Alberta is a western province of Canada. With an estimated population of 4,196,457 as of July 1,2015, it is Canadas fourth-most populous province and its area is about 660,000 square kilometres. Alberta and its neighbour Saskatchewan were districts of the Northwest Territories until they were established as provinces on September 1,1905, the premier has been Rachel Notley since May 2015. Alberta is bounded by the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, and the U. S. state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to only a single U. S. state and one of only two landlocked provinces. About 290 km south of the capital is Calgary, the largest city in Alberta and Edmonton centre Albertas two census metropolitan areas, both of which have populations exceeding one million, while the province has 16 census agglomerations. Tourist destinations in the province include Banff, Drumheller, Alberta is named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Victoria, Queen of Canada, and Albert, Prince Consort.
Princess Louise was the wife of John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne, Lake Louise and Mount Alberta were named in her honour. Alberta, with an area of 661,848 km2, is the fourth largest province after Quebec and British Columbia. To the south, the borders on the 49th parallel north, separating it from the US state of Montana. The province extends 1,223 km north to south and 660 km east to west at its maximum width, with the exception of the semi-arid steppe of the south-eastern section, the province has adequate water resources. There are numerous rivers and lakes used for swimming, there are three large lakes, Lake Claire in Wood Buffalo National Park, Lesser Slave Lake, and Lake Athabasca which lies in both Alberta and Saskatchewan. The longest river in the province is the Athabasca River which travels 1,538 km from the Columbia Icefield in the Rocky Mountains to Lake Athabasca, the largest river is the Peace River with an average flow of 2161 m3/s. The Peace River originates in the Rocky Mountains of northern British Columbia and flows through northern Alberta and into the Slave River, Albertas capital city, Edmonton, is located approximately in the geographic centre of the province.
It is the most northerly city in Canada, and serves as a gateway. The region, with its proximity to Canadas largest oil fields, has most of western Canadas oil refinery capacity, Calgary is located approximately 280 km south of Edmonton and 240 km north of Montana, surrounded by extensive ranching country. Almost 75% of the population lives in the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor. The land grant policy to the served as a means to populate the province in its early years
Masonry veneer walls consist of a single non-structural external layer of masonry work, typically brick, backed by an air space. The cavity can include insulation, which is typically in the form of rigid foam, a masonry veneer wall can be completed in a shorter time with less labor than a solid masonry wall thus saving in cost. The weight of a wall can be significantly less than solid masonry, resulting in economies in foundations. Because the masonry veneer is non-structural, it must be tied back to the structure to prevent movement under wind. This is usually accomplished by a means that does not interrupt the drainage plane, in multi-story buildings, such a system may be called a curtain wall. Masonry veneers can be made of any concrete, manufactured clay, masonry refers to individual units that are placed in a mortar bed, making a distinction with panelized products. If a masonry veneer is used over a wall, sheathing. A variant on masonry veneer is the rain screen veneer, rain screens are ventilated at the top and bottom of the cavity to prevent wind-driven rain from being driven into the building by unbalanced pressure.
Such systems are typically encountered in areas where blowing rain is a significant concern. Masonry has high thermal mass, so masonry is slower to heat up, masonry with a dark external surface absorbs more heat than with a lighter external surface, especially if exposed to sunlight. Reverse masonry veneer walls have the brickwork inside and the frame and cladding outside. Hoke John Ray, Jr. ed. Architectural Graphics Standards
Edmonton /ˈɛdməntən/ is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta. Edmonton is on the North Saskatchewan River and is the centre of the Edmonton Capital Region, the city anchors the north end of what Statistics Canada defines as the Calgary–Edmonton Corridor. The city had a population of 932,546 in 2016, making it Albertas second-largest city, in 2016, Edmonton had a metropolitan population of 1,321,426, making it the sixth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada. Edmonton is North Americas northernmost city with a population over one million. A resident of Edmonton is known as an Edmontonian, Edmontons historic growth has been facilitated through the absorption of five adjacent urban municipalities and a series of annexations ending in 1982. Known as the Gateway to the North, the city is a point for large-scale oil sands projects occurring in northern Alberta. Edmonton is a cultural and educational centre and it hosts a year-round slate of festivals, reflected in the nickname Canadas Festival City.
It is home to North Americas largest mall, West Edmonton Mall, in 1754, Anthony Henday, an explorer for the Hudsons Bay Company, may have been the first European to enter the Edmonton area. By 1795, Fort Edmonton was established on the north bank as a major trading post for the Hudsons Bay Company. The new forts name was suggested by John Peter Pruden after Edmonton, the home town of both the HBC deputy governor Sir James Winter Lake, and Pruden. In 1876, Treaty 6, which includes what is now Edmonton, was signed between the Aboriginal peoples in Canada and Queen Victoria as Queen of Canada, as part of the Numbered Treaties of Canada. The agreement includes the Plains and Woods Cree and other governments of First Nations at Fort Carlton, Fort Pitt. The area covered by the treaty represents most of the area of the current provinces of Saskatchewan. The arrival of the CPR and the C&E Railway helped bring settlers and entrepreneurs from eastern Canada, Europe, U. S. the Edmonton areas fertile soil and cheap land attracted settlers, further establishing Edmonton as a major regional commercial and agricultural centre.
Some people participating in the Klondike Gold Rush passed through South Edmonton/Strathcona in 1897, in November 1905, the Canadian Northern Railway arrived in Edmonton, accelerating growth. During the early 1900s, Edmontons rapid growth led to speculation in real estate, in 1912, Edmonton amalgamated with the City of Strathcona, south of the North Saskatchewan River, as a result, the city extended south of the North Saskatchewan River for the first time. Just prior to World War I, the boom ended, many impoverished families moved to subsistence farms outside the city, while others fled to greener pastures in other provinces. Recruitment to the Canadian army during the war contributed to the drop in population
The Very Reverend Philip Ruh, O. M. I. was Catholic priest and church architect. The style is often called cathedral, which is a common nickname for several of his churches. Ruh was born in Bickenholtz, Alsace-Lorraine, to poor parents, when he wasnt at school, he worked in the fields. In his autobiography two years before his death, he wrote, There was no time for play except on Sundays after Mass. After leaving school, he worked in the fields until deciding to become a priest and he joined the priesthood in the Oblates order in 1898 and he moved to the Netherlands for training. After completing his novitiate, he studied for six years in Germany. Then he was sent to be the Oblate missionary to the Ukrainian Catholic immigrants in Canada, Ruh knew nothing about Ukrainians except that they were a Slavic nation. He received additional training in the Ukrainian language and the Eastern Rite, Ruh had his first experience in architecture when he received an assignment to design a path up a hill and a play field for schoolchildren.
Ruh received two years of training before he was sent to Canada, he arrived in April 1913. There were few clergy for almost 250,000 Ukrainians, Ruh arrived at his new home at the village of Stry, north of the North Saskatchewan River. He remained there until his death at St. Boniface, church of the Immaculate Conception, Cooks Creek, Manitoba 1930s. Blessed Virgin Mary, Ontario 1940s, St. Cyril & Methodius, St. Catharines, Ontario 1940s. Saskatchewan Gen Web Project Canadian Encyclopedia Manitoba Historical Society / Dictionary of Manitoba Biography
Blessed Nykyta Budka was a clergyman of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church who lived and worked in Austria-Hungary, Canada and the Soviet Union. In Canada, he is noted as the first bishop of the Ukrainian Catholic Church in Canada and he was born into a fairly well to-do and political active peasant family in the village of Dobromirka in Zbarazh powait, part of Galicia, in Austria-Hungary in 1877. He received his education in his native village and the county town, and studied at the classical gymnasium in Temopil. He worked as a tutor for the children of Prince Leo Sapieha in Bilche Zolote and he studied law at the University of Lviv and theology at Lviv Theological Seminary. In 1902 he entered the Collegium Canisianum in Innsbruck, Budka was ordained as a priest by Metropolitan Andriy in Lviv, the capital of Austrian Galicia, on October 25,1905 at the age of twenty-eight. In 1907 Budka was named the prefect of the seminary in Lviv, besides his other duties he was also made an adviser to the marriage tribunal and a consultant on emigration issues, which became his real avocation.
He was the founder and editor of the monthly publication Емігрант from 1910 -1912, during this time he was charged with the care of Ukrainian immigrants in Austria, Brazil, Argentina and Bosnia by Metropolitan Andriy. He was appointed bishop for Ukrainian Catholics in Canada and titular bishop of Patara on July 15,1912 by Pope Pius XI and his first organization tasks were to secure charters of incorporation under provincial laws for various parishes and one under federal law for the eparchy as a whole. The highly controversial issue of who should own property in Canada. He took over the newspaper Canadian Ruthenian from the Latin bishops and he was broadly supportive of Ukrainian nationalism. Before the Great War, his greatest struggle was against a group of young anti-clerical professionals and they sought to establish or defend Ukrainian institutions in Canada with an overtly nationalist orientation. They saw Budka as insufficiently nationalist, bound to the Latin hierarchy, seeking to establish Catholic predominance over the Ukrainian community, and the hierarchys control of the church.
This ultimately led to the creation of the Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church of Canada by dissenting parishes in 1918, by the same token the socialist wing of the community started its own quasi-church institution, the Ukrainian Labour Temple Association, in 1918. While most Ukrainians in Canada were still Catholic, after 1918 the Catholic Church permanently lost its role as the institution of Ukrainian life. Their homeland was Austria, which soon was at war with Canada, although he retracted his letter, the damage was already done. This helped inflame an existing suspicion and scrutiny of the Ukrainian Canadian community by the wider public, who was naturalized as British subject in 1918 or 1920 was charged twice with crimes of disloyalty and cleared in both cases. Following the war he continued his work despite his eparchys precarious finances, he help found the Ukrainian National Council in Winnipeg in 1919. He continued until 1927, when he left for a visit to Rome and while there asked to be transferred back to Galicia, exhausted from his fifteen years at the head of the Canadian church
McCauley is a vibrant and ethnically diverse inner city neighbourhood in Edmonton, Alberta undergoing revitalization. It is named for Matthew McCauley, the first mayor of Edmonton, McCauley is famous as the home of dozens of religious buildings concentrated in a small area as well as being a large venue for the 1978 Commonwealth Games. Out of 272 Edmonton neighbourhoods evaluated, McCauley is the 11th most walkable with a Walk Score of 79, or Very Walkable. In the City of Edmontons 2014 municipal census, McCauley had a population of 5,167 living in 3,515 dwellings, with a land area of 1.5 km2, it had a population density of 3,444.7 people/km2 in 2014. Since revitalization started to November 11,2013,26 houses have built,40 new businesses have joined the area. Many young families move into the area. In Progress City Council approved a strategy for McCauley in December 2010 that included an investment of $10.5 million toward revitalizing the neighbourhood. The project is scheduled to break ground in March 2014 and continue into 2015, beginning in 2012, McCauley is being serviced under the Drainage Neighbourhood Renewal Program.
This program focuses on renewal and replacement of sanitary and storm sewers, option 2, Improve Physical Infrastructure along Norwood Boulevard. Coordinate a streetscape plan that incorporates landscape infrastructure conducive to enhancing connectivity to surrounding initiatives, adapt existing eligibility requirements for the Façade Improvement Program and the Development Incentive Program to enable property owners along Norwood Boulevard to access funding. Currently, Façade Improvement Program funding is limited to projects within existing Business Revitalization Zone boundaries, a capital program and cost estimate for streetscape improvements would need to be developed. Physical infrastructure improvements are generally seen as a mechanism for encouraging business development in a given area, Capital Tower, located at 10028-106 Avenue has a history of violence and crime. As of March 2013, Helm Property Management and Realty now controls the building, currently $2 million has been invested in a complete facelift of the building, its façade and the physical suites.
Security has been addressed by mass evictions, 24-hour security and a 9 pm curfew, Edmonton Police Services reports calls to the building have decreased from approximately 4 per day to 1 per week. Helm is working to make Capital Tower a choice rental option for the Downtown student population once its transformation is complete, on May 1,2013,96 Street between 106 Avenue and 111 Avenue was renamed Church Street and given heritage status and protection. The City is investing $500,000 within the two years to enhance the character of the area. On February 4,2014, The City has reopened interest in continuing with exploring the idea of a TOD at Stadium LRT Station and it had previously tabled the idea in late 2012. Completed Opened on March 13,2012, the retrofitted and expanded Commonwealth Community Recreation Centre opened its doors, costing $112.34 million, with 220,000 sq-ft of recreation space
Ukrainian Baroque or Cossack Baroque or Mazepa baroque is an architectural style that emerged in Ukraine during the Hetmanate era, in the 17th and 18th centuries. Ukrainian Baroque is distinct from the Western European Baroque in having more moderate ornamentation and simpler forms, many Ukrainian Baroque buildings have been preserved, including several buildings in Kyiv Pechersk Lavra and the Vydubychi Monastery in Kyiv. The best examples of Baroque painting are the paintings in the Holy Trinity Church of the Kyiv Pechersk Lavra. Rapid development in engraving techniques occurred during the Ukrainian Baroque period, advances utilized a complex system of symbolism, heraldic signs, and sumptuous ornamentation. Certain features of the Ukrainian baroque, such as bud and pear-shaped domes, were borrowed by the similar Naryshkin baroque movement in 17th-18th century Moscow. Modern Ukrainian church buildings, such as Troeshchina Cathedral, are built in this style. Originating in the 17th century, Ukrainian baroque reached its golden age in the time of Ivan Mazepa, Mazepa baroque is original synthesis of West-European baroque architectural forms and Ukrainian national baroque architectural traditions.
Ukrainian architecture Ukrainian baroque songs and music
Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Edmonton
The Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Edmonton is a Ukrainian Catholic diocese that governs parishes in the Canadian province of Alberta. It uses the Byzantine Rite in Ukrainian language and its cathedral episcopal see is St. Josaphat’s Cathedral in Edmonton, Alberta. On 19 January 1948, it was established as Ukrainian Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Western Canada, on 10 March 1951, it was renamed as Ukrainian Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Edmonton, after its see. On 3 November 1956, promoted as Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Edmonton and it thus lost its exempt status, becoming a suffragan in the ecclesiastical province of the Metropolitan Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Winnipeg. On 27 June 1974, it lost territory to establish the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of New Westminster, on January 26,2007 Pope Benedict XVI appointed former Auxiliary Bishop David Motiuk of the Archeparchy of Winnipeg as head of the Ukrainian Catholic Eparchy of Edmonton. As of 2007, the diocese contains 87 parishes,39 active diocesan and it has 30 women religious,24 religious brothers and 5 permanent deacons. S. B. M.
Suffragan Eparchs of Edmonton Neil Nicholas Savaryn, O. S. B. M, demetrius Martin Greschuk, previously Titular Bishop of Nazianzus & Auxiliary Eparch of Edmonton of the Ukrainians Myron Michael Daciuk, O. S. B. M
A brick is building material used to make walls and other elements in masonry construction. Traditionally, the term referred to a unit composed of clay. A brick can be composed of clay-bearing soil and lime, Bricks are produced in numerous classes, types and sizes which vary with region and time period, and are produced in bulk quantities. Two basic categories of bricks are fired and non-fired bricks, block is a similar term referring to a rectangular building unit composed of similar materials, but is usually larger than a brick. Lightweight bricks are made from expanded clay aggregate, fired bricks are one of the longest-lasting and strongest building materials, sometimes referred to as artificial stone, and have been used since circa 5000 BC. Air-dried bricks, known as mudbricks, have an older than fired bricks. Bricks are laid in courses and numerous patterns known as bonds, collectively known as brickwork, the earliest bricks were dried brick, meaning that they were formed from clay-bearing earth or mud and dried until they were strong enough for use.
The oldest discovered bricks, originally made from shaped mud and dating before 7500 BC, were found at Tell Aswad, in the upper Tigris region, ceramic, or fired brick was used as early as 3000 BC in early Indus Valley cities. In pre-modern China, bricks were being used from the 2nd millennium BCE at a site near Xian, the carpenters manual Yingzao Fashi, published in 1103 at the time of the Song dynasty described the brick making process and glazing techniques in use. He had to know when to quench the kiln with water so as to produce the surface glaze, Early civilisations around the Mediterranean adopted the use of fired bricks, including the Ancient Greeks and Romans. The Roman legions operated mobile kilns, and built large brick structures throughout the Roman Empire, during the Early Middle Ages the use of bricks in construction became popular in Northern Europe, after being introduced there from Northern-Western Italy. An independent style of architecture, known as brick Gothic flourished in places that lacked indigenous sources of rocks.
Examples of this style can be found in modern-day Denmark, Poland. A clear distinction between the two styles developed at the transition to Baroque architecture. In Lübeck, for example, Brick Renaissance is clearly recognisable in buildings equipped with terracotta reliefs by the artist Statius von Düren, production of bricks increased massively with the onset of the Industrial Revolution and the rise in factory building in England. For reasons of speed and economy, bricks were increasingly preferred as building material to stone and it was at this time in London, that bright red brick was chosen for construction to make the buildings more visible in the heavy fog and to help prevent traffic accidents. The transition from the method of production known as hand-moulding to a mechanised form of mass-production slowly took place during the first half of the nineteenth century. His mechanical apparatus soon achieved widespread attention after it was adopted for use by the South Eastern Railway Company for brick-making at their factory near Folkestone, the Bradley & Craven Ltd ‘Stiff-Plastic Brickmaking Machine’ was patented in 1853, apparently predating Clayton
A great range of materials have been used both for the base or matrix and for the inlays inserted into it. In a wood matrix, inlays commonly use wood veneers, but other materials like shells, mother-of-pearl, pietre dure, or coloured stones inlaid in white or black marbles, and inlays of precious metals in a base metal matrix are other forms of inlay. Inlay is commonly used in production of furniture, where pieces of coloured wood or metal are inserted into the surface of the carcass. Lutherie inlays are used as decoration and marking on musical instruments. The similar private study made for him at Gubbio is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the history of inlay is very old. After learning the skill of smithing from the Navaho in 1872, the French cabinet maker Andre-Charles Boulle specialized in furniture using inlays or metal and either wood or tortoiseshell together, the latter acting as the background. Pietra dura is the term in Europe for detailed inlays in contrasting colours of stones, including many semi-precious types.
Pietra dura developed from the Roman Opus sectile, which was used on a larger scale. Cosmatesque work on walls and floors, and smaller objects, was an intermediate stage
Order of Saint Basil the Great
The order received approbation on August 20,1631. Its monks and priests work primarily with Ukrainian Catholics and are present in other Greek-Catholic churches in central. Monastic life began to develop in Ukraine in the times of Saint Vladimir the Great, after the Mongol invasions in the 13th century the monks fled to western lands of Halych-Volhynia and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, spreading Eastern Monasticism there. After the Eastern Rite Ruthenian Church has re-affirmed its communion with the Catholic Church in the Union of Brest in 1596, the monasteries living according to the rules of St. Basil and St. In 1739 a second congregation was formed by monasteries in Halychyna, in 1772 the Order had over 200 monasteries and over 1000 monks, six seminaries, twenty schools and colleges and four printing houses. A small part of modern-day Ukraine came under the Austrian rule were the fate of the Ruthenian Church was much better, the Order suffered under the policies of Emperor Joseph II, directed generally against all religious orders.
In the second half of the 19th century efforts were undertaken to renew the Order, by 1882 it was reduced to just 60 monks in 14 monasteries. The Basilians reached Brazil, United States and Argentina, New provinces were established covering Transcarpathia and Yugoslavia and Romania. By 1939 the number of rose to over 650. In 1944, the order purchased the John E. Aldred Estate at Lattingtown, New York, following the Second World War, the Soviets entered further into Europe and forced the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church into the catacombs. In all of the Soviet controlled territories only a single Basilian monastery was left open, the Order survived among the Ukrainian diaspora in the free world and in Ukraine itself where the monks secretly prayed and catechesized. After the collapse of the Soviet Union the Order was reëstablished in independent Ukraine and other Central and Eastern European countries such as Hungary, some old monasteries have been restored and new ones established. In 2001 there were over 600 monks,300 of them in Ukraine, Basil History and facts about the Order of St.
Basil the Great ЧСВВ Провінція Найсвятішого Спасителя в Україні Province of the Most Holy Redeemer in Ukraine