Dudley Hewitt Cup
The Dudley Hewitt Cup is a championship ice hockey trophy awarded to the Central Canadian Junior A Champion. The trophy is decided by round robin tournament format, at the conclusion of the playoffs of the Ontario Junior Hockey League, Northern Ontario Junior Hockey League, Superior International Junior Hockey League, to determine the central seed to the Royal Bank Cup; the Royal Bank Cup is the Canadian National Junior A Championship and is only competed for by teams within the Canadian Junior Hockey League. The current format includes the champions of the OJHL, NOJHL, SIJHL and a pre-selected host city, but in the past has included the champions of the Central Canada Hockey League, Quebec Junior Hockey League, the champion of the Callaghan Cup; the trophy is named after two pioneers of amateur hockey in Ontario. From 1984 until 1995, the Thunder Bay Flyers of the United States Hockey League competed for the Dudley Hewitt Cup the most successful competition in the event's history with 4 titles in 12 years.
The 2002 Dudley Hewitt Cup marked a new chapter in Ontario hockey history. Since the mid-1990s, the OPJHL and NOJHL had squared off in a head-to-head series to determine the Central Canadian seed in the Royal Bank Cup. In 2001, a new Thunder Bay-area league, called the Superior International Junior Hockey League, was founded. Late in the 2001–02 season of the OPJHL and NOJHL, the CJAHL informed them that instead of a series, the Dudley would be competed for through a round-robin format; the NOJHL and OPJHL decided to protest the new format by boycotting the Dudley Hewitt Cup, but without the OPJHL's governors knowledge, the heads of the NOJHL and SIJHL worked out a backroom deal that they would compete for the Cup without the OPJHL's involvement. The NOJHL's Rayside-Balfour Sabrecats swept SIJHL's Dryden Ice Dogs, while the OPJHL's Brampton Capitals sat at home with no avenue for advancement; the subterfuge by the NOJHL led to an agreement in 2003 to allow the championship to be played in a round-robin style.
It marked the end of any dominance the NOJHL had at the interleague level as no NOJHL champion won the DHC from 2002 until 2012. The 2011 Dudley Hewitt Cup made history as for the first time at the interleague level, more than one American team would be in direct contention for the Central Canadian Crown; the 2011 round robin will feature the Wisconsin Wilderness of the Superior International Junior Hockey League and the Soo Eagles of the Northern Ontario Junior Hockey League. In 1971, the Detroit Jr. Red Wings of the Southern Ontario Junior A Hockey League lost the inaugural championship in six games to the Charlottetown Islanders. In 1973, the St. Paul Vulcans of the Can-Am Junior Hockey League were mowed down by the Pembroke Lumber Kings in the Central semi-final. In 2007, the Soo Indians of the Northern Ontario Junior Hockey League finished last in the round robin. At that point, no American team had made it to either the Centennial Cup or Royal Bank Cup round robin or final series; this changed on May 4, 2013 when the SIJHL's Minnesota Wilderness defeated the OJHL's St. Michael's Buzzers 4-3 in overtime to win the Dudley and gain entry into the 2013 Royal Bank Cup.
Beforehand, the City of Sudbury and the Sudbury Cubs were slated to host the 2013 tournament, but was soon allocated to the City of North Bay and the North Bay Trappers because the Cubs owners backed out. The 2014 Dudley Hewitt Cub saw its fourth all-Ontario Junior Hockey League Dudley-Hewitt Cup final between the Wellington Dukes and the Toronto Lakeshore Patriots. Toronto won 2–1 advancing to the Royal Bank Cup in Vernon, British Columbia leaving the hosts Wellington Dukes at home; the City of Sudbury and the Sudbury Nickel Barons were awarded the 2016 Dudley Hewitt Cup, but in the spring of 2015 the city and the Nickel Barons backed out again, as a result of the Sudbury Nickel Barons moving to Rayside-Balfour. The tournament was awarded to Kirkland Lake and the Kirkland Lake Gold Miners; the 2017 Dudley Hewitt Cup was awarded to Trenton - the same year the Royal Bank Cup was being hosted by the OJHL's Cobourg Cougars. The Trenton Golden Hawks became the 9th different OJHL team to win the Dudley Hewitt Cup since 2003.
The Aurora Tigers, Oakville Blades, the Wellington Dukes won the tournament twice. As of 2016, the Soo Thunderbirds appeared in their sixth tournament since 2004; the Dryden and the Dryden Ice Dogs of the Superior International Junior Hockey League hosts the 2018 Dudley Hewitt Cup. The 2019 edition of the Dudley Hewitt Cup will be hosted in Cochrane, Ontario, of the NOJHL, after the Cochrane Crunch and the Timmins Rock were the only teams to submit bids. In early January 2019,the Wellington Dukes were awarded the 2020 Dudley-Hewitt Cup tournament, but shortly afterwards, Hockey Canada levied sanctions against the OJHL for trades made after the January 10 deadline; the OJHL was fined $50,000 and were banned from hosting the Dudley-Hewitt Cup and Royal Bank Cup tournaments for a period of five years. The Copeland-NcNamara Trophy champions of the Northern Ontario Junior Hockey League, the Salonen Cup champion from the Superior International Junior Hockey League and the winner of the Ontario Hockey Association's Buckland Cup and the Ontario Junior Hockey League compete in a round robin hosted by a predetermined host team and city to determine the Central Canadian Champion.
The winner of the Dudley Hewitt Cup moves on to compete for the Royal Bank Cup Junior A national championship. Hosts from the OJHL, NOJHL and SIJHL go through a selection process with teams and centres bidding on the job of host. X = Clinched championship round berth. Dudley Hewi
Canadian Junior Hockey League
The Canadian Junior Hockey League, an association of Canadian junior A ice hockey leagues and teams, formed in November 1993, emerging from the Canada West Association of Junior'A' Hockey. The champion of the Canadian Junior Hockey League wins the National Junior A Championship; the CJHL spans the majority of Canada, from the Pacific Coast to the Atlantic Coast. The only regional organizations of Hockey Canada to not have member teams or a league are Hockey Newfoundland and Labrador and Hockey North. In addition to Hockey NL and Hockey North, Hockey New Brunswick and Hockey PEI do not have their own leagues, but have teams from their region playing under Hockey Nova Scotia with the Maritime Junior A Hockey League. In 1970, the Ontario Major Junior Hockey League, Quebec Major Junior Hockey League, Western Canada Hockey League broke away from the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association and became its own governing body; these new "Major Junior" leagues were given exclusive permission to compete for the Memorial Cup, Canada's Junior "A" championship prior to 1970.
In May 1970, CAHA chairman Frank McKinnon tabled a motion at the organization's Annual General Meeting to allow the remaining Junior "A" leagues to compete at a national level for their own championship. The motion was granted and McKinnon and the Manitoba Amateur Hockey Association donated the Manitoba Centennial Trophy to the new championship in honour of 100 years of ice hockey in Manitoba. Leagues The leagues that would be involved in that first year were: British Columbia Junior Hockey League Alberta Junior Hockey League Saskatchewan Amateur Junior Hockey League Manitoba Junior Hockey League Southern Ontario Junior A Hockey League Thunder Bay Junior A Hockey League Central Junior A Hockey League Northern Ontario Junior Hockey Association Maritime Junior A Hockey League New Brunswick Junior Hockey League In 1971, the Newfoundland Amateur Hockey Association jumped on board by allowing their provincial Junior champion to compete in the Centennial Cup playdowns; this lasted until 1977. In 1971, the Maritime Junior A Hockey League folded, leaving the Charlottetown Islanders to enter the Centennial Cup playdowns as an independent team.
In 1971, the Newfoundland Junior A Hockey League entered the fray. In 1972, the Northern Ontario Junior Hockey Association folded when two of its teams jumped to Major Junior; the Charlottetown Islanders closed their doors after a marginal performance in the 1972 playdowns. Two new leagues came in 1972, the Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League was created as a rival league to the Southern Ontario Junior A Hockey League; the SOJHL was more in Southwestern Ontario, while the OPJHL focused more on the Greater Toronto Area. The other new league was the Quebec Junior A Hockey League. In 1973, the Island Junior Hockey League of Prince Edward Island made the jump from Junior B to Junior A. In 1975, the Eastern Junior A Hockey League ascended to Junior A from the Junior B ranks in Cape Breton Island. In 1977, the Metro Valley Junior Hockey League jumped from Junior B to Junior A in mainland Nova Scotia. After one year of playing head-to-head for the provincial Junior A title, the EJHL folded and left the MVJHL as the only league in Nova Scotia.
After various attempts to create a stable Junior A system in Newfoundland, the NAHA and its teams pulled out of National play in 1977. The Southern Ontario league folded in 1977, the Northern Ontario Junior Hockey League was promoted to Junior A in 1978 and the NorMan Junior Hockey League was promoted to Junior A in Manitoba in 1979. A second league was founded in British Columbia in 1974, the Pacific Coast Junior Hockey League was created to compete with the British Columbia Junior Hockey League - this league was absorbed by the BCJHL in 1979. A year the Peace-Cariboo Junior Hockey League was promoted from Junior B in East-Central British Columbia; that same year, the Thunder Bay Junior A Hockey League folded. They were replaced by a single team, the Thunder Bay Kings to be the two-time Centennial Cup champion Thunder Bay Flyers; the summer of 1982 saw the folding of the Quebec Junior A League. In 1983, the New Brunswick Junior Hockey League folded and merged with the Metro Valley Junior Hockey League.
In 1985, the NorMan Junior Hockey League folded. In 1987, the OPJHL known as the Ontario Junior Hockey League, folded after dropping to only four teams. During the 1988 Centennial Cup playoff run, the Black Lake Miners of Quebec were allowed to enter as an independent team; that summer, the Quebec Provincial Junior Hockey League was formed, rebranded the Quebec Junior AAA Hockey League in 1997. In 1989, Newfoundland would take a second shot at Junior A with the promotion of the St. John's Junior Hockey League; the league dropped back to Junior B in 1991. In 1991, the Island Junior Hockey League folded and merged with the Metro Valley league; the Metro Valley League now had all three Maritime provinces incorporated in it and decided to change its name to the Maritime Junior A Hockey League. Out West in 1991, the Peace-Cariboo league expanded south into the Kootenays and rebranded itself as the Rocky Mountain Junior Hockey League. In 1993, Southern Ontario came back in a big way with two leagues—the Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League and the Metro Junior A Hockey League.
By 1998, the two leagues would merge under the Ontario Provincial banner with 37 teams under its belt. In 1999, the Rocky Mountain Junior Hockey League folded. In 2000, the Thunder Bay Flyers folded, having competed in the United States Hockey L
Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada. It is considered one of the three prairie provinces and is Canada's fifth-most populous province with its estimated 1.3 million people. Manitoba covers 649,950 square kilometres with a varied landscape, stretching from the northern oceanic coastline to the southern border with the United States; the province is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territories of Nunavut to the north, Northwest Territories to the northwest, the U. S. states of North Minnesota to the south. Aboriginal peoples have inhabited. In the late 17th century, fur traders arrived on two major river systems, what is now called the Nelson in northern Manitoba and in the southeast along the Winnipeg River system. A Royal Charter in 1670 granted all the lands draining into Hudson's Bay to the British company and they administered trade in what was called Rupert's Land. During the next 200 years, communities continued to grow and evolve, with a significant settlement of Michif in what is now Winnipeg.
The assertion of Métis identity and self-rule culminated in negotiations for the creation of the province of Manitoba. There are many factors that led to an armed uprising of the Métis people against the Government of Canada, a conflict known as the Red River Rebellion aka Resistance; the resolution of the assertion of the right to representation led to the Parliament of Canada passing the Manitoba Act in 1870 that created the province. Manitoba's capital and largest city, Winnipeg, is the eighth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada. Other census agglomerations in the province are Brandon, Portage la Prairie, Thompson; the name Manitoba is believed to be derived from the Ojibwe or Assiniboine languages. The name derives from Cree manitou-wapow or Ojibwa manidoobaa, both meaning "straits of Manitou, the Great Spirit", a place referring to what are now called The Narrows in the centre of Lake Manitoba, it may be from the Assiniboine for "Lake of the Prairie". The lake was known to French explorers as Lac des Prairies.
Thomas Spence chose the name to refer to a new republic he proposed for the area south of the lake. Métis leader Louis Riel chose the name, it was accepted in Ottawa under the Manitoba Act of 1870. Manitoba is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territories of Nunavut to the north, the US states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south; the province meets the Northwest Territories at the four corners quadripoint to the extreme northwest, though surveys have not been completed and laws are unclear about the exact location of the Nunavut–NWT boundary. Manitoba adjoins Hudson Bay to the northeast, is the only prairie province to have a saltwater coastline; the Port of Churchill is Canada's only Arctic deep-water port. Lake Winnipeg is the tenth-largest freshwater lake in the world. Hudson Bay is the world's second-largest bay by area. Manitoba is at the heart of the giant Hudson Bay watershed, once known as Rupert's Land, it was a vital area of the Hudson's Bay Company, with many rivers and lakes that provided excellent opportunities for the lucrative fur trade.
The province has a saltwater coastline bordering Hudson Bay and more than 110,000 lakes, covering 15.6 percent or 101,593 square kilometres of its surface area. Manitoba's major lakes are Lake Manitoba, Lake Winnipegosis, Lake Winnipeg, the tenth-largest freshwater lake in the world; some traditional Native lands and boreal forest on Lake Winnipeg's east side are a proposed UNESCO World Heritage Site. Manitoba is at the centre of the Hudson Bay drainage basin, with a high volume of the water draining into Lake Winnipeg and north down the Nelson River into Hudson Bay; this basin's rivers reach far west to the mountains, far south into the United States, east into Ontario. Major watercourses include the Red, Nelson, Hayes and Churchill rivers. Most of Manitoba's inhabited south has developed in the prehistoric bed of Glacial Lake Agassiz; this region the Red River Valley, is flat and fertile. Baldy Mountain is the province's highest point at 832 metres above sea level, the Hudson Bay coast is the lowest at sea level.
Riding Mountain, the Pembina Hills, Sandilands Provincial Forest, the Canadian Shield are upland regions. Much of the province's sparsely inhabited north and east lie on the irregular granite Canadian Shield, including Whiteshell and Nopiming Provincial Parks. Extensive agriculture is found only in the province's southern areas, although there is grain farming in the Carrot Valley Region; the most common agricultural activity is cattle husbandry, followed by assorted grains and oilseed. Around 12 percent of Canada's farmland is in Manitoba. Manitoba has an extreme continental climate. Temperatures and precipitation decrease from south to north and increase from east to west. Manitoba is far from the moderating large bodies of water; because of the flat landscape, it is exposed to cold Arctic high-pressure air masses from the northwest during January and February. In the summer, air masses sometimes come out of the Southern United States, as warm humid air is drawn northward from the Gulf of Mexico.
Temperatures exceed 30 °C numerous times each summer, the combination of heat and humidity can bring the humidex value to the mid-40s. Carman, Manitoba recorded the second-highest humidex in Canada in 2007, with
The Winnipeg Blues are a Manitoba Junior Hockey League team based near Oak Bluff, Canada, a suburban area of Winnipeg. The team was founded in 1930 as the Winnipeg Monarchs and formerly known as the Fort Garry Blues and Winnipeg South Blues; the Blues/Monarchs hockey club has won 17 Turnbull Cups as MJHL champions, two ANAVET Cups, six Abbott Cups. The Monarchs were three-time Memorial Cup champions before the reorganization of Canadian junior hockey in 1970; the 1995 Winnipeg South Blues have been inducted into the Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame under the team category. The Winnipeg Monarchs won the Memorial Cup as Canadian junior hockey champions three times: in 1935, 1937 and 1946. In 1946, George Robertson scored the winning goal in the seventh game of the 1946 Memorial Cup Final before a sell out crowd at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto, Ontario; the Monarchs were finalists in 1932, losing to Sudbury Wolves in the final, 1951, losing to the Barrie Flyers. In addition to the three Memorial Cup titles, the Monarchs won ten Turnbull Cups as MJHL champions and five Abbott Cups as Western Canadian junior hockey champions.
The Monarchs were sold and relocated to the Century Arena in Fort Garry in 1978 and adopted a new name, the Fort Garry Blues. The team rebranded itself as the Winnipeg South Blues in 1984; the Blues captured six league championships while playing out of Fort Garry. The Blues shortened their name to the Winnipeg Blues; the team won its league-record 17th Turnbull Cup in 2014 and made their only Western Canada Cup appearance that year. In April 2019, the MJHL Board of Governors approved the sale of the team to 50 Below Sports + Entertainment Inc, owners of the Western Hockey League's Winnipeg Ice; the Blues will relocate to The Rink Training Centre, located just outside Winnipeg city limits in the Rural Municipality of Macdonald, for the 2019–20 season. The Blues are the sole Junior "A" club based in the Winnipeg area since the Winnipeg Saints relocated to Virden in 2012. Note: GP = Games Played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, OTL = Overtime Losses, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against 1971 Lost Quarter-finalSt.
James Canadians defeated Winnipeg Monarchs 4-games-to-21972 Lost Quarter-finalSt. James Canadians defeated Winnipeg Monarchs 4-games-to-21973 DNQ 1974 DNQ 1975 DNQ 1976 Lost Quarter-finalWest Kildonan North Stars defeated Assiniboine Park Monarchs 4-games-to-11977 DNQ 1978 DNQ 1979 DNQ 1980 Lost Quarter-finalSt. James Canadians defeated Fort Garry Blues 4-games-to-21981 Lost Quarter-finalSt. James Canadians defeated Fort Garry Blues 4-games-to-11982 Won League, Won Turnbull Cup, Lost Anavet CupFort Garry Blues defeated Kenora Thistles 4-games-to-none Fort Garry Blues defeated St. Boniface Saints 4-games-to-none Fort Garry Blues defeated Dauphin Kings 4-games-to-none MJHL CHAMPIONS Fort Garry Blues defeated Flin Flon Bombers 3-games-to-none TURNBULL CUP CHAMPIONS Prince Albert Raiders defeated Fort Garry Blues 4-games-to-21983 Lost Semi-finalFort Garry Blues defeated St. James Canadians 4-games-to-none St. Boniface Saints defeated Fort Garry Blues 4-games-to-21984 Lost Semi-finalFort Garry Blues defeated St. James Canadians 4-games-to-1 Kildonan North Stars defeated Fort Garry Blues 4-games-to-21985 Lost FinalWinnipeg South Blues defeated Kildonan North Stars 4-games-to-none Winnipeg South Blues defeated St. James Canadians 4-games-to-1 Selkirk Steelers defeated Winnipeg South Blues 4-games-to-11986 Won League, Won Anavet Cup, Lost Abbott CupWinnipeg South Blues defeated Thunder Bay Hornets 4-games-to-none Winnipeg South Blues defeated St. James Canadians 4-games-to-none Winnipeg South Blues defeated Selkirk Steelers 4-games-to-none MJHL CHAMPIONS Winnipeg South Blues defeated Humboldt Broncos 4-games-to-3 ANAVET CUP CHAMPIONS Penticton Knights defeated Winnipeg South Blues 4-games-to-11987 Lost FinalWinnipeg South Blues defeated St. James Canadians 4-games-to-none Winnipeg South Blues defeated St. Boniface Saints 4-games-to-none Selkirk Steelers defeated Winnipeg South Blues 4-games-to-31988 Won League, Lost Anavet CupWinnipeg South Blues defeated Kildonan North Stars 4-games-to-none Winnipeg South Blues defeated St. James Canadians 4-games-to-2 Winnipeg South Blues defeated Portage Terriers 4-games-to-none MJHL CHAMPIONS Notre Dame Hounds defeated Winnipeg South Blues 4-games-to-none1989 Won League, Lost Anavet CupWinnipeg South Blues defeated St. James Canadians 4-games-to-1 Winnipeg South Blues defeated Kildonan North Stars 4-games-to-none Winnipeg South Blues defeated Selkirk Steelers 4-games-to-none MJHL CHAMPIONS Humboldt Broncos defeated Winnipeg South Blues 4-games-to-11990 Lost Quarter-finalSt.
James Canadians defeated Winnipeg South Blues 4-games-to-none1991 Lost FinalWinnipeg South Blues defeated Neepawa Natives 4-games-to-none Winnipeg South Blues defeated St. James Canadians 4-games-to-1 Winkler Flyers defeated Winnipeg South Blues 4-games-to-none1992 Lost Semi-finalWinnipeg South Blues defeated St. Boniface Saints 4-games-to-2 St. James Canadians defeated Winnipeg South Blues 4-games-to-none1993 Lost Semi-finalWinnipeg South Blues defeated St. James Canadians 4-games-to-2 St. Boniface Saints defeated Winnipeg South Blues 4-games-to-11994 Lost Quarter-finalSt. James Canadians defeated Winnipeg South Blues 4-games-to-31995 Won League, Won Anavet Cup, Won Abbott Cup, Lost 1995 Centennial Cup semi-finalWinnipeg South Blues defeated St. James Canadians 4-games-to-1 Winnipeg South Blues defeated Kildonan North Stars 4-games-to-none Winnipeg South Blues defeated Selkirk Steelers 4-games-to-none MJHL CHAMPIONS Winnipeg South Blues defeated Weyburn Red Wings 4-games-to-2 ANAVET CUP CHAMPIONS Third in 1995 Centennial Cup round robin ABBOTT CUP CHAMPIONS Gloucester Rangers defeated Winnipeg South Blu
CJXR-FM, branded as Country 107.7, is a radio station which broadcasts a country music format on 107.7 MHz/FM in Steinbach, Canada. The station, owned by Golden West Broadcasting, received approval from the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission on June 28, 2013; the station broadcasts with an effective radiated power of 30,000 watts. Official website CJXR-FM history - Canadian Communication Foundation Query the REC's Canadian station database for CJXR-FM
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points. The sport is known to be fast-paced and physical, with teams consisting of six players each: one goaltender, five players who skate up and down the ice trying to take the puck and score a goal against the opposing team. Ice hockey is most popular in Canada and eastern Europe, the Nordic countries and the United States. Ice hockey is the official national winter sport of Canada. In addition, ice hockey is the most popular winter sport in Belarus, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Slovakia and Switzerland. North America's National Hockey League is the highest level for men's ice hockey and the strongest professional ice hockey league in the world; the Kontinental Hockey League is much of Eastern Europe. The International Ice Hockey Federation is the formal governing body for international ice hockey, with the IIHF managing international tournaments and maintaining the IIHF World Ranking.
Worldwide, there are ice hockey federations in 76 countries. In Canada, the United States, Nordic countries, some other European countries the sport is known as hockey. Ice hockey is believed to have evolved from simple stick and ball games played in the 18th and 19th century United Kingdom and elsewhere; these games were brought to North America and several similar winter games using informal rules as they were developed, such as "shinny" and "ice polo". The contemporary sport of ice hockey was developed in Canada, most notably in Montreal, where the first indoor hockey game was played on March 3, 1875; some characteristics of that game, such as the length of the ice rink and the use of a puck, have been retained to this day. Amateur ice hockey leagues began in the 1880s, professional ice hockey originated around 1900; the Stanley Cup, emblematic of ice hockey club supremacy, was first awarded in 1893 to recognize the Canadian amateur champion and became the championship trophy of the NHL. In the early 1900s, the Canadian rules were adopted by the Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace, the precursor of the IIHF and the sport was played for the first time at the Olympics during the 1920 Summer Olympics.
In international competitions, the national teams of six countries predominate: Canada, Czech Republic, Russia and the United States. Of the 69 medals awarded all-time in men's competition at the Olympics, only seven medals were not awarded to one of those countries. In the annual Ice Hockey World Championships, 177 of 201 medals have been awarded to the six nations. Teams outside the "Big Six" have won only five medals in either competition since 1953; the World Cup of Hockey is organized by the National Hockey League and the National Hockey League Players' Association, unlike the annual World Championships and quadrennial Olympic tournament, both run by the International Ice Hockey Federation. World Cup games are played under NHL rules and not those of the IIHF, the tournament occurs prior to the NHL pre-season, allowing for all NHL players to be available, unlike the World Championships, which overlaps with the NHL's Stanley Cup playoffs. Furthermore, all 12 Women's Olympic and 36 IIHF World Women's Championships medals were awarded to one of these six countries.
The Canadian national team or the United States national team have between them won every gold medal of either series. In England, field hockey has been called "hockey" and what was referenced by first appearances in print; the first known mention spelled as "hockey" occurred in the 1773 book Juvenile Sports and Pastimes, to Which Are Prefixed, Memoirs of the Author: Including a New Mode of Infant Education, by Richard Johnson, whose chapter XI was titled "New Improvements on the Game of Hockey". The 1573 Statute of Galway banned a sport called "'hokie'—the hurling of a little ball with sticks or staves". A form of this word was thus being used in the 16th century, though much removed from its current usage; the belief that hockey was mentioned in a 1363 proclamation by King Edward III of England is based on modern translations of the proclamation, in Latin and explicitly forbade the games "Pilam Manualem, Pedivam, & Bacularem: & ad Canibucam & Gallorum Pugnam". The English historian and biographer John Strype did not use the word "hockey" when he translated the proclamation in 1720, instead translating "Canibucam" as "Cambuck".
According to the Austin Hockey Association, the word "puck" derives from the Scottish Gaelic puc or the Irish poc. "... The blow given by a hurler to the ball with his camán or hurley is always called a puck." Stick-and-ball games date back to pre-Christian times. In Europe, these games included the Irish game of hurling, the related Scottish game of shinty and versions of field hockey. IJscolf, a game resembling colf on an ice-covered surface, was popular in the Low Countries between the Middle Ages and the Dutch Golden Age, it was played with a wooden curved bat, a wooden or leather ball and two poles, with t
2009 Allan Cup
The 2009 Allan Cup was the 2009 edition of the Canadian National Championship of Senior ice hockey. This tournament marked the 101st year; the 2009 tournament was hosted by the City of Steinbach and the Steinbach North Stars. The tournament began on April 13, 2009, ended April 18, 2009. All games were played at the T. G. Smith Centre. In the final, the Bentley Generals won their first Allan Cup, defeated the Southeast Prairie Thunder 4-3 in double overtime. Both Quebec and the Maritime Provinces were not represented at the 2009 Allan Cup, it was the second consecutive year that the Maritimes had been unable to muster together a Senior "AAA" club. Quebec missed the tournament for the first time in recent history due to their only major Senior league being on hiatus that season. A new regional grouping was added for 2009, as Northern Ontario was represented by the Thunder Bay Twins who defeated the Kenora Thistles 2-games-to-1; the Southern Ontario region was represented by the Dundas Real McCoys, winner of Major League Hockey, the only league to be taking part in this year's Allan Cup.
This years Allan Cup featured a rare scenario where the host venue happened to be the home arena for two competing teams. While the Steinbach North Stars were the host team, the Southeast Prairie Thunder earned a berth in the Allan Cup by defeating the Selkirk Rivermen in provincial playdowns. Saskatchewan was a battle between the 2007 Allan Cup champion Lloydminster Border Kings and the Weyburn Devils, won by Lloydminster; the Alberta champions, Bentley Generals, defeated the Fort St. John Flyers, the only team registered in British Columbia, to win the McKenzie Cup and the Pacific seed. Steinbach North Stars Formerly the Île-des-Chênes North Stars. Won 2003 Allan Cup. 19-2-1-1 exhibition schedule. Bentley Generals Defeated Fort St. John Flyers 3-games-to-1 to qualify. 23-1-0-0 Chinook Hockey League Record. Finalists at 2008 Allan Cup. Dundas Real McCoys Hosted 2003 Allan Cup. 19-7-1-1 Major League Hockey record. Defeated Whitby Dunlops 4-games-to-none to qualify. Lloydminster Border Kings 10-12-0-2 Chinook Hockey League record.
Won 2007 Allan Cup. Defeated Weyburn Devils 3-games-to-none to qualify. Southeast Prairie Thunder Formerly the Grunthal Red Wings. 12-3-1-0 exhibition schedule. Defeated Selkirk Rivermen 4-games-to-none to qualify. Thunder Bay Twins Formerly the Thunder Bay Bombers. First appearance since winning 2005 Allan Cup. Defeated Kenora Thistles 2-games-to-1 to qualify. Allancup2009.ca, Official 2009 Allan Cup event website Allancup.ca, Official Allan Cup website Hockeycanada.ca, Official Hockey Canada website Allancup2009.ca, Steinbach North Stars/2009 Tommyhockey.com, Hockey Thunder Bay website Se-prairiehunder.com, South East Prairie Thunder website Lloydminsterborderkings.ca, Official Lloyd Minster Border Kings website Majorleaguehockey.ca, Official Major League Hockey website Chinookhockeyleague.com, Official Chinook Hockey League website