Stamford is a town on the River Welland in Lincolnshire, England, 92 miles north of London on the A1. The population at the 2011 census was 19,701; the town has 17th and 18th-century stone buildings, older timber-framed buildings and five medieval parish churches. Stamford is a frequent filming location. In 2013 it was rated the best place to live in a survey by The Sunday Times; the Romans built Ermine Street across what is now Burghley Park and forded the river Welland to the west of Stamford reaching Lincoln. In AD 61 Boudica followed the Roman legion Legio IX Hispana across the river; the Anglo-Saxons chose Stamford as their main town, being on a more important river than the Gwash. The place-name Stamford is first attested in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, where it appears as Steanford in 922 and Stanford in 942, it appears as Stanford in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name means "stony ford". In 972 King Edgar made Stamford a borough; the Anglo-Saxons and Danes faced each other across the river.
The town had grown as a Danish settlement at the lowest point that the Welland could be crossed by ford or bridge. Stamford was the only one of the Five Boroughs of the Danelaw not to become a county town. A pottery centre making Stamford Ware, by the Middle Ages it had gained fame for its production of wool and the woollen cloth known as Stamford cloth or haberget – which "In Henry III's reign... was well known in Venice."Stamford was a walled town, but only a small portion of the walls remains. Stamford became an inland port on the Great North Road, the latter superseding Ermine Street in importance. Notable buildings in the town include the medieval Browne's Hospital, several churches and the buildings of Stamford School, a public school founded in 1532. A Norman castle was built about 1075 and demolished in 1484; the site stood derelict until the late 20th century, when it was built over and now includes a bus station and a modern housing development. A small part of the curtain wall survives at the junction of Bath Row.
Stamford has been hosting an annual fair since the Middle Ages. Stamford fair is mentioned in Shakespeare's Henry IV, Part 2; the mid-Lent fair is the largest street fair in one of the largest in the country. On 7 March 1190, crusaders at the fair led a pogrom. For over 600 years Stamford was the site of the Stamford Bull Run, a festival held annually on 13 November, St Brice's day, until 1839. According to local tradition, this was started by William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey, after seeing two bulls fighting in the meadow beneath his castle; some butchers came to part the combatants and one of the bulls ran into the town. The earl rode after the animal; the East Coast Main Line was planned to go through Stamford, as an important postal town at the time, but resistance there led to routing it instead through Peterborough, whose importance and size increased at Stamford's expense. Stamford Museum occupied a Victorian building in Broad Street from 1980 to 2011. In June 2011 it was closed by Lincolnshire County Council budget cuts.
Some exhibits have been relocated to the Discover Stamford area at the town's library and to the Town Hall. Stamford belongs to the Parliamentary constituency of Stamford; the incumbent Member is Gareth Davies of the Conservative Party, who won the seat at the 2019 General Election. His predecessor, Nick Boles, had since March 2019 been an Independent, though stating he was still conservative in outlook and calling himself an "Independent Progressive Conservative". In local government, Stamford since April 1974 has been in the areas of Lincolnshire County and South Kesteven District Council, it belonged to Kesteven County Council. Stamford's town council has arms: Per pale dexter side Gules three Lions passant guardant in pale Or and the sinister side chequy Or and Azure; the three lions are the English royal arms, granted to the town by Edward IV for its part in the "Lincolnshire Uprising". The blue and gold chequers are the arms of the De Warenne family, which held the Manor in the 13th century.
Stamford, as a town and civil parish in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, on the River Welland, forms a south-westerly protrusion of Lincolnshire between Rutland to the north and west, Peterborough to the south, Northamptonshire to the south-west. There have been mistaken claims of a quadripoint where four ceremonial counties, Lincolnshire and Northamptonshire would meet at a point, but the location has two tripoints some 66 ft apart. In 1991, the boundary between Lincolnshire and Rutland in the Stamford area was redrawn, it now follows the A1 to the railway line. The conjoined parish of Wothorpe is in the city of Peterborough. Barnack Road is the Lincolnshire/Peterborough boundary; the river downstream of the town bridge and some of the meadows fall within the drainage area of the Welland and Deepings Internal Drainage Board. Much of Stamford is built with mudstones and sandstones. In 1968, a specimen of the sauropod dinosaur Cetiosaurus oxoniensis was found in the Williamson Cliffe Quarry, close to Great Casterton in adjacent Rutland.
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Alfred Henry Lewis was an American investigative journalist, novelist and short story writer, who sometimes published under the pseudonym Dan Quin. Lewis began as a staff writer at the Chicago Times, became editor of the Chicago Times-Herald. By the late 19th century he was writing muckraker articles for Cosmopolitan; as an investigative journalist, Lewis wrote extensively about corruption in New York politics. In 1901 he published a biography of Richard Croker, a leading figure in the corrupt political machine known as Tammany Hall, which exercised a great deal of control over New York politics from the 1790s to the 1960s; as a writer of genre fiction, his most successful works were Westerns from his Wolfville series, which he continued writing until he died of gastrointestinal disease in 1914. Richard Croker Nation-famous New York Murders Alfred Henry Lewis on IMDb Works by Alfred Henry Lewis at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Alfred Henry Lewis at Internet Archive Works by Alfred Henry Lewis at LibriVox