The State Railway of Thailand is the state-owned rail operator under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Transport in Thailand. As of 2018, the network serves around 35 million passengers annually; the passenger count is expected to double by 2027 when expansion plans are realised and the network grows to serve 61 provinces. The SRT was founded as the Royal State Railways of Siam in 1890. King Chulalongkorn ordered the Department of Railways to be set up under the Department of Public Works and Town and Country Planning. Construction of the Bangkok-Ayutthaya railway, the first part of the Northern Line, was started in 1890 and inaugurated on 26 March 1896; the Thonburi-Phetchaburi line the Southern Line, was opened on 19 June 1903. The first railway commander of the RSR was Prince Purachatra Jayakara; the Northern Line was built as 1,435 mm standard gauge, but in September 1919 it was decided to standardize on 1,000 mm meter gauge and the Northern Line was regauged during the next ten years. On 1 July 1951, RSR changed its name to the present State Railway of Thailand.
As of 2014 SRT had 4,043 km of track, all of it meter gauge except the Airport Link. Nearly all is single-track, although some important sections around Bangkok are double or triple-tracked and there are plans to extend this. By comparison, Thailand has 390,000 km of highways. SRT's budget from the central government for FY2019 is 9,987 million baht, down from 12,914 million baht in FY2018. In 2017, the SRT lost 17 billion baht; the SRT has suffered a loss every year since it was turned into a state-owned enterprise under the Transport Ministry in 1951. The SRT has debts amounting to nearly 100 billion baht, its annual operating losses are estimated at a minimum of 10 billion baht. In 2017 the military government budgeted more than 76 billion baht for SRT infrastructure investments; the funding is to be used for double-track rail expansions, an extension of Bangkok's elevated railway, construction of bridges and track improvements. In the fiscal year ending 30 September 2016, the SRT had managed to disburse only 53 percent of its allotted investment budget of 60 billion baht.
This compares with an average disbursement rate of 80 percent by Thailand's other 55 state-owned enterprises. Disbursement rate is seen as an indicator of efficient management. "If you look at the SRT they are a bit like a patient in and everyone is saying to him'you are the future' and trying to kick him out of bed when he is still moaning and groaning," said Ruth Banomyong, a logistics and transport expert at Thammasat University. The worst financially performing state enterprise, the SRT operates at a loss despite being endowed with large amounts of property—the SRT is one of Thailand's largest land holders, owning an estimated 39,840 hectares— and receiving large government subsidies, it reported a preliminary loss of 7.58 billion baht in 2010. Recurring government attempts at restructuring and/or privatization throughout the 2000s have always been opposed by the union and have not made any progress. SRT's latest property development scheme is the Chao Phraya Gateway project, it capitalises on SRT's 277 rai, 1.16 kilometre stretch of land on the river in the Khlong Toei District.
The SRT hopes. The project is projected to break within eight years and deliver profits of 140 billion baht; as of April 2019, SRT's plans are being submitted to the Transport Ministry for approval. SRT's failings are reflected in passenger numbers, according to the Economist Intelligence Unit have dropped from 88 million in 1994 to 44 million in 2014; the SRT has long been popularly perceived by the public as resistant to change. Trains are late, most of its equipment is old and poorly maintained. Although SRT's operational costs amount to two baht per kilometre traveled, SRT fares defray only a fraction of that cost. SRT has not been permitted to hike fares hike since 1985. Under the auspices of the Transport Ministry, the SRT has submitted a rehabilitation plan that will be presented to the State Enterprise Policy Commission on 30 July 2018; the commission, chaired by Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha is expected to approve the plan. The plan calls for SRT to become the largest railway state enterprise in ASEAN.
By 2027, anticipating income growth from asset management and cost management, SRT foresees profits of over 20 billion baht. Hopewell Holdings of Hong Kong was the lead contractor for SRT's ill-fated Bangkok Elevated Road and Train System; the project was terminated by the Thai government in 1998, only 13 % complete. Hopewell and the SRT each blamed the other for the failure of the 80 billion baht project. Both parties sued, the case has been in litigation since its cancellation. On 23 April 2019, Thailand's Supreme Administrative Court upheld an arbitration committee's ruling in favour of Hopewell; the court ordered SRT to pay Hopewell compensation of 11.88 billion baht, plus 7.5% interest per year. The interest, totaling 13 billion baht, brings SRT's total liability to nearly 25 billion baht, payable within 180 days. Rail freight, cheaper—only half the cost of road transport—safer, more environmentally-friendly than road transport, accounted for only 1.4 percent of freight tonnage carried in 2015.
SRT aims to boost its share of cargo transport to six percent with its double track expansion by 2022. Expansion of SRT's freight service, which could earn m
The Kempf House Museum known as the Henry Bennett House or the Reuben Kempf House, is a museum located at 312 South Division Street in Ann Arbor, Michigan. It was built as a single-family home in 1853, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. Henry DeWitt Bennet was the postmaster of Ann Arbor during most of the 1850s. In about 1853, Bennett had this house built. Bennett was the secretary and steward of the University of Michigan In 1886 Bennet retired and moved to California, selling his house to a neighbor; the neighbor rented it out for a few years, in 1890 sold the house to Reuben and Pauline Kempf. Both Reuben and Pauline Kempf were musicians, their home turned into a local center for the musical arts; the Kempfs hosted musical figures such as Ignacy Jan Paderewski, Victor Herbert, Ernestine Schumann-Heink. The Kempfs lived in the house until their deaths: Reuben's in 1945 and Pauline's in 1953. In 1953, Mr. and Mrs. Earl V. Parker purchased the house. In 1969, Earl Parker died and the city of Ann Arbor acquired the house.
The city turned the house into a historic museum. The house has been restored, includes a music studio that looks as it did when the Kempfs were first giving lessons; the house is open for tours weekly. The Bennett House is a frame, 1-1/2 story, temple style Greek Revival house sitting on a brick foundation; the facade has four massive, squared Doric columns, along with three frieze windows and a graceful tympaneum. The main section of the house measures 54 feet by 23 feet. A small, two-room addition holding the kitchen, built in the 1890s, is attached to the rear; the house has six rooms and bath on the first floor, three bedrooms and 1-1/2 baths on the second. Kempf House Museum official site
Richard George Carleton was a multi-Logie Award winning Australian television journalist. Carleton was born in New South Wales, he was graduated from the University of New South Wales. He was the third of four children - Joffre, Graeme and Joanne. In the 1960s he was a reporter on This Day Tonight as well as being the presenter of ‘State of the Nation’, both on the ABC, he continued these roles until he left for a role on 2GB Radio in 1976, followed by what began as a lifelong love of travelling and researching overseas, producing films in Indonesia and the Middle East. Carleton joined the BBC in London in 1977 for the Tonight program, before returning to Australia in 1979. Carleton is most famously known for a comment made to the incoming federal Australian Labor Party leader Bob Hawke in 1983: "Mr. Hawke, could I ask you whether you feel a little embarrassed tonight at the blood that's on your hands?", a reference to the alleged involvement of Hawke in the resignation of former Labor leader, Bill Hayden.
The question outraged Hawke, who criticized Carleton for his "damned impertinence". Carleton ran for election in 1983 as the staff representative on the ABC Board, he was defeated by Tom Molomby, who wrote: "His was a remarkable policy statement, the most blatant demonstration of political cynicism which I have seen in an ABC election.". During 1986, Carleton was a co-presenter of The Carleton-Walsh Report on the ABC, with financial journalist Max Walsh. In 1987 Carleton began his most famous television journalism role, as a reporter on 60 Minutes. In a career with the program that spanned 20 years, he visited many locations around the world investigating political climates. In 2006 he and producer Stephen Rice visited Chernobyl and were given unprecedented access to the sarcophagus built over the ruined nuclear reactor, including a brief visit to the abandoned control room. Carleton was parodied on the Australian sketch-comedy shows Fast Forward and Comedy Inc. for his perceived over-prominence on 60 Minutes.
In July 2000, the ABC's Media Watch program accused Carleton of plagiarizing the BBC documentary A Cry from the Grave. Carleton denied the claims. In 2002 the case was heard and the judge found that while Carleton had "misled his audience by misrepresenting a mass grave site shown in the program, that 60 Minutes had copied film directly from the British documentary", the allegations made by Media Watch were in fact untrue and had defamed Carleton. Carleton was relieved by the ruling.. Media Watch themselves claimed that Carleton had interpreted the judgement as favoring him, that it didn't, they refused to apologise. Carleton won five Penguin Awards and three Logie Awards during his time with 60 Minutes and at the ABC. Carleton had experienced a number of health scares, the first in 1988 when he underwent heart bypass surgery, filmed for 60 Minutes, another in 2003 when he suffered a heart attack. In 2005 he was diagnosed with prostate cancer. On 7 May 2006, Carleton collapsed from a massive heart attack during a press conference at the Beaconsfield gold mine, shortly after questioning mine manager Matthew Gill on previous safety issues at the site.
First-hand reports from the scene indicated that Carleton had a weak pulse when taken by ambulance to the Launceston General Hospital and that he had been puffing and gasping not long before he collapsed. Carleton died in the ambulance on the way to hospital, his last words were: In the telemovie about the incident, Carleton was played by Steve Vizard. In 2017 his garden was featured on the television program Gardening Australia and was introduced by his wife Sharon. "The 60 Minutes Team – Richard Carleton". Ninemsn. Archived from the original on 3 January 2007
Silver Lake is a lake and park located in the city of Dover, Delaware. The lake is the source of the St. Jones River. There are several species of fish in the lake, including largemouth bass, crappie, striped bass, white perch, bluegill and others. Silver Lake has a boat ramp. A permit is required by the City of Dover Parks and Recreation Department in order to fish at the lake. Boats must display a permit regardless of the size of the craft; the public area bordering Silver Lake has covered picnic tables, a walking path, children's play area with equipment, grills for barbecue. This area is carry in/carry out but there are refuse containers on the property. Portable toilets are provided. Access to parking is from Lewis Mill Drive for boaters. Parking is ample. Media related to Silver Lake at Wikimedia Commons
Bloomington is a jazz album by Branford Marsalis, featuring the trio that had recorded his studio album The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born. It peaked at number 9 on the Top Jazz Albums chart. In his AllMusic review, Scott Yanow calls the album "very long-winded and rather dull" and says of Marsalis that he "seems content to play the part of a chameleon, doing his impressions of late-period Coltrane, Sonny Rollins and Ornette Coleman." The LA Times praised the recording, saying "the telling of what he finds is revealing and beautiful in ways only the best improvisational music can be." Entertainment Weekly called the recording "a career-positioning statement in matter-of-fact musical terms" and "insular music for the hard-bop elite." All tracks are written except where indicated. Branford Marsalis – Saxophones Jeff "Tain" Watts - Drums Robert Hurst - Bass BranfordMarsalis.com
"We're an American Band" became Grand Funk Railroad's first No. 1 single released July 2, 1973. Written by Don Brewer and produced by Todd Rundgren, its huge chart success broadened Grand Funk's appeal, it was sung by drummer Don Brewer who began doing more lead vocals for the band and helped with their transition to making top 40 hits. It is the 99th song on VH1's 100 Greatest Hard Rock Songs. Brewer's lyrics are somewhat autobiographical, detailing the band's recent tour and their energetic live performances. In the song, Brewer mentions playing poker with blues great Freddie King, traveling through Little Rock, Arkansas, as well as stopping to party with four groupies who snuck into their hotel in Omaha, Nebraska; the lyrics mention "sweet sweet Connie", in reference to the legendary Arkansas groupie Connie Hamzy. The following story about an argument between Don Brewer and Humble Pie is fictitious. According to rock critic/writer Dave Marsh in his book, The Heart of Rock and Soul, Grand Funk was touring with the British group Humble Pie in early 1973.
After one performance, the two groups were drinking in a bar when they began arguing over the merits of British versus American rock. Grand Funk drummer Don Brewer stood up and after bragging about American rock heroes such as Jerry Lee Lewis, Fats Domino, Little Richard, Elvis Presley, proudly announced, "We're an American band!" Thus inspired, he wrote the song the next morning. Brewer says "it never happened". "We were good friends with the guys in Humble Pie and asked guitarist Peter Frampton to join our band". Don says the song was written during the terrible period when their former manager Terry Knight was suing them and trying to keep them from touring as Grand Funk; the band needed a hit record and Brewer came up with the song. A video was made, showing the band playing the song as well as engaging in activities such as basketball, dirtbike riding, watersports; the original single was released on gold transparent vinyl. The band Americade covered it for their 1982 album release American Metal and the corresponding video won "Best New Video" on MTV.
The German band Spider Murphy Gang published a musically identical German version as a single in 1983. The song was featured on their 1983 album Live! as well as on their Greatest Hits. Electronic rocker Nash the Slash recorded it as the implied title track of his 1984 album, American Band-ages, which consisted of cover versions of classic rock songs—also issued it as a single, it begins with a 1950s jazz-pop arrangement of the theme song from American Bandstand with a pop vocal group singing the chorus lyrics of "We're an American Band" to that tune, before it abruptly turns into a full electronic rock version of the Grand Funk song. Since Nash plays all the instruments on his records, the lyrics are changed to: "I'm an American band, I come into your town, I'm gonna burn it down." Autograph covered it in November 1985 and had it added to their second album That's the Stuff in early 1986, replacing track No. 6 in the original October 1985 release. The "Up all night with Freddie King, I got to tell you poker's his thing" portion early in the song is replaced by "Up all night, sleep all day, I got to tell you that's how we play" for unknown reasons because of King's death ten years earlier.
The band Dain Bramage which featured Dave Grohl, covered the song on their second demo tape in 1986. The hardcore punk band Verbal Abuse covered it on their Just an American Band LP in 1983. Accordion-based rock band Those Darn Accordions parodied it on their album Squeeze This! as "We're an Accordion Band", substituting many of the lyrics with references to famous accordion players such as Myron Floren and Flaco "The King" Jiménez. They replace "We'll help you party down" with "We'll help you polka down". Jackyl covered it for their 1998 compilation release Choice Cuts, utilizing Jesse Dupree's unique vocal style. Kid Rock covered it during the MTV Video Music Awards in 2000, substituting "We'll help you party down" with "We'll take your panties down". Poison covered it and released it as a single with a music video for their The Best of Poison: 20 Years of Rock compilation which peaked at No. 17 on the Billboard 200. It was changed, replacing the line "And we proceeded to tear that hotel down" with the line "And Poison tore that hotel down".
It was on the Poison cover album Poison'd. Singers Aly & AJ have covered it for Randy Jackson's Music Club, Vol. 1. The country trio Rascal Flatts used this song to close out their Farmers Insurance presents Changed Tour 2012-2013 every night with the help of their opening acts Little Big Town, Eli Young Band, Edens Edge, The Band Perry, Kristen Kelly. Rob Zombie covered it for Venomous Rat Regeneration Vendor. In this version, the reference to Freddie King is changed to refer to Slayer guitarist Kerry King; the Village People and Phish cover it as part of their live repertoire. Greensky Bluegrass has covered the song on occasion in live performances. "We're an American Band" by Grand Funk Songfacts