Star Trek: Enterprise, titled Enterprise for its first two seasons, is an American science fiction television series created by Rick Berman and Brannon Braga. It aired from September 26, 2001, to May 13, 2005, on UPN, spanning 98 episodes across four seasons; the sixth series in the Star Trek franchise, it served as a prequel to Star Trek: The Original Series. The show is set in the 22nd century, a hundred years before the events of The Original Series and just prior to the formation of the United Federation of Planets; the series follows the adventures of the Enterprise, Earth's first starship capable of traveling at warp five, as it explores the galaxy and encounters various alien species. Following the culmination of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and with Star Trek: Voyager scheduled to end, UPN asked Braga and Berman to devise a new series to continue the franchise. Rather than setting it in the 24th century alongside Deep Space Nine and Voyager, the duo decided to set Enterprise in an earlier period, allowing them to explore new parts of the Star Trek fictional universe.
Wanting a more basic and character-driven series and Braga concentrated the episodes around a core trio of characters: Captain Jonathan Archer, Commander Charles "Trip" Tucker III and Sub-commander T'Pol. The show broke with Star Trek convention in several respects: in addition to dropping the Star Trek prefix, Enterprise used the pop-influenced song "Where My Heart Will Take Me" as its theme, it was filmed on the Paramount lot in Los Angeles, California, on the same stages that housed the Star Trek series and films since the abandoned Star Trek: Phase II in the late 1970s. The first two seasons were characterized by stand-alone episodes that explored topics like humanity's early relations with the Vulcans and their first encounters with the Klingons and Andorians, alien species familiar to the Star Trek franchise. Wanting to attract greater viewers, UPN called for changes for its third season; the series was renamed, pursuing more action-driven plots and a single, serialized storyline: the crew's mission to prevent the Earth being destroyed by a newly introduced alien species called the Xindi.
UPN cancelled the series after its fourth season. The cancellation of Star Trek: Enterprise in 2005 marked the first point in eighteen years that no new Star Trek episodes were produced, a situation that remained until the launch of Star Trek: Discovery in 2017. Star Trek: Enterprise follows the adventures of the crew of the starship Enterprise, designation NX-01, they are the first deep space explorers in Starfleet. At the start of the series, it is revealed that the Vulcans have withheld advanced technology from humanity since their first contact, concerned that humans were not ready for it; this has delayed human space exploration and caused resentment in Captain Jonathan Archer, whose father developed the Warp 5 engine but did not live to see it used. Enterprise was intentionally equipped with less advanced versions of technologies seen in previous series. For example, it has no tractor beam, uses missiles instead of photon torpedoes, has only limited means of synthesizing foods and other consumable items.
Communications Officer Linguist Hoshi Sato's expertise in linguistics helps compensate for the lack of advanced universal translators. The series showed the crew making first contacts with a number of races seen in the franchise. Notably, the Klingons who appear in the pilot "Broken Bow" have the ridged makeup seen in the movie franchise and from Star Trek: The Next Generation onwards, rather than the smooth-headed versions seen in Star Trek: The Original Series; this particular change was attributed by Braga to advancements in makeup. They felt that contradictions in the continuity such as the Klingon ridges were unavoidable, as well as those involving technology. However, continuity was restored, by attributing the change to a plague caused by genetic experimentation; the series's first season emphasized a core trio of characters: Jonathan Archer, T'Pol, Charles "Trip" Tucker III. Other main characters had primary roles in particular episodes, such as "Dear Doctor" and "Fight or Flight"; the second season saw deepening relationships between characters—for example, the friendship between Tucker and Reed, seen in episodes such as "Two Days and Two Nights".
The addition of a futuristic Temporal Cold War element was seen as a "nod to mystery" by Rick Berman, who sought to add an element of The X-Files to the series. Berman decided. At the start of the second season, Braga said that the Temporal Cold War storyline would continue to be included if viewers were still interested, but described it as "strangulating". Featured in the pilot episode, "Broken Bow", it featured the Suliban being manipulated by an unknown humanoid figure from the future, nicknamed "Future Guy" by viewers—a moniker adopted by the series's writers. At the start of the series, Braga said that they did not have a plan for who the character would turn out to be. Ten years after the end of the series, Braga stated on Twitter that Future Guy was Archer manipulating his own timeline.
Jo Bo-ah is a South Korean actress. Jo Bo-ah was born Jo Bo-yoon on August 22, 1991 in South Korea. Jo graduated from Sungkyunkwan University. Jo made her acting debut in 2011 with a small role in the daily sitcom I Live in Cheongdam-dong on cable channel jTBC; this was followed by a hosting gig on the audition program Made in U, an appearance in the Korean-Japanese co-production Koisuru Maison ~Rainbow Rose~. In 2012, Jo landed her first major role as a former rich girl who falls for a rocker in tvN's coming-of-age series Shut Up Flower Boy Band; that year, she appeared in her first network TV series with a supporting role in the MBC period drama Horse Doctor. In 2013, Jo and Kim Woo-bin hosted. Jo was cast in her first film in 2014, as a troubled, seductive teenager who becomes obsessed with her gym teacher in the erotic thriller Innocent Thing. Back on cable television, she played the leading role in romantic comedy series The Idle Mermaid, a modern retelling of The Little Mermaid set amidst the competitive Korean workplace.
Jo tried a new genre in 2015 with the OCN police procedural The Missing, where she played a detective on the missing persons task force. She joined the ensemble cast of the KBS weekend family drama All About My Mom, starred in web series Love Cells 2, adapted from the webtoon of the same title. In 2016, Jo starred in revenge melodrama Monster and romantic comedy series Sweet Me. In 2017, she starred in romance melodrama Temperature of Love, the two-episode drama special Let's Meet, Joo-oh. In 2018, Jo starred based on a webtoon about the stories of two women, she played a university student. The same year, she starred in the romantic comedy drama My Strange Hero. In 2020, Jo starred in the romance drama Forest as a doctor; the same year she was cast in the fantasy drama The Tale of a Gumiho as a television producer. Cho Bo-ah at SidusHQ Jo Bo-ah at HanCinema Jo Bo-ah on IMDb
The American Society of Clinical Oncology is a professional organization representing physicians of all oncology sub-specialties who care for people with cancer. Founded in 1964 by Drs. Fred Ansfield, Harry Bisel, Herman Freckman, Arnoldus Goudsmit, Robert Talley, William Wilson, Jane C. Wright, ASCO has nearly 45,000 members worldwide. ASCO offers several educational resources for cancer physicians and other health care professionals in the field of clinical oncology; these resources include scientific meetings, educational conferences, professional workshops, special symposia on issues of particular relevance and importance to oncologists and researchers. ASCO publishes numerous journals, books and online and multimedia resources. In addition to producing the patient information website, Cancer. Net, ASCO publishes the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the Journal of Oncology Practice, the Journal of Global Oncology. Two other online-only journals published by ASCO include JCO Clinical Cancer Informatics, which publishes clinically relevant research based on biomedical informatics methods and processes applied to cancer-related data and images, JCO Precision Oncology, which publishes original research, reports and reviews related to precision oncology and genomics-driven care of patients with cancer.
ASCO publishes special curricula to address specific educational needs of cancer professionals. With over 40,000 attendees the ASCO Annual Meeting is one of the largest educational and scientific events in the oncology community; the five-day event provides a venue for physicians and scientists to present research results to a global audience of oncology professionals. Journal of Clinical Oncology Journal of Oncology Practice Journal of Global Oncology JCO Clinical Cancer Informatics JCO Precision Oncology ASCO Connection Created by members of ASCO, the Conquer Cancer Foundation of ASCO is a 501 charitable organization seeking dramatic advances in the prevention and cures of all types of cancer. Since the inception of its grants and awards program in 1984, Conquer Cancer has awarded more than $90 million in funding through nearly 1,500 grants and awards to researchers in 65 countries. In 2015, the foundation launched The Campaign to Conquer Cancer, a comprehensive campaign to raise $150 million to fund cancer research, support Conquer Cancer's top priorities, bring national awareness to the Foundation.
ASCO's patient information website, Cancer. Net, is supported by the Conquer Cancer Foundation of ASCO, provides information relevant for people with cancer. CancerLinQ is ASCO's data platform initiative, it was created to give oncologists a robust quality monitoring system that collects and analyzes data from all patient encounters so they can deliver patients the highest possible quality of care. ASCO published its Value Framework in 2015 and updated it in 2016; the ASCO Value Framework provides physicians and patients with a tool to assess and compare the value of different drugs in an era of skyrocking anticancer drug costs. American Cancer Society American Association for Cancer Research American Society of Clinical Oncology Conquer Cancer Foundation CancerLinQ™ Cancer. Net ASCO University Journal of Clinical Oncology Journal of Oncology Practice Journal of Global Oncology JCO Clinical Cancer Informatics JCO Precision Oncology ASCO Connection
Gmina Opoczno is an urban-rural gmina in Opoczno County, Łódź Voivodeship, in south-central Poland. Its seat is the town of Opoczno, which lies 72 kilometres south-east of the regional capital Łódź; the gmina covers an area of 190.45 square kilometres, as of 2016 its total population is 32,188. The gmina contains part of the protected area called Spała Landscape Park. Apart from the town of Opoczno, Gmina Opoczno contains the villages and settlements of Adamów, Antoniów, Brzuśnia, Brzustówek, Brzustówek-Kolonia, Bukowiec Opoczyński, Janów Karwicki, Karwice, Kraśnica, Kraszków, Kruszewiec PKP, Kruszewiec-Kolonia, Libiszów, Libiszów-Kolonia, Międzybórz, Modrzewek, Mroczków Gościnny, Ostrów, Różanna, Sitowa, Stużno, Stużno-Kolonia, Wola Załężna, Wólka Karwicka, Wólka Karwicka-Kolonia, Wygnanów, Zameczek and Ziębów. Gmina Opoczno is bordered by the gminas of Białaczów, Gielniów, Gowarczów, Inowłódz, Poświętne and Sławno. Polish official population figures 2006
Sambal is an Indonesian chili sauce or paste made from a mixture of a variety of chili peppers with secondary ingredients such as shrimp paste, ginger, scallion, palm sugar, lime juice. Sambal is an Indonesian loan-word of Javanese origin, it is native to the cuisines of Indonesia, popular in Malaysia, Sri Lanka and Singapore. It has spread through overseas Indonesian populations to the Netherlands and Suriname. Various recipes of sambals are served as hot and spicy condiments for dishes, such as lalab, ikan bakar, ikan goreng, ayam goreng, ayam penyet, iga penyet and various soto soup. There are 212 variants of sambal in Indonesia, with most of them originated from Java. Sambal is described as Indonesian relish, it was indeed developed within the Indonesian archipelago. However, its main ingredient, chili pepper of the genus Capsicum, is not native to Southeast Asia. Common variants used in sambal recipes include green chili pepper; these variants are native to the Western Hemisphere and were introduced to the Indonesian archipelago in the 16th century by Portuguese and Spanish sailors during the Columbian exchange.
Curiously, people of the Indonesian archipelago were familiar with a type of hot and spicy relish prior to the 16th century. A hot spice called "cabya" had become a valuable commodity in the Javanese market as early as the ancient Mataram Kingdom era circa 10th century; the 14th century Majapahit Javanese Nagarakretagama manuscript mentions lombok mirah island, identified as Lombok island, the area that produced a spice called red lombok. In today's modern Javanese, the term lombok refers to'chili pepper', yet the term originally referred to a native hot spice prior to the introduction of capsicum; the Indonesian languages terms for'chili pepper' are cabai or cabe, yet the word'cabya' is mentioned in several ancient inscriptions and texts found in Java from the 10th century CE. Cabya is a reference to the Javanese long pepper or Balinese long pepper. Historian suggest that prior of the introduction of Capsicum from the Americas in the 16th century, it was cabya that used and cultivated as a hot spice in Java.
Cabya is still used in Java, but the overwhelming popularity of the capsicum plants pushed out cabya consumption until it was only used in traditional herbal medication and in making jamu. Nowadays, the plant is considered rare. Other historian suggests that it was ginger, used as a hot spice agent in the ancient form of sambal. Ginger and andaliman are among the earliest hot spices used in early sambal-like hot relish, followed by the introduction of pepper circa 12th century from India, the introduction of chili pepper from the Americas in the 16th century; the Javanese manuscript Serat Centhini records 16 sambal variants in Java. The recipe book Mustika Rasa and composed by Hartini Sukarno, presented 63 recipes of sambals. In 2017, Murdijati Gardjito, a food researcher from Gadjah Mada University, has identified hundreds variants of sambals in Indonesia. Java has the most of variants with 43 percent of sambal variants, Sumatra has 20 percent and West Nusa Tenggara has 8 percent, the rest are distributed between Maluku and Sulawesi.
Sambal as a hot and spicy relish, is most originated from Java, as etymology study suggests that the term is a loanword derived from Javanese sambel. Just like many culinary introduction and adaptation in the archipelago, over the years this hot and spicy relish branched off in an assorted array of sambal varieties, localised according to local taste and the availability of the ingredients. Today sambal is a staple of Southeast Asian households, essential in cuisines of Indonesia and Singapore. Traditional sambals are freshly made using traditional tools, such as mortar. Sambal can be cooked. There are two main categories of sambals in Indonesia, they are sambal mentah. Cooked sambal has undergone cooking process which resulted in a distinct flavour and aroma, while raw sambal are mixed with additional ingredients and consumed immediately. Sambal masak or cooked sambals are more prevalent in western Indonesia, while sambal mentah or raw sambals are more common in eastern Indonesia; the chili pepper, garlic and tomato are freshly ground using a mortar, while the terasi or belacan is fried or burned first to kill its pungent smell as well as to release its aroma.
Sambal might be prepared in bulk, as it can be stored in a well-sealed glass jar in the refrigerator for a week to be served with meals as a condiment. However, some households and restaurants insist on making freshly prepared sambal just a few moments prior to consuming to ensure its freshness and flavour. In most warung and restaurants, most sambal is prepared daily in bulk and offered as a hot and spicy condiment. Today some brands of prepared, instant, or ready-to-use sambal are available in warung, traditional markets and convenience stores. Most are bottled sambal, with a few brands available in aluminium sachet packaging. Compared to traditional sambals, bottled instant sambals have a finer texture, more homogenous content, thicker consistency, like tomato ketchup, due to the machine-driven manufacturing process. Traditionally made sambals g
Jacques "Jacky" Bonnevay is a French football coach assistant manager of AS Saint-Étienne, former player. Bonnevay was born in Loire, he played for Olympique de Marseille, Le Havre AC, OGC Nice and Red Star. After his playing career, he became a coach with AS Beauvais, Troyes AC, Angers SCO, Wydad Casablanca and Chamois Niortais FC, he joined FC Nantes in June 2009 as the reserve team manager. He left at the end of the 2009/10 season. From October 2012 to the summer 2014, Bonnevay worked as the assistant manager of Niger's national football team, he joined Trabzonspor under manager Vahid Halilhodžić as his assistant. The duo was fired after only four months. From March 2015 to April 2018, Bonnevay once again worked under Vahid Halilhodžić as his assistant for the Japanese national football team. On 30 June 2018, he was announced as assistant manager to Claude Puel at Leicester City, following a restructure of the coaching staff at the club. On 24 February 2019, he left Leicester City following the sacking of manager Claude Puel.
On 4 October 2019, Bonnevay once again followed this time to AS Saint-Étienne. Profile