Gadsden is a city in and the county seat of Etowah County in the U. S. state of Alabama. It is located on the Coosa River about 56 miles northeast of Birmingham and 90 miles southwest of Chattanooga, Tennessee, it is the primary city of the Gadsden Metropolitan Statistical Area, which has a population of 103,931. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 36,856, with an estimated population of 35,837 in 2016. Gadsden and Rome, are the largest cities in the triangular area now defined by the interstate highways between Atlanta and Chattanooga. In the 19th century, Gadsden was at one time Alabama's second-most important center of commerce and industry, trailing only the seaport of Mobile; the two cities were important shipping centers: Gadsden for riverboats and Mobile for international trade. From the late 19th century through the 1980s, Gadsden was a center of heavy industry, including the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company and Republic Steel. More than a decade after the sharp decline in industry, in 1991 Gadsden was awarded the honor of All-America City by the National Civic League.
This honored the way Gadsden's citizens, government and voluntary organizations have worked together to address critical local issues. The first substantial European-American settlement in the area that developed as Gadsden was a village called "Double Springs", it was founded in about 1825 by John Riley, a mixed-race American Indian and European-American settler who built his house near two springs. Riley used his house for a stagecoach stop on the Huntsville-to-Rome route; the original building still stands as the oldest in Gadsden. The house was purchased by brothers Gabriel and Asenath Hughes in 1840; the Hughes brothers purchased much of the land between Lookout Mountain, the Coosa River, the mouth of Wills Creek. The brothers proposed constructing a railroad from the port of Savannah to Nashville, Tennessee through their land; the original 120 acres survey of Gadsden included the Hughes brothers' land, plus that of John S. Moragne and Lewis L. Rhea. On July 4, 1845, Captain James Lafferty piloted the steamboat Coosa to the settlement.
He landed near the site. The Hughes brothers suggested renaming the town as "Lafferty's Landing", but residents adopted "Gadsden" in honor of Colonel James Gadsden of South Carolina, he was noted for negotiating the United States' Gadsden Purchase from Mexico. In 1867, after the American Civil War, the legislature organized Baine County. After a constitutional convention, the new legislature dissolved Baine County in 1868 and renamed it as Etowah County. Gadsden retained its standing as county seat. By the late 19th century, Gadsden had developed as a major river port on the Coosa River, was second to Mobile, a seaport on the Gulf Coast, in importance, it developed as a center of heavy industry. With unionization, industrial workers could earn middle-class salaries and improve their lives as African Americans struggled under Jim Crow laws and political disfranchisement; the city reached its peak of population in 1960. Affected by the national restructuring of railroads and heavy industry, most of Gadsden's major industries closed in the 1970s and 1980s.
The city lost many jobs and much population, began to decline. The city government has struggled to manage the transition to a different economy, just as numerous other industrial cities had to do. Redevelopment efforts, such as the Cultural Arts Center and downtown revitalization, earned Gadsden first place in the 2000 City Livability Awards Program of the US Conference of Mayors. Underemployment continues to be a severe problem. Gadsden is located in central Etowah County at 34°0′37″N 86°0′37″W, developed on both sides of the Coosa River. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.3 square miles, of which 37.1 square miles is land and 1.1 square miles, or 2.96%, is water. The southern end of Lookout Mountain rises to the north of the city center. Typical of the Deep South, Gadsden experiences a humid subtropical climate with four distinct seasons. Winter lasts from early December to late-February. On average, the low temperature falls to the freezing mark or below on 60 days a year, to or below 20 °F on 6.9 days.
While rain is abundant, measurable snowfall is rare, with most years receiving none. Summers are hot and humid, lasting from mid-May to mid-September, the July daily average temperature is 80.6 °F. There are 2.1 days of 100 °F + highs. The latter part of summer tends to be drier. Autumn, which spans from mid-September to early-December, tends to be similar to spring in terms of temperature and precipitation, although it begins dry. With a period of record dating only back to 1953, the highest recorded temperature was 106 °F on June 30, 2012, while the lowest recorded temperature was −6 °F on January 20–21, 1985; as of the census of 2000, there were 38,978 people, 16,456 households, 10,252 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,083.6 people per square mile. There were 18,797 housing units at an average density of 522.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 62.7% White, 34.0% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races.
2.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 16,456 households
The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing is an American auto racing sanctioning and operating company, best known for stock-car racing. Its three largest or National series are the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, the Xfinity Series, the Gander Outdoors Truck Series. Regional series include the NASCAR K&N Pro Series East and West, the Whelen Modified Tour, NASCAR Pinty's Series, NASCAR Whelen Euro Series, NASCAR PEAK Mexico Series. NASCAR sanctions over 1,500 races at over 100 tracks in 48 US states as well as in Canada and Europe. NASCAR has presented races at the Suzuka and Motegi circuits in Japan, the Calder Park Thunderdome in Australia. NASCAR ventures into eSports via the PEAK Antifreeze NASCAR iRacing Series and a sanctioned ladder system on that title; the owned company was founded by Bill France Sr. in 1948, Jim France has been CEO since August 6, 2018. The company's headquarters is in Florida. Internationally, its races are broadcast on television in over 150 countries. In the 1920s and 30s, Daytona Beach became known as the place to set world land speed records, supplanting France and Belgium as the preferred location for land speed records, with 8 consecutive world records set between 1927 and 1935.
After a historic race between Ransom Olds and Alexander Winton in 1903, the beach became a mecca for racing enthusiasts and 15 records were set on what became the Daytona Beach Road Course between 1905 and 1935. By the time the Bonneville Salt Flats became the premier location for pursuit of land speed records, Daytona Beach had become synonymous with fast cars in 1936. Drivers raced on a 4.1-mile course, consisting of a 1.5–2.0-mile stretch of beach as one straightaway, a narrow blacktop beachfront highway, State Road A1A, as the other. The two straights were connected by two tight rutted and sand covered turns at each end. Stock car racing in the United States has its origins in bootlegging during Prohibition, when drivers ran bootleg whiskey made in the Appalachian region of the United States. Bootleggers needed to distribute their illicit products, they used small, fast vehicles to better evade the police. Many of the drivers would modify their cars for speed and handling, as well as increased cargo capacity, some of them came to love the fast-paced driving down twisty mountain roads.
The repeal of Prohibition in 1933 dried up some of their business, but by Southerners had developed a taste for moonshine, a number of the drivers continued "runnin' shine", this time evading the "revenuers" who were attempting to tax their operations. The cars continued to improve, by the late 1940s, races featuring these cars were being run for pride and profit; these races were popular entertainment in the rural Southern United States, they are most associated with the Wilkes County region of North Carolina. Most races in those days were of modified cars. Street vehicles were lightened and reinforced. Mechanic William France Sr. moved to Daytona Beach, from Washington, D. C. in 1935 to escape the Great Depression. He was familiar with the history of the area from the land speed record attempts. France entered the 1936 Daytona event, he took over running the course in 1938. He promoted a few races before World War II. France had the notion. Drivers were victimized by unscrupulous promoters who would leave events with all the money before drivers were paid.
In 1947, he decided this racing would not grow without a formal sanctioning organization, standardized rules, regular schedule, an organized championship. On December 14, 1947, France began talks with other influential racers and promoters at the Ebony Bar at the Streamline Hotel at Daytona Beach, that ended with the formation of NASCAR on February 21, 1948; the first Commissioner of NASCAR was Erwin "Cannonball" Baker. A former stock car and open-wheel racer who competed in the Indianapolis 500 and set over one hundred land speed records. Baker earned most of his fame for his transcontinental speed runs and would prove a car's worth by driving it from New York to Los Angeles. After his death, the famous transcontinental race the'Cannonball Run' and the film, inspired by it were both named in his honor. Baker is enshrined in the Automotive Hall of Fame, the Motorcycle Hall of Fame, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway Hall of Fame; this level of honor and success in each diverse racing association earned Baker the title of "King of the Road".
In the early 1950s, the United States Navy stationed Bill France Jr. at the Moffett Federal Airfield in northern California. His father asked him to look up Bob Barkhimer in California. Barkhimer was a star of midget car racing from the World War II era, ran about 22 different speedways as the head of the California Stock Car Racing Association. Young Bill developed a relationship with his partner, Margo Burke, he went to events with them, stayed weekends with them and became familiar with racing on the west coast. "Barky", as he was called by his friends, met with Bill France Sr.. In the spring of 1954, NASCAR became a stock car sanctioning body on the Pacific Coast under Barky. Wendell Scott was the first African-American to win a race in the Grand National Series, NASCAR's highest level, he was posthumously inducted into the NASCAR Hall of Fame in Charlotte, N. C. January 30, 2015. On March 8, 1936, a collection of drivers gathered at Florida; the drivers brought coupes, hardtops and sports cars to compete in an event to determine the fastest cars, best dr
Daytona International Speedway
Daytona International Speedway is a race track in Daytona Beach, United States. Since opening in 1959, it has been the home of the Daytona 500, the most prestigious race in NASCAR. In addition to NASCAR, the track hosts races of ARCA, AMA Superbike, USCC, SCCA, Motocross; the track features multiple layouts including the primary 2.5-mile high-speed tri-oval, a 3.56-mile sports car course, a 2.95-mile motorcycle course, a 1,320-foot karting and motorcycle flat-track. The track's 180-acre infield includes the 29-acre Lake Lloyd; the speedway is operated by International Speedway Corporation. The track was built in 1959 by NASCAR founder William "Bill" France, Sr. to host racing, held at the former Daytona Beach Road Course. His banked design gave fans a better view of the cars. Lights were installed around the track in 1998, today it is the third-largest single lit outdoor sports facility; the speedway has been renovated four times, with the infield renovated in 2004 and the track repaved in 1978 and 2010.
On January 22, 2013, the fourth speedway renovation was unveiled. On July 5, 2013, ground was broken on "Daytona Rising" to remove backstretch seating and redevelop the frontstretch seating; the renovation was by design-builder Barton Malow Company in partnership with Rossetti Architects. The project was completed in January 2016, cost US $400 million, it emphasized improved fan experience with five expanded and redesigned fan entrances, as well as wider and more comfortable seats, more restrooms and concession stands. After the renovations were complete, the track's grandstands had 101,000 permanent seats with the ability to increase permanent seating to 125,000; the project was finished before the start of Speedweek in 2016. NASCAR founder William France Sr. began planning for the track in 1953 as a way to promote the series, which at the time was racing on the Daytona Beach Road Course. France met with Daytona Beach engineer Charles Moneypenny to discuss his plans for the speedway, he wanted the track to have the highest banking possible to allow the cars to reach high speeds and to give fans a better view of the cars on track.
Moneypenny traveled to Detroit, Michigan to visit the Ford Proving Grounds which had a high-speed test track with banked corners. Ford shared their engineering design of the track with Moneypenny, providing the needed details of how to transition the pavement from a flat straightaway to a banked corner. France took the plans to the Daytona Beach city commission, who supported his idea and formed the Daytona Beach Speedway Authority; the city commission agreed to lease the 447-acre parcel of land adjacent to Daytona Beach Municipal Airport to France's corporation for $10,000 a year over a 50-year period. France began working on building funding for the project and found support from a Texas oil millionaire, Clint Murchison, Sr. Murchison lent France $600,000 along with the construction equipment necessary to build the track. France secured funding from Pepsi-Cola, General Motors designer Harley Earl, a second mortgage on his home and selling 300,000 stock shares to local residents. Ground broke on construction of the 2.5-mile speedway on November 25, 1957.
To build the high banking, crews had to excavate over a million square yards of soil from the track's infield. Because of the high water table in the area, the excavated hole filled with water to form what is now known as Lake Lloyd, named after Joseph "Sax" Lloyd, one of the original six members of the Daytona Beach Speedway Authority. 22 tons of lime mortar had to be brought in to form the track's binding base, over which asphalt was laid. Because of the extreme degree of banking, Moneypenny had to come up with a way to pave the incline, he connected the paving equipment to bulldozers anchored at the top of the banking. This allowed the paving equipment to pave the banking without rolling down the incline. Moneypenny subsequently patented his construction method and designed Talladega Superspeedway and Michigan International Speedway. By December 1958, France had begun to run out of money and relied on race ticket sales to complete construction; the first practice run on the new track was on February 6, 1959.
On February 22, 1959, 42,000 people attended the inaugural Daytona 500. Its finish was as startling as the track itself: Lee Petty beat Johnny Beauchamp in a photo finish that took three days to adjudicate; when the track opened it was the fastest race track to host a stock car race, until Talladega Superspeedway opened 10 years later. On April 4, it hosted a 100 mi Champ Car event which saw Jim Rathmann beat Dick Rathmann and Rodger Ward, at an average speed of 170.26 mph, at the time the fastest motor race ever. It was sadly the occasion of Daytona's first fatality: George Amick, attempting to overtake for third late in the race, hit a wall and was killed. April 5, a scheduled 1,000 km sports car event was won by Roberto Mieres and Fritz d'Orey, who shared a Porsche RSK, which proved more durable than more potent competition. Lights were installed around the track in 1998 to run NASCAR's July race, the Coke Zero 400 at night; the track was the world's largest single lighted outdoor sports facility until being surpassed by Losail International Circuit in 2008.
Musco Lighting installed the lighting system, which took into account glare and visibility for aircraft arriving and departing nearby Daytona Beach International Airport, costs about $240 per hour when in operation. Daytona's tri-oval is 2.5 mile
NASCAR Rookie of the Year
The NASCAR Rookie of the Year Award is presented to the first-year driver that has the best season in a NASCAR season. Each of NASCAR's national and regional touring series selects a RotY winner each year; the Rookie of the Year award for NASCAR's premier series was first presented to a driver named Blackie Pitt by Houston Lawing, NASCAR'S Public Relations director, in 1954. While it wasn't an official award, it would help set the standard for the top rookie prize. An official award started with the 1958 season. From the 1958 through the 1973 seasons, NASCAR did not have an official points system to determine the Rookie of the Year, so NASCAR's officials gathered together to select a winner; some years were straight forward, such as James Hylton's selection in 1966, when he finished second in the overall championship, the highest finish for an eligible rookie. In other years, the system came under controversy, as officials didn't consider former champions from rival racing series and there were no transparent and consistent criteria for selecting the winner.
Since 1974, the Rookie of the Year points system described below has been used if it meant the winner was not the highest finisher in championship points. As of the 2018 season, the rookie of the Year points are the same as the championship points; the award is sponsored by Sunoco. Drivers competing for the award must display the Sunoco contingency decal. Drivers must meet the following criteria in order to be eligible to run for or receive the Rookie of the Year award. Must have run no more than five or seven, have been declared to race for driver points in that series, races in any previous season. Drivers who compete in more than five races in a higher NASCAR-sanctioned series are not eligible for the award in a lower series if they have not declared for the higher series. A Truck Series driver, under 18 may participate in all nine eligible races without losing rookie eligibility. Truck Series drivers who turn 18 during the year may participate in up to ten races without losing rookie eligibility.
If a driver does not start eight races before the end of Race 20 on the schedule, they will become ineligible to earn rookie points for the rest of that season and starting in 2011, remained declared for that series. Drivers may change series declaration. A driver may not receive rookie points if they start a race for a team that they did not qualify with. However, they are still eligible for championship points in that race. There have been a few cases before the 2011 rule change where aspiring Cup drivers have sacrificed their future eligibility to be Rookie of the Year candidates by driving part-time schedules including more than seven Cup races. For example, in 2009, Brad Keselowski ended up running 15 races, including a win at Talladega. Two other famous drivers who did the same thing are Carl Edwards, Marcos Ambrose. On the other hand, 2007 Rookie of the Year winner Juan Pablo Montoya was eligible though he had been the 1999 Rookie of the Year in the CART series The 2009 NASCAR Camping World Truck Series Rookie of the Year was Johnny Sauter, a veteran of both the Nationwide and Cup Series.
He had never run more than three Truck races in any previous season, made no 2009 starts at all in either of the two higher-level series, hence he was eligible for the truck series' rookie award. The 2006 Busch Series ROTY runner-up John Andretti was a veteran of the Cup Series but had made only one prior Busch Series start, making him eligible for the award. In 1992, Ricky Craven, the Busch Series Rookie of the Year had run seven races when the limit was five in 1991. However, Craven was only credited with two Busch-only starts, as the other five starts were in combination races with the Busch North Series, which he was a full-time regular at the time; the races were registered in the Busch North Series, so he could enter the race in that series and not compromise his eligibility in the "South" series. Beginning in 2011, drivers that are ineligible for points in one series cannot earn Rookie points in that series. For example, Trevor Bayne ran 18 races in 2011. Bayne therefore retained the right to declare for Rookie eligibility at a date.
However, when Bayne declared for Sprint Cup points in 2015, a little-known provision came into play that places a limit on the cumulative number of races a driver can run without declaring for points before he loses future Rookie eligibility. Bayne was confirmed by NASCAR to have exceeded this limit and is therefore ineligible to run for Rookie of the Year in 2015. Danica Patrick ran 10 races in 2012 in Sprint Cup, though she declared she would race for the Nationwide championship, allowing her in 2013 to declare in Sprint Cup, race as a rookie; this allows lower-tier drivers to substitute for injured drivers in higher-tier series without risk of losing rookie eligibility. Furthermore, in 2013, NASCAR added rules where drivers 16 and 17 years of age may race in the Camping World Truck Series and not lose rookie eligibility because a driver can only race 10 of the 23 races on the schedule. In 2015, two rookie contenders in the series – Erik Jones and John Hunter Nemechek – were declared rookies though they had exceeded the seven-race lim
Oldsmobile was a brand of American automobiles produced for most of its existence by General Motors. Olds Motor Vehicle Co. was founded by Ransom E. Olds in 1897, it produced over 35 million vehicles, including at least 14 million built at its Lansing, Michigan factory. During its time as a division of General Motors, it slotted in the middle of GM's five divisions, was noted for its testing of groundbreaking technology and designs, most notably the "Rocket V8" engine. In 1985, over 1 million Oldsmobiles were sold, but by the 1990s the division was tasked with competing with import brands; when it was shut down in 2004, Oldsmobile was the oldest surviving American automobile marque, one of the oldest in the world, after Peugeot, MAN, Tatra. Oldsmobiles were first manufactured by the Olds Motor Vehicle Co. in Lansing, Michigan, a company founded by Ransom E. Olds in 1897. In 1902, the company produced 635 cars, making it the first high-volume gasoline-powered automobile manufacturer. Oldsmobile became the top selling car company in the United States for a few years around 1903-4.
Ransom Olds formed the REO Motor Car Company. The 1902 to 1904 Oldsmobile Curved Dash was the first mass-produced car, made from the first automotive assembly line, an invention, miscredited to Henry Ford and the Ford Motor Company. After Olds merged Olds Motor Vehicle Co. with the Olds Gas Engine Works in 1899, it was renamed Olds Motor Works and moved to a new plant in Detroit, located at the corner of East Jefferson Avenue and MacArthur Bridge. By March 1901, the company had a whole line of models ready for mass production. However, a mistake by a worker caused the factory to catch fire, it burned to the ground, with all of the prototypes destroyed; the only car that survived the fire was a Curved Dash prototype, wheeled out of the factory by two workers while escaping the fire. A new factory was built in Lansing, production of the Curved Dash commenced; the cars were called "Olds automobiles," but were colloquially referred to as "Oldsmobiles." It was this moniker, as applied to the Curved Dash Olds, popularized in the lyrics and title of the 1905 hit song "In My Merry Oldsmobile".
The last Oldsmobile Curved Dash was made in 1907. General Motors purchased the company in 1908; the 1910 Limited Touring was a high point for the company. Riding atop 42-inch wheels, equipped with factory "white" tires, the Limited was the prestige model in Oldsmobile's two model lineup; the Limited retailed for US$4,600, an amount greater than the purchase of a new, no-frills three bedroom house. Buyers received goatskin upholstery, a 60 hp 707 CID straight-six engine, Bosch Magneto starter, running boards and room for five. Options included a speedometer, a full glass windshield. A limousine version was priced at $5,800. While Oldsmobile only sold 725 Limiteds in its three years of production, the car is best remembered for winning a race against the famed 20th Century Limited train, an event immortalized in the painting Setting the Pace by William Hardner Foster. In 1926, the Oldsmobile Six came in five body styles, ushered in a new GM bodystyle platform called the "GM B platform", shared with Buick products.
In 1929, as part of General Motors' companion make program, Oldsmobile introduced the higher standard Viking brand, marketed through the Oldsmobile dealer network. Viking was discontinued at the end of the 1930 model year although an additional 353 cars were marketed as 1931 models. In 1937, Oldsmobile was a pioneer in introducing a four-speed semi-automatic transmission called the "Automatic Safety Transmission", although this accessory was built by Buick, which would offer it in its own cars in 1938; this transmission features a conventional clutch pedal, which the driver presses before selecting either "low" or "high" range. In "low," the car shifts between second gears. In "high," the car shifts among first and fourth gears. For the 1940 model, Oldsmobile was the first auto manufacturer to offer a automatic transmission, called the "Hydramatic", which features four forward speeds, it has a gas pedal and a brake—no clutch pedal. The gear selector is on the steering column. Starting in 1941 and continuing through 1999, Oldsmobile used a two digit model designation.
As implemented, the first digit signifies the body size while the second represents the number of cylinders. Body sizes were 6, 7, 8, 9, six- and eight-cylinder engines were offered. Thus, Oldsmobiles were named "66" through "98"; the last pre-war Oldsmobile rolled off the assembly line on February 5, 1942. During World War II, Oldsmobile produced numerous kinds of material for the war effort, including large-caliber guns and shells. Production resumed on October 15, 1945 with a warmed-over 1942 model serving as the offering for 1946. Oldsmobile once again was a pioneer when, for the 1949 model, the Rocket engine was introduced, which used an overhead valve V8 design rather than the flathead "straight-eight" design which prevailed at the time; this engine produced far more power than the other engines that were popular during that era, found favor with hot-rodders and stock car racers. The basic design, with a few minor changes, endured until Oldsmobile redesigned its V8 engines in the mid-1960s.
Oldsmobile entered the 1950s following a divisional image campaign centered on its'Rocket' engines and its cars' appearance followed suit. Oldsmobile's Rocket V8 engine was the leader in performanc
Martinsville Speedway is an International Speedway Corporation-owned NASCAR stock car racing track located in Henry County, Virginia, just to the south of Martinsville. At 0.526 miles in length, it is the shortest track in the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series. The track was one of the first paved oval tracks in NASCAR, being built in 1947 by partners H. Clay Earles, Henry Lawrence and Sam Rice per Virginia House Joint Resolution No. 76 on the death of H. Clay Earles, it is the only race track, on the NASCAR circuit from its beginning in 1948. Along with this, Martinsville is the only NASCAR oval track on the entire NASCAR track circuit to have asphalt surfaces on the straightaways concrete to cover the turns; the track is referred to as paper clip-shaped and is banked only 12° in the turns. The combination of long straightaways and flat, narrow turns makes hard braking going into turns and smooth acceleration exiting turns a must; the track was paved in 1955 and in 1956 it hosted its first 500-lap event.
By the 1970s, a combination of high-traction slick tires and high speed was putting excessive wear on the asphalt surface. In 1976 the turns were repaved with concrete. By 2004, the 28-year-old concrete had shown significant wear. On April 18, 2004 a large chunk of concrete had become dislodged from the track's surface and caused severe damage to the body of Jeff Gordon's car. In reaction to this, the track was repaved with new concrete and asphalt; until 1999, Martinsville was notorious for having two pit roads. The backstretch pit road was avoided because if a team had to pit there during a caution, any car pitting on the front stretch had the advantage of pitting first and not having to adhere to pace car speed upon exiting their pit road; this was rectified when pit road was reconfigured to extend from the entrance of turn 3 to the exit of turn 2. This move allowed for a garage to be built inside the track, leaves Bristol as the only active NASCAR track with two pit roads; the first NASCAR sanctioned event was held on July 4, 1948.
In 1951, only four cars were running at the fewest of any race held at the speedway. In 1960, Richard Petty became the youngest winner at 22 years, 283 days. In 1991, Harry Gant became the oldest winner at 255 days, it was Gant's fourth win in a row. Ownership of the track was a joint venture of brothers Jim and Bill France, Jr. and H. Clay Earles, the majority owner, along with daughters Dorothy Campbell and Mary Weatherford, Dorothy Campbell's children, Sarah Fain and Clay Campbell. In 2004, the track was sold to the France family for over $200 million as a result of an estate sale following the death of Weatherford. Plans had existed to add an additional 20,000 seats along the back stretch, boosting capacity to over 85,000 seats. In 2005–2006 the Norfolk Southern Railway behind the track was moved 200 feet to make way for the added seats, but nothing more has been mentioned regarding this by track management since the sale of the track to ISC. From 1982 until 1994, again in 2006, the speedway hosted Busch Series events.
This occurred first with 200- and 150-lap features 300 laps from 1992 until 1994 as part of a Late Model/Busch Series doubleheader, 250 laps in the one-off in 2006. The venue was dropped from the Busch Series schedule for 2007 and a race at Circuit Gilles Villeneuve in Montreal was run on the open date. Martinsville hosts two Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series races — the STP 500 in late March or early April and the First Data 500 in late October or early November — along with NASCAR Gander Outdoors Truck Series, NASCAR Whelen Modified Tour, held on Labor Day weekend under the lights, Late Model races. Winners of the NASCAR Cup Series, Truck Series, Whelen Modified events receive a longcase clock as a trophy, a nod to Martinsville's famous furniture industry; this tradition started in 1964, when Earles decided he wanted to present a trophy that would reflect the Martinsville area. He chose clocks made by Ridgeway Clocks; the clocks presented as trophies are valued at around $10,000. The two Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series races at Martinsville seem to be on solid footing, despite the somewhat frequent rumblings of the track losing one of its race dates.
As as December 2008, Track President Clay Campbell said that no one, either from NASCAR, or track owner ISC, has hinted at taking a race from Martinsville and he plans on the sport being there in the long-term future. After multiple Late Model races were forced to count caution laps in segments in order to beat sunset, the 2015 fall Cup race ended at sunset, the track announced on October 12, 2016, in a news conference with Campbell and Dale Earnhardt Jr. that the track would be adding a 5-million-dollar LED lighting package. Campbell explained that Martinsville Speedway would be the first sports arena with an all-LED lighting package. Campbell said that the track did not have plans in place for nighttime races, with its premier series dates in 2017 locked in to start at 2 p.m. ET and 1 p.m. ET, but Campbell indicated that the $5 million initiative should provide flexibility in case of inclement weather. The project was
1995 NASCAR Busch Series
The 1995 NASCAR Busch Series season was held February 18 and ended November 5. Johnny Benson of BACE Motorsports won the championship; the Goody's 300 was held February 18 at Daytona International Speedway. Michael Waltrip won the pole. Top ten results 23-Chad Little 30-Michael Waltrip 14-Terry Labonte 8-Kenny Wallace 54-Rich Bickle 51-Jim Bown 3-Jeff Green 60-Mark Martin 4-Jeff Purvis 74-Johnny BensonThis was Little's first career Busch Series victory; the Goodwrench 200 was held February 25 at North Carolina Speedway. David Green won the pole. Top ten results 23-Chad Little 60-Mark Martin 14-Terry Labonte 74-Johnny Benson 21-Morgan Shepherd 99-Phil Parsons 82-Derrike Cope 90-Mike Wallace 97-Joe Bessey 3-Jeff Green The Hardee's 250 was held March 4 at Richmond International Raceway. Chad Little won the pole. Top ten results 8-Kenny Wallace 14-Terry Labonte 74-Johnny Benson 34-Mike McLaughlin 57-Jason Keller 7-Stevie Reeves 6-Tommy Houston 08-Bobby Dotter 99-Phil Parsons 48-Randy Porter The Busch Light 300 was held March 11 at Atlanta Motor Speedway.
Mark Martin won the pole. Top ten results 74-Johnny Benson 52-Ken Schrader 51-Jim Bown 55-Tim Fedewa 1-Hermie Sadler 43-Rodney Combs 92-Larry Pearson 82-Derrike Cope 75-Rick Wilson 38-Elton Sawyer The Opryland USA 320 was held March 17 at Nashville Speedway USA. Darrell Waltrip won the pole. Top ten results 44-David Green 23-Chad Little 14-Terry Labonte 8-Kenny Wallace 92-Larry Pearson 74-Johnny Benson 34-Mike McLaughlin 11-Darrell Waltrip 17-Robbie Reiser 3-Jeff Green The Mark III Vans 200 was held March 25 at Darlington Raceway. Tim Fedewa won the pole. Top ten results 92-Larry Pearson 74-Johnny Benson 60-Mark Martin 23-Chad Little 99-Phil Parsons 29-Steve Grissom 87-Joe Nemechek 20-Bobby Hillin, Jr. 71-Kevin Lepage 57-Jason Keller The Goody's 250 was held April 1 at Bristol Motor Speedway. David Green won the pole. Top ten results 29-Steve Grissom 60-Mark Martin 23-Chad Little 8-Kenny Wallace 14-Terry Labonte 74-Johnny Benson 5-Brad Teague 90-Mike Wallace 63-Curtis Markham 57-Jason Keller The Sundrop 400 was held April 15 at Hickory Motor Speedway.
David Green won the pole. Top ten results 74-Johnny Benson 1-Hermie Sadler 34-Mike McLaughlin 57-Jason Keller 08-Bobby Dotter 59-Dennis Setzer 47-Jeff Fuller 63-Curtis Markham 51-Jim Bown 11-Pete SilvaThis was Benson's last career NASCAR Busch Series victory; the NE Chevy Dealers 250 was held May 13 at New Hampshire International Speedway. Mike McLaughlin won the pole. Top ten results 23-Chad Little 38-Elton Sawyer 90-Mike Wallace 34-Mike McLaughlin 74-Johnny Benson 59-Dennis Setzer 25-Johnny Rumley 72-Tracy Leslie 76-Tom Bolles 92-Larry Pearson The Meridian Advantage 200 was held May 21 at Nazareth Speedway. David Green won the pole. Top ten results 55-Tim Fedewa 35-Doug Heveron 74-Johnny Benson 3-Jeff Green 44-David Green 08-Bobby Dotter 57-Jason Keller 38-Elton Sawyer 47-Jeff Fuller 20-Joe BesseyThis was Fedewa's first career Busch Series victory; the Red Dog 300 was held May 27 at Charlotte Motor Speedway. Rich Bickle won the pole. Top ten results 23-Chad Little 3-Jeff Green 72-Tracy Leslie 60-Mark Martin 52-Ken Schrader 57-Jason Keller 14-Terry Labonte 54-Rich Bickle 4-Jeff Purvis 71-Kevin Lepage The GM Goodwrench/Delco 200 was held June 3 at Dover International Speedway.
Tracy Leslie won the pole. Top ten results 34-Mike McLaughlin 90-Mike Wallace 2-Ricky Craven 57-Jason Keller 32-Dale Jarrett 25-Johnny Rumley 99-Phil Parsons 1-Hermie Sadler 23-Chad Little 20-Jimmy Spencer The Carolina Pride / Red Dog 250 was held June 10 at Myrtle Beach Speedway. Jeff Green won the pole. Top ten results 92-Larry Pearson 57-Jason Keller 59-Dennis Setzer 3-Jeff Green 08-Bobby Dotter 43-Rodney Combs 63-Curtis Markham 34-Mike McLaughlin 74-Johnny Benson 38-Elton Sawyer The Lysol 200 was held June 25 at Watkins Glen International Raceway. Terry Labonte won the pole. Top ten results 14-Terry Labonte 23-Chad Little 2-Ricky Craven 34-Mike McLaughlin 3-Jeff Green 29-Steve Grissom 74-Johnny Benson 63-Curtis Markham 1-Hermie Sadler 29-Phil Parsons The Sears Auto Center 250 was held July 2 at The Milwaukee Mile. Dennis Setzer won the pole. Top ten results 32-Dale Jarrett 92-Larry Pearson 3-Jeff Green 59-Dennis Setzer 34-Mike McLaughlin 57-Jason Keller 63-Curtis Markham 23-Chad Little 90-Mike Wallace 54-Rich Bickle The Humminbird Fishfinder 500K was held July 22 at Talladega Superspeedway.
Jeff Purvis won the pole. Top ten results 23-Chad Little 20-Jimmy Spencer 8-Kenny Wallace 87-Joe Nemechek 74-Johnny Benson 90-Mike Wallace 40-Patty Moise 75-Rick Wilson 52-Ken Schrader 38-Elton Sawyer The Ford Credit 300 was held July 29 at South Boston Speedway. Curtis Markham won the pole. Top ten results 23-Chad Little 34-Mike McLaughlin 44-David Green 92-Larry Pearson 95-Ward Burton 64-Bobby Dotter 38-Elton Sawyer 46-Elliott Sadler 00-Buckshot Jones 71-Kevin Lepage The Kroger 200 was held August 4 at Indianapolis Raceway Park. Elton Sawyer won the pole. Top ten results 57-Jason Keller 38-Elton Sawyer 34-Mike McLaughlin 72-Tracy Leslie 6-Tommy Houston 1-Hermie Sadler 08-Bobby Dotter 95-Ward Burton 3-Jeff Green 47-Jeff FullerChris Diamond spun around in turn two and knocked the lights, at the exact place where Gary St. Amant did the previous day in the SuperTruck Series; the Detroit Gasket 200 was held August 19 at Michigan International Speedway. Dale Jarrett won the pole. Jarrett had led the most laps in the race and won, but was disqualified for a rules violation, giving the win to Mark Martin.
Top ten results 60-Mark Martin 14-Terry Labonte 64-Randy LaJoie 2-Ricky Craven 74-Johnny Benson 99-Phil Parsons 20-Jimmy Spencer 2-Ward Burton 52-Ken Schrader 34-Mike McLaughlinThis race was Tommy Ellis' last career start. The Food City 250 was held August 25 at Bristol Motor Speedway. Stevie Reeves won the pole. Top ten results 29-Steve Grissom 3-Jeff Green 55-Tim Fedewa 23-Chad Little 14-Terry Labonte 44-David Green 6-Tommy Houston 71