SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

State school

State schools, called public schools in North America and many other countries, are primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation. While such schools are to be found in every country, there are significant variations in their structure and educational programs. State education encompasses primary and secondary education, as well as post-secondary educational institutions such as universities and technical schools that are funded and overseen by government rather than by private entities; the position before there were government-funded schools varied: in many instances there was an established educational system which served a significant, albeit elite, sector of the population. The introduction of government-organised schools was in some cases able to build upon this established system, both systems have continued to exist, sometimes in a parallel and complementary relationship and other times less harmoniously.

State education is inclusive, both in its treatment of students and in that enfranchisement for the government of public education is as broad as for government generally. It is organised and operated to be a deliberate model of the civil community in which it functions. Although provided to groups of students in classrooms in a central school, it may be provided in-home, employing visiting teachers, and/or supervising teachers, it can be provided in non-school, non-home settings, such as shopping mall space. State education is available to all. In most countries, it is compulsory for children to attend school up to a certain age, but the option of attending private school is open to many. In the case of private schooling, schools operate independently of the state and defray their costs by charging parents tuition fees; the funding for state schools, on the other hand, is provided by tax revenues, so that individuals who do not attend school help to ensure that society is educated. In poverty stricken societies, authorities are lax on compulsory school attendance because child labour is exploited.

It is these same children whose income-securing labour cannot be forfeited to allow for school attendance. The term "public education" when applied to state schools is not synonymous with the term "publicly funded education". Government may make a public policy decision that it wants to have some financial resources distributed in support of, it may want to have some control over, the provision of private education. Grants-in-aid of private schools and vouchers systems provide examples of publicly funded private education. Conversely, a state school may rely on private funding such as high fees or private donations and still be considered state by virtue of governmental ownership and control. State primary and secondary education involves the following: compulsory student attendance. In some countries, private associations or churches can operate schools according to their own principles, as long as they comply with certain state requirements; when these specific requirements are met in the area of the school curriculum, the schools will qualify to receive state funding.

They are treated financially and for accreditation purposes as part of the state education system though they make decisions about hiring and school policy, which the state might not make itself. Government schools are free to attend for Australian citizens and permanent residents, whereas independent schools charge attendance fees, they can be divided into two categories: selective schools. The open schools accept all students from their government-defined catchment areas, whereas selective schools admit students based on some specific criteria, e.g. academic merit. Government schools educate 65% of Australian students, with 34% in Catholic and independent schools. Regardless of whether a school is part of the Government or independent systems, they are required to adhere to the same curriculum frameworks of their state or territory; the curriculum framework however provides for some flexibility in the syllabus, so that subjects such as religious education can be taught. Most school students wear uniforms.

Public or Government funded. These schools teach students from Year 1 to 10, with examinations for students in years 5, 8, 10. All public schools follow the National Board Curriculum. Many children girls, drop out of school after completing the 5th Year in remote areas. In larger cities such as Dhaka, this is uncommon. Many good public schools conduct an entrance exam, although most public schools in the villages and small towns do not. Public schools are the only option for parents and children in rural areas, but there are large numbers of private schools in Dhaka and Chittagong. Many Bangladeshi private schools teach their students in English and follow curricula from overseas, but in public schools lessons are taught in Bengali. Per the Canadian constitution, public-school education in Canada is a provincial responsibility and, as such, there are many variations among the provinces. Junior kindergarten exists as an official program in only Ontario and Quebec w

2005 Fed Cup Americas Zone Group I – Play-offs

The Play-offs of the 2005 Fed Cup Americas Zone Group I were the final stages of the Group I Zonal Competition involving teams from the Americas. Using the positions determined in their pools, the nine teams faced off to determine their placing in the 2005 Fed Cup Americas Zone Group I, the top countries of each pool played for first to second, while the bottom two of each pool competed for fifth to eighth; the teams that ended up placing first overall advanced to World Group II Play-offs, whilst those coming in seventh were relegated down to Group II for the next year. The first placed teams of each pool were placed against each other in a head-to-head round; the winner of the rounds advanced to the World Group II Play-offs, where they would get a chance to advance to the World Group II for next year. The second placed teams of each pool were placed against each other in a tie; the winner of the tie was allocated third place in the Group. The last and second-to-last placed teams of each pool were placed against each other in two head-to-head rounds.

The losing team of the rounds were relegated to Group II for next year. Puerto Rico advanced to the World Group II Play-offs, were drawn against Indonesia, where they lost 1–4; the team thus was relegated back to Group I for the next year. Bolivia and Paraguay were relegated down to Americas Zone Group II for the next year, where they both placed equal third. Fed Cup structure Fed Cup website

New Campus (Heidelberg University)

The New Campus of the University of Heidelberg is located in the newest district of Heidelberg called Neuenheimer Feld. It is today the larger part of the university, the largest campus for natural sciences and life science in Germany. Many buildings of the science faculties and institutes, the medical school, the university hospital are situated on the New Campus; the science branch of the University Library is situated here. Most of the dormitories and the athletic facilities of the university can be found there as well. Several independent research institutes, such as the German Cancer Research Center, Max-Planck-Institutes have settled there; the New Campus is seat of several biomedical spin-off companies. The ancient part of the town can be reached by streetcar in about ten minutes; the university maintains a botanical garden at Neuenheimer Feld