The Young Men's Christian Association, sometimes regionally called the Y, is a worldwide organization based in Geneva, with more than 64 million beneficiaries from 120 national associations. It was founded on 6 June 1844 by Sir George Williams in London and aims to put Christian principles into practice by developing a healthy "body and spirit". From its inception, it grew and became a worldwide movement founded on the principles of muscular Christianity. Local YMCAs deliver projects and services focused on youth development through a wide variety of youth activities, including providing athletic facilities, holding classes for a wide variety of skills, promoting Christianity, humanitarian work. YMCA globally operates on a federation model, with each independent local YMCA voluntarily affiliated to their national organizations; the national organizations, in turn, are part of both an Area Alliance and the World Alliance of YMCAs. With regard to the history and purpose of the founding, this "organization and its female counterpart were established to provide low-cost housing in a safe Christian environment for rural young men and women journeying to the cities."
It was associated with the movement of young people to cities to work. The YMCA "combined preaching in the streets and the distribution of religious tracts with a social ministry. Philanthropists saw them as places for wholesome recreation that would preserve youth from the temptations of alcohol and prostitution and that would promote good citizenship." The YMCA was founded by three men, led by George Williams, a London draper, typical of the young men drawn to the cities by the Industrial Revolution. His co-founders included Rev John Stewart FEIS who served as the association's first Secretary under Williams' chairmanship; the three were concerned about the lack of healthy activities for young men in major cities. Williams's idea grew out of meetings he held for prayer and Bible-reading among his fellow-workers in a business in the city of London, on 6 June 1844, he founded the first YMCA in London with the purpose of "the improving of the spiritual condition of young men engaged in the drapery and other trades."
By 1851, there were YMCAs in the United Kingdom, Belgium, France, the Netherlands and the United States. In 1855, 99 YMCA delegates from Europe and North America met in Paris at the First World Conference of YMCAs, held before the 1855 Paris World Exposition of the same year, they discussed joining together in a federation to enhance cooperation amongst individual YMCA societies. This marked the beginning of the World Alliance of YMCAs; the conference adopted a common mission for all present and future national YMCAs. Its motto was taken from the Bible, "That they all may be one". Other ecumenical bodies, such as the World YWCA, the World Council of Churches, the World Student Christian Federation have reflected elements of the Paris Basis in their founding mission statements. In 1865 The Fourth World Conference of YMCAs, held in Germany, affirmed the importance of developing the whole individual in spirit and body; the concept of physical work through sports, a new concept for the time, was recognized as part of this "muscular Christianity".
Two themes resonated during the council: the need to respect the local autonomy of YMCA societies, the purpose of the YMCA: to unite all young, male Christians for the extension and expansion of the Kingdom of God. The former idea is expressed in the preamble: The delegates of various Young Men's Christian Associations of Europe and America, assembled in Conference at Paris, the 22nd August, 1855, feeling that they are one in principle and in operation, recommend to their respective Societies to recognize with them the unity existing among their Associations, while preserving a complete independence as to their particular organization and modes of action, to form a Confederation of secession on the following fundamental principle, such principle to be regarded as the basis of admission of other Societies in future; the YMCA was influential during the 1870s and 1930s, during which times they most promoted "evangelical Christianity in weekday and Sunday services, while promoting good sportsmanship in athletic contests in gyms and swimming pools."
In this period, continuing on through the 20th century, the YMCA had "become interdenominational and more concerned with promoting morality and good citizenship than a distinctive interpretation of Christianity." Today the YMCA is more focused on their families to exercise and be healthy. In 1878, World Alliance of YMCAs offices were established in Switzerland. In 1900, North American YMCAs, in collaboration with the World Alliance, set up centres to work with emigrants in European ports, as millions of people were leaving for the USA. In 1880, the YMCA became the first national organization to adopt a strict policy of equal gender representation in committees and national boards, with Norway being the country that first adopted it. In 1885, Camp Baldhead, the first residential camp in the United States and North America, was established by A. Sanford and Sumner F. Dudley, both of whom worked for the YMCA; the camp located near Orange Lake in New Jersey, moved to Lake Wawayanda in Sussex County the following year, to the shore of Lake Champlain near Westport, New York, in 1891.
Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod
The Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod referred to as the Missouri Synod, is a traditional, confessional Lutheran denomination in the United States. With 2.0 million members, it is the second-largest Lutheran body in the U. S. the largest being Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. The LCMS was organized in 1847 at a meeting in Chicago, Illinois, as the German Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Missouri and Other States, a name which reflected the geographic locations of the founding congregations; the LCMS has congregations in all 50 U. S. states and two Canadian provinces, but over half of its members are located in the Midwest. It is a member of the International Lutheran Council and is in altar and pulpit fellowship with most of that group's members; the LCMS is headquartered in Kirkwood, is divided into 35 districts—33 of which are geographic and two non-geographic. The current president is Matthew C. Harrison, who took office on September 1, 2010; the Missouri Synod emerged from several communities of German Lutheran immigrants during the 1830s and 1840s.
In Indiana and Michigan, isolated Germans in the dense forests of the American frontier were brought together and ministered to by missionary F. C. D. Wyneken. A communal emigration from Saxony under Bishop Martin Stephan created a community in Perry County, St. Louis, Missouri. In Michigan and Ohio, missionaries sent by Wilhelm Löhe ministered to scattered congregations and founded German Lutheran communities in Frankenmuth and the Saginaw Valley of Michigan. In the 19th-century German Kingdom of Saxony, Lutheran pastor Martin Stephan and many of his followers found themselves at odds with the rationalism, Christian ecumenism, the prospect of a forced unionism of the Lutheran church with the Reformed church. In the neighboring Kingdom of Prussia, the Prussian Union of 1817 put in place what they considered non-Lutheran communion and baptismal doctrine and practice. In order to practice their Christian faith in accordance with the Lutheran confessions outlined in the Book of Concord and between 600 and 700 other Saxon Lutherans left for the United States in November 1838.
Their ships arrived between December 31, 1838, January 20, 1839, in New Orleans, with one ship lost at sea. Most of the remaining immigrants left immediately, with the first group arriving in St. Louis on January 19, 1839; the final group, led by Stephan, remained in New Orleans for ten days to wait for the passengers of the lost ship Amalia. The immigrants settled in Perry County, in and around St. Louis. Stephan was the bishop of the new settlement, but he soon became embroiled in charges of corruption and sexual misconduct with members of the congregation and was expelled from the settlement, leaving C. F. W. Walther as the leader of the colony. During this period, there was considerable debate within the settlement over the proper status of the church in the New World: whether it was a new church or whether it remained within the Lutheran hierarchy in Germany. Walther's view that they could consider themselves a new church prevailed. Beginning in 1841, the parish pastor in Neuendettelsau, Bavaria—Wilhelm Löhe—inspired by appeals for aid to the German immigrants in North America, began to solicit funds for missionary work among them.
He began training men to become pastors and teachers, sending his first two students—Adam Ernst and Georg Burger—to America on August 5, 1842. Löhe sent over 80 pastors and students of theology to America. Löhe led an early and abortive effort to send missionaries to convert the Native Americans. In 1844 and 1845, he solicited colonists to form a German Lutheran settlement in Michigan, with the thought that this settlement would serve as the base for missionary activity among the Native Americans; the colonists left Germany on April 20, 1845, under the leadership of Pastor August Crämer, arrived in Saginaw County, Michigan, in August of that year. They founded several villages—Frankenmuth, Frankenlust and Frankenhilf —and worked to convert the Native Americans, they had limited success and the villages became nearly German settlements within a few years. In addition to sending pastors, theological students, colonists to America, Löhe played an instrumental role in the formation of Concordia Theological Seminary, raising funds for the new institution and sending eleven theological students and a professor from Germany to help found it.
The seminary's first president, Wilhelm Sihler, had been sent by Löhe to America several years before. It was due to Löhe's great zeal and indefatigable labors that the LCMS' first president, C. F. W. Walther, once said of him, "Next to God, it is Pastor Loehe to whom our Synod is indebted for its happy beginning and rapid growth in which it rejoices, it would fill the pages of an entire book to recount briefly what for many years this man, with tireless zeal in the noblest unselfish spirit, has done for our Lutheran Church and our Synod in particular." In 1844 and 1845, the three groups listed above began to discuss the possibility of forming a new, confessional Lutheran church body. As a result of these discussions, the Löhe missionaries and Wyneken and his assistant decided to leave their respective synods. Two planning meetings were held in St. Louis and Fort Wayne, Indiana in May and July 1846
Diary of a Wimpy Kid (film series)
Diary of a Wimpy Kid is a series of films based on the series of books, Diary of a Wimpy Kid by Jeff Kinney. The series consists of four films: Diary of a Wimpy Kid, Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Rodrick Rules, Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Dog Days and the latest, film Diary of a Wimpy Kid: The Long Haul, as well as a short film entitled, Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Class Clown Diary of a Wimpy Kid was released March 19, 2010, as it moved up from a scheduled April 2 release date. Principal production began on September 21, 2009 and was completed on October 16, 2009; the film was directed by Thor Freudenthal and starred Zachary Gordon as Greg Heffley, Robert Capron as Rowley Jefferson, Rachael Harris as Susan Heffley, Steve Zahn as Frank Heffley, Devon Bostick as Rodrick Heffley and Owen Fielding as Manny Heffley, Chloë Grace Moretz as Angie Steadman, Grayson Russell as Fregley, Laine MacNeil as Patty Farrell, Karan Brar as Chirag Gupta. It is the only film in the series to be directed by Freudenthal; the musical score was composed by Theodore Shapiro.
Rodrick Rules is the second film in the Diary of a Wimpy Kid film series. It was released on March 25, 2011 and is based on the second book, Rodrick Rules with scenes from The Last Straw. Principal photography began on August 23, 2010 and was completed on October 27, 2010, with filming taking place in Vancouver and New Westminster. Rodrick Rules was directed with Zachary Gordon reprising his role as Greg Heffley. New main characters include Holly Hills and Bill Walter. Edward Shearmur composes the original score for the film. Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Dog Days is the third film in the Diary of a Wimpy Kid film series, it was released on August 3, 2012 and is based on the third book The Last Straw and the fourth book Dog Days. The film was directed by David Bowers and features the same familiar cast of characters, introducing a few new ones, focusing on lesser characters not elaborated on in previous films, including Frank Heffley, Mr. Robert Jefferson and Holly Hills. Dog Days is the first film in the series not to be released in March.
Diary of a Wimpy Kid: The Long Haul was released on May 19, 2017, is the first film to feature an new cast. Jason Drucker and Charlie Wright portray Greg and Rodrick Heffley, Tom Everett Scott and Alicia Silverstone as their parents and Susan; the film follows Greg and Rodrick convincing their family to go on a road trip for their great grandmother's 90th birthday, but they plan on attending a video game convention. An animated short film set after the events of Dog Days, Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Class Clown, was released on the home media release of Dog Days in 2012; the short is told through Greg's point of view as he explains his experience with comedy. Zachary Gordon reprises his role as Greg Heffley along other cast members voicing their characters from the films in minor roles. In December 2012, Jeff Kinney announced that he was working on an animated adaptation of Cabin Fever to air around Christmas 2013; the adaptation would explain how Manny managed to redirect the power for all to his room and no one else's.
In August 2013, Kinney stated it would be a half-hour television special, would air on Fox in late 2014. The film was teased with the conclusion of the 2012 animated short film Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Class Clown, which ended with a scene adapted from the Cabin Fever book; as of 2019, no updates of the project have been announced since. In August 2018, CEO of 20th Century Fox Stacey Snider announced that a television series based on Diary of a Wimpy Kid is being developed. With Disney's acquisition of Fox's television and movie assets, it is possible that it will appear on one of the latter's services
Les Misérables (musical)
Les Misérables, colloquially known in English-speaking countries as Les Mis, is a sung-through musical based on the 1862 novel of the same name by French poet and novelist Victor Hugo. The musical premiered in Paris in 1980, has music by Claude-Michel Schönberg and original French-language lyrics by Alain Boublil and Jean-Marc Natel. An English-language libretto was written by Herbert Kretzmer; the London production has run continuously since October 1985, making it the longest-running musical in the West End and the second longest-running musical in the world after the original Off-Broadway run of The Fantasticks. Set in early 19th-century France, Les Misérables is the story of Jean Valjean, a French peasant, his desire for redemption after serving nineteen years in jail for having stolen a loaf of bread for his sister's starving child. Valjean decides to break his parole and start his life anew after a bishop inspires him by a tremendous act of mercy, but he is relentlessly tracked down by a police inspector named Javert.
Transformed by the bishop's generosity, Valjean's restored humanity moves him to adopt the orphaned girl Cosette and makes a vow to her dying mother that he will protect her with his life. Still pursued by Javert, he must lead a cautious life in Paris. Along the way, Valjean and a slew of characters are swept into a revolutionary period in France, where a group of young idealists attempt to overthrow the government at a street barricade. Les Misérables was released as a French-language concept album, the first musical-stage adaptation of Les Misérables was presented at the Palais des Sports in 1980. However, the production closed after three months due to that expiry of the booking contract. In 1983, about six months after producer Cameron Mackintosh had opened Cats on Broadway, he received a copy of the French concept album from director Peter Farago. Farago had been impressed by the work and asked Mackintosh to produce an English-language version of the show. Reluctant, Mackintosh agreed. Mackintosh, in conjunction with the Royal Shakespeare Company, assembled a production team to adapt the French musical for a British audience.
After two years in development, the English-language version opened in London on 8 October 1985, by the Royal Shakespeare Company at the Barbican Centre the London home of the RSC. The success of the West End musical led to a Broadway production. Critical reviews for Les Misérables were negative. At the opening of the London production, The Sunday Telegraph's Francis King described the musical as "a lurid Victorian melodrama produced with Victorian lavishness" and Michael Ratcliffe of The Observer considered the show "a witless and synthetic entertainment", while literary scholars condemned the project for converting classic literature into a musical. Public opinion differed: the box office received record orders; the three-month engagement sold out, reviews improved. The London production has run continuously since October 1985, making it the second longest-running musical in the world after The Fantasticks, the second longest-running West End show after The Mousetrap, the longest-running musical in the West End.
In 2010, it played its ten-thousandth performance at Queen's Theatre. On 3 October 2010, the show celebrated its 25th anniversary with three productions running in London: the original production at the Queen's Theatre; the Broadway production opened 12 March 1987 and ran until 18 May 2003, closing after 6,680 performances. It was the second-longest at the time; the show was nominated for 12 Tony Awards and won eight, including Best Musical and Best Original Score. Subsequently, numerous tours and international and regional productions have been staged, as well as concert and broadcast productions. Several recordings have been made. A Broadway revival opened in 2006 at the Broadhurst Theatre and closed in 2008, a second Broadway revival opened in 2014 at the Imperial Theatre and closed in September 2016; the show was placed first in a BBC Radio 2 listener poll of Britain's "Number One Essential Musicals" in 2005, receiving more than forty percent of the votes. A film version directed by Tom Hooper was released at the end of 2012 to positive reviews as well as numerous awards nominations, winning three Academy Awards, three Golden Globe Awards and four British Academy Film Awards.
The musical's emblem is a picture of the waif Cosette sweeping the Thénardiers' inn. It is cropped to a head-and-shoulders portrait, superimposed on the French flag; the image is based on an etching by Gustave Brion based on the drawing by Émile Bayard. It appeared in several of the novel's earliest French-language editions. In 1815 France, prisoners work at hard labour. After 19 years in prison, Jean Valjean, "prisoner 24601", is released on parole by the prison guard Javert. By law, Valjean must display a yellow ticket of leave; as a convict, Valjean is shunned wherever he goes and cannot find regular work with decent wages or lodging, but the Bishop of Digne offers him food and shelter. Desperate and embittered, Valjean steals the Bishop's silver and flees, he is captured by the police, but rather than turn him in, the Bishop lies and tells the police that the silver was a gift, giving Valjean a pair of silver candlesticks in addition
Minneapolis is the county seat of Hennepin County and the larger of the Twin Cities, the 16th-largest metropolitan area in the United States. As of 2017, Minneapolis is the largest city in the state of Minnesota and 45th-largest in the United States, with an estimated population of 422,331; the Twin Cities metropolitan area consists of Minneapolis, its neighbor Saint Paul, suburbs which altogether contain about 3.6 million people, is the third-largest economic center in the Midwest. Minneapolis lies on both banks of the Mississippi River, just north of the river's confluence with the Minnesota River, adjoins Saint Paul, the state's capital; the city is abundantly rich in water, with 13 lakes, the Mississippi River and waterfalls. It was once a hub for timber; the city and surrounding region is the primary business center between Seattle. In 2011, Minneapolis proper was home to the fifth-highest number of Fortune 500 headquarters in the United States; as an integral link to the global economy, Minneapolis is categorized as a global city.
Minneapolis has one of the largest LGBT populations in the U. S. proportional to its overall population. Noted for its strong music and performing arts scenes, Minneapolis is home to both the award-winning Guthrie Theater and the historic First Avenue nightclub. Reflecting the region's status as an epicenter of folk and alternative rock music, the city served as the launching pad for several of the 20th century's most influential musicians, including Bob Dylan and Prince. Minneapolis has become noted for its underground and independent hip-hop and rap scenes, producing artists such as Brother Ali and Dessa; the name Minneapolis is attributed to Charles Hoag, the city's first schoolmaster, who combined mni, a Dakota Sioux word for water, polis, the Greek word for city. Descendants of first peoples, Dakota Sioux were the region's sole residents when French explorers arrived in 1680. For a time, amicable relations were based on fur trading. More European-American settlers arrived, competing for game and other resources with the Native Americans.
After the Revolutionary War, Great Britain granted the land east of the Mississippi to the United States. In the early 19th century, the United States acquired land to the west from France in the Louisiana Purchase. Fort Snelling, just south of present-day Minneapolis, was built in 1819 by the United States Army, it attracted traders and merchants, spurring growth in the area. The United States government pressed the Mdewakanton band of the Dakota to sell their land, allowing people arriving from the East to settle there. Preoccupied with the Civil War, the United States government reneged on its promises of cash payments to the Dakota, resulting in hunger, the Dakota War of 1862, internment and hardship; the Minnesota Territorial Legislature authorized Minneapolis as a town in 1856, on the Mississippi's west bank. Minneapolis incorporated as a city in 1867, the year rail service began between Minneapolis and Chicago, it joined with the east-bank city of St. Anthony in 1872. Minneapolis developed around Saint Anthony Falls, the highest waterfall on the Mississippi River and a source of power for its early industry.
Forests in northern Minnesota were a valuable resource for the lumber industry, which operated seventeen sawmills on power from the waterfall. By 1871, the west river bank had twenty-three businesses, including flour mills, woolen mills, iron works, a railroad machine shop, mills for cotton, paper and planing wood. Due to the occupational hazards of milling, six local sources of artificial limbs were competing in the prosthetics business by the 1890s; the farmers of the Great Plains grew grain, shipped by rail to the city's 34 flour mills. Millers have used hydropower elsewhere since the 1st century B. C. but the results in Minneapolis between 1880 and 1930 were so remarkable the city has been described as "the greatest direct-drive waterpower center the world has seen." A father of modern milling in America and founder of what became General Mills, Cadwallader C. Washburn converted his business from gristmills to revolutionary technology, including "gradual reduction" processing by steel and porcelain roller mills capable of producing premium-quality pure white flour quickly.
Some ideas were developed by William Dixon Gray and some acquired through industrial espionage from Hungary by William de la Barre. Charles A. Pillsbury and the C. A. Pillsbury Company across the river were a step behind, hiring Washburn employees to use the new methods; the hard red spring wheat that grows in Minnesota became valuable, Minnesota "patent" flour was recognized at the time as the best in the world. Not until did consumers discover the value in the bran that "... Minneapolis flour millers dumped" into the Mississippi. After 1883, a Minneapolis miller started a new industry when he began to sell bran byproduct as animal feed. Millers cultivated relationships with academic scientists at the University of Minnesota; those scientists backed them politically on many issues, such as in the early 20th century when health advocates in the nascent field of nutrition criticized the flour "bleaching" process. At peak production, a single mill at Washburn-Crosby made enough flour for 12 million loaves of bread each day.
Further, by 1895, through the efforts of silent partner William Hood Dunwoody, Washburn-Crosby exported four
Happy, Texas (film)
Happy, Texas is a 1999 American comedy film directed by Mark Illsley and starring Steve Zahn, Jeremy Northam and William H. Macy, it was a positively reviewed film, was a box office hit, grossing $3.7 million against a $1.4 million budget, is now considered a cult classic. Three prisoners escape from a chain gang, two of them and Harry run away to Happy, where they pose as the gay organizers of a beauty pageant, they put on a show with the small girls of the town while hiding from the law and waiting for the opportunity to rob the local bank. Their scheme is complicated by the fact that the local sheriff is gay, he's attracted to the prisoner Harry. Straight Harry on the other hand is attracted to local lady banker Josephine. Meanwhile, "gay" David actually straight, gets it on with the local pageant coordinator, Doreen. Steve Zahn as Wayne Wayne Wayne Jr. Jeremy Northam as Harry Sawyer William H. Macy as Sheriff Chappy Dent Ally Walker as Josephine'Joe' McClintock the Banker Illeana Douglas as Doreen Schaefer M. C.
Gainey as Robert'Bob' Allen Maslow Ron Perlman as Marshal Nalhober Mo Gaffney as Mrs. Bromley Paul Dooley as The Judge With the exception of a few scenes, the film was shot on location in Piru, California. One scene was filmed at Oil Can Harry's in Los Angeles; the film received a rating of 81% "Certified Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 52 critics, stating "Happy, Texas is a simple, funny romantic comedy that benefits from a talented cast and a good soundtrack." Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave it 3/4. Steve Zahn won three awards for his performance in the film. Zahn's performance was hugely praised by critics, although he had appeared in several hit Hollywood films, Texas was cited as his breakout film; the soundtrack album for Happy, Texas features a mix of country music by such artists as Emmylou Harris, Alison Krauss, Lee Roy Parnell, Pam Tillis, Brad Paisley and BR5-49. There are bits of Tejano and exotica. "Passin' Through" – 5:16 "Good at Secrets" – 4:20 "This Little Light of Mine"/"Fort Davis Contestant" – 0:17 "Are You Happy Baby?"
– 2:27 "Ordinary Heart" – 2:58 "Baila Este Ritmo" – 3:17 "After a Kiss" – 4:10 "Me Neither" – 3:22 "Stay" – 3:26 "Half a Man" – 2:35 "Gopher Mambo" – 2:17 "Honky Tonk Song" – 2:38 "That Buckin' Song" – 3:51 "Hurdy Gurdy Monkey Shine" – 2:17 "Happiness" – 4:28 "It's Oh So Quiet" – 1:29 Cover of song popularized by Björk List of American films of 1999 Happy, Texas on IMDb Happy, Texas at AllMovie Happy, Texas at Rotten Tomatoes Happy, Texas at Box Office Mojo
Riding in Cars with Boys
Riding in Cars with Boys is a 2001 American biographical film based on the autobiography of the same name by Beverly Donofrio about a woman who overcame difficulties, including being a teen mother, who earned a master's degree. The movie's narrative spans the years 1961 to 1986, it stars Drew Barrymore, Steve Zahn, Brittany Murphy, James Woods. It was the last film directed by Penny Marshall. Although the film is co-produced by Beverly Donofrio, many of its details differ from the book. In 1961, eleven-year-old Beverly "Bev" Donofrio rides with her father, Connecticut police officer Leonard, to the Christmas tree lot; when she reveals that she wants a bra for Christmas in order to get the attention of a boy she likes, Leonard tells her she is too young to be thinking about boys, to focus on books. Now 1965, Bev is now an naïve teenager, her dream is to become a writer. She joins her friends and Tina, at a party. Fay finds her older boyfriend Bobby, about to be deployed to Vietnam, while Bev gives a love letter to a popular boy named Sky.
When Sky reads the letter aloud, Bev flees to the bathroom. She is consoled by Ray, a stranger, who defends Bev's honor and fights with Sky. Bev and Ray, with Fay and Bobby, flee the party; the four go to a lookout, where Fay have sex. Bev is overcome by Ray's kindness and they have sex. Leonard, on duty, drives up and brings them to the police station, where Bev claims that they only kissed. Bev discovers, she tells Ray turns down his offer to get married placates her shocked parents by agreeing to a hasty wedding. At the reception, everyone is avoiding Bev, so Fay publicly announce that she is pregnant. Fay confides to Bev that her father wanted her to put the baby up for adoption, but she and Bobby will be getting married instead; the two girls celebrate the fact they will be mothers together. Over the next few months, the girls bemoan missing out on three things: their childhood, an education. Bev gives birth to son Jason. Bev continues to pursue her education; when Jason is three, she wins the chance for a college scholarship.
Bev's interview goes badly when she is forced to take Jason along. Although the interviewer praises Bev's writings, he states. Fay reveals that she and Bobby are getting divorced, because he met someone while stationed in Hawaii. Bev tells Fay that she's not sure because his birth has cost her so much; when Jason drowns in Fay's pool, Bev vows to be more attentive. On Jason's seventh birthday, several people from Bev's high school show up to his party: old friend Tina is now engaged and going to NYU, he suggests that Bev move her family to California and pursue her education there, since the state offers financial aid. Ray agrees to the plan, but on the day they are supposed to leave, he confesses that he is a heroin addict and spent their savings on drugs. Bev helps him detox; when he tells Bev that it's impossible for him to quit, she tells him. Ray agrees, but young Jason chases after him in tears tells Bev that he hates her for making Ray leave. Two years Bev still yearns for California, she and Fay help Lizard dry weed in Bev's oven.
Jason, still bitter, tells Grandpa Leonard. Fay's brother bails them out, using up their savings, on the condition that Fay and Amelia move away with him and cut off contact with Bev. Bev harshly tells the smug Jason, she claims. Now 1985, Bev and Jason are driving to see Ray, she managed to get her college degree and has written her memoir, but needs Ray to sign a waiver or else her book will not be published. While driving, Jason tells Bev that he wants to transfer from NYU to Indiana University, but Bev refuses, saying that he is getting the education that she never could. Jason calls his now-girlfriend Amelia with the bad news. Amelia assures him that she is not angry. Arriving at Ray's trailer, Bev explains; when Ray's wife, demands $100,000, Bev screams at Ray and storms out. Jason follows her and calls her selfish for only caring about her book when he got to see his father again, he accuses her of being a bad mother and she storms off. Ray comes outside and talks with Jason, stating that leaving was the best thing he could have done for Jason and he believes it's the only reason Jason turned out so well.
He sneaks the signed papers to Jason. Jason finds Bev. Jason reveals that he will transfer in order to be with Amelia and apologizes to Bev for ruining her life. Bev softens and tells Jason that she is proud of him and thinks of him as the best thing in her life, she tells him that she holds herself responsible for her various mistakes and poor choices and she never meant to blame Jason for them. She gives him her car to drive to Indiana. Beverly is forced to call Leonard for a ride, she complains to him. She realizes that she herself has done the same to her father. Together, they sing a song from her childhood; the film received mixed reviews. It holds a 49% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 109 reviews with an average rating of 5.3/10. The website's critical consensus reads, "Riding in Car with Boys suffers from mixing grit and pathos with cuteness and comedy. Many critics found Zahn's character more compelling and