Sterling Memorial Library is the main library building of the Yale University Library system in New Haven, United States. Opened in 1931, the library was designed by James Gamble Rogers as the centerpiece of Yale's Gothic Revival campus; the library's tower has sixteen levels of bookstacks containing over 4 million volumes. Several special collections—including the university's Manuscripts & Archives—are housed in the building, it connects via tunnel to the underground Bass Library. Sterling Library is elaborately ornamented, featuring extensive sculpture and painting as well as hundreds of panes of stained glass created by G. Owen Bonawit. In addition to the book tower, Rogers' design featured five large reading rooms and two courtyards, one of, now a music library. For the ninety years prior to the construction of Sterling Memorial Library, Yale's library collections had been held in the College Library, a chapel-like Gothic Revival building on Yale's Old Campus now known as Dwight Hall. Built to house a collection of 40,000 books in the 1840s, expanded to Linsly Hall and Chittenden Hall, the old library could not hold Yale's swelling book collection, which had grown to over one million volumes.
In 1918, Yale received a $17-million bequest from John W. Sterling, founder of the New York law firm Shearman & Sterling, providing that Yale construct "at least one enduring and architecturally beautiful edifice." The largest bequest in the history of any American university, it initiated a major period of construction on Yale's central campus. Because of the library collection's growth, the university decided to make the centerpiece of Sterling's gift a new library with a capacity for 3.5 million volumes. The building's original architect, Bertram Goodhue, intended the library to resemble his State Capitol Building in Lincoln, with the library's books in a prominent tower; when Goodhue died in 1924, the project passed to James Gamble Rogers, the university's consulting architect. Rogers planned to balance the library with a 5,000-seat chapel on the opposite end of Cross Campus' main axis, but the absence of a financier and the end of compulsory undergraduate chapel services in 1926 scuttled the project.
Instead, Rogers circumscribed Goodhue's tower plan with an "ecclesiastical metaphor": a cathedral plan, in Roger's words, "as near to modern Gothic as we dared to make it." He modeled the library's entrance hall to resemble a vaulted nave and commissioned extensive stained glass and stone ornament to decorate the building's interior. The library's 122,500-square-foot footprint would take up more than half a city block, twenty buildings were cleared for its construction, many of them private homes. Although excavation began in the fall of 1927, the construction site was not secured until July 1928, when a holdout homeowner decamped. While the new library was planned and constructed, the university began soliciting gifts from its alumni for the new library. By 1931, the collection had grown to nearly 2 million volumes, many of them rare books and manuscripts. Among the most important of these acquisitions was a Gutenberg Bible donated by Anna Harkness; this became the centerpiece of the new library's Rare Book Room, which allowed students and researchers to browse the most valuable books in the university's collection for the first time, a function subsumed in part by the Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
Like much of Yale's revivalist construction of the same era, the new library was criticized as expensive and retrograde. William Harlan Hale, writing in The Nation, scorned it as a "cathedral orgy," criticized the library's bastardized cathedral aesthetics and the university's timid anti-modernism. Many students of architecture leveled similar criticisms. Others responded to the building's fusion of academic purpose and ecclesiastical architecture, asserting that the project was either sanctimonious or sacrilegious. More recent reviews have praised the building's ambition and pragmatism; the library is situated on the central quadrangle of the university. Surrounding buildings, including Berkeley College, Trumbull College, Sterling Law Building were designed by Rogers and built in the same period and Gothic Revival style as the library; the entrance hall of the library is known as the "nave" because it imitates the main approach of a cathedral. At its western terminus is a chancel containing an ornate circulation desk and altarpiece mural painted by Eugene Savage.
Constructed of Indiana limestone and Ohio sandstone blocks, the nave is a self-supporting stone structure with none of the steel reinforcement used elsewhere in the library. It is elaborately decorated with stone and wood carving, stained glass windows, ceiling bosses; the main hall is flanked by two aisles, which held card catalogs for the library bookstacks. Though the original catalog drawers remain in the aisles, the cards have been removed and the aisles converted to seating areas and a computer lab. At its western end it is intersected by a transept, which leads to the library's main reading room on one end and its wing on the other. For many years, smoking was allowed in the nave. Beginning in 2013, the nave underwent a $20-million, yearlong renovation to clean its surfaces, restore its architectural details, overhaul building systems, reconfigure visitor circulation and services. Fifteen levels of library materials books, are housed in the building's tower referred to as the "Stacks."
Intended to house 3.5 million volumes, it is a seven-story structure, with eight mezzanine levels interleaved between the main stories. Although encas
"Ever So Lonely" is a song written by Steve Coe and recorded by Monsoon with Sheila Chandra on vocals. The single went on staying for nine weeks on the chart, it was a hit in the UK, Europe and Australia but was never released as a single in the United States. Chandra had just left school when her first single was a hit; the band were signed to Phonogram after being discovered by David Claridge and the song was the first release on his new label "The Mobile Suit Corporation". Several different remixes were made including three by Monsoon, two by Ben Chapman, several by Jakatta); the song reached #12 in the UK. Reviewing the band, iTunes said: ""The band's pop songs were no different than most, but the addition of Indian instrumentation and Chandra's wonderful voice evoked images of the Orient seen on the British pop charts since George Harrison's excursions with the Beatles." All songs composed by Steve Coe, except where noted. "So Lonely" is a 2001 song by Jakatta & Monsoon from Jakatta's album Visions.
It was uses Sheila Chandra's vocals. It surpassed the chart success of the No. 12 original 1982 version, reaching a peak of No. 8. It reached No. 51 in Australia. It is Jakatta's third most successful single, behind "American Dream" and "My Vision"; the Art of Trance track "Monsoon" features a vocal sample from "Ever So Lonely". List of UK top 10 singles in 2001
Elemental Games is a game development company based in Vladivostok, best known for the multi-genre science fiction computer games Space Rangers and the sequel, Space Rangers 2:Dominators. Elemental Games was founded in 1999 as NewGame Software, a division of Degro, Ltd.. NewGame Software's first releases were the freeware turn-based strategy game The General and the desktop application Panels; the company changed its name to Elemental Games in September, 2002. Its second game, Space Rangers, was released in 2002, by 1C Company; the sequel Space Rangers 2 was published in November, 2004. Following the release of Space Rangers 2, most members of the Elemental Games staff, including director general Dmitry Gusarov, departed to form a new game development company, Katauri Interactive, which released version 2.0 of Space Rangers 2, called Space Rangers 2: Reloaded, in Russia on September 7, 2007. Just now the company is conducting a beta test for a new browser-based game called "Empire", which began on Dec. 29, 2009.
The game action takes place in a few years after events in Space Rangers 2. "Disown way to global problems, the rulers of independent worlds, however, do not forget about their claims to the neighbors. As a result, some here and there began to appear local conflicts that plunged the inhabited part of the galaxy in chaos. Chaos, which spawned not only adventurers of all stripes, a new wave of piracy and the era of the superiority of force over the millennia-old laws, but a galaxy of colorful characters whose purpose was to combine disparate worlds into a single coalition." Elemental Games Elemental Games Forum NewGame Software
Image sharing, or photo sharing, is the publishing or transfer of a user's digital photos online. Image sharing websites offer services such as uploading, hosting and sharing of photos; this function is provided through both websites and applications that facilitate the upload and display of images. The term can be loosely applied to the use of online photo galleries that are set up and managed by individual users, including photoblogs. Sharing means that other users can view but not download images, users can select different copyright options for their images. While photoblogs tend only to display a chronological view of user-selected medium-sized photos, most photo sharing sites provide multiple views, the ability to classify photos into albums, add annotations. Desktop photo management applications may include their own photo-sharing features or integration with sites for uploading images to them. There are desktop applications whose sole function is sharing images using peer-to-peer networking.
Basic image sharing functionality can be found in applications that allow you to email photos, for example by dragging and dropping them into pre-designed templates. Photo sharing is not confined to the web and personal computers, but is possible from portable devices such as camera phones, either directly or via MMS; some cameras now come equipped with wireless networking and similar sharing functionality themselves. The first photo sharing sites originated during the mid to late 1990s from services providing online ordering of prints, but many more came into being during the early 2000s with the goal of providing permanent and centralized access to a user's photos, in some cases video clips too. Webshots, SmugMug, Yahoo! Photos and Flickr were among the first; this has resulted in different approaches to revenue functionality among providers. The first windows application was invented by jerry ackerman at icu software in 1990 and Philip Morris at Kodak for a patent in 1994. Image sharing sites can be broadly broken up into two groups: sites that offer photo sharing for free and sites that charge consumers directly to host and share images.
Of the sites that offer free photo sharing, most can be broken up into advertising-supported media plays and online photo finishing sites, where photo sharing is a vehicle to sell prints or other merchandise. These designations are not strict, some subscription sites have a limited free version. Consumers can share their photos directly from their home computers over high speed connections through peer-to-peer photo sharing using applications. Peer-to-peer photo sharing carries a small one-time cost for the software; some sites allow you to post your pictures online and they will project the image onto famous buildings during special events, while other sites let you insert photos into digital postcards, slide shows and photo albums and send them to others. Some free sites are owned by camera manufacturers, only accept photos made with their hardware. In return for a fee, subscription-based photo sharing sites offer their services without the distraction of advertisements or promotions for prints and gifts.
They may have other enhancements over free services, such as guarantees regarding the online availability of photos, more storage space, the ability for non-account holders to download full-size, original versions of photos, tools for backing up photos. Some offer user photographs for sale, splitting the proceeds with the photographer, while others may use a disclaimer to reserve the right to use or sell the photos without giving the photographer royalties or notice; some image sharing sites have begun integrating video sharing as well. With the introduction of high speed connections directly to homes, it is feasible to share images and videos without going through a central service; the advantages of peer-to-peer sharing are reduced hosting costs and no loss of control to a central service. The downsides are. However, there are no direct consumer costs beyond the purchase of the initial software, provided the consumer has a computer with the photos at home on a high speed connection. Applications like Tonido provide peer-to-peer photo sharing.
Operating peer-to-peer solutions without a central server can create problems as some users do not leave their computers online and connected all the time. Using an always-on server like Windows Home Server which acts as an intermediate point, it is possible to share images peer-to-peer with the reliability and security of a central server. Images are securely stored behind a firewall on the Windows Home Server and can be accessed only by those with appropriate permissions. A variation on the peer-to-peer model is peer-to-browser, whereby images are shared on one PC with the use of a local software service but made available to the viewer through a standard web browser. Technically speaking, this may still be described as peer-to-peer but it is characteristically different as it assumes no need to download peer software for the viewer. Photos are accessed by regular URLs that standard web browsers understand natively without any further software required. Photos shared in this way are accessible not only to users who have downloaded the correct peer software (compatible with the software in use by th
The XIT Museum in Dalhart, Texas is a museum of the history of Dallam and Hartley counties in the Texas Panhandle, with particular focus on the history and culture of one of the best-known ranches of the American West, the XIT, which at its peak encompassed parts of ten Texas counties along a 200-mile stretch of acreage in the late 19th century. The ranch operated from 1885–1912; the museum exhibits include a model of an XIT division headquarters. The museum displays period artifacts: an early kitchen, bedroom, an inspirational chapel, dozens of historic photographs, collections of guns and cameras; the railroad exhibit stems from a major event of May 31, 1901, when the Rock Island, now Union Pacific, crossed the Fort Worth and Denver Railway lines near the stop called “Twist Junction”, which became the future Dalhart, derived from the combination of Dallam and Hartley counties. Another popular exhibit is that devoted to the life of the county sheriff. There is wildlife exhibit of birds. Dalhart offers live theater at its LaRita Performing Arts Theatre, an original 1920s film palace.
Nearby are the Kiowa and Rita Blanca national grasslands, the Rita Blanca Lake State Park, the annual XIT Rodeo and Reunion held since 1936 during the first long weekend in August. Visitors come from hundreds of miles for the activities; the reunion serves what is called the “world’s largest free barbecue dinner.”The museum is located in downtown Dalhart, at 108 East Fifth Street across the street from the Dallam County Courthouse. It is sponsored by the Dallam-Hartley Historical Association, it provides various services to educators, including the use of educational trunks filled with period artifacts, microfilmed newspapers the Dalhart Texan, other archival ranch materials. XIT Ranch Texas Panhandle High Plains Naylor, J.. Texas Off the Beaten PathÂ®: A Guide to Unique Places. Off the Beaten Path Series. Globe Pequot Press. Pp. 200–201. ISBN 978-0-7627-7739-6. Retrieved June 26, 2016. XIT Museum - official site
The Battle of Heiligerlee was fought between Dutch rebels and the Spanish army of Friesland. This was the first Dutch victory during the Eighty Years' War; the Groningen province of the Spanish Netherlands was invaded by an army consisting of 3,900 infantry led by Louis of Nassau and 200 cavalry led by Adolf of Nassau. Both were brothers of William I of Orange; the intention was to begin an armed uprising against the Spanish rulers of the Netherlands. The Stadtholder of Friesland and Duke of Aremberg, Johan de Ligne, had an army of 3,200 infantry and 20 cavalry. Aremberg avoided confrontation, awaiting reinforcements from the Count of Meghem. However, on 23 May, Adolf's cavalry lured him to an ambush at the monastery of Heiligerlee. Louis' infantry, making up the bulk of the army, defeated the Spanish force which lost 1,500–2,000 men, while the invading force lost 50, including Adolf; the rebels captured seven cannons. The invading force however, did not capture any cities and was soon defeated at the Battle of Jemmingen.
The death of Adolf of Nassau is mentioned in the Dutch national anthem: Graef Adolff is ghebleven, In Vriesland in den slaech, "Count Adolf stayed behind, in Friesland, in the battle" Dupuy, R. Ernest and Trevor N. Dupuy, The Harper Encyclopedia of Military History, (HarperCollins Publishers, 1993. Laffin, Brassey's Dictionary of Battles, Barnes & Noble Inc. 1995. Menzel, The history of Germany: from the earliest period to 1842, Vol.2, George Bell & sons, 1908