The St. Louis Cardinals are an American professional baseball team based in St. Louis, Missouri; the Cardinals compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League Central division. Busch Stadium has been their home ballpark since 2006. One of the nation's oldest and most successful professional baseball clubs, the Cardinals have won 11 World Series championships, more than any other NL team and second in MLB only to the New York Yankees; the team has won third-most of any team. St. Louis has won 14 division titles in the East and Central divisions. In 1881, entrepreneur Chris von der Ahe purchased the Brown Stockings barnstorming club, renamed it the St. Louis Browns, made it a charter member of the American Association baseball league; the team won four league championships, qualifying them to play in the era's professional baseball championship tournament, a forerunner of the modern World Series. In two of these championships, the Browns met the Chicago White Stockings, launching the enduring Cardinals–Cubs rivalry.
In 1892, the Browns — called the Perfectos — joined the National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs renamed the National League. In 1900, the team was renamed the Cardinals. Notable Cardinals achievements include manager/owner Branch Rickey's invention of the farm system, Rogers Hornsby's two batting Triple Crowns, Dizzy Dean's 30-win season in 1934, Stan Musial's 17 MLB and 29 NL records, Bob Gibson's 1.12 earned run average in 1968, Whitey Herzog's Whiteyball, Mark McGwire's single-season home run record in 1998, the 2011 championship team's unprecedented comebacks. The Cardinals won 100 or more nine times. Cardinals players have won 20 league MVPs, four batting Triple Crowns, three Cy Young Awards. Baseball Hall of Fame inductees include Lou Brock, Dizzy Dean, Bob Gibson, Whitey Herzog, Rogers Hornsby, Joe Medwick, Stan Musial, Branch Rickey, Red Schoendienst, Ozzie Smith, Bruce Sutter. In 2018, Forbes valued the Cardinals at $1.9 billion, 7th-highest among MLB clubs and far more than the $147 million paid in 1995 by owner William DeWitt, Jr.'s investment group.
In 2017, the team took in revenue of $319 million on an operating income of $40.0 million. John Mozeliak is the President of Baseball Operations, Mike Girsch is the general manager and Mike Shildt is the manager; the Cardinals are renowned for their strong fan support: despite being in one of the sport's mid-level markets, they see attendances among the league's highest, are among the top three in MLB in local television ratings. Professional baseball began in St. Louis with the inception of the Brown Stockings in the National Association in 1875; the NA folded following that season, the next season, St. Louis joined the National League as a charter member, finishing in third place at 45-19. George Bradley hurled the first no-hitter in Major League history; the NL expelled St. Louis from the league after 1877 due to a game-fixing scandal and the team went bankrupt. Without a league, they continued play as a semi-professional barnstorming team through 1881; the magnitudes of the reorganizations following the 1877 and 1881 seasons are such that the 1875–1877 and 1878–1881 Brown Stockings teams are not considered to share continuity as a franchise with the current St. Louis Cardinals.
For the 1882 season, Chris von der Ahe purchased the team, reorganized it, made it a founding member of the American Association, a league to rival the NL. 1882 is considered to be the first year of existence for the franchise which would become known as the St. Louis Cardinals; the next season, St. Louis shortened their name to the Browns. Soon thereafter they became the dominant team in the AA, as manager Charlie Comiskey guided St. Louis to four pennants in a row from 1885 to 1888. Pitcher and outfielder Bob Caruthers led the league in ERA and wins in 1885 and finished in the top six in both in each of the following two seasons, he led the AA in OBP and OPS in 1886 and finished fourth in batting average in 1886 and fifth in 1887. Outfielder Tip O'Neill won the first batting triple crown in franchise history in 1887 and the only one in AA history. By winning the pennant, the Browns played the NL pennant winner in a predecessor of the World Series; the Browns twice met the Chicago White Stockings – the Chicago Cubs prototype – tying one in a heated dispute and winning the other, thus spurring the vigorous St. Louis-Chicago rivalry that ensues to this day.
During the franchise's ten seasons in the AA, they compiled an all-time league-high of 780 wins and.639 winning percentage. They lost just 432 contests while tying 21 others; the AA went bankrupt after the 1891 season and the Browns transferred to the National League. This time, the club entered an era of stark futility. Between 1892 and 1919, St. Louis managed just five winning seasons, finished in last or next-to-last place sixteen times, ended four seasons with 100 losses or more; the nadir was the 1897 season: a 29–102 record for a franchise-worst.221 winning percentage. St. Louis' 84-67 finish as the Perfectos in 1899 would be the team's best finish between the AA era and Sam Breadon's purchase of the team; as the "Perfectos", the team wore their jersey with a cardinal red sock striping. That season, St. Louis Republic sportswriter Willie McHale included an account in a column of a female fan he heard remarking about the uniforms, "What a lovely shade of cardinal." Fans liked the moniker "Cardinals" and, the next year in 1900, popularity for the nickname induced an official change to Cardinals.
The 1992 Waldbaum's Hamlet Cup was a tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts. It was the 12th edition of the event known that year as the Waldbaum's Hamlet Cup, was part of the World Series of the 1992 ATP Tour, it took place at the Hamlet Golf and Country Club in Commack, Long Island, New York, United States, from August 24 through August 30, 1992. The singles featured ATP No. 2, reigning US Open champion, Australian Open runner-up, Hamburg and New Haven winner Stefan Edberg, San Francisco, Indian Wells, Miami titlist Michael Chang, Toronto, Cincinnati runner-up, Long Island defending champion Ivan Lendl. Other seeds were French Open finalist, Philadelphia winner Petr Korda, Rotterdam champion Boris Becker, Sergi Bruguera, Alexander Volkov and Brad Gilbert. Petr Korda defeated Ivan Lendl, 6–2, 6–2 It was Petr Korda's 2nd title of the year, his 4th overall. Francisco Montana / Greg Van Emburgh defeated Gianluca Pozzi / Olli Rahnasto, 6–4, 6–2 Singles Draw Doubles Draw Qualifying Singles Draw
The second running of the Milan–San Remo cycling classic was held on 5 April 1908. The race was won by Belgian Cyrille Van Hauwaert. 14 of 48 starters finished the race. The race was affected by freezing rain from start to finish; the dramatic state of the roads contributed to the harshness of the race, causing several punctures and mechanical failures. A small group of riders, containing all key contenders, broke clear on the Passo del Turchino. In Masone five of them remained: Belgian Cyrille Van Hauwaert, Italians Rossignoli and Galetti, French riders Pottier and Lignon. In Finale Ligure Van Hauwaert powered on solo to the finish. In the background Luigi Ganna, André Trousselier and Augustin Ringeval had set off in pursuit. Ganna approached but Van Hauwaert remained his lead until the finish in Sanremo. Van Hauwaert had traveled by bike from Belgium by means of training. In Paris he was joined by several French riders, including Augustin Ringeval, who accompanied him to Milan