The Stark Tower Complex is a fictional high-rise building complex appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Located in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, USA, the complex is named after its owner Tony Stark, the alter ego of the superhero Iron Man; the structure is composed of a 93-story Main Tower flanked by a 35-story South Building and 55-story North Building. Located at the top of the Main Tower was the Watchtower of the superhero The Sentry, but it has been replaced by Heimdall's observatory; the Main Tower is informally known as Avengers Tower, as it serves as the headquarters of the superhero team, the Avengers, similar to the Avengers Mansion. The main Stark Tower is located in Broadway, occupying the space where the Condé Nast Building is in the real world; the Stark Tower changed to Avengers Tower has been shown in the films starting with The Avengers set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe The Stark Tower Complex was built as a world-class financial and business facility to complement the Midtown Manhattan business district.
The building was completed as a gleaming beacon of modern architecture after four years of excavation and construction. It is located in the vicinity of Manhattan's Columbus Circle 10 blocks north of the Baxter Building, headquarters of the superhero team the Fantastic Four. While intending to use the top three floors of the Main Tower as his state-of-the-art bachelor pad, Stark gave them over to the Avengers as their base of operations after their former base, Avengers Mansion, was destroyed. Longtime caretaker of the Avengers Mansion Edwin Jarvis was asked to resume his duties in the new location; when the Sentry became a member of the Avengers, his long-hidden Watchtower appeared, integrating itself atop the Main Tower integrated into the building's existing architecture. Serving as both Sentry's headquarters and as the private residences of Robert Reynolds and his wife Lindy, the 20-story watchtower is operated and maintained by CLOC, a near-sentient computer of Sentry's own design; the lower levels of the Main Tower, along with both the South and North Buildings, are occupied with Stark's subsidiaries and non-profit organizations.
After the passing of the Superhuman Registration Act, Iron Man was tapped to head the task force charged with enforcing the Act. Subsequently, Stark Tower became the base of operations of the task force; the controversy surrounding the SRA broke the Avengers team apart leaving Tony Stark to form a new team, the Mighty Avengers, who continue to occupy the Main Tower's higher levels. When the Tower became the headquarters of the SRA task force, it was assigned by the government a squad of Cape-Killer guards with the call sign "Force Unit 9". During the events of World War Hulk, a violent battle between The Hulk and Iron Man nearly caused the collapse of Stark Tower; the tower was rebuilt by Stark under his S. H. I. E. L. D. Organization, making it S. H. I. E. L. D. Property. Stark Tower becomes the setting for a multi-issue conflict between humans and a murderous Skrull hunting them for sport. During the "Secret Invasion", many non-powered New York citizens, including Daily Bugle reporter Ben Urich, end up at Stark Tower.
It had become the hunting ground for a Skrull. He is shown killing most of the members of a design firm. Ben Urich regains control of the security shutters and the Skrull is tricked into throwing itself out a high window, it dies on impact. When Norman Osborn took over S. H. I. E. L. D. and renamed it H. A. M. M. E. R, he took ownership of the tower. After Osborn is removed from power following the Siege of Asgard, the tower is returned to Stark. With the Sentry's death, his watch tower disappeared from the rooftop where it is replaced by Heimdall's observatory as sign of solidarity between Earth and Asgard. During the events of the Fear Itself storyline, Thing acquired a hammer; this transformed him into a being with Asgardian-like power called Angir: Breaker of Souls. Red Hulk got batted away by Thing. Red Hulk survived though and to try and remedy it, Thing tossed his hammer through Avengers Tower, bringing it down onto Red Hulk. A new Stark Tower was built on the site of the original; the structure acted as the headquarters of the Avengers.
When the Avengers fell under S. H. I. E. L. D.'s authority, S. H. I. E. L. D. Took over the Stark Tower, made it their Golgotha station. During the Secret Wars storyline, Stark Tower is destroyed by the Children of Tomorrow during the incursion between Earth-616 and Earth-1610. Following an eight-month ellipsis, suffering financial difficulties at the time, is forced to sell the rebuilt Stark Tower to a Chinese company called Qeng Enterprises. Tony and the rest of the Avengers relocate to another Stark Tower, built near Time Square. Stark Tower serves as the Avengers' base in Marvel Adventures: The Avengers; the roster who live in it are Iron Man, The Hulk, Spider-Man. Giant Girl and Storm. In the Ultimate Marvel universe, Stark Tower is the residence of Tony Stark and Jane Foster. Stark Tower appears in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, though it is only seen in a few episodes since the team is based out of the Avengers Mansion in the series, it is prominently featured in the episode "Alone Against A.
I. M." When A. I. M.'s Scientist Supreme unleashes Technovore to target Tony Stark. In Avengers Assemble, the Avengers Tower is the new headquarters for the heroes to train and live after the destruction of the Avengers Mansion in the series premiere, it is modeled after its appearance in the 2012 The Avengers film. In the episode "Avengers Disassembled," U
The Red Poll is a dual-purpose breed of cattle developed in England in the latter half of the 19th century. The Red Poll is a cross of the Norfolk Red beef cattle and Suffolk Dun dairy cattle breeds; the cattle are red, preferably deep red with white only on udder. They are polled. Red Poll cattle are used as beef suckler cows, although a few dairy herds are found in England, as well as in the United States in the state of Texas, they are known for easy calving and rearing a high proportion of their calves. They are sometimes used for conservation grazing; the Red Poll originated as a cross between Norfolk Red beef-type cattle and Suffolk Dun dairy cattle. The parent Suffolk breed was polled; the original name for the breed, adopted in 1863, was Norfolk and Suffolk Red Polled cattle, the first standard description was agreed upon in 1873, with the first herd book compiled in 1874. The breed became the Red Polled in 1883, Red Poll in 1888, when the Red Poll Cattle Society was formed, they are considered to be part of the "Suffolk Trinity" with Suffolk sheep and Suffolk Punch heavy horses.
Red Poll cattle were imported into Australia in the mid-19th century, where they are now used for beef production. The first identified breeder in Australia was James Graves, around 1870, although there is evidence of earlier herds; these cattle were introduced to the United States by G. P. Taber of New York State in 1873; the Red Poll dual-purpose bred is the oldest registered breed in the United States and is celebrating its 125th year. The breed is beginning to be reintroduced into some areas of the western US for the small ranch and backyard beef and 4H, as their docile nature makes them easy for the novice to handle. In 2010, Pfizer Animal Health testing of a Red Polled Bull Power Hawk tested a minus -2.58 MVP showing he was in top 1% for feed efficiency indicating Red Poll Cattle have genetics to improve feed efficiency, important to profitability and grass finishing ability in a moderate frame. Feed testing of steers averaged 2.88 weaning to slaughter for a small Washington feeder in 2012.
The Red Poll breed was first brought to New Zealand in 1898, but a herd was not established until 1917, when 22 animals were transported from Australia. Senepol, a hybrid with African N'Dama cattle originating in the Virgin Islands Sussex cattle, a horned red beef breed from the south east of England North Devon cattle, a horned red beef breed from Devon and Cornwall Lincoln Red, a horned red breed from Lincolnshire Red Poll Cattle Society website List of Red Poll breed associations
The City of Liverpool College is one of three colleges of further education in Liverpool, Merseyside. It was established in 1992 by the amalgamation of all four further education colleges within Liverpool; the College is located over several sites across the city centre. Community-based provision has been disestablished in response to reduction in funding provision by central government. ESOL courses are to be the sole community-based provision; the college was incorporated in 1993 and is overseen by the Corporation Board. The college's first Principal was Wally Brown CBE; the board is made up of representatives from local communities. The college receives its funding from the government via the Skills Funding Agency. There are four main college centres; the Arts Centre is a provider of arts learning on Merseyside. Specialist arts and technical facilities, recording studios and drama facilities are available – as well as photography and multimedia studios. More than 2,000 students study here. Creative Apprenticeships are run at this centre along with courses in: Art and Design Dance Drama Musical Theatre Events Management Fashion Graphic Design Interactive Design Journalism Media Theatre Technology 3D Design Music Music Technology Multimedia Photography ICT and Digital technologiesHE programmes in Creative and Digital Arts are run at the Arts Centre.
Clarence Street centre was opened in 2001. The following courses are available: English and Humanities GCSEs A-levels Science Access to Science/Health Business Studies Higher Education Courses Teacher Education Opened in 2003, Duke Street offers The following course types: Hospitality and Catering Bakery and Confectionery Travel and Leisure Hairdressing and Beauty Therapy Holistic and Complementary Therapies Makeup Artistry English for Speakers of Other Languages English as a Foreign Language Professional Development Opened in 2003 at a cost of over £10 million, this centre specialises in construction and engineering; the following course types are available: Brickwork Plastering Joinery Building services Electrical and gas installation Plumbing Motor Vehicle Engineering Electronic Engineering Manufacturing The £35m Learning Exchange on Roscoe Street is central to the College's city centre campus and houses all its student support services, including finance and careers advice and guidance.
The Learning Exchange is the location for courses in health care and child studies and Sport, Exercise & Fitness - including Uniformed Services. It is home to HE programmes in computing and business with accounting; the college offers traditional academic qualifications such as GCSEs and A-levels, as well as vocational courses at national certificate and higher national level. It offers programmes at foundation and master's degree level; the college provides a range of professional qualifications such as Microsoft Systems Administrator, Microsoft Office Specialist and CISCO CCNA. Students studying these qualifications are wanting to strengthen their career prospects or enhance existing skills. Liverpool Knowledge Quarter The City Of Liverpool College A to Z of Unis and Colleges from "The Independent" Ofsted report for The City of Liverpool College Other OFSTED reports
In cryptography, Crab is a block cipher proposed by Burt Kaliski and Matt Robshaw at the first Fast Software Encryption workshop in 1993. Not intended for use, Crab was developed to demonstrate how ideas from hash functions could be used to create a fast cipher. Crab has an unusually large block size of 8192 bits, its creators suggested using an 80-bit key. The authors didn't specify an actual key schedule, only that the key is used to generate two large sets of subkeys: a permutation of the numbers 0 through 255, an array of 2048 32-bit numbers; the block is divided into 256 32-bit subblocks. The algorithm makes four passes over the data, each time applying one of four transformations adapted from MD5. A brief note on the cryptanalysis of Crab is included in Markku-Juhani Saarinen's paper on block ciphers based on SHA-1 and MD5, published at FSE 2003; the author demonstrates a weakness in Crab that permits a distinguisher using no more than a dozen chosen plaintexts, speculates that this can be converted into a full key-recovery attack using no more than 216 chosen plaintexts.
Such an attack would depend on the key schedule used. B. S. Kaliski and M. J. B. Robshaw. Fast Block Cipher Proposal. Fast Software Encryption. Cambridge: Springer-Verlag. Pp. 33–40. U. S. Patent 6,463,150 A patent on an encryption device. Schneier, Bruce. Applied Cryptography. John Wiley & Sons. Pp. 342–344. ISBN 0-471-11709-9. Markku-Juhani Olavi Saarinen. Cryptanalysis of Block Ciphers Based on SHA-1 and MD5. FSE'03. Lund: Springer-Verlag. Pp. 36–44. Retrieved 12 October 2007
Indiability Foundation is an international non-governmental organization dedicated to improving the lives and human rights of people with physical disabilities in India. The Foundation delivers a variety of projects to youth and people living in the Thar Desert region of Western Rajasthan; the initiatives aim to promote the value of education and gender, to enhance the social inclusion of disabled citizens into mainstream communities. Indiability is a sister charity to SKSN – a school with over 20 years experience in providing education to the disabled in India; the partnership enables Indiability to help promote and share SKSN's learnings in the field of disability at an international level, improve the lives of physically disabled youth across India. The foundation is a caring place; the flagship project, Indian Mixed Ability Group Events, operates in partnership with the Laureus Sport For Good Foundation, uses sport as a social vaccine to create Disability Confidence between disabled and non-disabled Indian society.
The past decade has seen IMAGE progress from an after-school club to a community outreach program. The initiative started in 2005, when IMAGE was piloted at SKSN Institute with 195 of its disabled 8-12 year olds and 195 non-disabled 8-12 year olds from local schools of various socio-economic backgrounds. Over the next 6 years, 18 IMAGE clubs sprang up around Rajasthan. Laureus World Sports Academy members, Baroness Tanni Grey-Thompson, Britain’s greatest paralympic athlete, Kapil Dev, former captain of the Indian cricket team, visited the IMAGE project in 2010. During the visit, Baroness Grey-Thompson commented: "It was important to have Kapil here, he's such a famous person in India... If you are well-known, you have a chance to change people's attitude... We need more such events. If people see disabled kids play, they start thinking:'If they can play, they can do other things as well. Why can't they work? They don't have to be burden on family.' This is what we want." In 2012, IMAGE evolved to the community level to reach the adult population more directly, provide a platform for 15- to 18-year-old IMAGE members to establish themselves as leaders, empower those with disabilities in particular, to give back to their communities.
The IMAGE Community sessions are conducted in 5 villages. IMAGE members and without disabilities, deliver a sport and play-based curriculum side-by-side, conveying important messages on hand washing, education, gender equality, disability awareness. Over time many of the IMAGE members become role models to the village children; when the communities see that disabled and non-disabled youth can work together, to deliver enjoyable and educational activities, it challenges their own negative stereotypes, towards disability. In September 2015, Indiability’s IMAGE volunteers won the ‘Leader in Volunteer Engagement’ award, at the iVolunteer Awards held in Bandra, Mumbai; the award came as recognition for the impact they have achieved in the field of social development in 2014. Rahul Mahajan, a guest speaker at the iVolunteer Awards, commented via social media, “When differently abled people can do this why can’t we?”The iVolunteer Awards were set up to recognise and promote the work of individuals and organisations that use volunteerism for the betterment of society.
Sir Isidore Spielmann, CMG FSA was a British civil engineer turned art connoisseur and exhibition organizer. Isidore Spielmann was born in London in 1854, the son of the banker Adam Spielmann, one of three brothers who had emigrated from Schokken, near Posen (now Poznan, following the Partitions of Poland. Isidore had seven siblings, several of whom died in infancy or in young adulthood, but the two surviving brothers were celebrated figures: Sir Meyer Spielmann was concerned with education and youth-rehabilitation and was knighted in 1928, but he was an art-collector himself. Isidore's nephews and nieces included. Isidore's own career was in civil engineering and he was awarded the CMG, before he began his second career. Spielman compiled the book, Royal Commission: St. Louis International Exhibition, 1904, an account of the British exhibition at the St. Louis World's Fair, which he took part in organizing; the book was published by the Royal Commission in 1906. Sir Isidore Spielmann was awarded a knighthood in 1905.
Spielmann was Britain's Commissioner for Art for the 1908 Franco-British Exhibition. Spielmann married Emily Sebag-Montefiore and they had five children. Lady Spielmann was the elder, only surviving, daughter of Sir Joseph Sebag-Montefiore, the son of Solomon Sebag and Sarah Montefiore. Lady Spielmann's last address was 56 Westbourne Terrace, London, W; the younger of the two sons, Harold Spielmann, was killed at Gallipoli in 1915, as a 23-year old Captain in 10th Bn. the Manchester Regiment. The eldest daughter, Dora Marian Spielmann married Laurie Magnus, heir to the Magnus baronetcy, but he narrowly predeceased his father and it was their sons who continued that line; the youngest daughter, married Lionel Cohen, Lord Cohen, the distinguished Law Lord from another well-known banking dynasty