click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

State Thomas, Dallas

State Thomas is a Dallas Landmark District in the Uptown area of Dallas, Texas. It borders downtown to the south at Woodall Rodgers Freeway, Bryan Place to the east at US 75, LoMac to the north and west; the State Thomas neighborhood contains the largest collection of Victorian-era homes remaining in Dallas including the Jacob and Eliza Spake House listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The establishment of the region as a Special Purpose District in 1986 helped make it one of the first new urbanist regions in the city. Griggs Park sits on the northeastern edge of State Thomas, where the neighborhood borders Woodall Rodgers Freeway; the pet-friendly park spans eight acres and features walking paths, groves of trees, views of both the downtown and uptown Dallas skylines. The park features a memorial to the park's namesake, the Rev. A. R. Griggs, a 19th-century Baptist preacher and leader in the historic State Thomas and Freedman’s community

Who Killed Atlanta's Children?

Who Killed Atlanta's Children? is a TV movie about the Atlanta child murders starring James Belushi and Gregory Hines. It was directed by Charles Robert Carner and first aired on Showtime on July 16, 2000; this movie projects a conspiracy theory about the murders: that they were committed by the Ku Klux Klan, who framed Wayne Williams. The movie was critically reviewed in Time magazine by Richard Corliss, who said the director-writer "blithely shuffles fact and innuendo." James Belushi - Pat Laughlin Gregory Hines - Ron Larson Sean McCann - Aubrey Melton Shawn Doyle - Royle McCullough Kenneth Welsh - William Kunstler Eugene Clark - Dave Jack Wallace - Phil Peters J. J. Johnston - Clark Hildebrandt Aidan Devine - Jack Johnson Lynda Gravatt - Mildred Glover Debra Sharkey - Sally Laughlin Bill Duke - Chirumenga Jeng Bill MacDonald - B. J. the informant Craig Eldridge - Robert Ingram, GBI Matthew Cooke - Lubie Geter Karen Glave - Camille Bell Karen Robinson - Lois Evans Quancetia Hamilton - Willie Mae Mathis Sean Bell - Daryl McCullough Michael Rhoades - Bobby McCullough Cle Bennett - Wayne Williams Sarah Lafleur - Spin Secretary Philip Akin - Police Spokesman Bill Lake - GBI Man Patrick Chilvers - FBI Agent Conrad Coates - Special Agent

Hemicholinium-3

Hemicholinium-3 known as hemicholine, is a drug which blocks the reuptake of choline by the high-affinity choline transporter at the presynapse. The reuptake of choline is the rate-limiting step in the synthesis of acetylcholine, it is therefore classified as an indirect acetylcholine antagonist. Acetylcholine is synthesized from choline and a donated acetyl group from acetyl-CoA, by the action of choline acetyltransferase. Thus, decreasing the amount of choline available to a neuron will decrease the amount of acetylcholine produced. Neurons affected by hemicholinium-3 must rely on the transport of choline from the soma, rather than relying on reuptake of choline from the synaptic cleft. Hemicholinium-3 is toxic because it interferes with cholinergic neurotransmission; the LD50 of hemicholinium-3 for mice is about 35 μg. Triethylcholine Vesamicol

Chuitna Coal Project

The Chuitna Coal Project is a proposed coal strip mine that, if granted state and federal permits, would be built about 45 miles southwest of Anchorage, Alaska, in an area known as the Beluga Coal Fields near the Chuitna River and the small communities of Tyonek and Beluga in upper Cook Inlet. The Chuitna Coal Project is a proposal of PacRim LP, a Delaware-based corporation owned by the Texas-based energy company Petro-Hunt LLC. PacRim holds a state lease to 20,571 acres of Alaska Mental Health Trust property where an estimated 1 billion metric tons of low-sulfur, sub-bituminous coal is thought to exist. Proven reserves are reported to be 771 million tons; the company is in the advanced stages of state and federal mine-permitting processes. PacRim has surveyed LMUs, within its lease. If permitted, the company has said it plans to extract up to 12 million metric tons of coal from the first of these units over a minimum period of 25 years. Other LMUs, could be developed in future years; the surface coalmine itself could spread to cover 30 square miles, but the project would include assorted support facilities, a mine road and a 12 miles long, covered conveyor system to transport coal to Cook Inlet at Ladd Landing where a port facility would be built.

Ladd Landing is property owned by the Kenai Peninsula Borough and subject to a lease-option held by PacRim. A letter of intent to exercise the Ladd Landing option was filed by PacRim in March, 2009. For more, see Lease-Option History section below. Only about 10 percent of Alaska's electricity is generated by coal, all of, produced by the Usibelli Coal Mine, near Healy, Alaska; that operation supplies six Interior Alaska power ships its surplus overseas. Alaska's coal-fired generating capacity has no need for the coal that would be produced at Chuitna. Thus, coal extracted from the Chuitna project would most be shipped to Asian markets, including South Korea and Mainland China, with other possible markets being Mexico and Chile. Interest in exploiting the resources in the Beluga Coal Fields has waxed and waned over the decades since the late 1960s, with the lease passing through a succession of corporate hands; the proposed Chuitna Coal Project has both proponents and opponents and is becoming controversial in the Cook Inlet region.

The proposed Chuitna Coal Project mine site is located within PacRim's lease area designated as follows: Sec 14, 15, 21-28 and 33-36, T13N, R12W, Seward Meridian. Land within and around PacRim's lease area is owned by a variety of entities, including the State of Alaska, the Alaska Mental Health Trust Authority, the Kenai Peninsula Borough, the Tyonek Native Corp. Cook Inlet Region, Inc. and private owners. The state of Alaska owns about 132,500 acres, coal leases have been issued on some 46,000 acres, including the 20,571 acres leased to PacRim. Two state wildlife refuges are near the project zone, they are the Susitna Flats Wildlife Refuge to the northeast, the Trading Bay Wildlife Refuge to the southwest. According to the state, neither would be affected by the mining project. Tyonek Native Corp. owns more than 40,000 acres to the southeast. CIRI owns a scattering of properties around the mine site; the Kenai Peninsula Borough owns 16,800 acres south of the mine lease boundary and a small area of land around Beluga and Ladd Landing.

Private land is along the Cook Inlet coastline in Beluga, Tyonek, as well as at North Forelands and south of Granite Point, which are coastal locations south of Tyonek. The Kenai Peninsula Borough-PacRim Ladd Landing lease-option document shows that in 1987, the borough entered a lease-option agreement with Tidewater Services Corp, which merged with Midgard Energy Co. in 1994. That year, Midgard assigned its option to Richard Bass, William Herbert Hunt, William Herbert Hunt Trust Estate; the option was extended multiple times through years while coal mining in the state lease area remained financially impractical. Early in 2008, Bass and the Hunt Trust Estate assigned the Ladd Landing option to PacRim Coal LP. In March 2009, PacRim signed a letter of intent to exercise its Ladd Landing option; as of April 2009, the Kenai Peninsula Borough's Land Management Office had begun the process of bringing that lease to closing under the existing 1987 terms, a process that had to be completed within 180 days.

According to borough officials, the two sides will renegotiate terms they have mutually agreed are outdated and in need of revision. No roads connect the project area to Alaska's highway system; the areas is accessible only by air. Airstrips exist at Tyonek. PacRim proposes to build a third airstrip in the project area. Conoco Phillips has a private strip south of the Beluga Power Plant. Gravel roads connect Tyonek and Beluga, there are remnants of old roads used for logging, oil and coal exploration efforts. Barge landing areas exist at Ladd Landing and Granite Point, are used to supply local residents. RisksExtracting coal from the Beluga Coal Fields is an idea decades old, but several factors have so far discouraged construction, including the costs associated with developing a mine, the market price of coal, the lack of demand for coal in Alaska, among others. In recent years, opposition to mining the fields has grown with respect to PacRim's Chuitna Coal Project, the project most advanced in state and federal permitting processes.

Many Alaskans, including fisheries biologists, are voicing opposition because of the mine's proposed location amid environmentally important wetlands and because of the nature of coal itself. Critics charge that development would devastate more than 3

Clement Leslie Smith

Brigadier General Clement Leslie Smith, was a British Army officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Smith was commissioned into the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry as a second lieutenant on 5 May 1900, the following year served in South Africa as a Railway Staff officer during the Second Boer War. After the end of the war, he was promoted to lieutenant on 9 August 1902, left South Africa for England on the SS Simla in October that year. Smith was 25 years old, serving in the 2nd Battalion, Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, attached to the 5th Somaliland Light Infantry during the Fourth Somaliland Expedition when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC. On 10 January 1904 at the commencement of the fight at Jidballi, British Somaliland, Lieutenant Smith and a medical officer tried to rescue a hospital assistant, wounded; the rapidity of the enemy's fire, made this impossible and the hospital assistant was killed.

Lieutenant Smith did all, possible to bring out the medical officer, helping him to mount a horse and, when this was shot, a mule. This animal was shot and the medical officer was killed, but the lieutenant stayed with him to the end, trying to keep off the enemy with his revolver. Smith advanced to the rank of brigadier general. During the First World War he commanded the Imperial Camel Corps Brigade based in Egypt, his Victoria Cross is displayed at the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry Museum in Bodmin, England. Clement Leslie Smith at Find a Grave

Joan Littlewood

Joan Maud Littlewood was an English theatre director who trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts, is best known for her work in developing the Theatre Workshop. She has been called "The Mother of Modern Theatre", her production of Oh, What a Lovely War! in 1963 was one of her more influential pieces. Littlewood and her company slept in the Theatre Royal while it was restored. Productions of The Alchemist and Richard II, the latter starring Harry H. Corbett in the title role, established the reputation of the company, she conceived and developed the concept of the Fun Palace in collaboration with architect Cedric Price, an experimental model of a participatory social environment that, although never realized, has become an important influence in the architecture of the 20th and 21st centuries. Miss Littlewood, a musical written about Littlewood by Sam Kenyon, was performed by the Royal Shakespeare Company in 2018. Littlewood was born in Stockwell and trained as an actress at RADA, but left after an unhappy start and moved to Manchester in 1934, where she met folksinger Jimmie Miller, who became known as Ewan MacColl.

After joining his troupe, Theatre of Action and Miller soon were married. After a brief move to London, they returned to Manchester and set up the Theatre Union in 1936. In 1941, Littlewood was banned from broadcasting on the BBC; the ban was lifted two years when MI5 said she had broken off her association with the Communist Party. She was under surveillance by MI5 from 1939 until the 1950s. In 1945, after the end of World War II, her husband the communist folk singer Ewan MacColl, other Theatre Union members formed Theatre Workshop and registered it while staying at Ormesby Hall; the following eight years were spent touring. Shortly afterwards, when Gerry Raffles joined the troupe, MacColl and Littlewood divorced, though they still worked together for many years and Littlewood was godmother to MacColl's two children. Littlewood and Raffles were life partners until his death in 1975. In 1953, after an attempt to establish a permanent base in Glasgow, Theatre Workshop took up residence at the Theatre Royal in Stratford, east London, where it gained an international reputation, performing plays across Europe and in the Soviet Union.

One of Littlewood's most famous productions was the British première of Bertolt Brecht's Mother Courage and Her Children, which she directed and starred in. Her production of Fings Ain't Wot They Used T'Be, a musical about the London underworld, became a hit and ran from 1959 to 1962, transferring to the West End; the works for which she is now best remembered are Shelagh Delaney's A Taste of Honey, which gained critical acclaim, the satirical musical Oh, What a Lovely War!, her stage adaptation of a work for radio by Charles Chilton. Both were made into films, she received a Tony Award nomination for Best Direction of a Musical for Oh, What a Lovely War!, becoming the first woman nominated for the award. Theatre Workshop championed the work of Irish playwright Brendan Behan. After Raffles's death in 1975, Littlewood left stopped directing. After a time of drifting she settled in France and became the companion of Baron Philippe de Rothschild, the vintner and poet, wrote his memoirs Milady Vine.

In the mid-1980s, she commenced work on Joan's Book. Littlewood died in 2002 of natural causes at the age of 87 in the London flat of Peter Rankin. Goorney and Ewan MacColl. Agit-Prop to Theatre Workshop: Political Playscripts, 1930–50. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press. ISBN 0-7190-2211-8 Littlewood, Joan. Joan's Book: The Autobiography of Joan Littlewood. London: Methuen. ISBN 0-413-77318-3 MacColl, Ewan. Journeyman: An Autobiography. London: Sidgwick & Jackson. ISBN 0-283-06036-0 Rankin, Peter. Joan Littlewood: Dreams and Realities. London: Oberon Books. ISBN 978-1-78319-084-3 BBC Obituary: Theatre's defiant genius Joan Littlewood at Find a Grave Joan Littlewood at the Internet Broadway Database Joan Littlewood on IMDb History of Theatre Workshop at Stratford East Theatre Archive Project Interview with Harry Greene A tribute to Joan Littlewood by Jackie Fletcher Joan Littlewood BBC Radio3: a personal, detailed portrayal'Behind the Seams' a 1938 BBC radio documentary, in which Joan Littlewood interviews miners at Willington Colliery, Co Durham