Steve Tesich

Stojan Steve Tesich was a Serbian American screenwriter and novelist. He won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay in 1979 for the film Breaking Away. Steve Tesich was born as Stojan Tešić in Užice, in Axis-occupied Yugoslavia on September 29, 1942, he immigrated to the United States with his sister when he was 14 years old. His family settled in Indiana, his father died in 1962. Tesich graduated from Indiana University in 1965 with a BA in Russian, he was a member of Phi Kappa Psi fraternity. He went on to do graduate work at Columbia University, receiving an MA in Russian Literature in 1967. After graduation, he worked as a Department of Welfare caseworker in Brooklyn, New York in 1968. In the 1970s, he wrote a series of plays that were staged at The American Place Theatre in New York City; the first of these plays, The Carpenters, premiered during the 1970-1971 season. Baba Goya made its debut at the theater in May 1973; that year, the play was staged at the Cherry Lane Theatre under a different name.

Tesich's screenplay for Breaking Away had its origins in his college years. He had been an alternate rider in 1962 for the Phi Kappa Psi team in the Little 500 bicycle race. Teammate Dave Blase rode 139 of 200 laps and was the victory rider crossing the finish line for his team, they subsequently developed a friendship. Blase became the model for the main character in Breaking Away; the film was a hit, Tesich won the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. He created a short-lived TV series of the same name, his play Division Street opened at the Ambassador Theatre in New York City on October 8, 1980. The production starred Keene Curtis, it closed after 21 performances. The play was revived in 1987 with Saul Rubinek in the lead role. Tesich reunited with Peter Yates, the director of Breaking Away, on the 1981 thriller film Eyewitness, he adapted John Irving's novel The World According to Garp for the screen in 1982. The best-selling novel had been described as unfilmable. Tesich returned to the sport of cycling with the screenplay for American Flyers.

The main characters were two brothers, played by Kevin Costner and David Marshall Grant, who enter a long-distance bicycle race in the Colorado Rockies. His novel Karoo was published posthumously in 1998. Arthur Miller described the novel: "Fascinating—a real satiric invention full of wise outrage." The novel was a New York Times Notable Book for 1998. The novel appeared in a German translation as Abspann, it was translated in France in 2012 where it was acclaimed by the critics and became a best-seller. Oxford Dictionaries credits Tesich with the first use of the term "post-truth," which Oxford defined as "circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief." Ralph Keyes, author of The Post-Truth Era says he first saw the term "in a 1992 Nation essay by the late Steve Tesich." Post-truth was Oxford's 2016 Word of the Year. Tesich died in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada following a heart attack, he was 53 years old. In 1973, Tesich won the Drama Desk Award for Most Promising Playwright for the play Baba Goya, known under the title Nourish the Beast.

Tesich won the following awards for the Breaking Away screenplay in 1979, whose original working title was Bambino: Academy Award, Best Original Screenplay National Society of Film Critics Award, Best Screenplay New York Film Critics Circle Award, Best Screenplay Writers Guild of America Award, Best-Written Comedy Written Directly for the Screen Screenwriter of the Year, ALFS Award from the London Critics Circle Film Awards, 1981He received a nomination in 1980 for a Golden Globe for Best Screenplay-Motion Picture. In 2005, the Ministry of Religion and Diaspora established the annual Stojan—Steve Tešić Award, to be awarded to the writers of Serbian origin that write in other languages. Breaking Away Eyewitness Four Friends The World According to Garp American Flyers Eleni The Carpenters, play for television, 1973 Nourish the Beast, play for television, 1974 Apple Pie, television series, 1978 Breaking Away, television series, 1980-1981 The Carpenters, 1970 Lake of the Woods, 1971 Nourish the Beast performed under the title Baba Goya, 1973 Gorky, 1975 Passing Game, 1977 Touching Bottom, 1978 Division Street, 1980 The Speed Of Darkness, 1989 Square One, 1990 The Road, 1990 Baptismal, 1990 On the Open Road, 1992 Arts & Leisure, 1996 Summer Crossing, was published in a German translation as Ein letzter Sommer and in a French translation as Price Karoo, paperback edition in 2004 with new introduction by E. L. Doctorow.

Division Street & other plays. New York: Performing Arts Journal Publications, 1981. 171 pages. Contents: Division Street -- Baba Goya -- Lake of the Woods -- Passing Game. Steve Tesich on IMDb A Few Moments with Steve Tesich by Dejan Stojanović

Johnny Anfone

Johnny Anfone is a Thai actor and singer. Johnny is the son of Rene Anfone, a Filipino musician, Laongtip Puboon, he graduated from Assumption College Sriracha. When Anfone was 15, still in school, Nakoran Vejsupaporn learned of Anfone's talents and offered him a spot in his band. Anfone served as keyboardist and a Backing vocalist for Grand Ex' for three years, assisting with the release of one of the band's albums, Khuatlo, he joined Kantana, a popular film and television company in Thailand, to act in his first drama, Miti Muet. Since he's made appearances in more than 60 other dramas and movies, he married Jariya Anfone. He has 3 sons: Jirayu and Jarichaya. Loi Lueng Kreng Padub Game Lakon Pisana Bubpayalawad Buddy Game 168 Hours Natee Chukchen The Eyes Oye oye


XMODEM is a simple file transfer protocol developed as a quick hack by Ward Christensen for use in his 1977 MODEM. ASM terminal program, it allowed users to transmit files between their computers when both sides used MODEM. Keith Petersen made a minor update to always turn on "quiet mode", called the result XMODEM. XMODEM, like most file transfer protocols, breaks up the original data into a series of "packets" that are sent to the receiver, along with additional information allowing the receiver to determine whether that packet was received. If an error is detected, the receiver requests. A string of bad packets causes the transfer to abort. XMODEM became popular in the early bulletin board system market because it was simple to implement, it was fairly inefficient, as modem speeds increased, this problem led to the development of a number of modified versions of XMODEM to improve performance or address other problems with the protocol. Christensen believed his original XMODEM to be "the single most modified program in computing history".

Chuck Forsberg collected a number of common modifications into his YMODEM protocol, but poor implementation led to a further fracturing before they were re-unified by his ZMODEM protocol. ZMODEM became popular, but never replaced XMODEM in the BBS market; the original XMODEM used the basic block size used on CP/M floppy disks. The packet was prefixed by a simple 3-byte header containing a <SOH> character, a "block number" from 0-255, the "inverse" block number—255 minus the block number. Block numbering starts with 1 for the first block sent, not 0; the header was followed by the 128 bytes of data, a single-byte checksum. The complete packet was thus 132 bytes long, containing 128 bytes of payload data, for a total channel efficiency of about 97%; the checksum was the sum of all bytes in the packet modulo 256. The modulo operation was computed by discarding all but the eight least significant bits of the result, or alternatively on an eight-bit machine, ignoring arithmetic overflow which would produce the same effect automatically.

In this way, the checksum was restricted to an eight-bit quantity. For example, if this checksum method was used on a tiny data packet containing only two bytes carrying the values 130 and 130, the total of these codes is 260 and the resulting checksum is 4; the file was marked "complete" with a <EOT> character sent after the last block. This character sent alone as a single byte. Since the file length was not sent as part of the protocol, the last packet was padded out with a "known character" that could be dropped. In the original specification, this defaulted to <SUB> or 26 decimal, which CP/M used as the end-of-file marker inside its own disk format. The standard suggested any character could be used for padding, but there was no way for it to be changed within the protocol itself – if an implementation changed the padding character, only clients using the same implementation would interpret the new padding character. Files were transferred one packet at a time; when received, the packet's checksum was calculated by the receiver and compared to the one received from the sender at the end of the packet.

If the two matched, the receiver sent an <ACK> message back to the sender, which sent the next packet in sequence. If there was a problem with the checksum, the receiver instead sent a <NAK>. If a <NAK> was received, the sender would re-send the packet, continued to try several times ten, before aborting the transfer. A <NAK> was sent if the receiver did not receive a valid packet within ten seconds while still expecting data due to the lack of a <EOT> character. A seven-second timeout was used within a packet, guarding against dropped connections in mid-packet; the block numbers were examined in a simple way to check for errors. After receiving a packet the next packet should have a one-higher number. If it instead received the same block number this was not considered serious, it was implied that the <ACK> had not been received by the sender, which had re-sent the packet. Transfers were receiver-driven; this was a logical outcome of the way the user interacted with the sending machine, which would be remotely located.

The user would navigate to the requested file on the sending machine, ask that machine to transfer it. Once this command was issued, the user would execute a command in their local software to start receiving. Since the delay between asking the remote system for the file and issuing a local command to receive was unknown, XMODEM allowed up to 90 seconds for the receiver to begin issuing requests for data packets. Although XMODEM was robust enough for a journalist in 1982 to transmit stories from Pakistan to the United States with an Osborne 1 and acoustic coupler over poor-quality telephone lines, the protocol had several flaws. XMODEM was written for CP/M machines, bears several marks of that operating system. Notably, files on CP/M were always multiples of 128 bytes, their end was marked within a block with the <EOT> character. These characteristics were transplanted directly into XMODEM. However, other operating systems did not feature either of these peculiarities, the widespread introduction of MS-DOS in the early 1980s led to XMODEM having to be updated to notice either a <EOT> or <EOF> as the end-of-file marker.

For some time it was suggested that sending a <CAN> character instead of an <ACK> or <NAK> should be supported in order to abort the transfer from the receiving end. A <CAN> received in place of the <SOH> indicated the sender wished to cance