Orcombe Point is a coastal feature near Exmouth, Devon, on the south coast of England. It lies about 10 mi south of the city of Exeter, 2 mi southeast of Exmouth town centre and about 7.5 mi southwest of Sidmouth. Directly to the west lies Exmouth Beach and to the east is Sandy Bay, a holiday beach, that can be reached either along the coastal path or through the large caravan park; the two beaches are part of a long strip of sand and are connected to each other below Orcombe Point at low tide. Sited high upon the hill, Orcombe Point is marked by the "Geoneedle", unveiled by Prince Charles, in 2002, at the inauguration; the artist whose conceived and designed the "Geoneedle" sculpture was Michael Fairfax. He conceived and designed the "Exeter Riddle" in Exeter; the Geoneedle is constructed from a variety of different stones, representing both the major building stones to be found on the Jurassic Coast and the sequence of rocks that form this part of the coastline. The rocks dip to the east. Due to this tilting and erosion the oldest exposed rocks are found here in the west, with progressively younger rocks forming the cliffs further east.
The coastal exposures along the coastline provide a continuous sequence of Triassic and Cretaceous rock formations spanning 185 million years of the Earth's history. The localities along the Jurassic Coast includes a large range of important fossil zones. Orcombe Point is the western end of the Jurassic Coast and the South West Coast Path includes the entire length of the site; the ascent to Orcombe Point shows the successive layers of different sedimentary rocks, which were deposited under varying geological conditions. At the base are cross-bedded sandstones. Towards the top, the rock types are those deposited by slower-flowing waters; the sediments are markedly red and this indicates that they were formed in a desert. These formations belong to the Aylesbeare Mudstone Group and date from the Triassic period 250 million years ago
Nuts in May
Nuts in May is a television film devised and directed by Mike Leigh, filmed in March 1975, broadcast as part of the BBC's Play for Today series on 13 January 1976. It is the comical story of a nature-loving and rather self-righteous couple's exhausting battle to enjoy what they perceive to be the idyllic camping holiday. Misunderstandings, awkward clashes of values and explosive conflicts occur when less high-minded guests pitch their tents nearby; the main couple, childlike Candice Marie and eccentric-obsessive Keith, arrive at a campsite in Dorset and pitch their tent in a quiet spot suitable for appreciating nature's wonders while keeping other human beings safely at arm's length. The couple take day trips to Corfe Castle, a quarry and a local farm to purchase some untreated milk, their usual routine is rudely interrupted by Ray, a lone student and trainee PE teacher who camps down nearby and switches on his radio: this is treated by the couple as an unforgivable crime, they force Ray to turn it off.
On the way home after a trip to Stair Hole, it begins to rain and the couple notice a figure walking along the road and give him a lift home. Their relationship becomes tense and tempers flare when Keith notices Candice Marie exhibiting an unseemly interest in Ray's well-being – "she crawls into his tent to show him stones she has collected on the beach. Ray is asked to take a photograph of the couple but is patronised by Keith and Candice Marie and is forced to participate in a song at Keith's behest; as soon as some kind of order seems to have been restored, Brummie couple Finger and Honky arrive on their motorbike, equipped with an army tent, a football and a fondness for late-night drinking. Befriending Ray, who has more in common with their personalities than Keith and Candice Marie, they all get quite drunk at the local pub. After arriving back at the campsite and continuing to make a large amount of noise and Finger raise the ire of Keith who shouts at them to be quiet. Keith and Candice Marie have an intense argument with Finger and Honky over Finger's plans to light a fire to cook some sausages.
Keith objects to this, as it contravenes the rules of the site, resorts to violence to stop it, chasing Finger around the campsite with a giant stick. Running out of energy, Keith bursts into tears and runs off into the woods; when he returns some time Keith decides that he and Candice Marie will leave the campsite but is unable to get a refund from Miss Beale, the site's owner. While searching for a new campsite, a police car pulls up behind them. Keith provides the policeman with his documents, but is humiliated when the officer points out that the Morris Minor's spare tyre is bald, an offence. Finding peace and Candice Marie pitch their tent in the field of a nearby farm. While Keith looks for a suitable spot to go to the toilet, Candice Marie sings along to another composition of hers on guitar and the film ends. In keeping with Leigh's other films, Nuts in May serves as a commentary on many of the daily issues faced by many people, in this case with particular emphasis on neighbour relations.
Keith may have the full weight of the law on his side when he reprimands the other campers for their thoughtless, sometimes reckless, but he lacks the compassion, communication skills and understanding of human nature required to have them willingly acknowledge their mistakes. While Keith becomes irritated with every human contact, others seem to be able to deal with others without these problems.'Better than being at home, innit', utters Finger to Honky after one fierce bust-up that leaves Keith incandescent. This resonates since Finger, a plasterer, has confessed to Ray that, because of the shortage of new housing, there is little work available; the couple find peace only when they pitch their tent in a farmer's field, away from other people after Keith, has told the others to'get back to your tenements'. Keith and Candice Marie have a parent-child relationship, appear not to have any form of sexual relationship at all. Candice Marie – who works in a toy shop – takes on the role of the innocent child.
Keith assumes a paternal role, planning out their trip with militaristic precision keeping himself physically fit by following the Royal Canadian Air Force exercise system. Alison Steadman as Candice Marie Roger Sloman as Keith Anthony O'Donnell as Ray Sheila Kelley as Honky Stephen Bill as Finger Richenda Carey as Miss Beale Eric Allan as Quarryman Sally Watts as Farm-Girl Matthew Guinness as Farmer Richard Ireson as PolicemanSheila Kelley and Stephen Bill were a couple in real life at the time; the film is set, was filmed in its entirety, in the geologically and rich Isle of Purbeck area of Dorset in South West England. The characters visit a number of significant points of interest including Corfe Castle, Stair Hole, Lulworth Cove and the Jurassic Coast, a World Heritage Site; the location was chosen at the suggestion of the producer David Rose, who came from Purbeck: "I told him about the quarries in the district and asked him to film everything
Lyme Regis Museum
The Lyme Regis Museum is a local museum in the town of Lyme Regis on the Jurassic Coast in Dorset, England. The museum building was commissioned in 1901 by Thomas Philpot, a relative of the fossil collector Elizabeth Philpot, hence the name; the architect of the building was George Vialls, who designed the nearby Guildhall. It is built on the site of the home of the fossil hunter Mary Anning; the family ran a shop here. The collections and subject areas exhibited include fossils from the surrounding area dating from the Jurassic period, local maritime history and writers associated with the town such as Jane Austen and John Fowles; the curator at the museum is Mary Godwin. An ornate example of Coade stone work, in the form of ammonites is set into the pavement outside the museum, reflecting both local history and the palaeontology for which Lyme Regis is well known. Dinosaurland Fossil Museum Lyme Regis Museum website
East Devon is a local government district in Devon, England. Its council has been based in Honiton since February 2019, the largest town is Exmouth; the district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of the borough of Honiton with the urban districts of Budleigh Salterton, Ottery St. Mary, Sidmouth along with Axminster Rural District, Honiton Rural District and part of St Thomas Rural District. East Devon is covered by East Devon and Tiverton and Honiton. Both were retained in the 2010 general election by the Conservative Party, are represented by Sir Hugo Swire and Neil Parish respectively. In the 2001 census it was found that a third of East Devon's population were over 60; the average for England was 24%. East Devon had a higher number of people living in "Medical and Care Establishments" at 1.6% compared to the England average of 0.9%. The council area covers the area of Devon furthest to east, stretching all the way from Exeter to the county border with Dorset and Somerset. A large amount of East Devon is made up of two Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty, East Devon AONB and the Blackdown Hills.
AONBs have the same level of protection as National parks of England and Wales which restricts new developments, which protects the natural beauty of this district. The entire East Devon coastline from Exmouth to the border with Dorset is part of the designated World Heritage Site called the Jurassic Coast. East Devon District Council contains 58 Councillors representing 38 wards, with the Conservatives holding a clear majorityAs of the 2016 elections the council was made up of the following: Exeter International Airport is located in East Devon. A small stretch of the M5 passes through the district; the head office of Flybe is in the Jack Walker House on the grounds of Exeter Airport. Grade I listed buildings in East Devon Grade II* listed buildings in East Devon List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Devon East Devon Otter Valley Weather
Blacknor Fort is a 20th-century fort on the Isle of Portland, England. It is located at Blacknor Point on the western side of Portland, close to Weston village; the fortress was built in 1900-02 as a coastal defence overlooking Lyme Bay to defend Portland Harbour and the other naval institutions on the island. The fort was operational during both World Wars with two 9.2 inch guns. During World War 2, on the night of the 27 April 1944, the fort witnessed the Slapton Sands Massacre; as part of Exercise Tiger, United States soldiers were practicing landings at Slapton Sands when they were attacked by German E-Boats. The gunners at Blacknor Fort were ordered not to open fire for fear of hitting the Allied troops. More than 600 American soldiers and seamen drowned by the end of the night, many were pulled down by the weight of their own equipment; the fort was decommissioned in 1956 and is now owned and split into three separate properties, one of, built on top of one of the two gun emplacements. Two small gun emplacements and an observation post survive outside of the fort's perimeter on the cliff edge
Abbotsbury is a village and civil parish in the English county of Dorset. It is in the Dorset unitary authority area and is situated about 1 mile inland from the English Channel coast. In the 2011 census the civil parish had a population of 481; the coastline within Abbotsbury parish includes a section of Chesil Beach, an 18-mile barrier beach, part of the Jurassic Coast, a World Heritage Site. Abbotsbury is known for its swannery, subtropical gardens and surviving abbey buildings, including St Catherine's Chapel, a 14th-century pilgrimage chapel that stands on a hill between the village and the coast. Much of Abbotsbury, including Chesil Beach, the swannery and subtropical gardens, is owned by the Ilchester Estate, which owns 61 square kilometres of land in Dorset; the village of Abbotsbury comprises a long street of stone houses, many of which are thatched, with some dating from the 16th century. The street broadens at one point into an old market square. Parts of the street have a raised pavement.
The village is surrounded except to the east. Dorset-born broadcaster and writer Ralph Wightman described the village as "possibly the most interesting in Dorset"; the B3157 road between Abbotsbury and Burton Bradstock is notable for its fine coastal views. One and a half miles northwest of the village, at the top of Wears Hill, are the earthworks of Abbotsbury Castle, an Iron Age hill fort; the earthworks cover a triangular area of about 10 acres, of which about 4.5 acres are inside the ramparts. In the 10th century a charter of King Edmund records a granting of land at Abbedesburi, a name which indicates the land may have once belonged to an abbot. In the 11th century King Cnut granted land at nearby Portesham to the Scandinavian thegn Orc, who took up residence in the area with his wife Tola; the couple enriched it with a substantial amount of land. In 1086, in the Domesday Book Abbotsbury was recorded as Abodesberie, it was in the hundred of Uggescombe and the lords and tenants-in-chief were Abbotsbury Abbey and Hawise, wife of Hugh son of Grip.
Abbotsbury Abbey existed for 500 years, but was destroyed in the dissolution, although the abbey barn survived. Stone from the abbey was used in the construction of many buildings in the village, including the house of Abbotsbury's new owner, Sir Giles Strangways. In 1664, during the English Civil War and Cavaliers clashed at Abbotsbury. Parliamentarians besieged the Royalists in the church of St. Nicholas; the Strangways house which had replaced the Abbey after the dissolution was the scene of a skirmish, as the Royalist Colonel Strangways resisted the Parliamentarians, who besieged the house and burned it. The house gunpowder store exploded in the fire and the house was destroyed, together with the old abbey records, stored there. In the late 17th, early 18th centuries Abbotsbury experienced several fires, resulting in the destruction of all its medieval buildings. Most of the historic secular buildings in the village today were built from stone in the 17th and 18th centuries. County historian John Hutchins recorded that fishing was the main industry in the village, 18th-century militia ballot lists reveal that husbandry was particularly important.
Ropemaking and the manufacture of cotton stockings were other notable trades within the village, with records indicating hemp and withies being grown in the area. In the early 19th century, Abbotsbury's population grew from about 800 in 1801 to nearly 1,100 sixty years later. Between 1885 and 1952, Abbotsbury was served by the Abbotsbury Railway, a 6 miles branch from the main line to Weymouth, it was designed for freight, in anticipation of the development of oil shale deposits and stone at Portesham, as well as iron ore at Abbotsbury which would be shipped to South Wales for processing. The Abbotsbury terminus of the line was inconveniently sited 1 mile east of the village because the railway could not buy the land needed to build the station closer to the village. During the Second World War, the coastal front was fortified and defended as a part of British anti-invasion preparations of World War II; the Fleet Lagoon was used as a machine gun training range, bouncing bombs were tested there, for Operation Chastise.
In the United Kingdom national parliament, Abbotsbury is in the West Dorset parliamentary constituency, represented by Oliver Letwin of the Conservative Party. In local government, Abbotsbury is governed by Dorset unitary authority at the highest tier, Chesil Bank Group Parish Council at the lowest tier. In national parliament and local council elections, Dorset is divided into several electoral wards, with Abbotsbury being within Chickerell and Chesil Bank ward. In county council elections, Abbotsbury is in the Chickerell and Chesil Bank electoral division, one of 42 divisions that elect councillors to Dorset County Council, it includes the parishes of Abbotsbury, Fleet, Kingston Russell, Langton Herring, Long Bredy, Winterbourne Abbas and Winterbourne Steepleton. Dorset County Council estimate that in 2011 the division had a population of 7,900. Abbotsbury village is in the Dorset unitary authority administrative area, situated amidst hills about 1 mile inland from the English Chann
Durdle Door is a natural limestone arch on the Jurassic Coast near Lulworth in Dorset, England. It is owned by the Welds, a family who owns 12,000 acres in Dorset in the name of the Lulworth Estate, it is open to the public. The name Durdle is derived from the Old English word ` thirl' meaning drill; the form of the coastline around Durdle Door is controlled by its geology—both by the contrasting hardnesses of the rocks, by the local patterns of faults and folds. The arch has formed on a concordant coastline; the rock strata are vertical, the bands of rock are quite narrow. A band of resistant Portland limestone ran along the shore, the same band that appears one mile along the coast forming the narrow entrance to Lulworth Cove. Behind this is a 120-metre band of weaker eroded rocks, behind this is a stronger and much thicker band of chalk, which forms the Purbeck Hills; these steeply dipping rocks are part of the geological structure known as the Lulworth crumple, itself part of a broader monocline produced by the building of the Alps during the mid-Cenozoic.
The limestone and chalk are in closer proximity at Durdle Door than at Swanage, 10 miles to the east, where the distance is over 2 miles. Around this part of the coast nearly all of the limestone has been removed by sea erosion, whilst the remainder forms the small headland which includes the arch. Erosion at the western end of the limestone band has resulted in the arch formation. UNESCO teams monitor the condition of both the adjacent beach; the 120-metre isthmus which joins the limestone to the chalk is made of a 50-metre band of Portland limestone, a narrow and compressed band of Cretaceous Wealden clays and sands, narrow bands of greensand and sandstone. In Man O' War Bay, the small bay east of Durdle Door, the band of Portland and Purbeck limestone has not been eroded away, is visible above the waves as Man O'War Rocks. Offshore to the west, the eroded limestone outcrop forms a line of small rocky islets called The Bull, The Blind Cow, The Cow, The Calf; as the coastline in this area is an eroding landscape, the cliffs are subject to occasional rockfalls and landslides.
There is a dearth of early written records about the arch, though it has kept a name given to it over a thousand years ago. In the late eighteenth century there is a description of the "magnificent arch of Durdle-rock Door", early nineteenth-century maps called it'Duddledoor' and'Durdle' or'Dudde Door'. In 1811 the first Ordnance Survey map of the area named it as'Dirdale Door'.'Durdle' is derived from the Old English'thirl', meaning to pierce, bore or drill, which in turn derives from'thyrel', meaning hole. Similar names in the region include Durlston Bay and Durlston Head further east, where a coastal stack suggests the existence of an earlier arch, the Thurlestone, an arched rock in the neighbouring county of Devon to the west. The'Door' part of the name maintains its modern meaning, referring to the arched shape of the rock. Music videos have been filmed at Durdle Door, including parts of Tears for Fears' "Shout", Billy Ocean's "Loverboy", Cliff Richard's "Saviour's Day"; the landscape around Durdle Door has been used in scenes in several films, including Wilde starring Stephen Fry, Nanny McPhee starring Emma Thompson, the 1967 production of Far From The Madding Crowd, the Bollywood film Housefull 3.
Ron Dawson's children's story Scary Bones meets the Dinosaurs of the Jurassic Coast creates a myth of how Durdle Door came to be, as an'undiscovered' dinosaur called Durdle Doorus is magically transformed into rock. Dorset-born Arthur Moule, a friend of Thomas Hardy and missionary to China, wrote these lines about Durdle Door for his 1879 book of poetry Songs of heaven and home, written in a foreign land: Shall the tide thus ebb and flow for ever?and for evermoreRave the wave and glance the ripple through therocks at Durdle Door? Arkell, W. J. 1978. The Geology of the Country around Weymouth, Swanage and Lulworth, 4th pr.. London: Geological Survey of Great Britain, HMSO. Davies, G. M. 1956. A Geological Guide to the Dorset Coast, 2nd ed.. London: Adam & Charles Black. Perkins, J. W. 1977. Geology Explained in Dorset. London: David & Charles. Photos tagged with "Durdledoor" at Flickr "Caves, Arches & Stacks" Southwest Coastal Group "Durdle Door: Past and future" animation Section of Lulworth Crumple, labelled diagram by Ian West Durdle Door Educational Activity Sheet for Kids at EasyScienceforKids