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Stephen V of Hungary

Stephen V was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1270 and 1272, Duke of Styria from 1258 to 1260. He was the oldest son of King Béla Maria Laskarina. King Béla appointed him Duke of Slavonia. Still a child, Stephen married Elizabeth, a daughter of a chieftain of the Cumans whom his father settled in the Great Hungarian Plain. King Béla appointed Stephen Duke of Transylvania in 1257 and Duke of Styria in 1258; the local noblemen in Styria, annexed four years before, opposed his rule. Assisted by King Ottokar II of Bohemia, they rebelled and expelled Stephen's troops from most parts of Styria. After Ottokar II routed the united army of Stephen and his father in the Battle of Kressenbrunn on 12 July 1260, Stephen left Styria and returned to Transylvania. Stephen forced his father to cede all the lands of the Kingdom of Hungary to the east of the Danube to him and adopted the title of junior king in 1262. In two years, a civil war broke out between father and son, because Stephen accused Béla of planning to disinherit him.

They concluded a peace treaty in 1266. Stephen succeeded his father, who died on 3 May 1270, without difficulties, but his sister Anna and his father's closest advisors fled to the Kingdom of Bohemia. Ottokar II invaded Hungary in the spring of 1271. In next summer, a rebellious lord imprisoned Stephen's son, Ladislaus. Shortly thereafter, Stephen died. Stephen was the eighth child and first son of King Béla IV of Hungary and his wife, Maria, a daughter of Theodore I Lascaris, Emperor of Nicaea, he was born in 1239. Archbishop Robert of Esztergom baptised him on 18 October; the child, heir apparent from birth, was named after the first King of Hungary. Béla and his family, including Stephen, fled to Zagreb after the Mongols had annihilated the royal army in the Battle of Mohi on 11 April 1241; the Mongols crossed the frozen Danube in February 1242 and the royal family ran off as far as the well-fortified Dalmatian town of Trogir. The King and his family returned from Dalmatia after the Mongols unexpectedly withdrew from Hungary in March.

A royal charter of 1246 mentions Stephen as "King, Duke of Slavonia". In the previous year, Béla had his son crowned as junior king and endowed with the lands between the river Dráva and the Adriatic Sea, according to historians Gyula Kristó and Ferenc Makk; the seven-year-old Stephen's provinces—Croatia and Slavonia—were administered by royal governors, known as bans. In a letter addressed to Pope Innocent IV in the late 1240s, Béla IV wrote that "n behalf of Christendom we had our son marry a Cuman girl"; the bride was Elizabeth, the daughter of a leader of the Cumans whom Béla had invited to settle in the plains along the river Tisza. Elizabeth had been baptized, but ten Cuman chieftains present at the ceremony took their customary oath upon a dog cut into two by a sword; when Stephen attained the age of majority in 1257, his father appointed him Duke of Transylvania. Stephen's rule in Transylvania was short-lived, because his father transferred him to Styria in 1258. Styria had been annexed in 1254, but the local lords rose up in rebellion and expelled Béla IV's governor, Stephen Gutkeled, before Stephen's appointment.

Stephen and his father subdued the rebels. In addition to Styria, Stephen received two neighboring counties—Vas and Zala—in Hungary from his father, he launched a plundering raid in Carinthia in the spring of 1259, in retaliation of Duke Ulrich III of Carinthia's support of the Styrian rebels. Stephen's rule remained unpopular in Styria. With support from King Ottokar II of Bohemia, the local lords again rebelled. Stephen could preserve only its region. On 25 June 1260, Stephen crossed the river Morava to invade Ottokar's realm, his military force, which consisted of Székely and Cuman troops, routed an Austrian army. However, in the decisive Battle of Kressenbrunn King Béla's and Stephen's united army was vanquished on 12 July because the main forces, which were under King Béla's command, arrived late. Stephen, who commanded the advance guard escaped from the battlefield; the Peace of Vienna, signed on 31 March 1261, put an end to the conflict between Hungary and Bohemia, forcing Béla IV to renounce of Styria in favor of Ottokar II.

Stephen returned to Transylvania and started to rule it for the second time after 20 August 1260. He and his father jointly invaded Bulgaria and seized Vidin in 1261, his father returned to Hungary. He laid siege to Lom on the Danube and advanced as far as Tirnovo in pursuit of Tsar Constantine Tikh of Bulgaria. However, the Tsar succeeded in avoiding any clashes with the invaders and Stephen withdrew his troops from Bulgaria by the end of the year. Stephen's relationship with Béla IV deteriorated in the early 1260s. Stephen's charters reveal his fear of being expelled by his father, he accused some unnamed barons of inciting the old monarch against him. On the other hand, Stephen's charters prove that he made land grants in Bihar, Szatmár, other counties which were situated outside Transylvania. Archbishops Philip of Esztergom and Smaragd of Kalocsa undertook to mediate after some clashes occurred between the two kings' partisans in the autumn. According to the Peace of Pressburg, concluded around 25 November, Béla IV and his son divided the country and Stephen received the lands to the east of the Danube.

When confirming the treaty on 5 December, S

Brainstorming / Kimi Sae Ireba Nani mo Iranai

"Brainstorming / Kimi Sae Ireba Nani mo Iranai" is the 53rd single by the Japanese female idol group Morning Musume, released in Japan on April 17, 2013. This is Morning Musume's third double A-side single, following "Kono Chikyū no Heiwa o Honki de Negatterun Da yo! / Kare to Issho ni Omise ga Shitai!" and "One Two Three / The Matenrō Show", the final single to feature sixth generation member Reina Tanaka, who announced that she would graduate at the end of the group's spring tour. The "Loose Shot Ver." of "Brainstorming" was uploaded to the official Morning Musume YouTube channel on February 27, 2013, while the Dance Shot of "Kimi Sae Ireba Nani mo Iranai" followed on March 13, 2013. The full versions of each video were uploaded to the channel on March 30 and April 10 with both English and Japanese subtitles; the single will be released in seven versions: regular editions A and B and five limited editions: A, B, C, D, E. The Limited Editions A, B, C will come with a bonus DVD, while all the other editions will be CD-only.

Each limited edition will include an entry card for the lottery to win a launch event ticket. After the graduation of Reina, Mizuki Fukumura and Masaki Sato received her lines. 6th generation: Sayumi Michishige, Reina Tanaka 9th generation: Mizuki Fukumura, Erina Ikuta, Riho Sayashi, Kanon Suzuki 10th generation: Haruna Iikubo, Ayumi Ishida, Masaki Sato, Haruka Kudo 11th generation: Sakura Oda All tracks are written by Tsunku. Sealed into all the Limited Editions Event ticket lottery card with a serial number Official page Profile on the Hello! Project official website - Hello! Project Profile on the Up-Front Works official website - Up-Front Works

Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté

Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté was a French Canadian painter and sculptor. He was one of the first native-born Canadian artists whose works were directly influenced by the Old World's Impressionism of the 1860s, he was born in Arthabaska, Quebec in 1869. His father was an artist, he studied at Arthabaska. He was a baritone, who studied music at the Conservatory of Music in Paris in 1890, he studied painting and sculpture at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris with Léon Bonnat during the 1890s. He studied sculpture at the Julian and Colarossi Academies, he exhibited his works in 1894 at the Salon des Artistes Français. His "Death of Archimedes" won the Grand Prize at the Paris Salon. After his return to Quebec in 1908, he established a studio in Montreal with classic interpretations of Canadian landscapes, he produced many impressionist paintings of the Quebec landscape, as well as portraits, historical paintings and sculptures. He was interested in the play of light on snow and water. Suzor-Coté was made a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.

Suzor-Coté became paralyzed in 1927. In 1929, Suzor-Côté moved to Daytona Beach, where he died on 29 January 1937. Exhibitions of his works were on view at Gallery L'Art français. On 14 March 1969 Canada Post issued'Suzor-Coté, 1869-1937' based on a painting "Return from the Harvest Field" by Marc-Aurèle de Foy Suzor-Coté in the National Gallery of Canada, Ontario; the 50 ¢ stamps were printed by Canadian Bank Note Company, Limited. He produced fifty small bronze Impressionist figures and groups; as of 2020, the Suzor-Coté collection in Ottawa's National Gallery consists of twenty-eight paintings, ten sculptures and a number of drawings. Return from the Harvest Field was acquired by the National Gallery in 1904. Other Suzor-Coté works in Canada are to be found in Quebec City's Musée national des beaux-arts, RiverBrink Art Museum, in private collections. Canadian Sculpture: Coming of Age Suzor-Coté Chantre de la Nouvelle-France