Stephen Thomas Erlewine is an American music critic and senior editor for the online music database AllMusic. He is the author of many artist biographies and record reviews for AllMusic, as well as a freelance writer contributing liner notes. Erlewine was born in Ann Arbor, is a nephew of the former musician and AllMusic founder Michael Erlewine, he studied at the University of Michigan, where he majored in English, was a music editor, arts editor, of the school's paper The Michigan Daily. He has contributed to a number of books, including All Music Guide to Rock: The Definitive Guide to Rock and Soul, All Music Guide to Hip-Hop: The Definitive Guide to Rap & Hip-Hop. Erlewine's page at Pitchfork.com Contributions to Rolling Stone Writings for Billboard Articles for Spin
Movie Gallery, Inc. was the second largest movie and game rental company in the United States and Canada, behind Blockbuster Video. The company rented and sold Blu-ray Discs, DVDs, VHS tapes, video games. Founded in Dothan, the company was headquartered in Dothan, in Wilsonville, Oregon. On April 30, 2010, Movie Gallery announced it was closing and liquidating all of its stores per a filing of Chapter 7 bankruptcy. At its peak the firm had about 4,700 stores in North America, operating under the Movie Gallery, Hollywood Video, GameCrazy brands; the last of the company's stores were closed in August 2010. In 2011, three Movie Gallery locations in Northwest Arkansas reopened by an independent business owner who acquired the trademark rights in Arkansas. In 2013, an independent business man in Jackson, Mississippi acquired the trademark rights in Mississippi to Movie Gallery and Hollywood Video and announced intentions to reopen select profitable stores. Most regular Movie Galleries were located in rural areas, while Hollywood Video locations, which competed directly with Blockbuster, were located in urban areas.
Movie Gallery was formed in 1985 by Harrison Parrish in Dothan, Alabama. Through its wholly owned subsidiary, M. G. A; the company's founders began operating video specialty stores in southern Alabama and the Florida panhandle, franchising the Movie Gallery store concept. By June 1987 the company had a franchise operation of 45 stores. In 1988, the company began to consolidate the franchisees into company owned stores. By 1992, the company had annual revenues of $6 million. In August 1994, the company completed an initial public offering of its stock. With the proceeds from this offering, the company began to complete acquisitions of various video chains in the southeast. In early 1995, the company raised additional public funds and continued the acquisition and development of stores. By the middle of 1996, only 22 months after beginning its aggressive expansion strategy, Movie Gallery had grown to over 850 stores through over 100 separate acquisitions. In 1999, Movie Gallery announced plans to build 100 new stores.
The company completed an 88-store acquisition of Blowout Entertainment in May, ended the year with more than 950 locations in 31 states. In 2000, Movie Gallery again set its goal at opening 100 new stores and relocating 25; this goal was surpassed. The company moved forward with its largest single-chain acquisition to date, expanding its base of stores by 30%, in late December 2001; this addition of Video Update stores to the Movie Gallery family launched the company's international presence with 100 retail locations in Canada. Movie Gallery achieved the 1,678 store mark in 2002. In 2005, the company completed the largest acquisition to date with the Hollywood Entertainment merger; this combination of companies increased the store total to 4,700 with revenues in excess of $2.5 billion. In addition, Movie Gallery opened 61 new stores in Western Canada with the acquisition of VHQ Entertainment. MovieBeam was a set-top service offered in larger cities in which customers could download movies to a set-top box.
Most movies expired within 24 hours of downloading. The company was founded by other investors as an alternative to online movie downloads. A special set-top box had to be purchased by consumers for the service at a retail price of $149.95. Most major movie studios provided new release content to the service. However, MovieBeam failed to gain any serious traction in the marketplace. MovieBeam was shut down on December 15, 2007; as of June 2008 the remnants of MovieBeam, including its trademarks and other intellectual properties, was sold to an outside investors group for $2 million as part of the company's restructuring. All in-store kiosks for the service were removed as well. Hollywood Video, a subsidiary of Movie Gallery, Inc. operated from Wilsonville, Oregon, as a DVD and video game rental shop chain in the United States. It was started in 1988 by his wife; the chain was the largest direct competitor of Blockbuster Video until it was purchased by Movie Gallery in 2005. Hollywood Video declared bankruptcy in February 2010 and announced that it would shut down three months later.
Hollywood Video was the target of a hostile takeover attempt announced at the end of December 2004 by competitor Blockbuster Video. In February 2005, Blockbuster announced an exchange offer of $14.50 per share. In order to create a stronger position against the hostile takeover, Hollywood Video agreed to a buyout on Monday, January 10, 2005 by its smaller competitor Movie Gallery. Movie Gallery paid $860 million, $13.25 per share, the assumption of $380 million in debt. Stocks closed at $13.85 on January 10 after the news. Blockbuster dropped its purchase plans, citing anti-trust concerns. Movie Gallery completed its purchase of Hollywood Video on April 27, 2005; the company began having financial difficulties and announced the closure of 520 stores in September 2007. At the time Movie Gallery had about 4,500 locations; the next month, the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection under the U. S. Bankruptcy Code; because of these troubles, the stock price dropped below $1 per share and was removed from listing on the NASDAQ stock exchange in November 2007.
An additional 400 stores were scheduled to close during the bankruptcy reorganization. Movie Gallery emerged from Chapter 11 in May 2008 and appointed C. J. Gabriel, Jr. as the new chief executive officer. Founder and former CEO Joe Malugen continued to serve on the Movie Gallery Board of Directors until leaving on July 30, 2008; the co
Metropolitan Water Board v Dick Kerr and Co Ltd AC 119 is an English contract law case, concerning the frustration of an agreement. In July 1914, Kerr & Co agreed to build a reservoir in six years for the Metropolitan Water Board; the contract said that Dick, Kerr & Co should apply to the engineer for an extension of time in the event of delay ‘whatsoever and howsoever occasioned’. Two years alter on 21 February 1916, due to the war, the Ministry of Munitions ordered Dick, Kerr & Co to stop work and sell their plant; the MWD subsequently sued Dick Kerr to complete the reservoir. The House of Lords held that the contract was frustrated, because the delay clause was intended to cover temporary difficulties, not such fundamental changes in the contract’s nature. English contract law Frustration in English law
Criss Angel Believe was the sixth Cirque du Soleil show in Las Vegas, which premiered at the 1,600-capacity Believe Theatre inside the Luxor hotel in Las Vegas in 2008. It is a theatrical production created in partnership of Cirque du Soleil and magician Criss Angel, billed as the "co-writer, illusions creator and designer, original concept creator and star" of the show; the show had its final performance on April 17, 2016, being replaced by Criss Angel Mindfreak Live on May 11 of the same year. Angel claimed to have been developing aspects of the show for over 15 years, he tried to develop the show for a Broadway run, as well as other casinos, but nothing came to fruition. Believe came together when he entered a partnership with Cirque du Soleil and the Luxor's parent company, MGM Mirage Resorts, which financed the show with $100 million; the partnership marked. After the failure of the musical Hairspray at Luxor, MGM Mirage signed with Cirque to install a new show for the theater by 2008, the sixth Cirque show on The Strip.
That show became the partnership with Angel, formally announced on March 22, 2008, in a press conference with MGM Mirage and Cirque executives, Angel that included an awkward speech by the latter. The title was announced in a press release on April 17. During this period, Angel received bad press from incidents during the Miss USA 2008 contest. After his then-girlfriend, Miss Nevada, was eliminated, Angel was filmed on NBC giving the finger. Angel refused to apologize and denied the incident occurred, despite an assertions from several including the Review-Journal's publisher. Angel described the show as "bout my life. It's Alice in Wonderland. It's The Wizard of Oz. Mindfreak. It's about the demons in my head, the good that's out there, the angels and love and lust—all that stuff mixed up." Cirque selected Serge Denoncourt as director and co-writer, a somewhat counterintuitive selection since he explicitly disliked magic. Denoncourt stated that he was "trying to direct a show for people who love it but for people like me who hate magic".
Planned for a summer 2008 opening, more than $5 million in advance tickets were sold. After several delays, the show had was set for a gala opening on October 31, 2008 with preview shows in late September. Audience reactions to the initial preview performance were negative; the show opened to harsh reviews, citing a lack of the magic Angel is known for as well as a confusing and uninteresting theme. By December 17, two months into the show's run, the Luxor was offering a 40% discount on show tickets. In lieu of quotes from theater critics, by January 2009 the Believe website used quotes from celebrities, including Angel's then-girlfriend, Holly Madison. After Cirque du Soleil spent some months altering the show and television personality Perez Hilton attended a performance on April 17, 2009. During the show, Hilton tweeted to his half-million Twitter followers: "We are 20 minutes in and Criss Angel's Vegas show, Believe, is unbelievably BAD!", followed by other criticism. As the show was ending, Angel singled out Hilton, asked him to stand up, told the audience, "We have the world's biggest douchebag asshole in the house!"
To which Hilton replied, "Thanks for the free tickets." Hilton, a fan of Cirque du Soleil's other Vegas shows noted that "until'Believe', Cirque has had an incredible track record of excellence. I have seen all of their Vegas shows and loved them all."Afterwards, Cirque du Soleil, but not Angel, apologized to Hilton and the rest of the audience. Speaking on behalf of hotel owner MGM Mirage, Cirque du Soleil called Angel's remarks "inappropriate and disrespectful", noting that "Cirque du Soleil does not condone disrespectful behavior towards any audience member at any time. Cirque management will address such behavior with any of its artists to ensure it will not happen again." The Vegas media reaction was against Angel, viewed as having broken a taboo among casino employees in the tourist economy by insulting a guest, notably during an economic downturn. After many reviews cited the disappointing lack of magic in the show, officials announced in April 2010 that they would add some 30 illusions to the performance by May 2010.
— twice the number of illusions in any other show on the Las Vegas Strip. This was the second major change to the show. Criss Angel: Criss acts as the protagonist of his show, as a Victorian Noble, on a quest for love and to find his existence in this surreal world. Crimson: The antagonist of Believe, Crimson is dressed in reds and blacks to symbolize her evil nature, she fights for both Criss' love and to destroy his life. Crimson acts as the evil force in the show. Kayala: A foil to Crimson, Kayala is Criss' reciprocating love, she was born out of a large poppy, acts as the force of good in the show. Ushers: Maestro, Luigi and Lars are the four bumbling assistants to Criss, acting as his link between the real world and the world of Believe. Maestro acts as the leader of the four, controlling them, along with performing mediocre magic tricks. Lucky: Lucky is a white rabbit, appearing during the show only for a short period of time, he is the mascot of Believe, much of the show's merchandise featu
Manga Time is a Japanese monthly yonkoma seinen manga magazine published by Hōbunsha since June 1981. The magazine is released monthly on the seventh. Manga Home is printed as B5 size; the magazine is sometimes referred to as Time. It was created in 1981 by spinning off from Japan's first weekly manga magazine, Weekly Manga Times, creating Japan's first yonkoma manga magazine, its 300th issue was published in 2005, its longest running series, Otoboke Kachō reached its 300th chapter on March 2006. Manga Time is the flagship title for Hōbunsha, has spun off a series of related magazines including Manga Home, Manga Time Jumbo, Manga Time Kirara, Manga Time Lovely, Manga Time Family, Manga Time Kirara Max, Manga Time Special, Manga Time Original, Manga Time Kirara Carat. All of these manga magazines are marketed as a "poor man's" comic, with a low price point and availability at locations such as convenience stores and train stations. In addition to the magazines listed above, Manga Time releases a monthly Manga Time Collection which contains works by only one artist per issue.
Listed alphabetically by title. Doki Doki Tutorial Hakoiri Ryōhin Instant Angel Tenko-sama ga Kuru! Katsuage-kun Love Jarashi! Misorara Neko Bukuro Nippon no Waka Okusama Ohayo♪ Okan de Go!! Oshiete!! Ojii-chan Otoboke Kachō Ooya-san wa Shishunki! Peach!! Puchi Tama Radical Hospital Sensei no Suzume Shuppatsu, Shingo!! Sokonuke RPG Sweet Room? Tama-san Tabibito Tenshi-kun Ultra Kin-chan Listed alphabetically by title. Anata ga Shuyaku ni Natta Toki Asakaze-kun Assistant!! Attaka Kazoku Boku no Aisai Nikki Boku wa Kōsuke-kun Bokunchi no Hiromi-chan Chiaki Two-Face Chiisa na Koi no Monogatari Choco Parfait Datte Aishiteru Fūfu na Seikatsu Fūka no Iru Fūkei Ganimata Keibu Gaten no Kako-chan Gohan Desu yo Gomeiwaku Gals Harikiri Sayo-chan Hint de Mint! Hiromi My Room Koi no Jikanwari Koisuru Sayo-chan Madogiwa OL Tohoho na Asa Ufufu no Yoru Majokko @ Home Mukitamago Beauty My Pace! Tarako-san Office no Aoisora Ofukuro-san Ōi Hachibē Okaeri Mā-san Onegai Daisuke Oshigoto no Toriko Oyabaka Kobaka Oyaji Café Papa x Mama Reversible Seishun Hakkyūkai Suzume-chan Tennenshoku Girls Tonchi-kun Ukkari Tōsan Watashi no Daiji na Danna-sama Yamahige-san Yatai no Gensan Yuka Nisshi
Sir John Emsley Fretwell, was a British diplomat. Fretwell was educated at Chesterfield Grammar School, the University of Lausanne and King's College, Cambridge, he served in the Royal Regiment of Artillery 1948–50 and joined the Diplomatic Service in 1953. He served in Hong Kong, Peking and Washington, D. C. as Commercial Counsellor in Warsaw 1971–73, at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London as Head of the European Integration Department 1973–76 and as Assistant Under-Secretary 1976–79. He was Minister in Washington, D. C. 1980–81, British Ambassador to France 1982–87 and Political Director and Deputy to the Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs 1987–90. After retiring from the Diplomatic Service, Fretwell was a member of the Council of Lloyd's 1991–92, specialist adviser to the House of Lords 1992–93 and specialist assessor for the Higher Education Funding Council 1995–96, he was chairman of the Franco-British Society 1995–2005. Fretwell was appointed CMG in 1975, knighted KCMG in 1982, promoted to GCMG in 1987.
He died on 30 March 2017 at the age of 86. In 1959 Fretwell married Mary Dubois, who as Lady Fretwell founded "Passports for Pets" to create an alternative to the quarantine system for cats and dogs entering and returning to the UK, she was appointed OBE in the 2001 New Year Honours for services to animal welfare. They adopted Charles Benjamin Fretwell. Emma married in 1996 to Nick Plumbridge and had 3 children, which are Sir John and Lady Mary's only grandchildren, Jessica Mary Plumbridge, Isobel Grace Plumbridge, Lucy Catherine Plumbridge. Interview with Sir John Emsley Fretwell & transcript, British Diplomatic Oral History Programme, Churchill College, Cambridge, 1996