on average. Continued sea level rise is slowly inundating adjacent low-lying areas and promoting rapid erosion of the low sandstone cliffs bordering the bay; the estuary is significant in that it is a productive ecosystem, despite its small size. The estuary receives the freshwater discharge from the Miramichi River and its tributaries, giving local waters somewhat lower salinity. Organic materials from the surrounding shorelines and inflowing rivers contribute, together with the warm water, to the bay's high productivity.