Stevland Hardaway Morris, better known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American singer, songwriter and record producer. A prominent figure in popular music, he is one of the most successful songwriters and musicians in the history of music. Through his heavy use of electronic instruments and innovative sounds, Wonder became a pioneer and influence to musicians of various genres including pop and blues, soul and rock. Blind since shortly after his birth, Wonder was a child prodigy known as Little Stevie Wonder leading him to sign with Motown's Tamla label at the age of 11. In 1963, the single "Fingertips" was a number-one hit on the Billboard Hot 100 when Wonder was aged 13, making him the youngest artist to top the chart. Wonder's critical success was at its peak in the 1970s when he started his "classic period" in 1972 with the releases of Music of My Mind and Talking Book, with the latter featuring the number-one hit "Superstition". "Superstition" is one of the most distinctive and famous examples of the sound of the Hohner Clavinet keyboard.
With Innervisions, Fulfillingness' First Finale and Songs in the Key of Life all winning the Grammy Award for Album of the Year, Wonder became the tied record holder, with Frank Sinatra, for the most Album of the Year wins with three. Wonder is the only artist to have won the award with three consecutive album releases. Wonder's "classic period", considered to have ended in 1977, was noted for his funky keyboard style, personal control of production, series of songs integrated with one another to make a concept album. In 1979, Wonder made use of the early music sampler Computer Music Melodian through his composition of the soundtrack album Stevie Wonder's Journey Through "The Secret Life of Plants", it was his first digital recording, one of the earliest popular albums to use the technology, which Wonder used for all subsequent recordings. Wonder's 1970s albums are regarded as influential. Wonder has sold over 100 million records worldwide, making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time.
He has won 25 Grammy Awards. He was the first Motown artist and second African-American musician to win an Academy Award for Best Original Song, for the 1984 film The Woman in Red. Wonder has been inducted into the Rhythm and Blues Music Hall of Fame and Rock Hall of Fame and Songwriters Hall of Fame, has received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Wonder is noted for his work as an activist for political causes, including his 1980 campaign to make Martin Luther King Jr.'s birthday a holiday in the United States. In 2009, he was named a United Nations Messenger of Peace. Wonder was born Stevland Hardaway Judkins in Saginaw, Michigan, on May 13, 1950, the third of six children born to Calvin Judkins and songwriter Lula Mae Hardaway, he was born six weeks premature which, along with the oxygen-rich atmosphere in the hospital incubator, resulted in retinopathy of prematurity, a condition in which the growth of the eyes is aborted and causes the retinas to detach, so he became blind. When Wonder was four, his mother divorced his father and moved with her children to Detroit, where Wonder sang as a child in a choir at the Whitestone Baptist Church.
She changed her name back to Lula Hardaway and changed her son's surname to Morris because of relatives. Wonder has retained Morris as his legal surname, he began playing instruments at an early age, including piano and drums. He formed a singing partnership with a friend; as a child, Wonder attended Fitzgerald Elementary School. After his first album was released, he enrolled in Michigan School for the Blind. In 1961, when aged 11, Wonder sang his own composition, "Lonely Boy", to Ronnie White of the Miracles. Before signing, producer Clarence Paul gave him the name Little Stevie Wonder; because of Wonder's age, the label drew up a rolling five-year contract in which royalties would be held in trust until Wonder was 21. He and his mother would be paid a weekly stipend to cover their expenses: Wonder received $2.50 per week, a private tutor was provided for when Wonder was on tour. Wonder was put in the care of producer and songwriter Clarence Paul, for a year they worked together on two albums.
Tribute to Uncle Ray was recorded first. Covers of Ray Charles's songs, the album included a Wonder and Paul composition, "Sunset"; the Jazz Soul of Little Stevie was recorded next, an instrumental album consisting of Paul's compositions, two of which, "Wondering" and "Session Number 112", were co-written with Wonder. Feeling Wonder was now ready, a song, "Mother Thank You", was recorded for release as a single, but pulled and replaced by the Berry Gordy song "I Call It Pretty Music, But the Old People Call It the Blues" as his début single. Two follow-up singles, "Little Water Boy" and "Contract on Love", both had no success, the two albums, released in reverse order of recording—The Jazz Soul of Little Stevie in September 1962 and Tribute to Uncle Ray in October 1962—also met with little success. At the end of 1962, when Wonder was 12 years old, he joined the Motortown Revue, touring the "Chitl
The London Correctional Institution is located in Union Township, Madison County, just west of London, Ohio, 27 miles southwest of Columbus. It was known as the London Prison Farm; the original construction was the use of human waste to make bricks. From 1913 to 1925 it was a branch of the Ohio Penitentiary in Columbus. In 1925, it became a separate facility; the prison accommodates approximately: 2,500 adult males in three security levels: minimum and close-security. When the London Prison Farm was first proposed, there were two possible locations, Plain City and London; the decision was made to build the prison in London and the land, most of, swamp, was purchased from John Ellsworth. In 1910, honor inmates were transported from the Ohio Penitentiary to London by railway to construct the prison. Prisoners were housed in dormitories, each of which held around 300 men. There were isolation cells in case. By March 1928, the prison housed 507 inmates. All the inmates were examined at the Ohio Penitentiary and if the men didn't have any diseases, they were shipped to the Farm.
The London Prison Farm had different types of vocational training, but no educational program for the inmates. Today, London is one of the least costly institutions in Ohio's DR&C to operate; the London Correctional Institution now owns around 3,000 acres. Over $30 million have been spent to renovate the prison; as of November 2013, the population was 2,283 inmates. The prison has a staff of 379 employees; the London Correctional Institution provides programs for the inmates, such as the Family Life Centers and The New Beginnings Unit. Now, the facility has a reading room for their children. Inmates are able to earn their GEDs and other academic diplomas. Vocational programs include auto technology, dental lab, HVAC, web based design, animal training, culinary arts
David Trent Johnston known as Trent Johnston, is an Irish former cricketer. Johnston was born in Wollongong, New South Wales, played his early cricket for New South Wales in Australian domestic competitions. A right-handed batsman and right-arm fast-medium bowler, he moved to Ireland, made his debut for the Ireland cricket team in 2004. Johnston was subsequently named captain of Ireland, was a regular fixture in the national team until his retirement in 2013. In Irish club cricket, he plays for the Railway Union Cricket Club. In October 2007, he published a book "Raiders of the Caribbean" with The O'Brien Press which tells the story of Ireland's remarkable performances in the 2007 Cricket World Cup. Johnston made his first-class debut for New South Wales in a Sheffield Shield match against Tasmania in March 1999, he opened the bowling with Brett Lee who would make his debut for Australia that year. Johnston's first wicket was that of Michael Di Venuto, he played his only List A match for them in October that year, against Queensland.
He played four. New South Wales failed to notify Johnston that his contract had not been renewed and he was instead informed by a team-mate, he returned to club cricket where he represented Campbelltown, North Sydney, Mosman, captaining the last. Johnston first played club cricket in Ireland in 1995 and returned for four more seasons, meeting his former wife Vanessa, with whom he had two children, he continued playing Sydney Grade Cricket for North Sydney Cricket Club, but qualified for an Irish passport and then-coach Adrian Birrell decided he might be a useful addition to the Irish side. He made his debut for Ireland on 5 May 2004 against Surrey in a C & G Trophy match that Ireland won, only their second win against a first-class county, he played in the next match of the competition against Northamptonshire. Johnston's next appearances for Ireland were two matches against the West Indies in June, the second of which Ireland won, he played against the MCC that month, before making his first-class debut for Ireland against the Netherlands in the Intercontinental Cup.
This was followed by a first-class match against Scotland. The main action for Ireland in 2005 was the 2005 ICC Trophy, hosted in both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Johnston was in the Irish squad and they reached the final, losing to Scotland, but still qualifying for the 2007 World Cup, he was made Irish captain in time for the semi-final of the 2005 Intercontinental Cup against the UAE in Windhoek, Namibia. The match was drawn. Ireland faced Kenya in the final; the following year started with several matches against English county sides before captaining Ireland in their first One Day International against England. He played in the European Championship that year, which included ODIs against Scotland and the Netherlands, he played in two Intercontinental Cup matches, against Namibia and Scotland. Johnston remained Irish captain for the World Cricket League Division One tournament in Kenya in January/February 2007 and for the World Cup, playing an Intercontinental Cup match against the UAE in between the two events.
The World Cup provided Johnston with some of the high points in his cricket career, leading his team to a thrilling tie against Zimbabwe and hitting the winning runs against Pakistan to record one of the biggest upsets in cricket history. He captained Ireland to a win over Bangladesh in the Super Eight stage of the tournament as Ireland finished eighth in the tournament, he remained captain of the Ireland side for their Friends Provident Trophy campaign in 2007 and took a hat-trick against Gloucestershire on 10 May 2007, only the second hat-trick for Ireland, the only previous one coming in August 1877 against I Zingari. In March 2008 Johnston announced that he was stepping down as Ireland captain and taking a break from international cricket and would miss the 2008 Friends Provident Cup, though he would continue to play for Railway Union and expected to play for Ireland return that year. Johnston explained the rest was to allow him to focus on his family life, his professional career, allow his body to recover from various injuries.
Though he remarked "I don't think I'm up to the strains of one-day cricket any more", he would go on to play more than 30 further ODIs. In July he was selected for Ireland's Intercontinental Cup fixture against Canada, but opted out of the one-day match. Ireland hosted the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier in early August. Johnston made his Twenty20 International debut during the tournament, Ireland's first T20I match. Cricket Ireland announced their first central contracts for players in June 2009. Johnston and Alex Cusack were the two players given the contracts. Johnston won his 100th cap in the August 2009 ODI loss to England, when he was named Man of the Match, for 20 not out and bowling figures of 10–2–26–4. Johnston was one of seven Ireland players to be nominated for the 2009 Associate and Affiliate Player of the Year, although he did not make the 4-man short-list. In January 2010 the ICU In January 2010 Cricket Ireland expanded the number of players with central contrac