Stanley Kubrick was an American film director and producer. He is cited as one of the most influential filmmakers in cinematic history, his films, which are adaptations of novels or short stories, cover a wide range of genres, are noted for their realism, dark humor, unique cinematography, extensive set designs, evocative use of music. Kubrick was raised in the Bronx, New York City, attended William Howard Taft High School from 1941 to 1945, he received average grades, but displayed a keen interest in literature and film from a young age, taught himself all aspects of film production and directing after graduating from high school. After working as a photographer for Look magazine in the late 1940s and early 1950s, he began making short films on a shoestring budget, made his first major Hollywood film, The Killing, for United Artists in 1956; this was followed by two collaborations with Kirk Douglas, the war picture Paths of Glory and the historical epic Spartacus. His reputation as a filmmaker in Hollywood grew, he was approached by Marlon Brando to film what would become One-Eyed Jacks, though Brando decided to direct it himself.
Creative differences arising from his work with Douglas and the film studios, a dislike of the Hollywood industry, a growing concern about crime in America prompted Kubrick to move to the United Kingdom in 1961, where he spent most of the remainder of his life and career. His home at Childwickbury Manor in Hertfordshire, which he shared with his wife Christiane, became his workplace, where he did his writing, research and management of production details; this allowed him to have complete artistic control over his films, but with the rare advantage of having financial support from major Hollywood studios. His first productions in Britain were two films with Peter Lolita and Dr. Strangelove. A demanding perfectionist, Kubrick assumed control over most aspects of the filmmaking process, from direction and writing to editing, took painstaking care with researching his films and staging scenes, working in close coordination with his actors and other collaborators, he asked for several dozen retakes of the same shot in a movie, which resulted in many conflicts with his casts.
Despite the resulting notoriety among actors, many of Kubrick's films broke new ground in cinematography. The scientific realism and innovative special effects of 2001: A Space Odyssey were without precedent in the history of cinema, the film earned him his only personal Oscar, for Best Visual Effects. Steven Spielberg has referred to the film as his generation's "big bang", it is regarded as one of the greatest films made. For the 18th-century period film Barry Lyndon, Kubrick obtained lenses developed by Zeiss for NASA, to film scenes under natural candlelight. With The Shining, he became one of the first directors to make use of a Steadicam for stabilized and fluid tracking shots. While many of Kubrick's films were controversial and received mixed reviews upon release—particularly A Clockwork Orange, which Kubrick pulled from circulation in the UK following a mass media frenzy—most were nominated for Oscars, Golden Globes, or BAFTA Awards, underwent critical reevaluations, his last film, Eyes Wide Shut, was completed shortly before his death in 1999 at the age of 70.
Kubrick was born in the Lying-In Hospital at 307 Second Avenue in Manhattan, New York City to a Jewish family. He was the first of two children of Jacob Leonard Kubrick, known as Jack or Jacques, his wife Sadie Gertrude Kubrick, known as Gert, his sister, Barbara Mary Kubrick was born in May 1934. Jack Kubrick, whose parents and paternal grandparents were of Polish-Jewish, Austrian-Jewish, Romanian-Jewish origin, was a homeopathic doctor, graduating from the New York Homeopathic Medical College in 1927, the same year he married Kubrick's mother, the child of Austrian-Jewish immigrants. Kubrick's great-grandfather, Hersh Kubrick, arrived at Ellis Island via Liverpool by ship on December 27, 1899, at the age of 47, leaving behind his wife and two grown children, one of whom was Stanley's grandfather Elias, to start a new life with a younger woman. Elias Kubrick followed in 1902. At Stanley's birth the Kubricks lived in an apartment at 2160 Clinton Avenue in the Bronx, his parents had been married in a Jewish ceremony but Kubrick did not have a religious upbringing and would profess an atheistic view of the universe.
His father earned a good income as a physician and by the standards of the West Bronx the family was wealthy. Soon after his sister's birth, Kubrick began schooling in Public School 3 in the Bronx and moved to Public School 90 in June 1938, his IQ was discovered to be above average but his attendance was poor, he missed 56 days in his first term alone, as many as he attended. He displayed an interest in literature from a young age and began reading Greek and Roman myths and the fables of the Grimm brothers which "instilled in him a lifelong affinity with Europe", he spent most Saturdays during the summer watching the New York Yankees and would photograph two boys watching the game in an assignment for Look magazine to emulate his own childhood excitement with baseball. When Kubrick was 12 his father Jack taught; the game remained a lifelong interest of Kubrick's. Kubrick, who became a member of the United States Chess Federation, explained that chess helped him develop "patience and discipline" in making decisions.
At the age of 13, Kubrick's father bought him a Graflex camera, trigger
City Index is a spread betting, FX and CFD Trading provider based in the UK. City Index is regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority; the company is headquartered in London and has offices in the United Kingdom, Australia and Dubai. City Index was founded by Chris Hales and Jonathan Sparke in September 1983 and started trading in March 1984 offering spread betting. In 2001, the company launched its CFD Trading function in the UK. During 2005, City Index acquired the IFX Group, in doing so procuring FX broker IFX Markets and spread betting provider Finspreads.com. The following year, the group opened offices in Sydney and Shanghai to serve clients across the Asia Pacific region. In 2008, City Index purchased FX Solutions, a US market leader in retail and white label foreign exchange services. 2009 saw City Index launch City Trading, the first spread betting and CFD trading application for the iPhone. This app was also available on Blackberry and Android devices. In Autumn 2012, City Index ran the Trading Academy – a six-week web series produced to demonstrate that with the right education, technical support and discipline, aspiring traders from a range of backgrounds and experience levels can be taught how to trade the financial markets.
In November 2014 the company was sold to US based rival Gain Capital for $118 million by Michael Spencer who had owned the company since it 1997 when he had purchased controlling interest from its original founders. City Index Limited – Established in 1983 as one of Britain's first spread betting providers, the company carried on growing – and in 2001 launched its Contract for difference trading function in the UK. Finspreads – Finspreads is a leader in interactive online spread betting starting in 1999 before it was acquired by the Group in 2005. City Index Group relaunched its updated Finspreads brand in January 2013. Forex.com – Foreign exchange broker Forex.com was founded in 2001 and is part of the GAIN Capital Group. The brand operates predominantly in the United States and has affiliates and partners in over 140 countries, processing 62 million trades globally in 2015; the Forex.com service offering was extended to the United Kingdom in 2017. SALT – Based in Truro, Cornwall, SALT is a personal trading service providing independently researched advice on CFDs, spread bets and rolling spot FX products.
GTX – The GTX electronic communications network is owned by GAIN Capital designed to offer a pool of FX liquidity from both anonymous and disclosed liquidity providers to institutional traders. Daniels Trading – Daniels Trading is a futures brokerage firm based in Chicago, United States; the firm was established by Andy Daniels in 1995 and was acquired by GAIN Capital in March 2014. Faraday Research – Faraday Research provides real time trade signals for CFD trading, spread betting markets, cash equity and spot FX markets. In October 2009, City Index launched City Trading, a mobile spread betting application for the iPhone; the innovation contributed to the company's entire mobile trading offering being named'Best Mobile Trading Platform' at the MoneyAM Online Finance Awards 2010 and 2011. City Trading is available on Blackberry OS6 and Android mobiles, the first spread betting and CFD App for these devices. City Index offers a suite of trading platforms which include Advantage Web, AT Pro and MetaTrader 4.
Advantage Web is a browser based trading platform which offers traders HTML5 charts, a fundamental and technical analysis portal and real-time market news from Reuters. The Advantage Web platform was awarded Best Spread Betting Platform at the ADVFN International Finance Awards 2017. AT Pro is a professional trading platform with enhanced functionality. Traders can create their own trading templates in programming languages including C#. NET and Visual Basic; the AT Pro platform offers trading signals, technical indicators and access to a technical and fundamental research portal. City Index offers an MT4 platform, the company's dedicated FX trading platform; the platform offers traders automated trading strategies, custom indicators and a customisable economic calendar. In October 2012, City Index launched City Index Trading Academy – an online TV series and competition aimed to demonstrate that with education and support, anyone can learn to trade the global markets; the competition took. The series was syndicated on YouTube.
City Index Trading Academy was won by trainee Black Taxi Cab driver John Walsh, who delivered a return on investment of 23.6% in the finale. City Index has partnered with a number of financial institutions to provide their clients with Forex, Contract For Difference and spread betting services
Joe "Spanky" McFarland is an American former college baseball coach, the head coach of Northern Illinois and James Madison. Under him, JMU appeared in three NCAA Tournaments. A 1976 graduate of Hillsdale College, McFarland served as an assistant coach at several schools in the late 1970s and 1980s. A native of New Carlisle, Ohio, McFarland attended Tecumseh High School, where he played football and baseball, he played football and baseball at Michigan's Hillsdale College. After graduating in spring 1976, he spent training camp with the Canadian Football League's Calgary Stampeders before starting his coaching career the following year. McFarland's first coaching position was an assistant job at Hillsdale in 1977, he next served as the head coach at Kellogg Community College in Michigan, from 1979 to 1980. His overall record at Kellogg was 33-13. McFarland spent a decade as an assistant in the southeast, coaching at Appalachian State, Florida State, Georgia Tech, South Florida. McFarland's first Division I head coaching job came at Northern Illinois from 1991 to 1997.
There, McFarland revived a program, cut in the early 1980s. He had a 146-211 record in seven seasons. After playing 1991 as an independent, NIU played in the Mid-Continent Conference from 1992 to 1994; the team finished in the bottom three of the conference in all three seasons, with its highest win total coming in 1994. From 1995 to 1997, it played in the Horizon League and qualified for the conference tournament in each season. In 1995, it had its first above-.500 season under McFarland, finished second in the West Division, placed third in the Horizon Tournament. The Huskies' Jesse Richardson was named the Horizon Player of the Year. In 1996, it won the Horizon Tournament but lost to Northeastern Illinois in the NCAA Tournament play-in game. At NIU, four of McFarland's players were selected in the MLB Draft, including 7th-round selection Chris Burt in 1994. Another of his players, Brian Schmack, went undrafted but pitched in Major League Baseball for the Detroit Tigers. After the 1997 season, McFarland left Northern Illinois to become the head coach at James Madison.
He replaced Kevin Anderson, who had resigned following allegations that he overstated spending on team meals. The Dukes' first winning season under McFarland came in 2000, his third season, when they went 37-22. After another 30-win season in 2001, the Dukes qualified for the NCAA Tournament in 2002. After a 41-12 regular season in which they won the CAA's American Division and McFarland was named CAA Coach of the Year, they went 2-2 in the CAA Tournament. After receiving an at-large bid to the NCAA Tournament as the third seed in the Columbia Regional, they went 1-2, getting a win against VCU in an elimination game. After missing the CAA Tournament in 2004 and 2005, the Dukes went 38-21 in 2006 and won the CAA regular season title, they finished third in the CAA Tournament and did not receive an at-large bid to the NCAA Tournament. McFarland's best four-year stretch at James Madison came from 2008 to 2011. In this stretch, the Dukes had a 40-win season, they appeared in two NCAA Tournaments. In 2008, at the Raleigh Regional, the Dukes again went 1-2 with a win in the 0-1 game.
In 2010, the team lost in the tournament. In 2011, they reached the Chapel Hill Regional final in their deepest postseason run under McFarland. James Madison had losing records in 2012, 2013, 2014, finishing no higher than 6th in the CAA. At James Madison, McFarland has had draftees. CAA award winners include Players of the Year Eddie Kim, Kellen Kulbacki, Jake Lowery. Kulbacki was named a First-Team All-American in both 2006 and 2007. Between 1998 and 2014, 28 of his players have been selected in the Major League Baseball Draft. Rich Thompson, Dan Meyer, Ryan Reid went on to appear in Major League Baseball. In the fall of 2014, McFarland announced; that year, the Dukes missed the CAA Tournament. Below is a table of McFarland's records as a collegiate head baseball coach. McFarland's son, Ty, played for him at James Madison from 2011 to 2014, he was a 10th-round selection of the New York Yankees in the 2014 Major League Baseball Draft. In 1990, McFarland wrote, it was re-published in 2003. James Madison Dukes