University of Kent
The University of Kent is a semi-collegiate public research university based in Kent, United Kingdom. It is recognised as a Beloff's plate glass university; the University was granted its Royal Charter on 4 January 1965 and the following year Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent was formally installed as the first Chancellor. The university has a rural campus north of Canterbury situated within 300 acres of park land, housing over 6,000 students, as well as campuses in Medway and Tonbridge in Kent and European postgraduate centres in Brussels, Athens and Paris; the University is international, with students from 158 different nationalities and 41% of its academic and research staff being from outside the United Kingdom. As of 2019, the University of Kent is ranked within the top 55 universities in the UK by the Guardian, the Times and the Complete University Guide, has scored 90% or higher for overall satisfaction in the National Student Survey. In 2016, over 28,000 students applied to the University through UCAS and 4000 accepted an offer.
Indeed three-quarters of the work submitted for the 2014 research assessments by the University was judged to be world-leading or internationally excellent. It is a member of the Santander Network of European universities encouraging social and economic development. A university in the city of Canterbury was first considered in 1947, when an anticipated growth in student numbers led several residents to seek the creation of a new university, including Kent. However, the plans never came to fruition. A decade both population growth and greater demand for university places led to a re-consideration. In 1959 the Education Committee of Kent County Council explored the creation of a new university, formally accepting the proposal unanimously on 24 February 1960. Two months the Education Committee agreed to seek a site at or near Canterbury, given the historical associations of the city, subject to the support of Canterbury City Council. By 1962 a site was found at Beverley Farm, straddling the boundary between the City of Canterbury and the administrative county of Kent.
The university's original name, chosen in 1962, was the University of Kent at Canterbury, reflecting the fact that the campus straddled the boundary between the county borough of Canterbury and Kent County Council. At the time it was the normal practice for universities to be named after the town or city whose boundaries they were in, with both "University of Kent" and "University of Canterbury" proposed; the name adopted reflected the support of county authorities. The abbreviation "UKC" became a popular abbreviation for the university; the University of Kent at Canterbury was granted its Royal Charter on 4 January 1965 and the first batch of 500 students arrived in the October of that year. On 30 March 1966 Duchess of Kent was formally installed as the first Chancellor; the University was envisaged as being a collegiate establishment, with most students living in one of the colleges on campus, as specialising in inter-disciplinary studies in all fields. Over the years, changes in government policy and other changing demands have destroyed this original concept, leading to the present state, nearer the norm for a British University.
However, the four original colleges – Darwin, Eliot and Rutherford – remain, together with the newer Woolf and Turing colleges, each with their own masters. The university grew at a rapid rate throughout the 1960s, with three colleges and many other buildings on campus being completed by the end of the decade; the 1970s saw further construction, but the university encountered the biggest physical problem in its history. The university had been built above a tunnel on Whitstable Railway. In July 1974 the tunnel collapsed, damaging part of the Cornwallis Building, which sank nearly a metre within about an hour on the evening of 11 July; the university had insurance against subsidence, so it was able to pay for the south-west corner of the building to be demolished and replaced by a new wing at the other end of the building. Building elsewhere included the Park Wood accommodation village and the Darwin houses in 1989. In 1982 the university opened the University Centre at Tonbridge for its School of Continuing education, helping to enhance the availability of teaching across the county.
During the 1990s and 2000s the University expanded beyond its original campus, establishing campuses in Medway and Brussels, partnerships with Canterbury College, West Kent College, South Kent College and MidKent College. In the 2000s the university entered a collaboration named Universities at Medway with the University of Greenwich, MidKent College and Canterbury Christ Church University to deliver university provision in the Medway area; this led to the development of the University of Kent at Medway, opened from 2001. Based at Mid-Kent College, a new joint campus opened in 2004. Small postgraduate centres opened in Paris in 2009, in Rome and Athens; as a consequence of the expansion outside Canterbury the university's name was formally changed to the University of Kent on 1 April 2003. Part of the original reasoning for the name disappeared when local government reforms in the 1970s resulted in the Canterbury campus falling within the City of Canterbury, which no longer has county borough status, Kent County Council.
In 2007 the university was rebranded with website. The logo was c
Spirogyra are a British folk/prog band that recorded three albums between 1971 and 1973, with further original albums in 2009 and 2011. Martin Cockerham and Mark Francis formed Spirogyra as a duo in Bolton, Lancashire in the summer of 1967; when Cockerham went to the University of Kent at Canterbury in December 1969 he expanded the band to include fellow students Barbara Gaskin, Steve Borrill, Julian Cusack. They were soon spotted by student union entertainments officer Max Hole, who offered to manage them and got them a recording contract with B&C Records, their debut album, St. Radigunds, was named after the street, it established them as a cult act on the underground club circuit, sold respectably. Its follow-up, 1972's Old Boot Wine, appeared on Peg Records and showcased a harder-edged sound than their predominantly acoustic debut. After the release of Old Boot Wine, the band was pared back to the duo of Cockerham and Gaskin, who were by now romantically involved, their final album, Bells and Shambles, appeared on Polydor in April 1973 and sold poorly.
Regarded today as one of the classics of British'acid folk', it featured guest appearances from the band's former members, as well as contributions from Henry Lowther on trumpet. Copies of all three albums are expensive today. All three appeared on Brain Records in Germany, with gatefold sleeves. Dave Mattacks of Fairport Convention played drums on all three albums as a guest. In March 1974, Spirogyra undertook their last tour, with Martin Cockerham, Barbara Gaskin, Rick Biddulph and Jon Gifford; the new, rather experimental material never made it on a fourth studio album. New titles were "The River", "Waves" and "Sea Song". Cockerham returned to England early in the new millennium, he began to issue new editions of old Spirogyra material and some unreleased work. He reunited with Mark Francis using their original Spirogyra name, from 2004 to 2006 they recorded a new album, released as a physical CD in 2009, entitled Children's Earth. At the same time another new album called Rainbow Empire, while a Martin Cockerham solo release, featured the same collaborations and is musically cognate.
Both were made available, as are other releases, through his Rainbow Empire website, were favourably reviewed in the Christmas 2009 edition of Record Collector magazine. On 6 June 2010, Spirogyra reunited for'A Psychedelic evening with Spirogyra' at The Union Chapel Islington, hosted by Ron Brand and Tiffany Vivienne Brown of Ron Brand Management; the duo of Cockerham and Francis, with several colleagues, combined for another Spirogyra album in 2011, calling it Spirogyra 5. This album reunited Cockerham and the trumpeter Henry Lowther who had earlier contributed to the Bells and Shambles album. Martin Cockerham, born in 1950, died on 5 April 2018. St. Radigunds - 1971/remastered 2013 Old Boot Wine - 1972/remastered 2013 Bells and Shambles - 1973/remastered 2013/all 3 on Esoteric/Cherry Red/Universal Music Group Burn the Bridges - 1969-72 Children's Earth - 2009 Spirogyra 5 - 2011 We Were a Happy Crew - 1999 - Best of compilation A Canterbury Tale - 2006 - 2 disc retrospective Spirogyra Box Set Si Wan Records
Split Enz were a rock band from New Zealand, popular during the late 1970s and early 1980s. It was founded in 1973 by Tim Finn and Phil Judd, had a variety of other members during its existence. Split Enz had eight songs listed in the APRA Top 100 New Zealand Songs of All Time, more than any other band. Split Enz had ten albums reach the top ten of the Official New Zealand Music Chart. From 1980 to 1982, the band had four number-one albums in three in Australia, it had two albums break the top ten of the Canadian Albums Chart, two break the top fifty of the Billboard 200, one break the top fifty of the UK Albums Chart. The only number-one single for Split Enz was "I Got You", which topped the charts in both New Zealand and Australia. Other top-ten singles include "One Step Ahead", "History Never Repeats", "Dirty Creature", "Six Months in a Leaky Boat". In late 1972, university friends Tim Finn and Phil Judd founded a acoustic band called Split Ends in Auckland, New Zealand. Finn played piano, while Judd sang and played guitar.
Both wrote songs. They were accompanied by Tim's old school friend Mike Chunn on bass, Miles Golding on violin, Mike Howard on flute. Finn and Judd became close friends. Another key personality in this period was Phil Judd's university friend Noel Crombie, who performed with them over the next few years. Another powerful creative influence was Phil and Tim's love for British author and artist Mervyn Peake, whose Gormenghast novels inspired a number of their early songs. Named "Split Ends" they were an odd and eclectic mix for a pop band, Golding having been educated in classical music and Finn influenced by the Beatles, the Move, the Kinks. With financial backing from friend and fan Barry Coburn they issued their first single, "For You"/"Split Ends", in April 1973 and undertook their first short first tour, supporting British blues legend John Mayall, it was at this point that Mike Chunn's brother Geoff Chunn was brought in to replace their original drummer Div Vercoe. Golding and Howard left soon after, Chunn wanted the band to become electric, so extra members were added: guitarist Wally Wilkinson, saxophonist Robert Gillies.
By this time Split Ends had become Tim's primary focus and he dropped out of university to concentrate on the band. In late 1973 Split Ends entered the New Faces television talent contest, in preparation for their performance they recorded two new Judd-Finn songs: "129" and "Home Sweet Home". Soon after, they recorded "Sweet Talking Spoon Song", which would become the second single. In the event - and much to the dismay of the Finn family watching at home - Split Ends finished second-last in the contest. Although this first television appearance was not recorded by TVNZ, the Finn family still have the shaky, silent 8mm b/w home movie footage they shot directly off the TV screen and a portion of, included in the Split Enz documentary Spellbound. Despite their loss on New Faces, the group made a sufficiently strong impression to secure them a 30-minute concert special for Television New Zealand, recorded soon after. Typical of the time, the performances were mimed to pre-recorded backing tracks, so the band put down four more songs including "No Bother To Me", "Malmsbury Villa" and "Spellbound".
It was around this time. In November 1973, EMI NZ issued the band's second single, "129" / "Sweet Talking Spoon Song". Over the next eighteen months Split Enz honed their material and performances; the TV special exposure enabled them to undertake their first national concert tour, although Phil Judd did not take part. He disliked performing live, was uncomfortable with negative reactions to the band, felt that their developing music was too complex for successful stage presentation, so he decided to stay at home to write and record new material while the rest of the band toured, although he returned to make occasional live appearances and rejoined full-time. In early 1974 the group's sound took a major step forward when Tim acquired a Mellotron and in February keyboard player Eddie Rayner joined the band. Rayner's accomplished playing soon became a crucial part of the group's sound and he was one of two members who remained with the band for its entire subsequent career, the other being percussionist Noel Crombie.
The latter joined that year, along with Paul Crowther, while Geoff Chunn and Rob Gillies departed. Early in their career, the group made the decision to treat records, live shows, publicity photos, stage design, costumes and makeup as a total package, this was assisted by their wide-ranging interests in literature and the visual arts: Judd was an accomplished painter and subsequently created cover paintings for two Enz albums, his artist friend Noel Crombie was soon roped in to become the group's "stylist" and Noel went on to create all the extraordinary costumes, hairstyles and stage sets which soon became their trademark, as well as coordinating all their single and album artwork and associated promotional material, he directed all their music videos. In early 1974 Split Enz undertook a series of radio-sponsored "Buck-A-Head" shows which played in theatres rather than in pubs or clubs. Taking advantage of this and Tim de
Kevin Ayers was an English singer-songwriter, a major influential force in the English psychedelic movement. Ayers was a founding member of the pioneering psychedelic band Soft Machine in the mid-1960s, was associated with the Canterbury scene, he recorded a series of albums as a solo artist and over the years worked with Brian Eno, Syd Barrett, Bridget St John, John Cale, Elton John, Robert Wyatt, Andy Summers, Mike Oldfield and Ollie Halsall, among others. After living for many years in Deià, Majorca, he returned to the United Kingdom in the mid-1990s before moving to the south of France, his last album, The Unfairground, was released in 2007. The British rock journalist Nick Kent wrote: "Kevin Ayers and Syd Barrett were the two most important people in British pop music. Everything that came after came from them." Ayers was born in Herne Bay, the son of BBC producer Rowan Ayers. Following his parents' divorce and his mother's subsequent marriage to a British civil servant, Ayers spent most of his childhood in Malaya.
The tropical atmosphere and unpressured lifestyle had an impact, one of the frustrating and endearing aspects of Ayers' career is that every time he seemed on the point of success, he would take off for some sunny spot where good wine and food were found. Ayers returned to England at the age of twelve. In his early college years he took up with the burgeoning musicians' scene in the Canterbury area, he was drafted into the Wilde Flowers, a band that featured Robert Wyatt and Hugh Hopper, as well as future members of Caravan. Ayers stated in interviews that the primary reason he was asked to join was that he had the longest hair. However, this prompted him to start writing songs and singing; the Wilde Flowers evolved into Caravan after Ayers and Wyatt left and joined keyboardist Mike Ratledge and guitarist Daevid Allen to form Soft Machine. Ayers switched to bass following Allen's departure from that group and shared vocals with the drummer Robert Wyatt; the contrast between Ayers' baritone and Wyatt's reedy tenor, plus the freewheeling mix of rock and jazz influences, made for a memorable new sound that caught on in the psychedelic 1960s.
The band shared stages with Pink Floyd. They released their debut single'Love Makes Sweet Music'/'Feelin' Reelin' Squeelin' in February 1967, making it one of the first recordings from the new British psychedelic movement, their debut album, The Soft Machine, was recorded in the USA for ABC/Probe and released in 1968. It is considered a classic of the genre. To many in the U. S, Soft Machine was best known for being the opening act on the second U. S. tour by The Jimi Hendrix Experience. After an extensive tour of the United States opening for The Jimi Hendrix Experience, a weary Ayers sold his white Fender Jazz Bass to Noel Redding and retreated to the beaches of Ibiza in Spain with Daevid Allen to recuperate. While there, Ayers went on a songwriting binge that resulted in the songs that would make up his first album, Joy of a Toy; the album was one of the first released alongside Pink Floyd's Ummagumma. Joy of a Toy established Ayers as a unique talent with music that varied from the circus march of the title cut, to the pastoral "Girl on a Swing", the ominous "Oleh Oleh Bandu Bandong", based on a Malay folksong.
Ayers' colleagues from Soft Machine backed him on one track, "Song for Insane Times", on some cuts with Rob Tait, sometime Gong drummer. One interesting product of the sessions was the single, "Religious Experience", early recordings of which featured Syd Barrett on guitar and backing vocals; the lead guitar that appears on the final mix was thought to have been played by Barrett appearing on various Barrett bootlegs, but Ayers said that he played the solo, emulating Barrett's style. However the 2004 CD reissue of Joy of a Toy includes a mix of this song featuring Barrett's guitar as a bonus track. Ayers was to all intents and purposes a member of Gong in 1971 when the band first toured the UK, he played an instrumental role in Steve Hillage appearing in Gong in 1972, while Steve was touring France as a member of Ayers's band. A second album, Shooting at the Moon, soon followed. For this, Ayers assembled a band that he called The Whole World, including a young Mike Oldfield on bass and lead guitar, avant-garde composer David Bedford on keyboards and improvising saxophonist, Lol Coxhill.
Again Ayers came up with a batch of engaging songs interspersed with avant-garde instrumentals and a heavy dose of whimsy. The Whole World was an erratic band live, Ayers was not cut out for life on the road touring; the band broke up after a short tour, with no hard feelings, as most of the musicians guested on Ayers' next album, Whatevershebringswesing, regarded as one of his best, featuring the mellifluous eight-minute title track that would become Ayers' signature sound for the'70s. Bananamour was the fourth studio album by Kevin Ayers and it featured some of his most accessible recordings, including "Shouting in a Bucket Blues" and his whimsical tribute to Syd Barrett, "Oh! Wot A Dream". After Whatevershebringswesing, Ayers assembled a new band anchored by drummer Eddie Sparrow and bassist Archie Legget and employed a more direct lyricism; the centrepiece of the album is'Decadence', a portrait of Nico. 1974 was a watershed year for Ayers. In addition to releasing his most compelling music in this year, he helped provide other artists with access to a wider stage, most notably Lady June.
The recording, titled Lady June's Linguistic Leprosy, made in a front room of Cramer's
Camembert Electrique is the second studio album by the progressive rock band Gong and released in 1971 on the French BYG Actuel label. The album was recorded at Château d'Hérouville near Paris, produced by Pierre Lattès and engineered by Gilles Salle. Jean Karakos was executive producer; the album was released in France in October 1971 on BYG Actuel, reissued in the UK in 1974 by Virgin Records, where it sold for 59p, the price of a single, a marketing scheme Virgin had used the year before for the album The Faust Tapes by Faust, in the hope that discounted albums would give more exposure to the artists and encourage sales of their priced albums, although these discounted albums did not qualify for album chart listings. It was issued twice on Virgin's Caroline Records budget label, still at a discount price, but no longer priced as low as a single. In the late 1970s it was reissued on Charly Records whose edition was in print in the UK concurrently with Virgin's. More it has been reissued in the UK on CD by Snapper Music and on 180-gram vinyl by Get Back Records.
Track 1 is titled "Radio Gnome Prediction" on Virgin editions and "Radio Gnome" on CD editions to avoid confusion with the song titled "Radio Gnome Invisible", released in 1973 on the Flying Teapot album. Gong recorded a different song titled "Selene" on the Angel's Egg album. "Wet Cheese Delirium" is misspelled "Delirum", "And You Tried So Hard" is shortened to "Tried So Hard" on some recent editions. The first and last tracks on each side are short collages of sound effects which begin or end each side of the original LP. On both sides of the LP the audio begins in the spaced lead groove, at the end of the side, the audio continues into the locked groove. Daevid Allen - guitar, bass Gilli Smyth - space whisper Didier Malherbe - saxophones, flute Christian Tritsch - bass, guitar Pip Pyle - drumswithEddy Louiss - Hammond organ and piano on 3 Konstantin Simonovitch - phased piano on 5Also listed among the personnel are "Venux De Luxe", the band's live sound engineer, as "switch doctor and mix master".
Robert Wyatt's son Sam is pictured with the band
Didier Malherbe, is a French jazz and world music musician, known as a member of the bands Gong and Hadouk, as well as a poet. His first instrument was a saxophone, but he plays flutes, alto clarinet, Laotian Khen, Bawu flute and many other wind instruments. Since 1995, duduk has been his preferred instrument. Didier Malherbe began playing saxophone at age 13 after hearing Charlie Parker's "Bloomdido", a title he would adopt as his nickname. After two years of formal training on saxophone he began to participate in jam sessions at various Paris jazz clubs alongside the likes of Alby Cullaz, Eddy Louiss, Jacques Thollot... He moved away from jazz. "I had grown puzzled about bebop because of so many rules. Free jazz arrived, which got rid of all the rules... I decided I'd rather look elsewhere". In 1962, after hearing the first Ravi Shankar album, he travelled to India, where he discovered bamboo flute and learned to play bansuri, Indian bamboo flute. Back in Paris, he took classical flute lessons, while studying ancient languages at the Sorbonne university.
In 1964-65, he travelled around Morocco, staying in a community in Tangier, playing with other hippie musicians such as guitarist Davey Graham. And absorbing elements of Arabic music. In 1966, he appeared on the soundtrack for the movie Chappaqua, credited to Ravi Shankar, dabbled with rock music for the first time, electrifying his sax when he appeared, as part of a band called Les Rollsticks, in Marc'O's successful comedy-rock Les Idoles; this was such a hit that it was made into a feature film in 1968. In the summer of 1968, Malherbe left for Majorca, in the Balearic Islands, where he found shelter in the property of writer Robert Graves. There he worked on improving his flute playing, spent time with Kevin Ayers and Daevid Allen, two former members of Soft Machine, whose performance at the Fenêtre Rose festival in late 1967 he called "a triggering event."In 1969, back in Paris, he joined a raga-blues-folk trio, Morning Calm, played free jazz with American pianist Burton Greene, appearing on his album recorded for the BYG label.
The same label released Magick Brother, the first Gong album, on which Malherbe appeared alongside musicians of various backgrounds, whether pop or jazz. Gong became a real band for an appearance at the Amougies festival in October 1969. Malherbe received the stage name Bloomdido Bad De Grasse from Daevid Allen, a combination of the title of the Charlie Parker standard and a rough English translation of his surname; the albums Camembert Electrique and Continental Circus made Gong, along with Magma and others, a key player on the French underground scene of the early 1970s, pioneering the MJC circuit. Allen's faithful right-hand man, Bloomdido stoically survived the band's countless line-up changes staying on after Allen himself quit in 1975 following the Radio Gnome Invisible trilogy, released by the then-fledgling Virgin label: Flying Teapot and Angel's Egg You. Malherbe achieved a unique sound by electrifying his instrument, brought to the band many melodic ideas, "which I gave away, in a communal spirit.
That's one of the features of my character and my music: I am a spontaneous guy, an improviser."Following the departures in 1975 of Allen Steve Hillage, Gong moved to a more jazz-fusion style, influenced by Weather Report, with Malherbe adding a world-music flavour, as exemplified by "Bambooji" on the Shamal album, an early pointer to his work as a solo artist. A final line-up with a percussion section and Allan Holdsworth on guitar recorded Gazeuse!. "He has always been, remains, the best musician Gong had. He is a true virtuoso - but to the point that he never shows it" - Daevid Allen In 1977, Didier Malherbe formed the band Bloom playing "jazz-rock, but performed in a personal way, with odd time signatures, some funky ideas and crazy lyrics,", they recorded an eponymous album in 1978, the band toured France. In 1981, it was replaced by smaller line-ups, Duo du Bas with Yan Emeric Vagh, Duo Ad lib with Jean-Philippe Rykiel. In 1978, Didier played on 3 songs on Gilli Smyth's Charly Records release "Mother," appearing on her "Fairy Tales" LP under the band name "Mother Gong," featuring guitarist Harry Williamson, after Smyth's breakup with'Gong' founder, Didier's longtime friend and collaborator, Daevid Allen.
In 1980, Didier recorded his first solo album, "Bloom," with a jazz-fusion sound common to that era, but with distinctly French vocals and artsy oddities. In 1982, Malherbe began a partnership with Faton Cahen, former pianist with Magma and Zao, which they logically called Faton-Bloom; the band was completed by Éric Bedoucha and Roger Raspail. An eponymous album appeared in 1986, accompanied by copious touring. During that period he worked with singer Jacques Higelin, on stage and in the studio, he played on the first album by Equip'Out, a band led by ex-Gong drummer Pip Pyle, joined Daevid Allen in a new line-up of Gong, which resulted in the album Shapeshifter. In 1990, Didier Malherbe released his first true solo album, surrounded by a cast of thousands, he called the album "very scattered." He notably experimented with the wind synthesizer Yamaha WX7. He signed with the Tangram label, releasing Zeff in 1992, a major critical and commercial success; the unique sound of the Zeff, a harmonic bent PVC pipe graced Vangelis' soundtrack for Ridley Scott's movie 1492: Christopher Columbus, was featured on public TV chan
Gong are an international progressive rock band that incorporates elements of jazz and space rock into their musical style. The group was formed in Paris in 1967 by Australian musician Daevid Allen and English vocalist Gilli Smyth. Band members have included Didier Malherbe, Pip Pyle, Steve Hillage, Mike Howlett, Pierre Moerlen, Bill Laswell and Theo Travis. Others who have played on stage with Gong include Don Cherry, Chris Cutler, Bill Bruford, Brian Davison, Dave Stewart and Tatsuya Yoshida. Gong's 1970 debut album, Magick Brother featured a psychedelic pop sound. By the following year, the second album, Camembert Electrique, featured the more psychedelic rock/space rock sound with which they would be most associated. Between 1973 and 1974, Gong released their best known work, the allegorical Radio Gnome Invisible trilogy, describing the adventures of Zero the Hero, the Good Witch Yoni and the Pot Head Pixies from the Planet Gong. In 1975, Allen and Smyth left the band, which continued without them, releasing a series of jazz rock albums under the leadership of drummer Pierre Moerlen.
This incarnation soon became known as Pierre Moerlen's Gong. Meanwhile, Smyth formed Mother Gong while Allen initiated a series of spin-off groups, including Planet Gong, New York Gong and Gongmaison, before returning to lead Gong once again in 1990 until his death in 2015. With Allen's encouragement, the band decided to continue, releasing the album Rejoice! I'm Dead! in September 2016. In September 1967, Australian singer and guitarist Daevid Allen, a member of the English psychedelic rock band Soft Machine, was denied re-entry to the United Kingdom for 3 years following a French tour because his visa had expired, he settled in Paris, where he and his partner, London-born Sorbonne professor Gilli Smyth, established the first incarnation of Gong along with Ziska Baum on vocals and Loren Standlee on flute. However, the nascent band came to an abrupt end during the May 1968 student revolution, when Allen and Smyth were forced to flee the country after a warrant was issued for their arrest, they headed for Deià in Majorca, where they had lived for a time in 1966.
In August 1969, film director Jérôme Laperrousaz, a close friend of the pair, invited them back to France to record a soundtrack for a motorcycle racing movie which he was planning. This came to nothing at the time, but they were subsequently approached by Jean Karakos of the newly-formed independent label BYG Actuel to record an album, so set about forming a new electric Gong band in Paris, recruiting their first rhythm section of Christian Tritsch and Rachid Houari and re-connecting with a saxophonist called Didier Malherbe whom they had met in Deià. However, Tritsch was not ready in time for the sessions and so Allen played the bass guitar himself; the album, entitled Magick Brother, was completed in October. The re-born Gong played its debut gig at the BYG Actuel Festival in the small Belgian town of Amougies, on 27 October 1969, joined by Danny Laloux on hunting horn and percussion, Dieter Gewissler and Gerry Fields on violin, was introduced to the stage by bemused compere Frank Zappa.
Magick Brother was released in March 1970, followed in April by a non-album single, "Est-Ce Que Je Suis. In October, the band moved into an abandoned 12-room hunting lodge called Pavillon du Hay, near Voisines and Sens, 120 km south-east of Paris, they would be based there until early 1974. Houari left the band in the spring of 1971 and was replaced by English drummer Pip Pyle, whom Allen had been introduced to by Robert Wyatt during the recording of his debut solo album, Banana Moon; the new line-up recorded a soundtrack for Laperrousaz's movie, now entitled Continental Circus, played at the second Glastonbury Festival documented on the Glastonbury Fayre album. Next, they began work on their second studio album, Camembert Electrique referred to by Allen as "the first real band album", it established the progressive, space rock sound which would make their name, leading, in the autumn, to their first UK tour. However, by the end of the year Pyle had left the group, to be replaced by another English drummer, Laurie Allan.
1972 saw the start of increasing line-up disruption for Gong. Laurie Allan left in April to be replaced by Mac Poole Charles Hayward and Rob Tait, before returning again late in the year. Gilli Smyth left for a time, returning to Deià to look after her and Daevid Allen's baby son, was replaced by Diane Stewart, the partner of Tait and the ex-wife of Graham Bond. Christian Tritsch moved to guitar and was replaced on bass by former Magma member Francis Moze, while the band's sound was expanded with the addition of synthesizer player Tim Blake. In October they were one of the first acts to sign to Richard Branson's fledgling Virgin Records label, in late December traveled to Virgin's Manor Studio in Oxfordshire, England, to record their third album, Flying Teapot; as they settled in, they were played a rough mix of Mike Oldfield's Tubular Bells already in production. Towards the end of their recording sessions they were joined by English guitarist Steve Hillage, whom they had met a few weeks earlier in France playing with Kevin Ayers, who had replaced Oldfield in Ayers' band.
He arrived too late to contribute much to the album, but would soon become a key component in the Gong sound. Flying Teapot was released on 25 May 1973, the same day as Tubular Bells, was the first installment of the Radio Gnome Invisible trilogy, which expounded upon the Gong mythology developed by Allen; the second part, Angel's Egg, followed in December, now featuring the'classic' rhythm section of Mike Howlett on