SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Statute

A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs the legal entities of a city, state, or country by way of consent. Statutes command or prohibit something, or declare policy. Statutes are rules made by legislative bodies. In all countries, newly enacted statutes are published in a Government gazette, distributed so that everyone can look up the statutory law. A universal problem encountered by lawmakers throughout human history is how to organize published statutes; such publications have a habit of starting small but growing over time, as new statutes are enacted in response to the exigencies of the moment. Persons trying to find the law are forced to sort through an enormous number of statutes enacted at various points in time to determine which portions are still in effect; the solution adopted in many countries is to organize existing statutory law in topical arrangements within publications called codes ensure that new statutes are drafted so that they add, repeal or move various code sections.

In turn, in theory, the code will thenceforth reflect the current cumulative state of the statutory law in that jurisdiction. In many nations statutory law is subordinate to constitutional law; the term statute is used to refer to an International treaty that establishes an institution, such as the Statute of the European Central Bank, a protocol to the international courts as well, such as the Statute of the International Court of Justice and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Statute is another word for law; the term was adapted from England in about the 18th century. In the autonomous communities of Spain, an autonomy statute is a legal document similar to the constitution of a federated state, save that it is enacted by the national legislature, rather than the autonomous community it governs; the autonomy statutes in Spain have the rank of ley organica, a category of special legislation reserved only for the main institutions and issues and mentioned in the constitution.

Leyes organicas rank between ordinary laws. The name was chosen, among others. In biblical terminology, statute refers to a law given without any justification; the classic example is the statute regarding the Red Heifer. The opposite of a chok is a mishpat, a law given for a specified reason, e.g. the Sabbath laws, which were given because "God created the world in six days, but on the seventh day He rested". That which upholds, supports or maintains the regulatory order of the universe meaning the Law or Natural Law; this is a concept of central importance in Indian religion. Constitution Legislation Legislature Organic statute Statutory law Super statute

Richland Township, Venango County, Pennsylvania

Richland Township is a township in Venango County, United States. The population was 744 at the 2000 census. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 22.4 square miles, of which, 22.2 square miles of it is land and 0.2 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 744 people, 291 households, 213 families residing in the township; the population density was 33.5 people per square mile. There were 341 housing units at an average density of 15.4/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 99.33% White, 0.13% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population. There were 291 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.9% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.5% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.01. In the township the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.3 males. The median income for a household in the township was $33,661, the median income for a family was $39,688. Males had a median income of $27,500 versus $20,972 for females; the per capita income for the township was $16,940. About 8.7% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over

Nothocalais cuspidata

Nothocalais cuspidata, the prairie false dandelion, is a herbaceous perennial with yellow flowers and long slender leaves, native to the Great Plains. Chambers, Kenton L.. "Nothocalais cuspidata". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Flora of North America North of Mexico. 19. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Illinois Wildflowers Minnesota Wildflowers Nothocalais cuspidata in the CalPhotos Photo Database, University of California, Berkeley