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St Leonards, New South Wales

St Leonards is a suburb on the lower North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. St Leonards is located 5 km north-west of the Sydney central business district and lies across the local government areas of Municipality of Lane Cove, North Sydney Council and the City of Willoughby. St Leonards was named after 1st Viscount Sydney of St Leonards. St Leonards applied to the whole area from the present suburb of North Sydney to Gore Hill; the township of St Leonards in 1883 is now North Sydney. The oldest railway station on the North Shore line opened in 1890 in St Leonards and only ran to Hornsby; the Gore Hill cemetery was established on the Pacific Highway in 1868 and was the main burial site for the area until its closure in 1975. It is still maintained as a heritage site by the Department of Local Government and Lands, Willoughby Municipal Council and the Heritage Council of New South Wales. St Leonards has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Pacific Highway: Gore Hill Memorial Cemetery In the 2016 Census, there were 5,495 people in St Leonards.

34.7% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were China 8.6%, India 6.0%, Japan 4.5%, Hong Kong 4.4% and England 3.8%. 45.7% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 10.3%, Cantonese 7.7%, Japanese 4.7%, Hindi 3.1% and Korean 2.3%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 40.3% and Catholic 16.2%. St Leonards has a commercial centre that complements the role of Chatswood, Lane Cove and North Sydney as one of the centres for business on the North Shore of Sydney. St Leonards contains one of Sydney's suburban skyscraper clusters, with major offices for many large companies including Toyota Financial Services, IBM, Oporto Chicken & Burgers, Manchester Unity, 3, Savvytel, CIMIC Group, Forum Group, Macquarie Radio Network and Channel 31 TV studio; the NSW Department of Education and Training host their Information Technology Directorate in Herbert Street. Gore Hill Technology Park is the site of current Fox Sports television studios.

The Forum is built over the railway station and comprises three commercial office buildings, two residential towers containing 782 apartments, an independent mini-supermarket, 34 food and retail shops. The suburb's tallest building is the Forum Tower, with 483 apartments including many with panoramic views of the city skyline. Forum West is the second of the two residential buildings within the Forum Plaza, standing 25 stories tall with 290 apartments. Forum Tower was completed in Forum West 3 three years later. Both buildings boast a concierge, spa and private & public car parking facilities each. Winten Property Group was responsible for the construction of both buildings, continues to build apartment buildings in St Leonards with the construction of the T1 Apartments in Atchison St in 2012; the Plaza contains offices for Cisco Systems, Verizon Business, Getty Images and Carnival Cruise Lines, among other companies. St Leonards railway station is on the North Western Line of the Sydney Trains network.

The Pacific Highway is the major road through the suburb. A major landuse in the suburb is the Royal North Shore Hospital, the largest hospital north of Port Jackson in Sydney. A campus of the University of Technology, Sydney The campus of Northern Sydney TAFE Northside Community Church Royal North Shore Hospital Chapel St Leonards has developed into somewhat of a home for rugby union with the former headquarters of the Australian Rugby Union located at St Leonards, from neighbouring North Sydney; the Northern Suburbs Rugby Club has its clubhouse in St Leonards, featuring the Cabana Bar and Lounge. It has a popular Rock Climbing Facility for the climbing community. Gore Hill Oval is the home ground of North Shore Bombers. Willoughby City Council St Leonards - community profile

A Philosopher by Lamplight

A Philosopher by lamplight is a painting by Joseph Wright of Derby. It is not known when Wright painted the picture, but it was first exhibited in 1769 in London with the Society of Artists; this was one of the earliest of many lamplight or candlelight paintings and portraits for which Wright is famed. This picture was described in the catalogue of the 1801 sale as a companion to The Alchemist Discovering Phosphorus; each has a main figure in the foreground with two subsidiary ones behind, both are night scenes and show old men engaged in scientific research. The painting shows an old man, thought to be a philosopher or a pilgrim, examining a collection of human bones in a lamp-lit cave. Two smaller men, or boys, dressed; the size of these figures is a lot smaller than the main character in the painting. Outside the cave the dark landscape is lit by the moonlight breaking through the clouds. Shells were the sign of pilgrims but they were the emblem of the Darwin family which included Erasmus Darwin, a leading member of the Lunar Society and Derby Philosophical Society which linked key men in the age of enlightenment.

Experts believe. Wright’s friend John Hamilton Mortimer was a follower of Rosa’s so it is possible that Wright would have seen Rosa's work or an engraving of it. Democritus was a Greek philosopher, remembered for making fun of the foolishness of mankind. Though the painting's subtitle is A Hermit Studying Anatomy, his attitude towards the bones he is holding does not suggest serious scrutiny, he is surrounded by symbols of the ephemeral nature of the human condition which include the skeleton, a lamp that will burn all its fuel, the moon which has to be reborn every four weeks and an hour glass. The moon was the symbol of the Lunar Society which Wright was associated with although he never became a member; the preoccupation of the philosopher and trepidation of the two pilgrims may be a reflection on concerns about the new scientific understanding and enlightenment at the time Wright lived

IPT-16 Surubim

The IPT-16 Surubim was a Brazilian single-seat, single engined experimental light aircraft. A single example was built and flown in 1959. In 1949, Joseph Kovács, a Hungarian-born aircraft engineer working at the Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnologicas of the University of São Paulo proposed to design and build an experimental high performance light aircraft powered by a surplus Hirth HM 506 engine, imported into Brazil before the Second World War for use in an unbuilt aircraft design; the IPT, was busy on other projects, so did not back Kovács' proposed design. Kovács, with fellow IPT engineer Sylvio de Oliveira, started construction of the design, named "Surubim", in a rented workshop; the Surubim was a low-winged monoplane with a retractable tailwheel undercarriage of all wooden construction with plywood skinning, using Brazilian Pine and Freijo, two indigenous woods. The wings were fitted with trailing fixed leading edge slots; the pilot sat in an enclosed cockpit. When Kovács left IPT in 1951, de Oliveira continued work on the prototype, acquired by the IPT in 1953 for use as a flying test bed, gaining the designation IPT-16.

Construction of the prototype continued at a slow pace, with the prototype being shown at an exhibition in São Paulo in 1956, but remained unflown for several more years. The IPT-16 made its maiden flight on 17 September 1959. Despite being underpowered and using a fixed pitch wooden propeller, performance was good, reaching a level speed of 340 km/h and 500 km/h in a dive, it was used by the IPT for three years, after which it was transferred to the Rio Clara City Aero Club for use as an aerobatic aircraft, where it remained in use until at least 1977. It was presented to the Museu Aeroespacial at Rio de Janeiro in 1988, after restoration, it was put on display. Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1958-59, Brazilian'Little Devil', Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1953-54General characteristics Crew: 1 Length: 6.95 m Wingspan: 7.70 m Height: 2.1 m Wing area: 7.70 m2 Aspect ratio: 7.4 Empty weight: 440 kg Gross weight: 640 kg Fuel capacity: 120 L Powerplant: 1 × Hirth HM 506A 6-cylinder air-cooled inverted inline, 120 kW Propellers: 2-bladed wooden propellerPerformance Maximum speed: 340 km/h Cruise speed: 300 km/h Stall speed: 90 km/h Range: 1,050 km Endurance: 3 hours 30 minutes Wing loading: 80.5 kg/m2 Power/mass: 0.1868 kW/kg Photos

Japanese water spider

The water spider is a subspecies of the water spider. In Japanese it is called the mizugumo; the Japanese water spider is exactly like its European cousin. The only distinction between the two is. Like its cousin, the Japanese water spider lives under water by constructing diving bells, underwater spheres which contain oxygen, which they live in. In 2002 Hirotsugu Ono proposed that the Japanese water spider be hitherto known as a subspecies of the water spider. Ono had collected Japanese specimens of the water spider and found that species in Europe and Japan differed: An infraspection classification is herewith proposed on the basis of a slight difference in the shape of male palp recognized between specimens from Europe and Japan. Ono proposed the new subspecies because the Japanese male's palp, or genitalia, is longer than the European male's palp; the Japanese female's genitalia are larger than the European female's genitalia. According to T. Matsumoto the Japanese water spider has been “found in …the Mizoro Pond in Kyoto Prefecture, Kusiro swamp, Sarobetu swamp in Hokkaido prefecture, Syarki village in Aomori prefecture, Oita prefecture.”

All of these habitats are “isolated geographically.” Males and females are different in many ways. Males rove searching for prey and for mates. Females, spend the majority of their lives inside their diving bells. Males are better divers than females. Females and juveniles are active during the night; the young do not balloon like other spiders do, they leave their nest and find their new homes by swimming. The Japanese water spider is unusual in that males are always larger than females; this is called sexual size dimorphism. When water spiders mate the male begins by approaching the female's diving bell, he chases her out of the diving bell and they begin “courtship swimming.” They return to the female's diving bell to mate. The Japanese water spider spins four main kinds of silk: silk used for the diving bell, silk to anchor the diving bell to water plants, silk for “walking” so as to get prey and mate, silk for the egg-cocoon; the diving bell silk is “used for breathing,”, it serves to oxygenate the diving bell.

Females produce larger diving bells than males. Males build their diving bells less than females do. Males frequently make more walking threads than females. Females weave the egg-cocoon into the top of the diving bell; the egg-cocoon is made up of two parts. The outer is the cocoon-sac and the inner part is the egg sack. There has been some debate amongst arachnologists as to whether the water spider belongs to the family Cybinidae or Argyronetidae. In this article the Japanese water spider is listed as being in the family Argyronetidae, because the subspecies authority, Hirotsugu Ono, chose to place it in this family. In 2006 Hayao Miyazaki produced a short film titled "Mizugumo Monmon"; the film's main character is a Japanese Water Spider, named Monmon, who falls in love with a water skimmer. The water skimmer is at first frightened of him, but she falls in love with him; the film is only shown in Miyazaki's Ghibli Museum. The target audience for the film is children. Water spider pictures at ARKive The water spider at Naturegrid.org The water spider at Maryland State Envirothon 2003

George Longman

George Henry Longman was an English first-class cricketer. Longman was a right-handed batsman who played as a wicketkeeper. Longman was educated at Eton College. Longman captained the college in 1871. Longman was educated at Trinity College, where he represented the University cricket team. Longman made his first-class debut for Cambridge University in 1872 against the Marylebone Cricket Club. Longman represented the University in 27 first-class matches from 1872 to 1875, with his final match for the University coming against Oxford University at Lord's. In his 27 matches for the University Longman scored 1,019 runs at a batting average of 22.15, with four half centuries and a high score of 80 against Oxford University in 1872. In the field he took 11 catches and while keeping wicket he made a single stumping. In 1875 Longman made his debut for Hampshire against Sussex. Longman represented Hampshire in 27 first-class matches, with his final first-class match coming against Sussex in 1885, the year that Hampshire lost their first-class status until the 1895 County Championship.

In his 27 appearances for Hampshire, Longman scored 856 runs at an average of 17.46, with four half centuries and a high score of 78 against Surrey in 1884. In the field he made 3 stumpings. In 1877 Longman made his debut for the Marylebone Cricket Club against Cambridge University. Longman played four match for the club, with his final appearance coming in 1881 against Cambridge University. In his four matches for the club Longman scored 135 runs at an average of 19.28, with a single half century score of 58 against Oxford University in 1878. As well as representing the above teams in first-class cricket, Longman represented the Gentlemen of England against Cambridge University in 1876, it was during this match that Longman made his highest first-class score of 98. He played for the Gentlemen in seven Gentlemen v Players fixtures. In addition Longman played one match the South of England. In Longman's overall first-class career he scored 2,448 runs at an average of 20.57, with 11 half centuries and a high score of 98.

With the ball he took three wickets at a bowling average of 60.00. In the field Longman made 4 stumpings. After his retirement from first-class cricket, Longman was the master of Surrey Union Foxhounds, he served as the President of Surrey County Cricket Club from 1926 to 1928 and as Honorary Treasurer from 1929 until his death. Longman was a member of Longmans, Green & Co. Longman died at Wimbledon Common, Surrey, on 19 August 1938. Longman's son Henry played first-class cricket for Cambridge University, Surrey and the Marylebone Cricket Club. George Longman at Cricinfo George Longman at CricketArchive Matches and detailed statistics for George Longman

Mitsuhide Iwaki

Mitsuhide Iwaki is a Japanese politician of the Liberal Democratic Party, a member of the House of Councillors in the National Diet. A native of Iwaki and graduate of Sophia University with a B. L. he worked at Suntory and served in the city assembly of Iwaki for two terms since 1980, in the assembly of Fukushima Prefecture for two terms from 1986 and as mayor of Iwaki for two terms from 1990. He was elected to the House of Councillors for the first time in 1998. Iwaki was named Minister of Justice in Shinzo Abe cabinet on 7 October 2015. Iwaki is a member of the Sinseiren parliamentary group. On 18 October 2015, a few days after joining Shinzo Abe's cabinet, Iwaki visited the controversial Yasukuni Shrine. 政治家情報 〜岩城 光英〜. ザ・選挙. JANJAN. Archived from the original on 2007-11-30. Retrieved 2007-10-24