Stand-up comedy

Stand-up comedy is a comic style in which a comedian performs in front of a live audience speaking directly to them. The performer is known as a comic, stand-up comic, comedienne, stand-up comedian, or a stand-up. Comedians give the illusion that they are dialoguing, but in actuality, they are monologuing a grouping of humorous stories and one-liners called a shtick, act, or set; some stand-up comedians use props, magic tricks to enhance their acts. Stand-up comedy is stated to be the "freest form of comedy writing", regarded as a fictionalized "extension of" the person performing; some of the main types of humor in stand-up comedy include observational comedy, blue comedy, dark comedy, clean comedy, cringe comedy. Alternative stand-up comedy deviates from the traditional, mainstream comedy by breaking either joke structure, performing in an untraditional scene, or breaking an audience's expectations. Stand-up comedy is performed in corporate events, comedy clubs and pubs, neo-burlesques and theatres.

Outside live performance, stand-up is distributed commercially via television, DVD, CD and the internet. It can take an amateur comedian about 10 years to perfect the technique needed to be a professional comedian; as the name implies, "stand-up" comedians perform their material while standing, though this is not mandatory. Similar acts performed while seated can be referred to as "sit-down comedy". "Comedians are more to exhibit psychotic traits" than the average person. In stand-up comedy, the feedback of the audience is instant and crucial for the comedian's act from the moment they enter the venue. Audiences expect a stand-up comedian to provide a constant stream of laughs, calculated at four to six laughs per minute, a performer is always under pressure to deliver the first two minutes. A stand-up comedy show is one comedian, it is a multi-person, showcase format with a traditional opener, feature performer, headliner. A traditional format features an opening act known as a host, compère, master of ceremonies, or "opener" who, for 10–12 minutes warms up the crowd, interacts with audience members, makes announcements, introduces the other performers.

The second definition of an opener is applied when the opening act of a traveling comedian may perform a 25-minute set. The "showcase" format consists of several acts who perform for equal lengths of time, typical in smaller clubs such as the Comedy Cellar, or Jongleurs, or at large events where the billing of several names allows for a larger venue than the individual comedians could draw. A showcase format may still feature an MC. Many smaller venues hold open mic events, where anyone can take the stage and perform for the audience; this offers an opportunity for amateur performers to hone their craft and to break into the profession, or for established professionals to work on their material. Industry scouts will sometimes go to watch open mics. Breaking into the business requires "10 minute" of "A" material. Roadhouses start booking people for "20 minutes of'A' material". "A" material means getting a big laugh at least "75% of the time". "Bringer shows" are open mics that require amateur performers to bring a specified number of paying guests to receive stage time.

Some view this as exploitation. The guests have to pay a cover charge and there is a minimum number of drinks that must be ordered; these shows have a "showcase" format. Different comedy clubs have different requirements for their bringer shows. Gotham Comedy Club in New York City, for example has ten-person bringers, while Broadway Comedy Club in New York City has six-person bringers. In the'90s, the New York Comedy Club had pre-shows; this is an unpaid, five-to-ten-minute time slot, an audition to get booked for paid gigs. In stand-up comedy, a "canned" joke is made of a "premise...point of view" and "twist" ending. A joke contains the least amount of information necessary to be conveyed and laughed at. Most of stand-up comedy's jokes are the juxtaposition of two incongruous things. According to the founding editor of The Onion, there are eleven types of jokes. Stand-up comedians will deliver their jokes in the form of a typical joke structure, using comedic timing to deliver the setup and the punch line.

Stand-ups will frame their stories as having happened "recently." The comedian's delivery of a joke—the pause, inflection, "ener," and look—is "everything". Comedians include taglines and toppers; some sources may use tags and afterthoughts as synonyms. A jokoid is a placeholder joke, which will be superseded by a funnier joke. Stock jokes are similar to jokoids and are hack jokes that are for "specific situation

Corporate personhood

Corporate personhood is the legal notion that a corporation, separately from its associated human beings, has at least some of the legal rights and responsibilities enjoyed by natural persons. In the United States and most countries, corporations, as legal persons, have a right to enter into contracts with other parties and to sue or be sued in court in the same way as natural persons or unincorporated associations of persons. In a U. S. historical context, the phrase'Corporate Personhood' refers to the ongoing legal debate over the extent to which rights traditionally associated with natural persons should be afforded to corporations. A headnote issued by the Court Reporter in the 1886 Supreme Court case Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad Co. claimed to state the sense of the Court regarding the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment as it applies to corporations, without the Court having made a decision or issued a written opinion on that point. This was the first time that the Supreme Court was reported to hold that the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection clause granted constitutional protections to corporations as well as to natural persons, although numerous other cases, since Dartmouth College v. Woodward in 1819, had recognized that corporations were entitled to some of the protections of the Constitution.

In Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc. the Court found that the Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 exempted Hobby Lobby from aspects of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act because those aspects placed a substantial burden on the company's owners' free exercise of held religious beliefs. Under the India law the corporate, managing bodies and several other non-human entitles have been given the status of the "legal person". In court cases regarding corporate, the shareholders are not responsible for the company's debts but the company itself being a "legal person" is liable to repay those debts or be sued for the non-repayment of debts; the non-human entities given the "legal person" status by the law "have rights and co-relative duties. Since these non-human entities are "voiceless" they are represented "through guardians and representatives" to claim their legal rights and to fulfill their legal duties and responsibilities. Specific non-human entities given the status of "legal person" include "corporate personality, body politic, charitable unions etc," as well as trust estates, temples, mosques, universities, banks, railways and gram panchayats, all animals and birds.

As a matter of interpretation of the word "person" in the Fourteenth Amendment, U. S. courts have extended certain constitutional protections to corporations. The basis for allowing corporations to assert such protections under the U. S. Constitution is that they are organizations of people, the people should not be deprived of their constitutional rights when they act collectively. Thus, treating corporations as having legal rights allows corporations to sue and to be sued, provides a single entity for easier taxation and regulation, simplifies complex transactions that would otherwise involve, in the case of large corporations, thousands of people, protects the individual rights of the shareholders as well as the right of association. Corporations are not able to claim constitutional protections that would not otherwise be available to persons acting as a group. For example, the Supreme Court has not recognized a Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination for a corporation, since the right can be exercised only on an individual basis.

In United States v. Sourapas and Crest Beverage Company, "ppellants the use of the word'taxpayer' several times in the regulations requires the fifth-amendment self-incrimination warning be given to a corporation." The Court did not agree. Since the Supreme Court's ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission in 2010, upholding the rights of corporations to make political expenditures under the First Amendment, there have been several calls for a Constitutional amendment to abolish corporate personhood; the Citizens United majority opinion makes no reference to corporate personhood or the Fourteenth Amendment, but rather argues that political speech rights do not depend on the identity of the speaker, which could be a person or an association of people. During the colonial era, British corporations were chartered by the crown to do business in North America; this practice continued in the early United States. They were granted monopolies as part of the chartering process. For example, the controversial Bank Bill of 1791 chartered a 20-year corporate monopoly for the First Bank of the United States.

Although the Federal government has from time to time chartered corporations, the general chartering of corporations has been left to the states. In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, corporations began to be chartered in greater numbers by the states, under general laws allowing for incorporation at the initiative of citizens, rather than through specific acts of the legislature; the degree of permissible government interference in corporate affairs was controversial from the earliest days of the nation. In 1790, John Marshall, a private attorney and a veteran of the Continental Army, represented the board of the College of William and Mary, in litigation that required him to defend the corporation's right to reorganize itself and in the process remove professors, The Rev John Bracken v; the Visitors of Wm & Mary College. The Supreme Court of Virginia ruled that the original crown charter provided the authori


KBLG is an American sports talk radio station that broadcasts in the Billings Metro Area. KBLG-AM broadcasts from its tower located just outside the Billings city limits. In June 2006, KBLG was acquired by Cherry Creek Radio from Fisher Radio Regional Group as part of a 24 station deal with a total reported sale price of $33.3 million. KBLG was owned by Cherry Creek Radio until 2010 when it was acquired by Connoisseur Media along with sister stations KRZN-FM and KRKX-FM. For the remaining Cherry Creek Radio station KYYA-FM, it was announced on May 24, 2010 that the frequency of 93.3 FM would be operated by Elenbaas Media Inc, while Elenbaas's 730 AM frequency would be operated by Connoisseur Media. In February 2013, KBLG signed a multi-year agreement with Grizzly Sports Properties to broadcast all University of Montana football and men’s basketball games to Billings listeners. KBLG aired a local morning News Program Titled "The Montana Morning Report" featuring many local radio personalities over the years including Michael Lyon, Former KBLG News Director, who left the news radio industry in 2009.

Who died in late 2009 after a distinguished radio career covering local news for over 15 years for KBLG radio. Radio personalities on KBLG AM 910 included: Lee Stevens who has had a successful career as a Marketing, Sales, & PR Manager for companies like the Bozeman Daily Chronicle, Zero In Indoor Shooting Center. Other personalities have included: Liz Adams and Ken Adelblue. 2000 - Joe Durso Award for Excellence in Broadcast Journalism - Radio - Best Newscast - Winner — Michael Lyon and Lee Stevens, KBLG, Billings. KBLG eliminated local radio news in 2010 and now airs a sports talk format with no local programming or personalities on its on-air staff. 910 AM began broadcasting in 1955 in the Billings radio market during which the station went by the call letters KOYN-AM and for many years had a country music format. On May 7, 2019, Connoisseur Media announced that it would sell its Billings cluster to Desert Mountain Broadcasting, an entity formed by Connoisseur Billings general manager Cam Maxwell.

The sale closed on August 2, 2019. Query the FCC's AM station database for KBLG Radio-Locator Information on KBLG Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KBLGFCC History Cards for KBLG