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Stereopsis is a term, most used to refer to the perception of depth and 3-dimensional structure obtained on the basis of visual information deriving from two eyes by individuals with developed binocular vision. Because the eyes of humans, many animals, are located at different lateral positions on the head, binocular vision results in two different images projected to the retinas of the eyes; the differences are in the relative horizontal position of objects in the two images. These positional differences are referred to as horizontal disparities or, more binocular disparities. Disparities are processed in the visual cortex of the brain to yield depth perception. While binocular disparities are present when viewing a real 3-dimensional scene with two eyes, they can be simulated by artificially presenting two different images separately to each eye using a method called stereoscopy; the perception of depth in such cases is referred to as "stereoscopic depth". The perception of depth and 3-dimensional structure is, possible with information visible from one eye alone, such as differences in object size and motion parallax, though the impression of depth in these cases is not as vivid as that obtained from binocular disparities.

Therefore, the term stereopsis can refer to the unique impression of depth associated with binocular vision. It has been suggested that the impression of "real" separation in depth is linked to the precision with which depth is derived, that a conscious awareness of this precision – perceived as an impression of interactability and realness – may help guide the planning of motor action. There are two distinct aspects to stereopsis: coarse stereopsis and fine stereopsis, provide depth information of different degree of spatial and temporal precision. Coarse stereopsis appears to be used to judge stereoscopic motion in the periphery, it provides the sense of being immersed in one's surroundings and is therefore sometimes referred to as qualitative stereopsis. Coarse stereopsis is important for orientation in space while moving, for example when descending a flight of stairs. Fine stereopsis is based on static differences, it allows the individual to determine the depth of objects in the central visual area and is therefore called quantitative stereopsis.

It is measured in random-dot tests. Fine stereopsis is important for fine-motor tasks such as threading a needle; the stereopsis which an individual can achieve is limited by the level of visual acuity of the poorer eye. In particular, patients who have comparatively lower visual acuity tend to need larger spatial frequencies to be present in the input images, else they cannot achieve stereopsis. Fine stereopsis requires both eyes to have a good visual acuity in order to detect small spatial differences, is disrupted by early visual deprivation. There are indications that in the course of the development of the visual system in infants, coarse stereopsis may develop before fine stereopsis and that coarse stereopsis guides the vergence movements which are needed in order for fine stereopsis to develop in a subsequent stage. Furthermore, there are indications that coarse stereopsis is the mechanism that keeps the two eyes aligned after strabismus surgery, it has been suggested to distinguish between two different types of stereoscopic depth perception: static depth perception and motion-in-depth perception.

Some individuals who have strabismus and show no depth perception using static stereotests do perceive motion in depth when tested using dynamic random dot stereograms. One study found the combination of motion stereopsis and no static stereopsis to be present only in exotropes, not in esotropes. There are strong indications that the stereoscopic mechanism consists of at least two perceptual mechanisms three. Coarse and fine stereopsis are processed by two different physiological subsystems, with a coarse stereopsis being derived from diplopic stimuli and yielding only a vague impression of depth magnitude. Coarse stereopsis appears to be associated with the magno pathway which processes low spatial frequency disparities and motion, fine stereopsis with the parvo pathway which processes high spatial frequency disparities; the coarse stereoscopic system seems to be able to provide residual binocular depth information in some individuals who lack fine stereopsis. Individuals have been found to integrate the various stimuli, for example stereoscopic cues and motion occlusion, in different ways.

How the brain combines the different cues – including stereo, vergence angle and monocular cues – for sensing motion in depth and 3D object position is an area of active research in vision science and neighboring disciplines. Not everyone has the same ability to see using stereopsis. One study shows that 97.3% are able to distinguish depth at horizontal disparities of 2.3 minutes of arc or smaller, at least 80% could distinguish depth at horizontal differences of 30 seconds of arc. Stereopsis has a positive impact on exercising practical tasks such

Jersey Mike's Subs

Jersey Mike's Subs is an American submarine sandwich chain headquartered in Manasquan, New Jersey. The Jersey Mike's franchise has 1,592 locations open and about 124 more in development across the United States, in addition to three locations in Queensland and two in Ontario, Canada. At age 14, Peter Cancro of Point Pleasant Beach, New Jersey, took a part-time job at Mike's Submarines, a neighborhood sandwich shop in the adjacent borough of Point Pleasant but only a few blocks west of Point Pleasant Beach High School, founded in 1956, on its third owner; when the shop went up for sale again in 1975, Cancro's mother suggested. With help from a high school football coach, a banker, Cancro 17 and a high school senior, pulled together $125,000 in three days. Today, Cancro is the CEO of the company. Cancro began franchising the restaurant in 1987. By 2014 it had 750 locations, with an additional 650 in some stage of development. In 2015, 197 new locations opened and the total number of Jersey Mike's locations exceeded 1,000.

Jersey Mike's locations are gaining a larger presence on the west coast Southern California. Like the original Mike's store in 1956, each Jersey Mike's Subs serves submarine sandwiches made to order, slicing the meats and cheeses as needed. A popular way to top off the sandwich with condiments is to order it "Mike's Way", which involves sliced onions, shredded lettuce, oregano, salt and "The Juice" - a mixture of red wine vinegar and olive oil. There is a signature cherry pepper relish; some Jersey Mike's locations serve various breakfast sandwiches during the morning hours, including sandwiches made with Taylor Pork Roll, a New Jersey product. Prospective store managers are sent to the location of the original store in Point Pleasant for part of a six-to-eight-week training course. In the music video for "Dinero" by Jennifer Lopez, Lopez is seen holding a Jersey Mike's sub. Additionally, in the music video for "Attention" by Fat Joe and featuring Chris Brown. List of submarine sandwich restaurants Official site of Jersey Mike's Subs The Boss: Lessons From the Sub Shop, NY Times interview with Cancro

Brian Bocock

Brian William Bocock is an American former professional baseball shortstop, who played in Major League Baseball for the San Francisco Giants and Philadelphia Phillies. He attended Turner Ashby High School in Bridgewater, Virginia where he was a standout in both baseball and basketball. Bocock attended Stetson University in DeLand, Florida for three years, pursuing a degree in sports management. In 2005, he played collegiate summer baseball with the Falmouth Commodores of the Cape Cod Baseball League. Bocock, who hit just.220 for the Single-A San Jose Giants in 2007, made the Major League roster in 2008 as the team's opening day shortstop because of an injury to Omar Vizquel. In his debut against the Los Angeles Dodgers, Bocock went hitless in one official at bat, walking twice. For the first three weeks of the season, Bocock played every inning at shortstop. However, on April 20, the Giants recalled a fellow shortstop. Bocock, whose batting average was well below.200, subsequently received less playing time over the next three weeks.

On May 10, 2008, Bocock was optioned to Triple-A Fresno to make room for the returning Omar Vizquel, activated from the disabled list. Despite the demotion, he remained two levels above. Bocock started the 2009 season with the Giant's Double-A affiliate, he was transferred to the Class-A Advanced San Jose Giants. In 122 combined games in the Giants farm system, Bocock hit.230 with 26 doubles, two triples, three home runs, 51 RBIs and eight stolen bases. On January 5, 2010, Bocock was designated for assignment by the San Francisco Giants to make room on the roster for the re-signing of Juan Uribe. On January 7, 2010, Bocock was claimed off waivers by the Toronto Blue Jays. On January 26, 2010 Bocock was claimed off waivers by the Philadelphia Phillies. On June 29, he was recalled from the Triple-A Lehigh Valley IronPigs to take the place of Chase Utley on the Phillies' roster, but was sent back to the minors a few games later; that September he was added to the team's expanded roster, appearing in six games.

He was outrighted to Triple-A on July 1, 2011. On August 2, 2011, Bocock was purchased by the Pittsburgh Pirates, he was assigned to the Indianapolis Indians of the Triple-A International League. On December 31, 2011 Bocock was signed by the Jays as a minor league free agent. On August 12, 2012, Bocock was promoted by the Blue Jays from their Double-A affiliate in New Hampshire to the Triple-A Las Vegas 51s. On November 3, he was designated a minor league free agent by Major League Baseball. On December 13, 2012, Bocock signed a minor league deal with the Washington Nationals. In 22 games with Triple-A Syracuse, Bocock hit.182/.245/.250 with 3XBH and 2RBI. On July 10, 2013, Bocock was traded to the Pirates as the player to be named completing the Brian Jeroloman deal, he reported to Triple-A Indianapolis. On December 5, 2013 Bocock signed a minor league contract with the Kansas City Royals. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet

Botanical Garden of Curitiba

The Jardim Botânico de Curitiba, in Portuguese, or the Botanical Garden of Curitiba, in English known as the "Jardim Botânico Fanchette Rischbieter", is a park located in the city of Curitiba - the capital of the state of Paraná, the biggest city in southern Brazil. It is the major tourist attraction and landmark of the city, it houses part of the campus of the Federal University of Paraná; the international identification code is CURIT. Opened in 1991, Curitiba's trademark botanical garden was created in the style of French gardens. Once by the portal of entry, one may see extensive gardens in the French style amidst fountains and lakes, the main greenhouse of 458 square meters, which shelters in its interior, specimens of plants characteristic of tropical regions, it rolls out its carpet of flowers to the visitors right at the entrance. The park occupies 240.000 m² in area. The principal greenhouse, in an art nouveau style with a modern metallic structure, resembles the mid-19th century Crystal Palace in London.

The Botanic Museum, which provides a national reference collection of native flora, attracts researchers from all over the world. It includes many botanic species from the moist Atlantic Forests of eastern Brazil; the native forest is filled with paths for strolling. Behind the greenhouse is the Museum of Franz Krajcberg, the Polish Brazilian artist who took up the cause of environmental conservation. In the other side of the park is the Botanical Museum, a wooden building whose main entrance is reached through a wooden bridge; the Botanical Museum of Curitiba has the fourth largest herbarium in the country. In front of the construction there is a pond with carp, teal, etc. and around the building there is a lake, an auditorium, a library, an expositions area, a theatre, tennis courts and a cycle track. Official Page Information Page

Money Ain't a Thang

"Money Ain't a Thang" is the second single from rapper Jermaine Dupri's 1998 album Life in 1472. It features rapper Jay-Z and appears as a bonus track on his album Vol. 2... Hard Knock Life, it is produced by Dupri. It can be found on two of Jay-Z's greatest hits compilations: Chapter One: Greatest Hits and Greatest Hits. In addition, it was nominated for Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group at the 41st Grammy Awards in 1999; the title of "Money Ain't a Thang" appears as "Money Ain't a Thing" on the vinyl single, but not on the CD single or any album it appears on. "Money Ain't a Thang" "Money Ain't a Thang" "Money Ain't a Thang" "Money Ain't a Thang" "Money Ain't a Thang" "Money Ain't a Thing" "Money Ain't a Thing" "Money Ain't a Thing" "Money Ain't a Thing" List of songs recorded by Jay-Z


Moccas is a village and civil parish in the English county of Herefordshire. It is located 14 miles west of Hereford; the population of the civil parish taken at the 2011 census was 105. The parish is farmland with a number of woods, including Woodbury Hill Wood and the Moccas Park Deer Park; the parish church of St Michael is well known as the site of the early Welsh Moccas Monastery, founded by Saint Dubricius in the 6th century, as recorded in the Book of Llandaff. The church has a notable monument to lords of the manor in the 14th century. Moccas Court, north of the village, replaced the old manor house which once stood next to the church, it is a fine Georgian country house, now a hotel, built between 1776 and 1783 for the Cornewall family by the architect Anthony Keck. The name Moccas derives from the Welsh Moch-rhos, meaning pig land, according to the Moccas village history website. Nikolaus Pevsner. Herefordshire. Buildings of England. 25. Penguin Books. Pp. 253–254. Photos of Moccas and surrounding area on geograph History of Moccas in Herefordshire Moccas Court