Stephen John Nash is a Canadian former professional basketball player who played 18 seasons in the National Basketball Association. He was a seven-time All-NBA selection. Twice, Nash was named the NBA Most Valuable Player while playing for the Phoenix Suns, he serves as senior advisor of the Canadian men's national team and as a player development consultant for the Golden State Warriors. After a successful high school basketball career in British Columbia, Nash earned a scholarship to Santa Clara University in California. In his four seasons with the Broncos, the team made three NCAA Tournament appearances, he was twice named the West Coast Conference Player of the Year. Nash graduated from Santa Clara as the team's all-time leader in assists and was taken as the 15th pick in the 1996 NBA draft by the Phoenix Suns, he made minimal impact and was traded to the Dallas Mavericks in 1998. By his fourth season with the Mavericks, he was voted to his first NBA All-Star Game and had earned his first All-NBA selection.
Together with Dirk Nowitzki and Michael Finley, Nash led the Mavericks to the Western Conference Finals the following season. He became a free agent after the 2003–04 season and returned to the Phoenix Suns. In the 2004–05 season, Nash led the Suns to the Western Conference Finals and was named the league's MVP, he was named MVP again in the 2005–06 season and was runner-up for a third consecutive MVP to Nowitzki in 2006–07. Named by ESPN in 2006 as the ninth-greatest point guard of all time, Nash led the league in assists and free throw percentage at various points in his career, he is ranked as one of the top players in NBA league history in three-point shooting, free throw shooting, total assists, assists per game. Nash has been honoured for his contributions to various philanthropic causes. In 2006, he was named by Time as one of the 100 most influential people in the world, he was appointed to the Order of Canada in 2007 and invested to the order in 2016, was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws by the University of Victoria in 2008.
Nash has been a co-owner of the Vancouver Whitecaps FC of Major League Soccer since the team entered the league in 2011. From 2012 to 2019, he served as general manager of the Canadian men's national team, for whom he played from 1991 to 2003, making one Olympic appearance and being twice named FIBA AmeriCup MVP. Nash was born in Johannesburg, South Africa, to a Welsh mother and English father, John, on 7 February 1974, his family moved to Regina, when he was 18 months old, before settling in Victoria, British Columbia. He, holds British as well as Canadian citizenship. Before the family settled in Canada, his father played professional soccer in various parts of the world. Nash played soccer and ice hockey with his younger brother Martin and did not start playing basketball until he was 12 or 13 years old. In grade eight, however, he told his mother that one day he would play in the NBA and would become a star, he was a neighbour to future NHL stars Russ and Geoff Courtnall, who used to babysit him and played soccer coached by Nash's father.
Nash attended Mount Douglas Secondary School in Saanich, British Columbia, but after his grades began to drop, his parents decided to enroll him at St. Michaels University School, a private boarding school in Victoria. There, he starred in basketball and rugby union. While playing basketball during his senior season, Nash averaged 21.3 points, 11.2 assists, 9.1 rebounds per game. In the 1991–92 season, he led his team in his final year to the British Columbia AAA provincial championship title, was named the province's Player of the Year. Although Nash's high school coach, Ian Hyde-Lay, sent letters of inquiry and highlight reels on Nash's behalf to over 30 American universities, Nash was not recruited by any university, until Santa Clara coach Dick Davey requested video footage of the young guard. After watching Nash in person, Davey said he "was nervous as hell just hoping that no one else would see him, it didn't take a Nobel Prize winner to figure out this guy. It was just a case of hoping that none of the big names came around."
However, Davey told Nash he was "the worst defensive player" he had seen. Nash was awarded a scholarship by Santa Clara for the 1992–93 season. At that time, it had been five years; that changed when Nash led the Broncos to a WCC Tournament title and an upset win over the No. 2 seeded Arizona in the first round of the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. In that game, Nash scored six straight free throws in the last 30 seconds of the contest. Although Temple defeated Santa Clara in the next round, the 1992–93 campaign was considered a successful one. However, the Broncos failed to sustain the momentum the following season and only managed a 5–7 record in the conference; the team rebounded in the 1994–95 season, with Nash being named Conference Player of the Year and the Broncos topping the WCC. Featuring the league leader for scoring and assists in Nash, the Broncos returned to the NCAA tournament, but Mississippi State defeated them. After the season, Nash contemplated turning professional and decided against it when he learned that he would not be considered as a first-round pick in the 1995 NBA draft.
In the 1995–96 season, Nash began attracting the attention of the national media and professional scouts. He had spent the summer before that honing his skills, playing with the Canadian national team and working out with the likes of established NBA players Jason Kidd and Gary Payton. Santa Clara again captured the WCC title, for the second consecutive year, Nash was named Conference Player of the Year, the first Bronco to d
Vo Slavu Velikim! is the third full-length album by the Russian folk metal band Arkona. It was released on September 2005 through Sound Age Production, it was re-released in 2008 by Vic Records. A review of the 2008 re-release album by the German Sonic Seducer was favourable, calling the album a proof that Arkona were among "the best and the most aesthetic" pagan folk metal bands world-wide; the reviewer praised singer Maria Arkhipova's voice as well as the dynamical and melodical compositions. Masha "Scream" – vocals, keyboards, acoustic guitar Sergei "Lazar" – guitars, choir Ruslan "Kniaz" – bass Vlad "Artist" – drums, percussion Vladimir Cherepovsky – various folk instruments Ilya "Wolfenhirt" – vocals, choir Igor "Hurry" – accordion Andrey Karasev – violin
The Bengal Army was the army of the Bengal Presidency, one of the three presidencies of British India within the British Empire. The Presidency armies, like the presidencies themselves, belonged to the East India Company until the Government of India Act 1858 transferred all three presidencies to the direct authority of the British Crown. In 1895 all three presidency armies were merged into the Indian Army; the Bengal Army originated with the establishment of a European Regiment in 1756. While the East India Company had maintained a small force of Dutch and Eurasian mercenaries in Bengal, this was destroyed when Calcutta was captured by the Nawab of Bengal on 30 June that year. In 1757 the first locally recruited unit of Bengal sepoys was created in the form of the Lal Paltan battalion, it was recruited from Bhumihar, Bihari Rajputs and Pathan soldiers that had served in the Nawab's Army from Bihar and the Awadh who were collectively called Purbiyas. Drilled and armed along British army lines this force served well at the Battle of Plassey in 1757 and 20 more Indian battalions were raised by 1764.
The EIC expanded its Bengal Army and by 1796 the establishment was set at three battalions of European artillery, three regiments of European infantry, ten regiments of Indian cavalry and twelve regiments of Indian infantry. In 1824 the Bengal Army underwent reorganisation, with the regular infantry being grouped into 68 single battalion regiments numbered according to their date of establishment. Nine additional infantry regiments were subsequently raised, though several existing units were disbanded between 1826 and 1843. On the eve of the First Afghan War the Bengal Army had achieved a dominant role in the forces of the HEIC. There were 74 battalions of Bengal regular infantry against only 52 from Madras, 26 from Bombay and 24 British. On average an inch and a half taller and a stone heavier than the southern Indian troops, the Bengal sepoy was regarded by a military establishment that tended to evaluate its soldiers by physical appearance. A new feature in the Bengal Army was the creation of irregular infantry and cavalry regiments during the 1840s.
Designated as "Local Infantry" these were permanently established units but with less formal drill and fewer British officers than the regular Bengal line regiments. The main source of recruitment continued to be high caste Brahmins and Rajputs from Bihar and Oudh, although the eight regular cavalry regiments consisted of Muslim Pathan sowars. During the 1840s and early 1850s numbers of Nepalese Gurkhas and Jatsikhs from the Punjab were however accepted in the Bengal Army. Both Gurkhas and Jatsikhs served in separate units but some of the latter were incorporated into existing Bengal infantry regiments. Another innovation introduced prior to 1845 was to designate specific regiments as "Volunteers" -, recruited for general service, with sepoys who had accepted a commitment for possible overseas duty. Recruits for the Bengal Army who were prepared to travel by ship if required, received a special allowance or batta. Two of these BNI regiments were serving in China in 1857 and so escaped any involvement in the great rebellion of that year.
A total of 64 Bengal Army regular infantry and cavalry regiments rebelled during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, or were disbanded after their continued loyalty was considered doubtful. From 1858 onwards the actual high-caste Awadhi and Bihari Hindu presence in the Bengal Army was reduced because of their perceived primary role as "mutineers" in the 1857 rebellion; the new and less homogeneous Bengal Army was drawn from Punjabi Muslims, Gurkhas and Pathans, although twelve of the pre-mutiny Bengal line infantry regiments continued in service with the same basis of recruitment and uniform colours as before. A unspoken rationale was that an army of diverse origins was unlikely to unite in rebellion. In 1895 the three separate Presidency Armies began a process of unification, not to be concluded until the Kitchener reforms of eight years later; as an initial step the Army of India was divided into four commands, each commanded by a lieutenant-general. These comprised Bengal, Bombay and Punjab. In 1903 the separately numbered regiments of the Bombay and Bengal Armies were unified in a single organisational sequence and the presidency affiliations disappeared.
The Bengal infantry units in existence at the end of the Presidency era continued as the senior regiments (1st Brahmans to 48th Pioneers of the newly unified Indian Army. The Bengal Army of the East India Company was recruited from high castes living in Bengal and the Awadh. Both prior to and following 1857, the Bengal Army included what were to become some of the most famous units in India: Skinner's Horse from Bengal, the Gurkhas from the Himalayas and the Corps of Guides on the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa. Governor General's Bodyguard 1st to 10th Bengal Light Cavalry Regiments. Eight of these regular regiments mutinied and two were disbanded during 1857–58. None were carried over into the post-Mutiny army. 1st to 4th Bengal European Light Cavalry Regiments. Recruited hastily in Britain in November 1857 to replace the eight regiments of Bengal Light Cavalry which had mutinied; the mention of "European" in the name indicated that it consisted of white soldiers rather than Indian sowars. In 1861, all four European regiments were transferred to the British Army as the 19th, 20th and 21st Hussars.