St. Tammany Parish is a parish located in the U. S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 233,740, making it the fifth-most populous parish in Louisiana; the parish seat is Covington. The parish was founded in 1810. St. Tammany Parish is included in the New Orleans -- LA Metropolitan Statistical Area. St. Tammany Parish is one of the fastest-growing parishes in the state, along with Livingston and Ascension. St. Tammany Parish is colloquially referred to as part of the "Northshore" or "North Shore" throughout metropolitan New Orleans, owing to its location on Lake Pontchartrain, it is the most affluent parish in the state, has a nationally-recognized system of public schools, is the most politically conservative parish in the New Orleans region. The Moon Handbooks: New Orleans, Including Cajun Country and the River Road, published in 2007, stated that people wanting to live in proximity to New Orleans without living in New Orleans will cause the population of St. Tammany Parish to increase.
In 1699, Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, a French explorer, was the first European to visit the area of present-day St. Tammany Parish. While exploring lakes Pontchartrain and Maurepas, Iberville wrote in his journal, "The place where I am is one of the prettiest I have seen, fine level ground bare of canes; the land north of the lakes is a country of pine trees mixed with hard woods. The soil is sandy and many tracks of buffalo and deer can be seen." St. Tammany was inhabited by numerous Indian peoples, including the Colapissas, Bayou Goulas, Biloxi and Pensacola nations. After the 18th-century founding and development of New Orleans, French settlers began to enter the region; the primary industry was the production of pitch, tar and resin from the forests. After France was defeated in the French and Indian War, St. Tammany became part of British West Florida. During this period, the area comprising today's St. Tammany attracted British loyalists who wanted to escape persecution in the Thirteen Colonies.
After Great Britain was defeated in the American Revolutionary War, West Florida was governed by the Spanish. The West Florida period ended with the West Florida revolt, which precipitated annexation by the United States. In 1810, President James Madison claimed West Florida as part of Louisiana and sent William C. C. Claiborne to claim the territory. Claiborne established the boundaries of the Florida Parishes, he created St. Tammany Parish and named it after the Delaware Indian Chief Tamanend, who made peace with William Penn and was renowned for his goodness. Among the nine Louisiana parishes named for "saints", St. Tammany is the only one whose eponym is not a saint of the Roman Catholic Church, the ecclesiastical parishes of which formed the basis for the state's civil parishes. In fact, Tamanend is not known to have been a Christian, was not a Roman Catholic. However, he became popularly revered as an "American patron saint" in the post-Revolutionary period. Under Spanish rule, the area east of the Tangipahoa River, which would become St. Tammany Parish, was known as the St. Ferdinand District.
Due to the fact that Ferdinand was the name of the disputed King of Spain at the time, it was deemed that the new parish should have a more "American" sounding name. In the early 1830s, there were only two towns in St. Tammany: Covington, a retreat with summer homes and hotels; the area south of Covington to Lake Pontchartrain's northern shore and extending eastwards to the Pearl River border with the state of Mississippi was known as the Covington Lowlands. This region included the present-day towns of Mandeville, Abita Springs, Lacombe and Pearl River. Mandeville was founded in 1834 by Bernard de Marigny de Mandeville and was developed as a health resort for wealthy New Orleanians, because it was believed that ozone was both salutary and emitted by the numerous trees in the area, giving rise to an early name for the region — the "Ozone Belt". Regular ferry service commenced across Lake Pontchartrain, shortly thereafter another resort community was founded, Abita Springs. A railroad was constructed in the 1880s connecting Covington and Abita Springs to Mandeville and to New Orleans, allowing for further growth in Abita Springs, where underground spring waters permitted healthful baths.
With the completion of high-speed road connections to St. Tammany from New Orleans and its older suburbs, the parish began to develop as a bedroom community. Suburban sprawl first took root around Slidell, Louisiana, in the eastern part of the parish. Though the Causeway was completed in 1956 and linked suburban Metairie with western St. Tammany, growth in and around western St. Tammany towns like Mandeville and Madisonville only gathered momentum in the late 1960s. While St. Tammany was sparsely populated and wholly rural in the 1950s, its population exceeded 200,000 in the wake of Hurricane Katrina's landfall in 2005. A major event in the parish's transition from a bedroom community of commuters to a more diverse and independent economic unit occurred in 2008 with the relocation of Chevron's regional corporate headquarters from downtown New Orleans to an office park outside of C
Duke of Fernán Núñez is a hereditary title of nobility in the Peerage of Spain accompanied by the dignity of Grandee. The Countship of Fernán Núñez granted in 1639 to Alonso Gutiérrez de los Ríos was elevated to a dukedom in 1817 in the person of Carlos José Gutiérrez de los Ríos, who became the first duke of Fernán Núñez; the name makes reference in Cordoba, Spain. Alonso Estacio Gutiérrez de los Rios y Angulo, 1st Count of Fernán Núñez. Ana Antonia Gutiérrez de los Ríos y Quesada, 2nd Countess of Fernán Núñez. Francisco Diego Gutiérrez de los Ríos, 3rd Count of Fernán Núñez. Pedro Gutiérrez de los Ríos, 4th Count of Fernán Núñez. José Diego Gutiérrez de los Ríos y Zapata, 5th Count of Fernán Núñez. Carlos José Gutiérrez de los Ríos, 6th Count of Fernán Núñez. Carlos José Gutiérrez de los Ríos y Sarmiento de Sotomayor, 7th Count of Fernán Núñez. Carlos José Gutiérrez de los Ríos y Sarmiento de Sotomayor, 1st Duke of Fernán Núñez. María Francisca de Asís Gutiérrez de los Ríos y Solís Vignancourt, 2nd Duchess of Fernán Núñez.
María del Pilar Ossorio y Gutiérrez de los Ríos, 3rd Duchess of Fernán Núñez. Manuel Felipe Falcó y Osorio, 4th Duke of Fernán Núñez. Manuel Falcó y Álvarez de Toledo, 5th Duke of Fernán Núñez. Manuel Falcó y Anchorena, 6th Duke of Fernán Núñez; the ducal palace of Fernán Núñez was built in Fernán Núñez, Córdoba, between 1783 and 1787. It is one of the most important buildings of civil character in the province of Córdoba, declared an Asset of Cultural Interest in 1983. Of neoclassical architecture, it was built by the VI Earl of Fernán Núñez, during his time as ambassador in Portugal; the palace is inspired by the facade of the Necessidades Palace of the Portuguese capital, where the Spanish embassy was located at the time
Spy Hook is a 1988 spy novel by Len Deighton. It is the first novel in the second of three trilogies about Bernard Samson, a middle-aged and somewhat jaded intelligence officer working for the British Secret Intelligence Service. Spy Hook is part of the Hook and Sinker trilogy, being succeeded by Spy Line and Spy Sinker; this trilogy is preceded by the Game and Match trilogy and followed by the final Faith and Charity trilogy. Deighton's novel Winter is a prequel to the nine novels, covering the years 1900-1945 and providing the backstory to some of the characters; the novel begins with Bernard Sampson visiting his old friend and ex-SIS colleague in Washington named Jim Prettyman as part of an investigation regarding some missing funds. Soon after, Prettyman is murdered in a mugging. All his allies start losing interest in the investigation, after digging deeper Bernard is sent to America once again, where it is revealed that Bret has not indeed died but is in fact in rehabilitation. Bernard returns to Europe, where he confronts a man called "Dodo" and is saved from an untimely death by Prettyman, who it turns out has gone under "deep-cover".
Bernard takes his evidence to the Director General, who in a surprise turn of events orders his arrest, which thanks to some quick thinking by Werner Volkmann, Bernard evades for the while. The novel concludes with Bernard seeking an explanation from Frank Harrington, before disappearing into the night
Jessey Tsang Tsui-shan is a Hong Kong film director and documentary maker who has won multiple awards at various international film festivals. In 2012 she won a Hong Kong Film Award for Best New Director for her film Big Blue Lake. Tsang studied sound design at the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts where she graduated in 2001. Afterwards she attended the City University of Hong Kong and completed her master's degree in 2005. While still studying at City University she directed her first solo film Lonely Planet in 2004, honored with a Silver Award by the IFVA. After winning another award at the South Taiwan Film Festival in 2009 for Lovers on the Road Tsang directed her most critically acclaimed work to date Big Blue Lake which won her Best New Director at the 31st Hong Kong Film Awards and the title of Best New Artist by the Hong Kong Art Development Council. Tsang's work Flowing Stories is a documentary about the small rural village of Ho Chung in Sai Kung District where she grew up. Released in 2014 the film focuses on the lives of villagers and their relative that have left to live overseas.
She received FilmAid Asia Humanitarian Award in 2016 for her projects on environmental issues and disadvantaged communities. Tsui-shan Jessey Tsang on IMDb Jessey Tsang Tsui-Shan at the Hong Kong Movie DataBase
William Pond Baker is a former United States Congressman from California. He attended San Jose State University. Baker served as a member of the United States Coast Guard reserve from 1957 to 1965. After graduating from college, Baker worked as a budget analyst for a large financial corporation, he took a similar job with the California Department of Finance, which he held for four years. Baker worked as the vice president of a Taxpayers Association until he ran for a seat in the California State Assembly as a Republican in 1980, he served six terms in a district that included portions of Alameda Counties. In 1992, Baker ran for Congress and served two terms in the House before losing reelection in 1996 to Ellen Tauscher. Baker was a political conservative. After leaving Congress, Baker returned to the field of finance, was a partner in the Baker, Brose & Mitsutome investment management firm. United States Congress. "William P. Baker". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Appearances on C-SPAN
Grand Bourg is a city in Malvinas Argentinas Partido, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. It forms part of the Greater Buenos Aires agglomeration. Grand Bourg is named after the French commune of Grand-Bourg, where the leader of the Argentine War of Independence, General José de San Martín, lived in exile; the location belonged to the 19th century estancias of Pastor Parra. Orchards and dairy farms thus predominated until, in 1948, the first lots were sold by the G. C. Grosso real estate company along the Belgrano North Railway Line. A stop was opened at the site in 1951, followed by a station in 1956. Known as Primero de Mayo, the station and town were renamed Grand Bourg in 1959; the city became a significant manufacturing center in subsequent decades. The "Cemetery of Grand Bourg" was the site of one of the largest mass graves found in the aftermath of Argentina's Dirty War of the late 1970s. Grand Bourg was declared a city by the Provincial Legislature on November 28, 1985. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute, Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina.
Municipal website map