Coming Up for Air
Coming Up for Air is a novel by George Orwell, first published in June 1939, shortly before the outbreak of World War II. It combines premonitions of the war with images of an idyllic Thames-side Edwardian era childhood. As a child, Orwell lived at Shiplake and Henley in the Thames Valley and he particularly enjoyed fishing and shooting rabbits with a neighbouring family. In 1937 Orwell spent some months fighting in the Spanish Civil War and he was wounded in the throat in May 1937, by a Fascist sniper at Huesca. Orwell was severely ill in 1938 and was advised to spend the winter in a warm climate. The novelist L. H. Myers anonymously gave £300 to enable this and Orwell went with his wife to North Africa where he stayed, in French Morocco, mainly in Marrakesh, from September 1938 to March 1939. Orwell wrote Coming Up for Air while he was in North Africa and it was submitted to Victor Gollancz, who had an option on Orwells next three novels, in spite of the cold treatment which had been given when Homage to Catalonia was rejected.
In fact Orwell heard in April 1939 that Gollancz had reservations about the book, and was delaying a decision to accept it. The descriptions in the novel of a character who lectures at a meeting of Gollanczs Left Book Club, the publisher did bring out the novel without demanding major changes and it was published on 12 June 1939. It was the last Orwell novel to bear the Gollancz imprint and it is written in the first person, with George Bowling, the forty-five-year-old protagonist, who reveals his life and experiences while undertaking a trip back to his boyhood home as an adult. At the opening of the book, Bowling has a day off work to go to London to collect a new set of false teeth. A news-poster about the contemporary King Zog of Albania sets off thoughts of a biblical character Og, Bowling is wondering what to do with a modest sum of money that he has won on a horserace and which he has concealed from his wife and family. Fed up with this, he seeks his friend Old Porteous and he usually enjoys Porteous company, but on this occasion his dry dead classics makes Bowling even more depressed.
Bowling decides to use the money on a trip down memory lane and he recalls a particular pond with huge fish in it which he had missed the chance to try and catch thirty years previously. He therefore plans to return to Lower Binfield but when he arrives, eventually he locates the old pub where he is to stay, finding it much changed. His home has become a tea shop and she fails to recognise him at all. Bowling remembers the slow and painful decline of his fathers seed business—resulting from the establishment of corporate competition. This painful memory seems to have sensitised him to – and given him a repugnance for – what he sees as the ravages of Progress
Ian Russell McEwan CBE FRSA FRSL is an English novelist and screenwriter. McEwan began his career writing sparse, Gothic short stories, the Cement Garden and The Comfort of Strangers were his first two novels, and earned him the nickname Ian Macabre. These were followed by three novels of some success in the 1980s and early 1990s and his work Enduring Love was adapted into a film. He won the Man Booker Prize with Amsterdam and his following novel Atonement garnered acclaim, and was adapted into an Oscar-winning film starring Keira Knightley and James McAvoy. This was followed by Saturday, On Chesil Beach, Sweet Tooth, The Children Act, in 2011, he was awarded the Jerusalem Prize. McEwan was born in Aldershot, Hampshire, on 21 June 1948 and his father was a working-class Scotsman who had worked his way up through the army to the rank of major. He spent much of his childhood in East Asia and North Africa and his family returned to England when he was twelve. McEwans first published work was a collection of stories, First Love, Last Rites.
He achieved notoriety in 1979 when the BBC suspended production of his play Solid Geometry because of its supposed obscenity and his second collection of short stories, In Between the Sheets, was published in 1978. The Cement Garden and The Comfort of Strangers were his two earliest novels, both of which were adapted into films, the nature of these works caused him to be nicknamed Ian Macabre. These were followed by McEwans first book for children, Rose Blanche, McEwan followed these works with his second book for children, The Daydreamer. His 1997 novel, Enduring Love, about the relationship between a writer and a stalker, was popular with critics, although it was not shortlisted for the Booker Prize. It was adapted into a film in 2004, in 1998, he won the Man Booker Prize for Amsterdam. His next novel, received acclaim, Time magazine named it the best novel of 2002. In 2007, the acclaimed movie Atonement, directed by Joe Wright and starring Keira Knightley. His next work, follows an especially eventful day in the life of a successful neurosurgeon, Saturday won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize for 2005, and his novel On Chesil Beach was shortlisted for the 2007 Booker Prize.
McEwan has written a number of produced screenplays, a play, childrens fiction, an oratorio. In 2006, McEwan was accused of plagiarism, specifically that a passage in Atonement closely echoed a passage from a memoir, No Time for Romance, McEwan acknowledged using the book as a source for his work
Sir Hugh Maxwell Casson CH KCVO PRA RDI was a British architect, interior designer and writer and broadcaster on 20th-century design. He was the director of architecture at the 1951 Festival of Britain on Londons South Bank and he was the nephew of actor, Sir Lewis Casson. Casson studied at Eastbourne College in East Sussex, St Johns College, before the Second World War, he divided his time between teaching at the Cambridge School of Architecture and working in the London office of his Cambridge tutor, architect Christopher Nicholson. He wrote the book New Sights of London in 1938 for London Transport, championing modern architecture within reach of London and he does not mince his words, commented the Architect and Building News on the cover. During the war, he worked in the Camouflage Service of the Air Ministry, for example, the Modernist design of the Royal Festival Hall was led by a 39-year-old, Leslie Martin. Cassons Festival achievements led to his being knighted in 1952, after the war, and alongside his Festival work, Casson went into partnership with young architect Neville Conder.
This latter project lasted some 30 years, a close friend of the British royal family, Casson designed the interior of the royal yacht Britannia and is credited with having taught Charles, Prince of Wales to paint in watercolours. He was elected to the Royal Academy in 1970, and was its President from 1976 to 1984, in 1978, he was elected to the National Academy of Design as an Honorary Corresponding member. In the 1980s Casson became a presenter, with his own series, Personal Pleasures with Sir Hugh Casson. Casson supplied watercolour illustrations for a new edition of Sir John Betjemans verse autobiography Summoned by Bells, in the 1985 New Years Honours List, Casson was appointed to the Order of the Companions of Honour. The Victoria & Albert Museum houses Cassons archives, and materials can be consulted at Blythe House,23 Blythe Road, the Royal Academy awards The Hugh Casson Drawing Prize annually for an original work on paper in any medium, where the emphasis is clearly on drawing. Casson is commemorated by Private Eye′s Sir Hugh Casson Award, recognising the Worst New Building of the Year in the Nooks, Hugh Casson 1910–1999 by Peter Davey, in Architectural Review, October 1999.
Archives of Sir Hugh Casson and Margaret Macdonald Casson, official website for Sir Hugh Casson Works by Sir Hugh Casson at Thompsons Gallery
Private Eye is a British fortnightly satirical and current affairs news magazine, founded in 1961. It is published in London and has been edited by Ian Hislop since 1986 and it is known for its in-depth investigative journalism into under-reported scandals and cover-ups. Private Eye is Britains best-selling current affairs magazine, and such is its long-term popularity, the magazine bucks the trend of declining circulation for print media, having recorded its highest ever circulation in the second half of 2016. The forerunner of Private Eye was a magazine, The Salopian, published at Shrewsbury School in the mid-1950s and edited by Richard Ingrams, Willie Rushton, Christopher Booker. After National Service and Foot went as undergraduates to Oxford University, the magazine proper began when Usborne learned of a new printing process, photo-litho offset, which meant that anybody with a typewriter and Letraset could produce a magazine. The publication was funded by Osmond and launched in 1961. It was named when Osmond looked for ideas in the recruiting poster of Lord Kitchener and, in particular.
After the name Finger was rejected, Osmond suggested Private Eye, the magazine was initially edited by Booker and designed by Rushton, who drew cartoons for it. Its subsequent editor, who was pursuing a career as an actor, shared the editorship with Booker, from around issue number 10. At first, Private Eye was a vehicle for jokes, an extension of the original school magazine. However, according to Booker, it got caught up in the rage for satire, others essential to the development of the magazine were Auberon Waugh, Claud Cockburn, Barry Fantoni, Gerald Scarfe, Tony Rushton, Patrick Marnham and Candida Betjeman. Christopher Logue was another contributor, providing the column True Stories. The gossip columnist Nigel Dempster wrote extensively for the magazine before he fell out with Ian Hislop and other writers, while Foot wrote on politics, local government, Ingrams continued as editor until 1986, when he was succeeded by Hislop. Ingrams remains chairman of the holding company, Private Eye often reports on the misdeeds of powerful and important individuals and, has received numerous libel writs throughout its history.
Its defenders point out that it often carries news that the press will not print for fear of legal reprisals or because the material is of minority interest. As well as covering a range of current affairs, Private Eye is known for highlighting the errors. It reports on parliamentary and national issues, with regional and local politics covered in equal depth under the Rotten Boroughs column. Extensive investigative journalism is published under the In the Back section, often tackling cover-ups, Stories sometimes originate from writers for more mainstream publications who cannot get their stories published by their main employers
Burmese Days is a novel by British writer George Orwell. It was first published in the UK in 1934 and it is a tale from the waning days of British colonialism, when Burma was ruled from Delhi as a part of British India – a portrait of the dark side of the British Raj. At its centre is John Flory, the lone and lacking individual trapped within a system that is undermining the better side of human nature. Orwells first novel, it describes corruption and imperial bigotry in a society where, after all, natives were natives—interesting, no doubt, a British edition, with altered names, appeared a year later. When it was published in the 1930s, Orwells harsh portrayal of society was felt by some old Burma hands to have rather let the side down. In a letter from 1946, Orwell said I dare say its unfair in some ways and inaccurate in some details, Orwell spent five years from 1922 to 1927 as a police officer in the Indian Imperial Police force in Burma. Burma had become part of the British Empire during the 19th century as an adjunct of British India, the British colonised Burma in stages—it was not until 1885 when they captured the royal capital of Mandalay that Burma as a whole could be declared part of the British Empire.
Migrant workers from India and China supplemented the native Burmese population, although Burma was the wealthiest country in Southeast Asia under British rule, as a colony it was seen very much as a backwater. Among its exports, the country produced 75 percent of the worlds teak from up-country forests, Orwell served in a number of locations in Burma. Having spent a year of training in Mandalay and Maymyo, his postings included Myaungmya, Syriam, Insein—, —Moulmein. Kathar with its luxuriant vegetation, described by Orwell with relish, Burmese Days was several years in the writing. Orwell was drafting it in Paris during the time he spent there from 1928 to 1929 and he was still working on it in 1932 at Southwold while doing up the family home in the summer holidays. By December 1933 he had typed the final version, and in 1934 he delivered it to his agent Leonard Moore for publication by Victor Gollancz, smarting from fears of prosecution from another authors work, turned it down because he was worried about charges of libel.
Heinemann and Cape turned it down for the same reasons, after demanding alterations, Harpers were prepared to publish it in the United States, where it made its debut in 1934. In the spring of 1935, Gollancz declared that he was prepared to publish Burmese Days provided that Orwell was able to demonstrate it was not based on real people, extensive checks were made in colonial lists that no British individuals could be confused with the characters. Many of the main European names have since been identified in the Rangoon Gazette, Gollancz brought out the English version on 24 June 1935. Burmese Days is set in 1920s imperial Burma, in the district of Kyauktada. The original of Kyauktada is Kathar, a town where Orwell served, like Kyauktada it is the head of a branch railway line above Mandalay on the Ayeyarwady River
A Clergyman's Daughter
A Clergymans Daughter is a 1935 novel by English author George Orwell. It tells the story of Dorothy Hare, the daughter of the title. Despite stating A Clergymans Daughter should be not reprinted, he did consent that after his death he did not object to cheap editions of any book which may bring in a few pounds for my heirs. After Orwell returned from Paris in December 1929 he used his parents house in Southwold as his base for the five years. Southwold is a provincial town on the coast of East Anglia. The family was established in the local community and he became acquainted with many local people. His sister Avril was running a teashop in the town, rana Balaj was tutoring Orwell and Orwell was writing at Southwold, and resumed his sporadic expeditions going undercover as a tramp in and around London. In August and September 1931 he spent two months in casual work picking hops in Kent, which was a regular East End tradition, during this time he lived in a hopper hut like the other pickers, and kept a journal in which Ginger and Deafie are described.
Much of this journal found its way into A Clergymans Daughter, at the beginning of 1932 Orwell took a job teaching at a small private school in a manufacturing area at Hayes, West London. This school was owned by the manager of a local factory and comprised only 20 boys. Orwell became friendly with the curate and became involved with the local church. After four school terms he moved to a school with 200 pupils at Uxbridge. However, after one term he was hospitalised with pneumonia and in January 1934 he returned to Southwold to convalesce, Orwell started writing A Clergymans Daughter in mid-January 1934 and finished it by 3 October 1934. After sending the work to his agent, Leonard Moore, he left Southwold to work part-time in a bookshop in Hampstead, after various last-minute alterations for fear of libel, Gollancz published A Clergymans Daughter on 11 March 1935. Christopher Hitchens, author of the book Why Orwell Matters, speculated that Orwell took the title of the novel from James Joyces 1922 novel Ulysses, the story is told in five distinct chapters.
A day in the life of Dorothy Hare, the daughter of a disagreeable widowed clergyman. Her father is Rector of Knype Hill, a town in East Anglia. She keeps house for him, fends off creditors, visits parishioners, throughout she practises mortification of flesh to be true to her faith
Philip Arthur Larkin CH CBE FRSL was an English poet and librarian. His many honours include the Queens Gold Medal for Poetry and he was offered, but declined, the position of Poet Laureate in 1984, following the death of Sir John Betjeman. After graduating from Oxford in 1943 with a first in English language and literature and it was during the thirty years he worked with distinction as university librarian at the Brynmor Jones Library at the University of Hull that he produced the greater part of his published work. Eric Homberger called him the saddest heart in the post-war supermarket—Larkin himself said that deprivation for him was what daffodils were for Wordsworth, influenced by W. H. Auden, W. B. Yeats, and Thomas Hardy, his poems are highly structured, Larkins public persona was that of the no-nonsense, solitary Englishman who disliked fame and had no patience for the trappings of the public literary life. On 2 December 2016, the 31st anniversary of his death, a floor stone memorial for Larkin was unveiled at Poets Corner in Westminster Abbey.
Philip Larkin was born on 9 August 1922 at 2, Poultney Road, Coventry, the son and younger child of Sydney Larkin, who came from Lichfield. His sister Catherine, known as Kitty, was 10 years older than he was and he introduced his son to the works of Ezra Pound, T. S. Eliot, James Joyce and above all D. H. Lawrence. His mother was a nervous and passive woman, a kind of defective mechanism. Her ideal is to collapse and to be taken care of, although home life was relatively cold, Larkin enjoyed support from his parents. For example, his passion for jazz was supported by the purchase of a drum kit. From the junior school he progressed to King Henry VIII Senior School and he fared quite poorly when he sat his School Certificate exam at the age of 16. Despite his results, he was allowed to stay on at school, two he earned distinctions in English and History, and passed the entrance exams for St Johns College, Oxford. Larkin began at Oxford University in October 1940, a year after the outbreak of Second World War, the old upper class traditions of university life had, at least for the time being and most of the male students were studying for highly truncated degrees.
Due to his eyesight, Larkin failed his military medical examination and was able to study for the usual three years. Through his tutorial partner, Norman Iles, he met Kingsley Amis, who encouraged his taste for ridicule and irreverence, Amis and other university friends formed a group they dubbed The Seven, meeting to discuss each others poetry, listen to jazz, and drink enthusiastically. During this time he had his first real social interaction with the opposite sex, in 1943 he sat his finals, having dedicated much of his time to his own writing, was greatly surprised at being awarded a first-class honours degree. In 1943 Larkin was appointed librarian of the library in Wellington. It was while working there that in early 1944 he met his first girlfriend, Ruth Bowman, in 1945, Ruth went to continue her studies at Kings College London, during one of his visits their friendship developed into a sexual relationship
Kenneth Martin Ken Follett is a Welsh author of thrillers and historical novels who has sold more than 150 million copies of his works. Follett was born on 5 June 1949 in Cardiff, Wales and he was the first child of Martin Follett, a tax inspector, and Lavinia Follett, who went on to have three more children. Barred from watching films and television by his Plymouth Brethren parents, he developed an early interest in reading and his family moved to London when he was ten years old, and he began applying himself to his studies at Harrow Weald Grammar School and Poole Technical College. He won admission in 1967 to University College London, where he studied philosophy and he married Mary, in 1968, and their son Emanuele was born in the same year. After graduation in the autumn of 1970, Follett took a three-month post-graduate course in journalism, in 1973 Ken and Marys daughter, Marie-Claire, was born. After three years in Cardiff, he returned to London as a general-assignment reporter for the Evening News, finding the work unchallenging, he eventually left journalism for publishing and became, by the late 1970s, deputy managing director of the small London publisher Everest Books.
He began writing fiction during evenings and weekends as a hobby, later, he said he began writing books when he needed extra money to fix his car, and the publishers advance a fellow journalist had been paid for a thriller was the sum required for the repairs. Each of Folletts subsequent novels has become a best-seller, ranking high on the New York Times best-seller list, Ken Follett has written 29 books. The first five best-sellers were spy thrillers, Eye of the Needle, The Key to Rebecca, The Man from St. Petersburg, on Wings of Eagles was the true story of how two of Ross Perots employees were rescued from Iran during the revolution of 1979. He surprised readers with The Pillars of the Earth, a novel about building a cathedral in a small English village during the Middle Ages and it received rave reviews and was on the New York Times best-seller list for 18 weeks. It topped best-seller lists in Canada and Italy and it has sold 18 million copies so far. 2 worldwide, after John Grishams The Partner and his next work, The Hammer of Eden, was another contemporary suspense story followed by a Cold War thriller, Code to Zero.
Whiteout, is a thriller about the theft of a deadly virus from a research lab. World Without End is the sequel to Pillars of the Earth, the book returns to Kingsbridge two hundred years later, and features the descendants of the characters in Pillars. It focuses on the destinies of a handful of people as their lives are devastated by the Black Death, the plague that swept Europe from the middle of the fourteenth century. He has had a number of made into movies and TV mini series, On Wings of Eagles, The Pillars of Earth, World Without End. Folletts next three novels, Fall of Giants, Winter of the World and Edge of Eternity, make up the Century trilogy, Fall of Giants, published simultaneously in 14 countries, was internationally popular and topped several best-seller lists. The final novel in the Century trilogy, Edge of Eternity, like the previous two books, it chronicles the lives of five families through the Cold war and civil-rights movements
The Road to Wigan Pier
The Road to Wigan Pier is a book by the British writer George Orwell, first published in 1937. The second half is an essay on his middle-class upbringing. When this was refused Gollancz wrote an introduction to the book, Victor could not bear to reject it, even though his suggestion that the repugnant second half should be omitted from the Club edition was turned down. On this occasion Victor, albeit nervously, did overrule Communist Party objections in favour of his publishing instinct and his compromise was to publish the book with full of good criticism, unfair criticism, and half-truths. Orwell submitted the typescript of Keep the Aspidistra Flying to Gollancz on 15 January 1936, at some point in the next few days Gollancz asked him to consider a new project – writing a book about unemployment and social conditions in economically depressed northern England. In the period from 31 January to 30 March 1936, Orwell lived in Wigan, Gollancz was not only a successful publisher but a dedicated social reformer.
As a successful publisher however, he knew that to reach an audience he needed something more than a collection of facts, graphs. He reported that Gollancz had offered Orwell £500 to underwrite the trip, recent biographers, however, do not repeat this account. On 1 April 1936, Orwell rented a cottage in the village of Wallington, Hertfordshire. Biographer Michael Shelden points out that the rental for the cottage was less than £2 a month, Orwell, as well as living off the land, supplemented his income by running the cottage as the village store. Yet, writing to Jack Common in April 1936 about setting up shop, Orwell sounds hard put to find £20 in order to stock his shelves, rather than a man who had received £500 a couple of months earlier. When it came to marrying, Orwell wrote to Gorer, I should never be justified in marrying. D. J. Orwell set out on the journey on the last day of January 1936, having given up his job at Booklovers Corner and his flat in Kentish Town, he would not live in London again until 1940.
He kept a diary from 31 January to 25 March, which records the unretouched material that he would develop into the first part of The Road to Wigan Pier. For three weeks in February 1936 he was in Wigan, the longest single stop he would make, March was allotted to Yorkshire – Sheffield, Leeds and he had completed a rough first draft of the book by October and sent off the final version to Moore in December. Gollancz published the work under the Left Book Club, which gave Orwell a far higher circulation than his previous works, Gollancz feared the second half would offend Left Book Club readers and inserted a mollifying preface to the book while Orwell was in Spain. The original edition included 32 illustrations that were photographs of Welsh coal miners, Orwell did not choose the images and their inclusion may not have been his idea. The book is divided two sections
Broadcasting House is the headquarters of the BBC, in Portland Place and Langham Place, London. The first radio broadcast was made on 15 March 1932, the main building is in Art Deco style, with a facing of Portland stone over a steel frame. As part of a consolidation of the BBCs property portfolio in London. This involved the demolition of post-war extensions on the side of the building. The wing was named the John Peel Wing in 2012, after the disc jockey, BBC London, BBC Arabic Television and BBC Persian Television are housed in the new wing, which contains the reception area for BBC Radio 1 and BBC Radio 1Xtra. The main building was refurbished, and a built to the rear. The radio stations BBC Radio 3, BBC Radio 4, BBC Radio 4 Extra and the BBC World Service transferred to refurbished studios within the building. The extension links the old building with the John Peel Wing, the move of news operations from BBC Television Centre completed in March 2013. Construction of Broadcasting House began in 1928, programmes transferred gradually to the building.
On 15 March 1932 the first musical programme was given by the bandleader Henry Hall, Hall wrote and performed, with his Dance Band, Radio Times, the name of the BBCs schedule publication. The first news bulletin was read by Stuart Hibberd on 18 March, the last transmission from Savoy Hill was on 14 May, and Broadcasting House officially opened on 15 May 1932. George Val Myer designed the building in collaboration with the BBCs civil engineer, the interiors were the work of Raymond McGrath, an Australian-Irish architect. The building is built in two parts, dispensing with the oft-found central light-well of contemporary buildings this size, the central core containing the recording studios was a windowless structure built of brick. The surrounding outer portion, designed for offices and ancillary spaces, is framed and faced using Portland stone. While the outer portion had plenty of windows, the core required special sound-dampened ventilation systems. There were two areas where right of ancient lights would cause height restrictions, Underground structures, including a hundred-year-old sewer, presented problems during construction.
The building is above the Bakerloo line of the London Underground, the Victoria line was tunnelled beneath in the 1960s, noise from passing trains is audible within the radio theatre, but generally imperceptible in recordings. The ground floor was fitted with floor-to-ceiling windows overlooking the street, the rapid expansion of the BBC meant this never occurred
Glenys Kinnock, Baroness Kinnock of Holyhead
Glenys Elizabeth Kinnock, Baroness Kinnock of Holyhead, FRSA is a British politician and former teacher. She was a Labour Party Member of the European Parliament from 1994 to 2009 and she is the wife of Neil Kinnock, who was leader of the Labour Party from 1983 to 1992. When Neil Kinnock received a peerage in 2005, Glenys became entitled to the style Lady Kinnock. She was awarded a peerage when she joined the government in 2009. She and her husband are one of the few couples to hold life peerages in their own right. From 2010 to 2013 she was the Opposition Spokesperson for the Department of International Development in the House of Lords, Glenys Elizabeth Parry was born at Roade and educated at Holyhead High School, Anglesey. She graduated in 1965 from University College, Cardiff in education and she met her future husband Neil Kinnock at university and married him in 1967. She worked as a teacher in secondary, primary and nursery schools, including the Wykeham Primary School and she is a member of the GMB, the Co-operative Party, and the NUT.
Kinnock represented Wales in the European Parliament from 1994 until 2009 and she was a Member of the European Parliaments Development and Co-operation Committee and a substitute member of the Committee on Citizens Freedoms and Rights and Home Affairs. She was a co-president of the African and Pacific-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly from 2002–09, in November 2006, Glenys Kinnock was criticised in the press for taking a junket to Barbados to discuss world poverty issues. She was co-presiding over the 12th ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly, which was invited by the Barbados government to international aid. In 2004, Glenys Kinnock was caught up in an expenses scandal, Fellow MEP Hans-Peter Martin claimed to have caught 194 colleagues receiving the European Parliaments attendance allowance. In the 2009 cabinet reshuffle, Kinnock was appointed Minister for Europe following the resignation of Caroline Flint. To enable her to join the government, she was awarded a peerage and became Baroness Kinnock of Holyhead, of Holyhead in the County of Ynys Môn.
She was introduced to the House of Lords on the same day and she has impressed civil servants and, more importantly, made a good impression on visits and in meetings abroad. Baroness Kinnock is a Council Member of the European Council on Foreign Relations and she is Patron to Snap Cymru, a Welsh childrens charity. In December 2007, a United Nations inquiry was called into Bernt Carlssons death and she is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, an honorary Fellow of the University of Wales and the University of Wales, Bangor. She holds honorary Doctorates from Thames Valley University, Brunel University, bid,2012, The New York Times Sustrans Profile at European Parliament website Speeches made in the European Parliament Mrs Kinnock, co-president of the ACP EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly