OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated d/b/a OCLC is an American nonprofit cooperative organization "dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs". It was founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat, the largest online public access catalog in the world. OCLC is funded by the fees that libraries have to pay for its services. OCLC maintains the Dewey Decimal Classification system. OCLC began in 1967, as the Ohio College Library Center, through a collaboration of university presidents, vice presidents, library directors who wanted to create a cooperative computerized network for libraries in the state of Ohio; the group first met on July 5, 1967 on the campus of the Ohio State University to sign the articles of incorporation for the nonprofit organization, hired Frederick G. Kilgour, a former Yale University medical school librarian, to design the shared cataloging system.
Kilgour wished to merge the latest information storage and retrieval system of the time, the computer, with the oldest, the library. The plan was to merge the catalogs of Ohio libraries electronically through a computer network and database to streamline operations, control costs, increase efficiency in library management, bringing libraries together to cooperatively keep track of the world's information in order to best serve researchers and scholars; the first library to do online cataloging through OCLC was the Alden Library at Ohio University on August 26, 1971. This was the first online cataloging by any library worldwide. Membership in OCLC is based on use of services and contribution of data. Between 1967 and 1977, OCLC membership was limited to institutions in Ohio, but in 1978, a new governance structure was established that allowed institutions from other states to join. In 2002, the governance structure was again modified to accommodate participation from outside the United States.
As OCLC expanded services in the United States outside Ohio, it relied on establishing strategic partnerships with "networks", organizations that provided training and marketing services. By 2008, there were 15 independent United States regional service providers. OCLC networks played a key role in OCLC governance, with networks electing delegates to serve on the OCLC Members Council. During 2008, OCLC commissioned two studies to look at distribution channels. In early 2009, OCLC negotiated new contracts with the former networks and opened a centralized support center. OCLC provides bibliographic and full-text information to anyone. OCLC and its member libraries cooperatively produce and maintain WorldCat—the OCLC Online Union Catalog, the largest online public access catalog in the world. WorldCat has holding records from private libraries worldwide; the Open WorldCat program, launched in late 2003, exposed a subset of WorldCat records to Web users via popular Internet search and bookselling sites.
In October 2005, the OCLC technical staff began a wiki project, WikiD, allowing readers to add commentary and structured-field information associated with any WorldCat record. WikiD was phased out; the Online Computer Library Center acquired the trademark and copyrights associated with the Dewey Decimal Classification System when it bought Forest Press in 1988. A browser for books with their Dewey Decimal Classifications was available until July 2013; until August 2009, when it was sold to Backstage Library Works, OCLC owned a preservation microfilm and digitization operation called the OCLC Preservation Service Center, with its principal office in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The reference management service QuestionPoint provides libraries with tools to communicate with users; this around-the-clock reference service is provided by a cooperative of participating global libraries. Starting in 1971, OCLC produced catalog cards for members alongside its shared online catalog. OCLC commercially sells software, such as CONTENTdm for managing digital collections.
It offers the bibliographic discovery system WorldCat Discovery, which allows for library patrons to use a single search interface to access an institution's catalog, database subscriptions and more. OCLC has been conducting research for the library community for more than 30 years. In accordance with its mission, OCLC makes its research outcomes known through various publications; these publications, including journal articles, reports and presentations, are available through the organization's website. OCLC Publications – Research articles from various journals including Code4Lib Journal, OCLC Research, Reference & User Services Quarterly, College & Research Libraries News, Art Libraries Journal, National Education Association Newsletter; the most recent publications are displayed first, all archived resources, starting in 1970, are available. Membership Reports – A number of significant reports on topics ranging from virtual reference in libraries to perceptions about library funding. Newsletters – Current and archived newsletters for the library and archive community.
Presentations – Presentations from both guest speakers and OCLC research from conferences and other events. The presentations are organized into five categories: Conference presentations, Dewey presentations, Distinguished Seminar Series, Guest presentations, Research staff
Alamogordo Daily News
Alamogordo Daily News, founded in 1898, is a daily newspaper published in Alamogordo, New Mexico. It carries local news as well as syndicated content from others. Alamogordo Daily News claims 1898 as its founding date, but a case can be made for 1896. A predecessor, the Chief, was founded in Tularosa as a weekly in 1896 moved to La Luz the next year and changed its name to Sacramento Chief, it was sold to the Alamogordo Printing Company in 1899 and continued under the same name before becoming the Alamogordo News. The paper continued as a weekly until the 1950s; the paper has been sold several times. It was sold by Community Newspaper Holdings to MediaNews Group in 2001; the paper is part of the Texas-New Mexico Newspapers Partnership, a joint venture formed in 2003 between MediaNews Group and Gannett, with MediaNews Group the managing partner. The paper was an evening paper until September 1, 2006, published weekday evenings and Sunday mornings, it switched to a morning paper, published daily except Mondays.
In 2015, Gannett acquired full ownership of the Texas-New Mexico Newspapers Partnership. The paper wins awards from the New Mexico Press Association and from the New Mexico Associated Press Managing Editors. Alamogordo Daily News is a local newspaper, it has a staff of reporters and news editor to write local news. It carries state and national news from the Associated Press, it covers the neighboring village of Tularosa. The other incorporated area in Otero County, has its own newspaper, the Mountain Monthly, does not get much coverage in this paper; the paper publishes and shares some content with a free weekly tabloid, Hollogram, at nearby Holloman Air Force Base covering happenings on base. The paper is published in two sections: A: local news. There are full-page sections of photos and press releases that appear once or twice a week: "¿Qué Pasa?" Features upcoming or just-passed local events "Celebrate" features wedding announcements, promotions, etc. "Kudos" covers awards and other notable achievementsThere are regular columns on gardening, on Alamogordo Public Schools, on Alamogordo Public Library, on animals in the Alameda Park Zoo, on Otero County Community Health Council.
"New Mexico Tally", a roll call from Thomas Voting Reports of how New Mexico's Congressional delegation voted on the most important bills, appears each Saturday. The paper's web site carries all the locally-written editorial content, it is updated once or twice daily with breaking news stories that will appear in tomorrow's print edition. There is an official newspaper blog. Alamogordo Daily News prints unsigned editorials or expresses an official editorial position; the few it publishes deal with endorsements for an election. For example, in the March 2008 municipal election it endorsed a candidate in the only contested City Commission race and endorsed a bond issue for street maintenance. In 2006 it made endorsements for all races in the November general election; the paper runs a lead editorial in each issue, but they are nearly all reprinted from other newspapers other MediaNews Group papers. There is no editorial cartoonist, but each issue carries an editorial cartoon from the Copley News Service.
The syndicated columnist Jay Miller from Santa Fe appears with his "Inside the Capitol" column about New Mexico politics. Newspaper staffers write signed opinion pieces, while these are not official positions they are featured prominently on the Opinion page. For example, in 2007 there was a contentious bill before the State Legislature to prohibit smoking in most indoor public places and work places; the paper did not take a position on this, but it published signed opinion pieces against the bill by the Assistant Editor and for the bill by the Publisher. Aubrey Dunn, Sr. New Mexico state senator and partial owner of Alamogordo Daily News Official website Official mobile website
Golfweek is a high-end weekly golfing magazine, published in Orlando, United States. The magazine was launched in 1975 by Charley Stine and was named Florida Golfweek Magazine, his son Tom Stine was editor of the magazine from 1980 to 1994. Stine sold the publication to Turnstile Publishing Company, based in Orlando, Florida, in 1990 and it has since become its flagship publication out of the five magazines it publishes; the magazine is adept in its coverage of the "Best Golf Courses" in the United States by state and are used by websites on many golf courses and resorts around the US as being on the Golfweek list. As of 2002, Eric Beckson was the president of Turnstile Publishing; the magazine publishes specific publications catering for this such as Golfweek's Guide to America's Best Classic and Modern Golf Courses and tips guides such as Golfweek's 101 Winning Golf Tips: Expert Shotmaking Advice from the Co-Author of the Bestselling The Plane Truth for Golfers. Numerous experts are employed to write columns for the magazine, some of which write or have written for Golf Digest etc.
In, 2016, it became owned by Inc.. Official website
The Commercial Appeal
The Commercial Appeal is a daily newspaper of Memphis and its surrounding metropolitan area. It is owned by the Gannett Company; the 2016 purchase by Gannett of Journal Media Group gave it control of the two major papers in western and central Tennessee, uniting the Commercial Appeal with Nashville's The Tennessean. The Commercial Appeal is a seven-day morning paper, it is distributed in Greater Memphis, including Shelby and Tipton counties in Tennessee. These are the contiguous counties to the city of Memphis. In 1994, The Commercial Appeal won a Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning by Michael Ramirez; the paper's name comes from a 19th-century merger between two predecessors, the Memphis Commercial and the Appeal. The Commercial Appeal traces its heritage to the 1839 publication, The Western World & Memphis Banner of the Constitution. Bought by Col. Henry Van Pelt in 1940, it was renamed The Memphis Appeal. During the American Civil War the Appeal was one of the major newspapers serving the Southern cause.
On June 6, 1862, the presses and plates were loaded into a boxcar and published from Grenada, Mississippi. The Appeal journeyed on to Jackson, Meridian, Atlanta, Montgomery and Columbus, where the plates were destroyed on April 16, 1865, temporarily halting publication days before the Confederate surrender; the press was hidden and saved, publication resumed in Memphis, using it, on November 5, 1865. Another early paper, The Avalanche, was incorporated in 1894, publishing as The Appeal-Avalanche until an 1894 merger created The Commercial Appeal; the name is properly The Commercial Appeal and not the Memphis Commercial Appeal as it is called, although the predecessor Appeal was formally the Memphis Daily Appeal. In 1932 the newspaper moved into a disused Ford Motor Company assembly plant at 495 Union Avenue where it stayed until 1977, when a new building was completed adjacent. In 1936 The Commercial Appeal was purchased by the Scripps Howard newspaper chain, and by the Gannett Company. In 2017, Gannett closed the Commercial Appeal's Memphis printing plant, laying off 19 full-time employees, consolidated printing with its newspaper in Jackson, Tennessee.
In April 2018 The Commercial Appeal sold its longtime offices and plant at 495 Union St. in Memphis for $3.8 million, indicating plans to move to another Memphis site. At the time of sale, the property, comprised a 125,000-square-foot office building, a 150,000-square-foot printing and production plant, adjacent real estate. A New York-based real estate company, Twenty Lake Holdings LLC, bought the 6.5 acres with the five-story office building and attached printing/production building. Twenty Lake Holdings, is a division of a hedge fund, accused of a "mercenary strategy" of buying newspapers, slashing jobs, selling the buildings and other assets; the paper in the 1940s had a well known columnist Paul Flowers. The Commercial Appeal has had a mixed record on civil rights. Despite its Confederate background the paper won a Pulitzer Prize in 1923 for its coverage and editorial opposition to the resurgent Ku Klux Klan. From 1916 to 1968, the paper published; the cartoon featured a black man, that many African Americans came to regard as a racist caricature.
In 1917, the paper published the scheduled place for the upcoming Lynching of Ell Persons. During the Civil Rights Movement, the paper avoided coverage, it did take a stance against pro-segregation rioters during the Ole Miss riot of 1962. However, its owner, Scripps-Howard, exerted a conservative and anti-union influence; the paper opposed the Memphis sanitation strike, portraying both labor organizers and Martin L. King, Jr. as outside meddlers. During the late 1960s, the Federal Bureau of Investigation leaked "information of a derogatory nature regarding the Invaders and other black nationalist militants," some of which may have been fabricated by the FBI itself, to a Commercial Appeal reporter who used that information to write articles critical of the Invaders; this manipulation of the Commercial Appeal was part of the FBI's counterintelligence program against black nationalists in the late 1960s and early 1970s. In the fall of 2007, the Appeal touched off a controversial policy that would have linked specific stories and specific advertisers.
The proposal was greeted by outrage among media analysts, so the authors of the so-called'monetization memo'—the Appeal's editor and its sales manager—quietly withdrew the effort. At the end of 2008, The Commercial Appeal posted a controversial database listing Tennessee residents with permits to carry handguns; the database had not been posted online. After a permit-to-carry holder shot and killed a man in Memphis for parking too close to his SUV and vandalizing it, the gun database came to the attention of pro-gun groups, including the NRA and the Tennessee Firearms Association. Legislators who supported gun groups drafted a bill to close the permit-to-carry database; the Tennessee Coalition for Open Government lobbied to keep the database public and the bill to close the database did not pass in the 2009 legislative session. In a February 15, 2009 editorial, the newspaper defended publication of the handgun permit list and suggested it could protect permit holders by steering criminals away from armed households.
The Argus Leader is the daily newspaper of Sioux Falls, South Dakota. It is part of the USA TODAY Network, it is South Dakota's largest newspaper by circulation. The Argus Leader is South Dakota's largest newspaper in circulation; the weekday circulation for the newspaper was 23,721 as of October, 2017. The Sunday edition has a circulation of 32,981 as of October, 2017; the associated website, ArgusLeader.com boasts most traffic and unique visitors in its market, according to Comscore.com's data. Along with the daily newspaper the Argus Leader owns smaller local papers in the region. Brandon Valley Challenger Dell Rapids TribuneThe newspaper publishes an economic weekly, the Sioux Falls Business Journal, a handful of magazines. List of newspapers in South Dakota Wikitorial Argus Leader website Official mobile website Brandon Valley Challenger Dell Rapids Tribune Sioux Falls Business Journal
Fort Collins Coloradoan
The Coloradoan is a daily newspaper in Fort Collins, Colorado. The Coloradoan's website is updated throughout the day with breaking news and video coverage of community news in Northern Colorado. Founded by Joseph L. McClelland in 1873 as Larimer County Express, Fort Collins Newspapers Inc. was established in 1937 when Speidel Newspapers acquired the publication known as The Express-Courier. The Coloradoan moved from its Old Town Fort Collins location to 1212 Riverside Avenue on the city's east side in 1974. Gannett acquired the newspaper when it merged with Speidel in 1977. In 2004, Gannett began construction on a new $6 million facility on property adjacent to their Riverside site. In June 2005, circulation, human resources and technology staffs moved into 1300 Riverside Avenue; the News Director of The Coloradoan is Eric Larsen, since June 2017. Previous editors include Michael Limon, Bob Moore, Josh Awtry and Lauren Gustus; the Coloradoan focuses on local news in its A section. Section B features content from USA TODAY, including international news.
The business section includes wire content and a small sampling of local stocks. Sports includes local high school coverage, CSU and semi-pro teams around the area as well as Denver pro teams and national sports; the Wednesday Taste section focuses on food and drink in Northern Colorado, Cache --, inserted into Thursday's edition -- focuses on entertainment and things to do. The Coloradoan’s Windsor Beacon is a small newspaper that has served Windsor, Colorado since 1896; the Windsor Beacon supplies Windsor residents with local news and event information every Sunday and Wednesday. The Coloradoan printed an extra edition on November 18, 1991, upon the release of Beirut hostage Thomas Sutherland, a Fort Collins resident; the Coloradoan's banner headline read "He's Free". The newspaper published an extra edition on September 11, 2001; the Coloradoan website offers local content, an e-newspaper, content from across the USA TODAY NETWORK. The site features digital storytelling, such as videos, interactive maps and timelines.
The Coloradoan is available on Facebook, Twitter and Amazon Alexa. Subscription includes access to the tablet apps; the apps include customized alerts for news and entertainment. There is a separate app available; the Coloradoan hosts events such as Brews and News, Secret Suppers, food truck festivals. The organization participates in the USA TODAY NETWORK's nationwide Storytellers Project. For Insider-level subscribers, the Coloradoan gives away tickets to local events such as Secret Supper, Community Dinner, Cirque Du Soleil, Red Rocks Concerts. Schmidt, Christine. "After big Denver Post layoffs, the Fort Collins Coloradoan thinks beyond local" Neiman Lab. Yang, Nu and Ruiz, Jesus "10 newspapers that do it right" Editor and Publisher Heckman, Meg "Used chatbots can be an asset to newsrooms." Columbia Journalism Review. Radcliffe and Ali, Christopher "If small newspapers are going to survive, they’ll have to be more than passive observers to the news" Neiman Lab. Nelson, Jennifer "How the Coloradoan is experimenting with bots and what they're learning."
Reynolds Journalism Institute. Kodrick, Kris. "In Colorado, a small paper looks forward". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved October 27, 2013. Official website Gannett subsidiary profile of the Fort Collins Coloradoan
Abilene Reporter-News is a daily newspaper based in Abilene, Texas, USA. The newspaper started publishing as the weekly Abilene Reporter, helmed by Charles Edwin Gilbert on June 17, 1881, just three months after Abilene was founded, it is hence the oldest continuous business in the city. It became a daily newspaper in 1885. Two months after starting the paper, a fire destroyed several buildings in Abilene, including Gilbert's office, he rode the train 21 miles east to Baird and used a borrowed printing press to produce an extra edition on the fire. Two other Abilene papers began publication in the 1880s; the newspaper, owned in the early 1920s by Bernard Hanks, became one of the two original flagships of the Harte-Hanks newspaper chain in 1924. In 1937, the company merged its morning paper,The Morning News, with the afternoon Daily Reporter to form the Abilene Reporter-News; the newspaper published evening editions into the 1950s. The E. W. Scripps Company bought the newspaper, along with other Texas-based Harte-Hanks papers, in 1997.
The company spun out its newspaper assets into Journal Media Group in April 2015