The Star Tribune is the largest newspaper in Minnesota. It originated as the Minneapolis Tribune in 1867 and the competing Minneapolis Daily Star in 1920. During the 1930s and 1940s Minneapolis's competing newspapers were consolidated, with the Tribune published in the morning and the Star in the evening, they merged in 1982, creating the Star and Tribune, it was renamed to Star Tribune in 1987. After a tumultuous period in which the newspaper was sold and re-sold and filed for bankruptcy protection in 2009, it was purchased by local businessman Glen Taylor in 2014; the Star Tribune claims to serve the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area and is distributed throughout the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area, the state of Minnesota and the Upper Midwest, it contains a mixture of national and local news, sports and lifestyle content. Journalists from the Star Tribune and its predecessor newspapers have won six Pulitzer Prizes, most winning two in 2013; the newspaper's headquarters is in downtown Minneapolis.
The Star Tribune's roots date to the creation of the Minneapolis Daily Tribune by Colonel William S. King, William D. Washburn and Dorilus Morrison; the newspaper went through several different editors and publishers during its first two decades, including John T. Gilman, George K. Shaw, Albert Shaw and Alden J. Blethen. In 1878 the Minneapolis Evening Journal began publication. On November 30, 1889, the Tribune headquarters in downtown Minneapolis caught fire. Seven people were killed and 30 injured, the building and presses were a total loss. In 1891, the Tribune was purchased by Gilbert A. Pierce and William J. Murphy for $450,000. Pierce sold his share to Thomas Lowry and Lowry sold it to Murphy, making Murphy the newspaper's sole owner, his business and legal background helped him structure the Tribune's debt and modernize its printing equipment. The newspaper experimented with partial-color printing and the use of halftone for photographs and portraits. In 1893, Murphy sent the Tribune's first correspondent to Washington, D.
C. As Minneapolis grew, the newspaper's circulation expanded. In 1905, Murphy merged it with the Tribune, he died in 1918. After a brief transitional period, Murphy's son Fred became the Tribune's publisher in 1921; the other half of the newspaper's history begins with the Minnesota Daily Star, founded on August 19, 1920, by elements of the agrarian Nonpartisan League and backed by Thomas Van Lear and Herbert Gaston. The Daily Star had difficulty attracting advertisers with its overt political agenda, went bankrupt in 1924. After its purchase by A. B. Frizzell and former New York Times executive John Thompson, the newspaper became the politically independent Minneapolis Daily Star. In 1935, the Cowles family of Des Moines, purchased the Star; the family patriarch, Gardner Cowles, Sr. had purchased The Des Moines Register and the Des Moines Tribune during the first decade of the century and managed them successfully. Gardner's son, John Cowles, Sr. moved to Minneapolis to manage the Star. Under him it had the city's highest circulation.
In 1939 the Cowles family purchased the Minneapolis Evening Journal, merging the two newspapers into the Star-Journal. Tribune publisher Fred Murphy died in 1940; the Tribune became the city's morning newspaper, the Star-Journal was the evening newspaper, they published a joint Sunday edition. A separate evening newspaper was spun off, which published until 1948. In 1944, John Cowles, Sr. hired Wisconsin native and former Tulsa Tribune editor William P. Steven as managing editor of the two newspapers. During his tenure in Minneapolis, he was president of the Associated Press Managing Editors Association in 1949 and first chairman of the organization's Continuing Study Committee. By August 1960 John Cowles, Jr. was vice president and associate editor of the two papers, it was soon apparent that he disapproved of Steven's hard-nosed approach to journalism. When Steven chafed under the younger Cowles's management, he was fired. After Steven's ouster, John Cowles, Jr. was editor of the two newspapers.
He had a progressive political viewpoint, publishing editorials supporting the civil rights movement and liberal causes. In 1982 the afternoon Star was discontinued due to low circulation, the staffs of the Star and Tribune were transferred to the merged Minneapolis Star and Tribune. Cowles, Jr. fired publisher Donald R. Dwight, his handling of Dwight's termination led to his removal as editor in 1983, although his family retained a controlling financial interest in the newspaper. In 1983, the Star Tribune challenged a Minnesota tax on paper and ink before the Supreme Court of the United States. In Minneapolis Star Tribune Co. v. Commissioner, the court found that the tax was a violation of the First Amendment. In 1987 the newspaper's name was simplified to Star Tribune, the slogan "Newspaper of the Twin Cities" was added. In 1998 the McClatchy Company purchased Cowles Media Company for $1.4 billion, ending the newspaper's 61-year history in the family in one of the lar
The Cash Grocery and Sales Company Warehouse, in Lake Charles, was built around 1937. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2010, it is located in Lake Charles. It has been known as Cash and Carry or Cash and Carry Grocery Sales, it is a 9,600 square feet warehouse which functioned like a Sam's Club, selling wholesale goods to small grocers and other businesses. It was designed by Lewis Dunn of architects Quinn, it may have been built by Robert Thibodeaux. It was closed in 1992, it was listed on the "Most Endangered Sites List" of the Calcasieu Historical Preservation Society. Its architectural detail was studied under a "Vanishing History" program grant from the National Park Service and the Louisiana Office of Cultural Development for Fifth Graders; the building was "rescued" by Rich and Donna Richard in 2007. It was listed on the National Register in 2010
Brooklands Christian Guest Home is situated in Coonoor at an altitude of 1850 metres above sea level in The Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu, South India. It is a full-board residential guest home operated by a Protestant trust to provide a place of rest and relaxation to Evangelical Protestant missionaries on the field; the property is situated in green tea fields in spectacular scenery and enjoys year round temperate climate. It is the last remaining Guest Home of the Nilgiri Christian Guest Homes Association The main building is a striking example of early colonial architecture, it is known to have been built in the late 1800s and has been rumoured that it was intended for a potential royal visit. This is reflected in the tower on the north face of the building. Willam Lee was a rich English gentleman from Leeds, he moved to France and bought the stately chateau de La Ferté-Imbault in 1824. This was an enormous estate with a spectacular Renaissance chateau, in the Sologne region, which had belonged to the French aristocratic family of Estampes for four centuries, up to the French Revolution.
William Lee's heirs, the Kirby family, sold the chateau in 1873 and moved to a smaller estate called Les Jumeaux, still located in the village of La Ferté-Imbault. Three of William Lee's grandsons, William Lee Kirby, Robert William Kirby, John Farrer Kirby moved to Coonoor, in the 1870s where they purchased land and built the Brooklands tea plantation, their selection of tea was successful and obtained awards at the 1880 Sydney exhibition and 1881 Melbourne exhibition. It is possible that the tower built at Brooklands reminded them of their French chateau. John Farrer Kirby died in Coonoor on March 24th, 1875, only age 20. Willam Lee Kirby died on May 1895 at Brooklands plantation. In The Times of India, dated 9 May 1895, an article mentioned his death and that "Mr Lee Kirby was a successful planter on the Nilgiris and owned Brooklands"; the property was purchased prior to 1898 by the Brethren Mission with money assigned to them from the Arthington Fund. This fund was for the propagation of education for children from mission fields.
Today Brooklands Christian Guest Home continues to provide a retreat for vacationists in the surrounds of tea plantations with wildlife. It is close to many sightseeing attractions such as Sims Lambs Rock, Tiger Hill. 1)Laurent Leroy, Itinéraire d'une famille anglaise en Sologne. 2) The Times of India. May 9th, 1895