Stephen Mather

Stephen Tyng Mather was an American industrialist and conservationist who as president and owner of Thorkildsen-Mather Borax Company became a millionaire. With his friend and journalist Robert Sterling Yard, Mather led a publicity campaign to promote the creation of a unified federal agency to oversee National Parks administration, established in 1916. In 1917, Mather was appointed as the first director of the National Park Service, the new agency created within the Department of the Interior, he served until 1929, during which time Mather created a professional civil service organization, increased the numbers of parks and national monuments, established systematic criteria for adding new properties to the federal system. Stephen Tyng Mather was born July 4, 1867, in San Francisco, named for the prominent Episcopal minister Stephen Tyng of New York, admired by his parents, Joseph W. Mather and Bertha Jemima Walker. Mather was educated at Boys' High School in San Francisco, graduated from the University of California at Berkeley in 1887.

His family moved to New York, where Mather worked as a reporter for the New York Sun until 1893. During that time he met and befriended Robert Sterling Yard, another reporter, who would become a close friend. In 1893 Mather married Jane Thacker Floy of Elizabeth, New Jersey, with Yard serving as his best man, they had Bertha Floy Mather. In 1906, Mather became the sole owner of the Mather family homestead in Connecticut, built by his great-grandfather about 1778, he and his family used it during the summers and he regarded it as his true home. Mather started working for the Pacific Coast Borax Company at its headquarters in New York, where his father was administrator. Borax is a component of a variety of detergents and compounds, mined exclusively in California. Borax is a commodity, as such, one brand is as good as another. For a company to be successful, it had to mine the product more cheaply, process it more efficiently, or market it more aggressively. In 1894 the younger Mather moved with his wife to Chicago, where he established a distribution center for the company.

In this role, he proved vital in advertising and sales promotion for the company. In particular he is credited with the idea of adding the label "20 Mule Team Borax" to the company's product, which subsequently became a household name throughout the country. In 1898, Mather helped Thomas Thorkildsen, in starting another borax company. After suffering a severe episode of bipolar disorder in 1903 and having his salary withheld during extended sick leave, Mather resigned from Pacific Coast and joined Thorkildsen full-time in 1904, they named their firm the Thorkildsen-Mather Borax Company. Their company became prosperous, they were millionaires by 1914; this gave Mather the financial independence to pursue personal projects, while in his mid-forties, he retired from the company to pursue those. Mather was active in many civic groups, including the Chicago City Club and Municipal Voter's League. Travel with his wife to Europe in 1904 renewed Mather's longtime interest in nature. Seeing the parks of Europe and their public accessibility, Mather was inspired to work to preserve more parkland in the US, to encourage new transportation methods to reach them, to protect scenic resources and natural areas for the public good.

He became a dedicated conservationist, a friend and admirer of the influential John Muir. In 1904, Mather joined the Sierra Club, climbed Mount Rainier with some of its members the following year, he was active in the group and made numerous allies who helped support the creation of the National Park Service. In 1916 the Sierra Club made him an honorary vice-president. In 1915, Mather became a member of the Boone and Crockett Club, a conservation organization founded by Theodore Roosevelt and George Bird Grinnell in 1887. There is the traditional story of how Mather came to Washington to run the National parks, which Horace Albright said was wrong, though he had a part in keeping the story alive. Here's the traditional, if incorrect, story: In 1914, Mather observed the deteriorating conditions in several National Parks, wrote a letter of protest to Washington. Soon he received a reply from Secretary of the Interior Franklin K. Lane, a former classmate of Mather's from the University of California.

Lane responded, "Dear Steve, If you don't like the way the parks are being run, come on down to Washington and run them yourself." But in years, Mather's assistant Horace Albright was to state: In reality, they didn't know each other. Mather had graduated from the University of California with a Bachelor of Letters degree in 1887. Although registered in the class of 1889, Lane never did graduate. Adolph Miller, who knew both men quite well, graduated in Mather's class and affirmed that the two were not acquainted until 1914. Mather did go to Washington as assistant secretary of the Interior, lobbied for the establishment of a bureau to operate the national parks. On August 25, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson signed the bill authorizing the National Park Service. At the time, the government owned 14 parks and 19 national monuments, many administered by Army officers or political appointees, as battlefields were among the first parks designated, he used his personal funds to hire Robert Sterling Yard to work with him on publicizing the great resources of the parks.

Mather was effective in building support for the parks with a variety of politicians and wealthy corporate leaders. He led efforts to publicize the National Parks and develop wider appreciation for their scenic beauty among the population, he appointed Yard as head of the National Park Education Committee to c

Anthoceros agrestis

Anthoceros agrestis called field hornwort, is a bryophyte of the genus Anthoceros. It has complicated taxonomies; this species of Anthoceros is known for having enzymes like cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase, a cytochrome P450-dependent hydroxylase. Cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase is one of the first known plant cytochrome P450 monooxygenases and one of the best-characterized cytochrome P450 hydroxylases from higher plants. Production of Rosmarinic acid and a rosmarinic acid 3'-O-beta-D-glucoside in suspension cultures of this hornwort was discovered in 2005. Anthocerodiazonin, an alkaloid, was isolated from in vitro cultures of the species. Six glutamic acid amides, N--glutamic acid, N--glutamic acid, N--glutamic acid, -N--glutamic acid, -N--glutamic acid and -N--glutamic acid were obtained as natural products

Petr Vrabec

Petr Vrabec is a Czech football manager and former player. He won six Czechoslovak First League titles with Sparta Prague at club level. Vrabec represented Czechoslovakia, playing three times and scoring once in 1993; as a player, Vrabec won six league titles in eight seasons with Sparta Prague, racking up 168 appearances and 21 goals between 1985 and 1993. During the 1991–92 European Cup he scored three goals for the club, including one at the Nou Camp stadium against FC Barcelona. In 1993, he went to Germany to play for Stuttgarter Kickers before returning to his homeland with Viktoria Žižkov in the 1994–95 season. Vrabec played in European competitions with Žižkov, scoring in the 4–3 aggregate win in the qualifying round of the 1994–95 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup against IFK Norrköping, he spent his career with Chmel Blšany, where he suffered a broken leg, which limited him in his final season with the club. In 2000, he stopped playing. Vrabec played for Czechoslovakia B in 1992; the following year he made three appearances for scoring one goal in the process.

His only international goal came in a 5–2 win for Czechoslovakia against Romania in qualification for the 1994 World Cup. Vrabec became assistant manager under Karel Jarolím at Gambrinus Liga side 1. FC Synot in 2003 in a sixteen-month spell which ended in December 2004. In April 2005 Vrabec took up a position as Jarolím's assistant again. Vrabec was named manager of Czech 2. Liga side Čáslav in the summer of 2012, but left his position after just seven games, with the club having won just one and drawn two in this time. Sparta PragueCzechoslovak First League: 1986–87, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1990–91, 1992–93 Petr Vrabec at FAČR Petr Vrabec at