Saumarez is a Thoroughbred racehorse who won France's most prestigious race, the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe in 1990. Saumarez was sired by the 1985 Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner Rainbow Quest in his first season at stud, he was owned by National Hockey League superstar Wayne Gretzky and owner of his Los Angeles Kings ice hockey team, Bruce McNall. He was trained at trained by Henry Cecil at his Warren Place stable at Suffolk. Saumarez failed to win at age two in 1989 got his first win in 1990 under Steve Cauthen in the Aldborough Maiden Stakes. Following a win in the Harvester Graduation Stakes, he finished second to winner Blue Stag in the Dee Stakes at Chester Racecourse. In June he was sent to France. Steve Cauthen rode Saumarez to victory in the Grand Prix de Paris and under French jockey Gérald Mossé, he won the Prix du Prince d'Orange in September and October's prestigious, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. For majority owner Bruce McNall, it was his second Arc win. Nicolas Clément became the youngest trainer to win this race.
Saumarez was sent to the United States for the Breeders' Cup Turf at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York where he finished fifth to In the Wings whom he had beaten in the Arc. Sold for $8 million to a syndicate led by C A B St. George, Saumaurez was retired to stud, he stands at Odessa Stud in Ceres, Western Cape in South Africa. He has sired twelve stakes winners and notably is the damsire of 2007 Epsom Derby winner, Authorized. Saumarez was inbred 4 × 4 to Nasrullah, meaning that this stallion appeared twice in the fourth generation of his pedigree. Video at YouTube of Saumarez winning the 1990 Prix de l'Arc De Triomphe
Indian Skimmer (horse)
Indian Skimmer is an American-bred British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse. Bred by MIT graduate Ronald J. Worswick in partnership with Ashford Stud in Versailles, the gray filly is out of the mare Nobilaire and sired by Storm Bird, her grandsire was Northern Dancer, the top sire of the 20th Century and her damsire was Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe winner, Vaguely Noble. She was named for a bird. Raced by Sheik Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Indian Skimmer won important Group One races against the top fillies of the day, including a victory over the great Miesque in the 1987 Prix de Diane. In 1988 she beat some of the best colts in England and France. Sent to Churchill Downs in Louisville, she finished third to Great Communicator in that year's Breeders' Cup Turf. Retired from racing at the end of the 1989 season; as a broodmare, she produced the Mr. Prospector colt, the sire of the champion South African mare, Ipi Tombe. Bloodhorse.com article on Indian Skimmer and her breeder, Ronald J. Worswick Indian Skimmer's pedigree and partial racing stats
National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame
The National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame was founded in 1951 in Saratoga Springs, New York, to honor the achievements of American Thoroughbred race horses and trainers. In 1955, the museum moved to its current location on Union Avenue near Saratoga race course, at which time inductions into the hall of fame began; each spring, following the tabulation of the final votes, the announcement of new inductees is made during Kentucky Derby Week in early May. The actual inductions are held in mid-August during the Saratoga race meeting; the Hall of Fame's nominating committee selects eight to ten candidates from among the four Contemporary categories to be presented to the voters. Changes in voting procedures that commenced with the 2010 candidates allow the voters to choose multiple candidates from a single Contemporary category, instead of a single candidate from each of the four Contemporary categories. For example, in 2016, two female horses were inducted at the same time; the museum houses a large collection of art and memorabilia that document the history of horse racing from the eighteenth century to the present.
The museum first opened its doors in 1951, at which time it occupied a single room in Saratoga's Canfield Casino. The establishment was supported by the city of Saratoga Springs, which donated $2,500, the Saratoga Racing Association, which donated $5,000, various patrons of the sport, who donated various pieces of art and memorabilia; the first item in the museum's collection was a horseshoe worn by the great Lexington. In 1955, the museum relocated to its current location on Union Avenue, close to the main entrance of Saratoga Race Course. Inductions into the hall of fame began at the same time. Since the museum has expanded several times to allow for the display of its extensive art collection and more multimedia displays on the history of the sport. In the early years, inductions to the hall of fame were based on the evaluation of a panel of racing historians. In 1955, a group of 9 horses from the earliest years of the American turf were inducted; the 1956 class included 11 horses that raced around the turn of the century, while the 1957 class included 10 horses that raced up to the mid-thirties.
Since the classes have been smaller as the inductions shifted to more contemporary horses. Under current rules, a horse must have been retired for a minimum of five full calendar years to be eligible for the hall of fame. Thoroughbreds remain eligible in the contemporary category between five and 25 calendar years following their final racing year. Thoroughbreds retired for more than 25 calendar years may become eligible through the Historic Review Committee. Source: National Museum of Racing and Hall Contemporary jockeys become eligible for the Hall of Fame after they have been licensed for at least 20 years, remain eligible until 25 years after retirement. In special circumstances such as fragile health, the 20 year requirement may be waived, though there is a five year waiting period after retirement in such cases. Source: National Museum of Racing and Hall of FameLegend: * Still active ** Wins in North America only Contemporary trainers become eligible for the Hall of Fame after they have been licensed for at least 25 years, remain eligible until 25 years after retirement.
In special circumstances such as fragile health, the 25 year requirement may be waived though there is a five year waiting period after retirement in such cases. Established in 2013, the Hall of Fame states that the Pillars of the Turf category honors those "who have made extraordinary contributions to Thoroughbred racing in a leadership or pioneering capacity at the highest national level." In addition to the Hall of Fame, the museum houses numerous exhibits. These include: the Link Gallery, which features a bronze statue, a rotating selection of paintings the Sculpture Gallery, which features work by June Harrah, Herbert Haseltine, Marilyn Newmark, Jim Reno, John Skeaping and Eleanor Iselin Wade, among others; the gallery looks out onto the inner courtyard, which features a life-size bronze of Secretariat the Colonial Gallery, which covers the ocean transportation of horses and the foundations of American racing the Pre-Civil War Gallery, covering the expansion of racing during the early 19th century the Post-Civil War Gallery, covering the continued expansion of racing after the Civil War until a backlash to gambling in the early 20th century led to the closure of many tracks the 20th Century Gallery, which covers more recent topics The Eclipse Gallery, featuring award-winning entries from the Eclipse Award photography competition The Racing Day Gallery, which features displays about jockeys and the Breeders' Cup The Anatomy Room, covering the breeding and biology of the Thoroughbred The Triple Crown Gallery, including information and artifacts related to Triple Crown history The Steeplechase Gallery, covering the history of steeplechase racing in America The von Stade Gallery, which displays a selection of paintings, works on paper, or photographic prints from the Museum Collection The Peter McBean Gallery, which houses temporary exhibitions, a semi-permanent Hall of Fame Heroes exhibition and seasonal exhibitions.
It houses a collection bequeathed by John Nerud, including trophies and paintings of the Hall of Fame horses he trained, Gallant Man and Dr. FagerThe Museum Collection includes just over 300 paintings; these range from paintings of the early days of racing in England by John E. Ferneley, Sr. to more contemporary champions by Richard Stone Reeves. Featured artists include: William Smithson Broadhead, Vaughn Flannery, Sir Alfred J. Munnings
Ascot Gold Cup
The Gold Cup is a Group 1 flat horse race in Great Britain open to horses aged four years or older. It is run at Ascot over a distance of 2 miles 3 furlongs and 210 yards, it is scheduled to take place each year in June, it is Britain's most prestigious event for "stayers" – horses which specialise in racing over long distances. It is traditionally held on the third day of the Royal Ascot meeting, known colloquially as Ladies' Day. Contrary to popular belief the actual title of the race does not include the word "Ascot"; the event was established in 1807, it was open to horses aged three or older. The inaugural winner, Master Jackey, was awarded prize money of 100 guineas; the first race took place in the presence of King George Queen Charlotte. The 1844 running was attended by Nicholas I of Russia, making a state visit to England; that year's winner was unnamed at the time of his victory, but he was given the name "The Emperor" in honour of the visiting monarch. In return Nicholas offered a new trophy for the race — the "Emperor's Plate" — and this became the title of the event for a short period.
Its original name was restored during the Crimean War. The Gold Cup is the first leg of Britain's Stayers' Triple Crown, followed by the Goodwood Cup and the Doncaster Cup; the last horse to win all three races in the same year was Double Trigger in 1995. The Gold Cup is one of three perpetual trophies at the Royal Ascot meeting, along with the Royal Hunt Cup and the Queen's Vase, which can be kept permanently by the winning owners. A number of horses have won it more than once, the most successful is Yeats, who recorded his fourth victory in 2009. A The race was abandoned in 1964 because of waterlogging b c Rock Roi finished first in 1971 and 1972, but he was disqualified both times d Royal Gait was first in 1988, but he was relegated to last place following a stewards' inquiry e The 2005 running took place at York The race was run at Newmarket during the wartime periods of 1917–18 and 1941–44. Horse racing in Great Britain List of British flat horse races Paris-Turf: "1978". "1979". "1980". "1981".
"1983". "1984". "1985". "1986". "1987". Racing Post: 1988, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 2018galopp-sieger.de – Ascot Gold Cup. horseracingintfed.com – International Federation of Horseracing Authorities – Gold Cup. pedigreequery.com – Ascot Gold Cup – Ascot. Tbheritage.com – Ascot Gold Cup. Abelson, Edward; the Breedon Book of Horse Racing Records. Breedon Books. Pp. 88–92. ISBN 1-873626-15-0. YouTube Race Video https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLfn5x2SD03q4TvYnBjgdsNth34if5VTOt
Sports Illustrated is an American sports magazine owned by Meredith Corporation. First published in August 1954, it has over 3 million subscribers and is read by 23 million people each week, including over 18 million men, it was the first magazine with circulation over one million to win the National Magazine Award for General Excellence twice. It is known for its annual swimsuit issue, published since 1964, has spawned other complementary media works and products. There were two magazines named Sports Illustrated before the current magazine began on August 16, 1954. In 1936, Stuart Scheftel created Sports Illustrated with a target market for the sportsman, he published the magazine from 1936 to 1938 on a monthly basis. The magazine was a life magazine size and focused on golf and skiing with articles on the major sports, he sold the name to Dell Publications, which released Sports Illustrated in 1949 and this version lasted 6 issues before closing. Dell's version focused on major sports and competed on magazine racks against Sport and other monthly sports magazines.
During the 1940s these magazines were monthly and they did not cover the current events because of the production schedules. There was no large-base, weekly sports magazine with a national following on actual active events, it was that Time patriarch Henry Luce began considering whether his company should attempt to fill that gap. At the time, many believed sports was beneath the attention of serious journalism and did not think sports news could fill a weekly magazine during the winter. A number of advisers to Luce, including Life magazine's Ernest Havemann, tried to kill the idea, but Luce, not a sports fan, decided the time was right; the goal of the new magazine was to be a magazine, but with sports. Many at Time-Life scoffed at Luce's idea. Launched on August 16, 1954, it was not profitable and not well run at first, but Luce's timing was good; the popularity of spectator sports in the United States was about to explode, that popularity came to be driven by three things: economic prosperity and Sports Illustrated.
The early issues of the magazine seemed caught between two opposing views of its audience. Much of the subject matter was directed at upper-class activities such as yachting and safaris, but upscale would-be advertisers were unconvinced that sports fans were a significant part of their market. After more than a decade of steady losses, the magazine's fortunes turned around in the 1960s when Andre Laguerre became its managing editor. A European correspondent for Time, Inc. who became chief of the Time-Life news bureaux in Paris and London, Laguerre attracted Henry Luce's attention in 1956 with his singular coverage of the Winter Olympic Games in Cortina d'Ampezzo, which became the core of SI's coverage of those games. In May 1956, Luce brought Laguerre to New York to become assistant managing editor of the magazine, he was named managing editor in 1960, he more than doubled the circulation by instituting a system of departmental editors, redesigning the internal format, inaugurating the unprecedented use in a news magazine of full-color photographic coverage of the week's sports events.
He was one of the first to sense the rise of national interest in professional football. Laguerre instituted the innovative concept of one long story at the end of every issue, which he called the "bonus piece"; these well-written, in-depth articles helped to distinguish Sports Illustrated from other sports publications, helped launch the careers of such legendary writers as Frank Deford, who in March 2010 wrote of Laguerre, "He smoked cigars and drank Scotch and made the sun move across the heavens... His genius as an editor was that he made you want to please him, but he wanted you to do that by writing in your own distinct way."Laguerre is credited with the conception and creation of the annual Swimsuit Issue, which became, remains, the most popular issue each year. In 1990, Time Inc. merged with Warner Communications to form the media conglomerate Time Warner. In 2014, Time Inc. was spun off from Time Warner. In November 2017, Meredith Corporation announced that it would acquire Time Inc. and the acquisition was completed in January 2018.
However, in March 2018, Meredith stated that it would explore selling Sports Illustrated and several other former Time properties, arguing that they did not properly align with the company's lifestyle brands and publications. From its start, Sports Illustrated introduced a number of innovations that are taken for granted today: Liberal use of color photos—though the six-week lead time meant they were unable to depict timely subject matter Scouting reports—including a World Series Preview and New Year's Day bowl game round-up that enhanced the viewing of games on television In-depth sports reporting from writers like Robert Creamer, Tex Maule and Dan Jenkins. Regular illustration features by artists like Robert Riger. High school football Player of the Month awards. Inserts of sports cards in the center of the magazine 1994 Launched Sports Illustrated Interactive CD-ROM with StarPress Multimedia, Incorporates player stats and highlights from the year in sports. In 2015 Sports Illustrated purchased a group of software companies and combined them to create Sports Illustrated Play, a platform that offers sports league management software as a service.
In 1965, offset printing bega
A jockey is someone who rides horses in horse racing or steeplechase racing as a profession. The word applies to camel riders in camel racing; the word is by origin a diminutive of jock, the Northern English or Scots colloquial equivalent of the first name John, used generically for "boy" or "fellow", at least since 1529. A familiar instance of the use of the word as a name is in "Jockey of Norfolk" in Shakespeare's Richard III. v. 3, 304. In the 16th and 17th centuries the word was applied to horse-dealers, itinerant minstrels and vagabonds, thus bore the meaning of a cunning trickster, a "sharp", whence the verb to jockey, "to outwit", or "to do" a person out of something; the current meaning of a person who rides a horse in races was first seen in 1670. Another possible origin is the Gaelic word eachaidhe, a "horseman"; the Irish name Eochaid is related to each "horse" and is translated as "horse rider". This is phonetically similar to jockey. Jockeys must be light to ride at the weights. There are horse carrying weight limits.
The Kentucky Derby, for example, has a weight limit of 126 lb including the jockey's equipment. The weight of a jockey ranges from 108 to 118 lb. Despite their light weight, they must be able to control a horse, moving at 40 mph and weighs 1,200 lb. Though there is no height limit for jockeys, they are fairly short due to the weight limits. Jockeys stand around 4 ft 10 in to 5 ft 6 in. Jockeys are self employed, nominated by horse trainers to ride their horses in races, for a fee and a percentage of the purse winnings. In Australia, employment of apprentice jockeys is in terms of indenture to a master; when an apprentice jockey finishes their apprenticeship and becomes a "fully fledged jockey", the nature of their employment and insurance requirements change because they are regarded as "freelance", like contractors. Jockeys cease their riding careers to take up other employment in racing as trainers. In this way the apprenticeship system serves to induct young people into racing employment. Jockeys start out when they are young, riding work in the morning for trainers, entering the riding profession as apprentice jockeys.
It is necessary for an apprentice jockey to ride a minimum of about 20 barrier trials before being permitted to ride in races. An apprentice jockey is known as a "bug boy" because the asterisk that follows the name in the program looks like a bug. All jockeys must be licensed and are not permitted to bet on a race. An apprentice jockey has a master, a horse trainer, the apprentice is allowed to "claim" weight off the horse's back: in handicapped races, more experienced riders will have their horses given an extra amount of weight to carry, whereas a jockey in their apprenticeship will have less weight on their horse, giving trainers an incentive to hire these less-experienced jockeys; this weight allowance is adjusted according to the number of winners. After a four-year indentured apprenticeship, the apprentice becomes a senior jockey and develops relationships with trainers and individual horses. Sometimes senior jockeys are paid a retainer by an owner which gives the owner the right to insist the jockey ride their horses in races.
Racing modeled on the English Jockey Club spread throughout the world with colonial expansion. The colors worn by jockeys in races are the registered "colors" of the owner or trainer who employs them; the practice of riders wearing colors stems from medieval times when jousts were held between knights. However, the origins of racing colors of various patterns may have been influenced by racing held in Italian city communities since medieval times; such traditional events are still held on town streets and are known for furious riding and the colorful spectacle they offer. While the term "silks" is used in the United States to refer to racing colors, technically "silks" are the white breeches and bib, stock or cravat. Obtaining them is a rite of passage when a jockey is first able to don silken pants and colors in their first race ride. At one time silks were invariably made of silk chosen for being a lightweight fabric, though now synthetics are used instead. Silks and their colors are important symbols of festivity.
Various awards are given annually by organizations affiliated with the sport of thoroughbred racing in countries throughout the world. They include: Australia Scobie Breasley Medal Canada Avelino Gomez Memorial Award United Kingdom Lester Award Champion Flat Jockey Award Champion Jump Jockey Award United States George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award Isaac Murphy Award Horse racing is a sport where jockeys may incur permanent and life-threatening injuries. Chief among them include concussion, bone fractures, arthritis and paralysis. Jockey insurance premiums remain among the highest of all professional sports. Between 1993 and 1996, 6,545 injuries occurred during official races for an injury rate of 606 per 1,000 jockey years. In Australia race riding is regarded as being the second most deadly job, after offshore fishing. From 2002 to 2006 five deaths and 861 serious injuries were recorded. Eating disorders are very common among jockeys, as they face extreme pressure to maintain unusually low weights for men, som
Pebbles was a British-bred Thoroughbred race horse. In a racing career which lasted from 1983 until 1985 she won eight races. After showing good form as a two-year-old in 1983 she won the 1000 Guineas as a three-year-old. In 1985 Pebbles produced her most notable performances, becoming the first filly to win the Eclipse Stakes and defeating an exceptionally strong field in the Champion Stakes. On her final racecourse appearance she became the first British-trained racehorse to win a Breeders' Cup race, when she won the Breeders' Cup Turf, she was regarded as one of the greatest fillies of the modern era. Pebbles was a chestnut filly with a white blaze, bred in England by the Greek shipping magnate Marcos Lemos whose blue and white colours she carried for her first seven races. Pebbles was the first foal of La Dolce, who finished fifth in the 1979 Epsom Oaks; as a descendant of the mare Aloe, she was related to such notable racehorses as Round Table, Known Fact and Parthia. Pebbles' sire, Sharpen Up, was a successful breeding stallion, best known as a strong influence for speed rather than stamina.
Pebbles was sent into training with Clive Brittain at Suffolk. As a two-year-old in 1983 Pebbles finished unplaced on her first appearance and won the Kingsclere Stakes at Newbury by four lengths. In June she ran in the Childwick Stud Stakes at Newmarket and won by three lengths from Sajeda, leading Brittain to comment that she was one of the best fillies he had trained. Pebbles was off the course for two months before being moved up in class for the Group Two Lowther Stakes at York, she finished fourth behind Desirable, beaten four lengths. Pebbles started favourite for the Waterford Candelabra Stakes at Goodwood but sweated badly before the race and appeared to tire in the closing stages before finishing fifth behind Shoot Clear. In the Cheveley Park Stakes at Newmarket in September, Pebbles was made a 33/1 outsider in the twelve runner field. Ridden by Philip Robinson, she produced her best performance of the season, producing a "strong run" in the closing stages and failing by a head to catch Desirable.
In the Free Handicap, a rating of the best European two-year-olds, Pebbles was given a weight of 119 pounds, fourteen pounds behind the top-rated El Gran Senor and six pounds below the leading filly Almeira. Pebbles began her three-year-old season in 1984 by returning to Newmarket to win the Nell Gwyn Stakes in April, she beat Meis-El-Reem by one and a half lengths. In the 1000 Guineas over one mile at the next Newmarket meeting, Pebbles started at odds of 8/1 behind the 6/5 favourite Mahogany, who had beaten Shoot Clear in the Fred Darling Stakes. Pebbles sweated and became nervous and agitated before the race: as the fillies were moving onto the course she abruptly spun round and hit a gate. In the race however, she was an emphatic winner, taking the lead in the final quarter mile and drawing clear to win by three lengths from Meis-El-Reem and Shoot Clear. Pebbles was considered a contender for the Oaks at Epsom but was purchased by Sheikh Mohammed, who owned two of the favourites for the race.
Pebbles was rerouted to Royal Ascot for the one mile Coronation Stakes in which she was matched against the Irish 1000 Guineas winner Katies. Robinson, given the choice of rides, opted to partner Katies. Pebbles took the lead in the straight but was overtaken in the final furlong and beaten one and a half lengths by Katies, with the two fillies pulling well clear of their eight opponents. Brittain pointed out that the filly had been trained with the Oaks in mind and had been prepared to race over one and a half miles rather than the one mile distance. Pebbles was trained for a rematch with Katies in the Child Stakes but stood on a stone before the race and was withdrawn; the injury failed to respond to treatment and x-ray revealed a chipped bone in her foot which kept her off the course until autumn. Pebbles returned in the Champion Stakes at Newmarket in October, she raced over ten furlongs, the longest distance she had attempted and competed against colts and older horses for the first time.
Pebbles settled well towards the back of the field. In the closing stages she was switched to the outside and accelerated into contention before finishing second by a neck to the French-trained colt Palace Music who won in a course record time. In the International Classification for 1984, Pebbles was rated the fifth best three-year-old filly in Europe behind Northern Trick, the Oaks winner Circus Plume and the Irish Oaks winner Princess Pati. Pebbles stayed in training at four and began her season by running in the inaugural Trusthouse Forte Mile at Sandown Park Racecourse in April. Ridden by Steve Cauthen, she recorded her first win in a year, beating Vacarme by one and a half lengths. On her next start, she was sent to Royal Ascot in June where she was matched against the 1984 St Leger winner Commanche Run, who had won the Brigadier Gerard Stakes by twelve lengths on his reappearance. Pebbles defeated the colt by a short head, but both the favourites finished behind the 33/1 outsider Bob Back.
It was subsequently revealed that Pebbles had been in season at the time of her only defeat of the year. Pebbles faced Bob Back again in the Eclipse Stakes at Sandown, a race which no filly or mare had won since its inception in 1886. Commanche Run was a late withdrawal from the race, but the field included the Coronation Cup winner Rainbow Quest, who started 4/5 favourite. Brittain was worried that the filly's temperament would lead her to become over-excited and deliberately brought her into the paddock late. Pebbles was re-plated, which Brittain admitted was a delibe