St. Martin Parish is a parish located in the U. S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,160; the parish seat is St. Martinville; the parish was founded in 1811. St. Martin Parish is part of Louisiana Metropolitan Statistical Area. 27% of the population of St. Martin Parish have French fluency, rated as one of the highest concentrations of French speakers in the nation. In 1811, the division of Attakapas Parish created St. Mary Parish. In 1824, St. Martin Parish was divided. In 1844, St. Martin Parish was again divided. In 1868, Iberia Parish was formed from parts of St. Martin Parish and St. Mary Parish dividing St. Martin Parish in two, as part of Iberia Parish runs between the two non-contiguous parts of St. Martin Parish. St. Martin Parish was colonized by people from France and Acadia in the 1700s, accounting for the large concentration of French-speaking population today; the Acadians brought with them the tale of Evangeline, a young woman, separated from her supposedly-mortally-wounded betrothed during the Expulsion of the Acadians.
According to the tale, Evangeline met her betrothed in St. Martin Parish, but he had moved on to a new love and she never recovered from the shock of both finding him and losing him again. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's most famous work, Evangeline, A Tale of Acadie, was based on this story. Evangeline remains an icon of Acadian and American culture; the historical Evangeline, believed by some to have been an orphan girl named Emmeline Labiche, is supposed to have been buried on the grounds of the St. Martin de Tours Catholic Church in St. Martinville. St. Martin was a prosperous parish, growing in the early 1800s. Most of the money at that time was being made by raising cattle. Other profitable crops were cotton, corn and tobacco; these were sold to the New Orleans market. Wealthy planters utilized slave labor on their plantations, by 1860, there were over 7,000 slaves in the parish. A yellow fever epidemic in 1855, followed by a deadly fire and a destructive hurricane, ended an era of unbridled prosperity.
These events, combined with the effects of the Civil War and Reconstruction took a heavy toll on the parish. However, the people proved resilient, in short order became prosperous again. Corn and sugar cane ruled once more, trees from the swamps were profitably sold; the parish is split into two non-contiguous parts because of a surveying error dating to 1868, when Iberia Parish was created by the Louisiana Legislature. Iberia Parish divides St. Martin Parish into two separate areas and Lower St. Martin. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 816 square miles, of which 738 square miles is land and 79 square miles is water. St. Martin Parish is with Bayou Teche running through it; the Bayou was used to ship products to New Orleans. St. Martin Parish has a wealth of magnolia trees. Interstate 10 Louisiana Highway 31 Louisiana Highway 70 St. Landry Parish Pointe Coupee Parish Iberville Parish Assumption Parish St. Mary Parish Lafayette Parish Iberia Parish The parish has both national and state protected areas within its borders.
Atchafalaya National Wildlife Refuge Part of the Attakapas Wildlife Management Area is located within St. Martin Parish as well as in St. Mary and Iberia Parishes; as of the census of 2000, there were 48,583 people, 17,164 households, 12,975 families residing in the parish. The population density was 66 people per square mile. There were 20,245 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile; the racial makeup of the parish was 65.95% White, 31.98% Black or African American, 0.92% Asian, 0.29% Native American, 0.20% from other races, 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 0.83% of the population. The 2000 census counted 44,915 people in the parish who are at least five years old of whom 31,229 speak only English at home, 27.44% reported speaking French or Cajun French at home, while 1.52% speak Louisiana Creole French. St. Martin has the highest percentage of French-speaking residents of any county or parish in the United States. There were 17,164 households out of which 39.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 15.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.40% were non-families.
20.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.22. In the parish the population was spread out with 29.50% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 29.60% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, 10.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.00 males. The median income for a household in the parish was $30,701, the median income for a family was $36,316. Males had a median income of $30,701 versus $18,365 for females; the per capita income for the parish was $13,619. About 18.40% of families and 21.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.70% of those under age 18 and 22.10% of those age 65 or over. Public schools in St. Martin Parish are operated by the St. Martin Parish School Board. Breaux Bridge St. Martinville Arnaudville Hender
Graham Howard Shepard was an English illustrator and cartoonist. He was the son of Ernest H. Shepard, the illustrator of Winnie-the-Pooh and The Wind in the Willows, he was educated at Lincoln College, Oxford. At Marlborough he was a member of the college's secret'Society of Amici' where he found himself a contemporary of John Betjeman and Anthony Blunt, a close friend of Louis MacNeice. MacNeice's "He had a date" is loosely based on the death of Shepard. At Oxford he was a contemporary and friend of MacNeice and Osbert Lancaster. Following in his father's footsteps, he became an illustrator and cartoonist, working for the Illustrated London News. Shepard served in the RNVR during World War II. Lieutenant Shepard was lost along with all but one crew member when their ship, HMS Polyanthus, was sunk by the German submarine U-952 in the mid-Atlantic on 21 September 1943, he was survived by his wife, Ann Faith Shepard, his young daughter, Minette. Shepard's younger sister, Mary Shepard became an illustrator, is best known for her illustrations of P. L. Travers' Mary Poppins
The Rhaetian Alps are a mountain range of the Eastern Alps. The SOIUSA classification system divides them into the Western and Eastern Rhaetian Alps, while the Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps places most of the Rhaetion subranges within the Western Limestone Alps, they are located along the Italian–Swiss and Austrian–Swiss borders, in the canton of Graubünden in eastern Switzerland. The name relates to a Roman province and the Rhaetian people subdued under Emperor Augustus in 15 BC; the Rhaetian Alps contain the subranges of: Albula Range, Bernina Range Brenta group Bregaglia Range Ortler Alps Rätikon SilvrettaThe highest peak in the range is Piz Bernina at 4,049 metres, located in Grisons/Graubünden canton, adjacent to the Italian border. The Swiss National Park is located in the Western Rhaetian Alps. Limestone Alps Southern Limestone Alps Central Eastern Alps The Rhaetian Age which ends the Triassic Period of geological time is named for the Rhaetian Alps
Jaime D. Williams is the Assembly member for the 59th District of the New York State Assembly, she is a Democrat. The district includes portions of Canarsie, Mill Basin, Marine Park and Gerritsen Beach in Brooklyn. Williams was born and raised in Trinidad and Tobago before immigrating to New York City in 1999, where she has been a resident of Brooklyn since. Williams graduated from Fordham University with a master's degree in social work before going to work in the community, including for domestic violence prevention. Following Hurricane Sandy, Williams worked for Catholic Social Services of Brooklyn and Queens to help with relief efforts, she joined the staff of Assemblywoman Roxanne Persaud following her election in 2014 as her Chief of Staff. Assemblywoman Roxanne Persaud was elected to the New York Senate in a special election in November 2015 following John Sampson losing his Senate seat due to a felony conviction; as a result, she resigned from the Assembly to take her seat in the Senate.
Brooklyn Democrats soon after chose Williams to run in the special election to serve out the remainder of Persaud's term. She went on to win the special election against Republican Jeffrey Feretti with 82.47% of the vote. Williams was seated in the Assembly on May 10, 2016. New York State Assemblywoman Jaime Williams official site
William Dodgin was an English professional football left half and coach. Dodgin played in the Football League, most notably for Clapton Orient and Lincoln City and after retiring, he turned to management with Southampton, Fulham and Sampdoria. Dodgin served former club Bristol Rovers as a coach and manager, his final job in football was as chief scout at Eastville and he retired from football in 1981. Dodgin's son Bill was a footballer and played under his father at Southampton and Fulham. Prior to turning professional with Huddersfield Town in 1928, he worked as a miner. During the Second World War he worked at an aircraft factory in Hamble-le-Rice and played football for their works team Folland Aircraft. While manager of Yiewsley, he ran a sweet shop in Byfleet. Bell's Merit Award Bill Dodgin Sr. management career statistics at Soccerbase
In mathematics, more in computer algebra, computational algebraic geometry, computational commutative algebra, a Gröbner basis is a particular kind of generating set of an ideal in a polynomial ring K over a field K. A Gröbner basis allows many important properties of the ideal and the associated algebraic variety to be deduced such as the dimension and the number of zeros when it is finite. Gröbner basis computation is one of the main practical tools for solving systems of polynomial equations and computing the images of algebraic varieties under projections or rational maps. Gröbner basis computation can be seen as a multivariate, non-linear generalization of both Euclid's algorithm for computing polynomial greatest common divisors, Gaussian elimination for linear systems. Gröbner bases were introduced in 1965, together with an algorithm to compute them, by Bruno Buchberger in his Ph. D. thesis. He named them after his advisor Wolfgang Gröbner. In 2007, Buchberger received the Association for Computing Machinery's Paris Kanellakis Theory and Practice Award for this work.
However, the Russian mathematician Nikolai Günther had introduced a similar notion in 1913, published in various Russian mathematical journals. These papers were ignored by the mathematical community until their rediscovery in 1987 by Bodo Renschuch et al. An analogous concept for multivariate power series was developed independently by Heisuke Hironaka in 1964, who named them standard bases; this term has been used by some authors to denote Gröbner bases. The theory of Gröbner bases has been extended by many authors in various directions, it has been generalized to other structures such as polynomials over principal ideal rings or polynomial rings, some classes of non-commutative rings and algebras, like Ore algebras. Gröbner bases are defined for ideals in a polynomial ring R = K over a field K. Although the theory works for any field, most Gröbner basis computations are done either when K is the field of rationals or the integers modulo a prime number. A polynomial is a sum c 1 M 1 + ⋯ + c m M m where the c i are nonzero elements of K and the M i are monomials or "power products" of the variables.
This means that a monomial M is a product M = x 1 a 1 ⋯ x n a n, where the a i are nonnegative integers. The vector A = is called the exponent vector of M; the notation is abbreviated as x 1 a 1 ⋯ x n a n = X A. Monomials are uniquely defined by their exponent vectors so computers can represent monomials efficiently as exponent vectors, polynomials as lists of exponent vectors and their coefficients. If F = is a finite set of polynomials in a polynomial ring R, the ideal generated by F is the set of linear combinations of elements from F with coefficients in all of R: ⟨ f 1, …, f k ⟩ =. All operations related to Gröbner bases require the choice of a total order on the monomials, with the following properties of compatibility with multiplication. For all monomials M, N, P, M ≤ N ⟺ M P ≤ N P M ≤ M P. A total order satisfying these condition is sometimes called an admissible ordering; these conditions imply that the order is a well-order, that is, every decreasing sequence of monomials is finite.
Although Gröbner basis theory does not depend on a particular choice of an admissible monomial ordering, three monomial orderings are specially important for the applications: Lexicographical ordering called lex or plex. Total degree reverse lexicographical ordering called degrevlex. Elimination ordering, lexdeg. Gröbner basis theory was introduced for the lexicographical ordering, it was soon realised that the Gröbner basis for degrevlex is alway