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Stepped Stone Structure

The Stepped Stone Structure is the name given to the remains at a particular archaeological site on the eastern side of the City of David, the oldest part of Jerusalem. The curved, 60ft high, narrow stone structure is built over a series of terraces. A casemate wall adjoins the structure from a northerly direction at the upper levels, may have been the original city wall. Macalister, the first to excavate the structure in the 1920s, called the remains he had found a "ramp" and believed it to be Jebusite. Work continued in the 1960s with Kathleen Kenyon, who dated the structure to the start of Iron Age II. Yigal Shiloh excavated in the 1970s–80s. After the discoveries by Kenyon and Shiloh, some scholars have suggested that the structure might be a retaining wall, or a fortress. Israel Finkelstein et al. propose and argue that the upper part of the structure was either built, or rebuilt in the Hasmonean period. It is hypothesized. A recent excavation by Eilat Mazar directly above the Stepped Stone Structure shows that the structure connects with and supports the Large Stone Structure.

Mazar's interpretation of the evidence yields her hypothesis that the Large Stone Structure was an Israelite royal palace in continuous use from the tenth century until 586 BCE. She motivates her conclusion that the stepped stone structure and the large stone structure are parts of a single, massive royal palace by citing the biblical reference to the House of Millo in II Kings 12:21 as the place where King Joash was assassinated in 799 BCE while he slept in his bed. Millo is derived from "fill"; the stepped stone support structure is built of fills. Large Stone Structure Millo City of David

√Čric Veilleux

Éric Veilleux is a Canadian former professional ice hockey forward. Veilleux spent most of his professional career in the American Hockey League, he is an assistant coach with the Syracuse Crunch of the American Hockey League. For the 2015–16 season, he was the head coach with the Norfolk Admirals of the ECHL following a season as an assistant coach with the American Hockey League's Norfolk Admirals. In May 2016, he was named the head coach and general manager of the Victoriaville Tigres of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League before being hired to coach the Colorado Avalanche's AHL affiliate, the San Antonio Rampage, on July 6, 2016, he coached the Rampage for two seasons, finishing out of the playoffs in both occasions, before leaving the club and Avalanche organization following the 2017–18 season. He returned to the QMJHL as the head coach of the Halifax Mooseheads for the 2018–19 season. After a successful season, he returned to the AHL to become an assistant coach with the Syracuse Crunch.

Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or The Internet Hockey Database

Archeology in Algeria

The archeology in Algeria is rich in prehistoric memorials of human occupation. Algeria contains many Roman is rich in monuments of Saracenic art. Algeria has many megalithic remains. Numerous flints of palaeolithic type have been discovered, notably at Kolea. Near Djelfa, in the Great Atlas, at Mechra-Sfa, a peninsula in the valley of the river Mina not far from Tiaret, are vast numbers of megalithic monuments. Notable among the prehistoric cultures of the area is the Capsian culture, whose shell-mounds are found throughout the north. Madghacen is a monument older, it was built around 150 B. C. as the burial place of the Numidian kings, is situated 35 miles southwest of Constantine. The form is that of a truncated cone, placed on 196 ft in diameter, it is 60 ft high. The columns encircling the cylindrical portion are stunted and much broader at the base than the top. Many of the columns, 60 in number, have been much damaged; when the sepulchral chamber was opened in 1873 by Bauchetet, a French engineer officer, clear evidence was found that at some remote period the tomb had been rifled and an attempt made to destroy it by fire.

The Qabr-er-Rumia-- best known by its French name, Tombeau de la Chrétienne, tradition making it the burial-place of Florinda, la Cava Rumía, the beautiful and unfortunate daughter of Count Julian—is near Kolea, is known to be the tomb of the Mauretanian king Juba II and of his wife Cleopatra Selene, daughter of Mark Antony and Cleopatra, queen of Egypt. It is built on a hill 756 ft above the sea. A circular stone building surmounted by a pyramid rests on 209 ft square; the monument was about 130 ft in height, but it has been wantonly damaged. Its height is now 100 ft 8 in: the cylindrical portion 36 ft 6 in, the pyramid 64 ft 2 in The base, 198 ft in diameter, is ornamented with 60 engaged Ionic columns; the capitals of the columns have disappeared, but their design is preserved among the drawings of James Bruce, the African traveller. In the centre of the tomb are two vaulted chambers, reached by a spiral passage or gallery 6 1⁄2 ft broad, about the same height, 489 ft long; the sepulchral chambers are separated by a short passage, are cut off from the gallery by stone doors made of a single slab which can be moved up and down by levers, like a portcullis.

The larger of the two chambers is 142 ft long by 11 11 ft high. The other chamber is somewhat smaller; the tomb was looted in search of treasure. In 1555, Salah Rais, pasha of Algiers, set men to work to pull it down, but the records say that the attempt was given up because big black wasps came from under the stones and stung them to death. At the end of the 18th century, Baba Mahommed tried in vain to batter down the tomb with artillery. In 1866 it was explored by order of the emperor Napoleon III, the work being carried out by Adrien Berbrugger and Oscar Maccarthy; the Jedars is the name given to a number of sepulchral monuments placed on hill-tops. A rectangular or square podium is in each case surmounted by a pyramid; the tombs date from the 5th to the 7th century of the Christian era, lie in two distinct groups between Tiaret and Frenda. Frenda, which has preserved its old Berber character, has numerous dolmens and prehistoric rock sculptures close by. Tassili n'Ajjer is a national park in the Sahara desert, located on a vast plateau in south-east Algeria, covering an area of over 72,000 km2.

It has one of the most important groupings of prehistoric cave art in the world, was inducted into UNESCO's World Heritage Site list in 1982. Tassili n'Ajjer is known in the New Age culture for its Fungoid rock art, the primitive yet elaborate drawings of psychedelic mushrooms that hints on a shamanic consumption of those plants by the native people of this land. Lambessa Tebessa Tipasa Timgad Thubursicum: Well-preserved Roman theater Beni Hammad Fort In 2009, when the Place des Martyrs in Algiers was closed to build the subway station and French archeologists found a 5th century basilica below layers of concrete. In November 2018, archeologists in Algeria announced the discovery, on the site of Ain Boucherit near Sétif, of what seems to be stone tools and cut animal bones dated back to 2.4 million years old. This discovery turned Ain Boucherit into the oldest human site known today, shook the theory of East Africa being the cradle of humanity. Prehistory of Central North Africa