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Stig Anderson

Stig Erik Leopold Anderson, better known as Stikkan Anderson, was a Swedish music manager and music publisher. He was the co-founder of Polar Music, is best known for managing the Swedish pop band ABBA. Stig Anderson was born on 25 January 1931 in Hova, the son of a single mother named Ester. Anderson began his career as a chemistry and mathematics teacher at a primary school, by taking night classes after leaving school at the age of 15. Having written his first song at age 16, Anderson soon entered the Swedish popular music scene, becoming a music producer and occasional performer. Anderson had begun writing songs as early as 1951, in 1959 he got his breakthrough with the song "Är du kär i mig ännu, Klas-Göran?", written for Swedish singer Lill-Babs. During the 1960s he was one of Sweden's most prolific songwriters, producing more than 3,000 published titles. Anderson founded Sweden Music in 1960, as well as several other companies. Three years Anderson co-founded Polar Music with Bengt Bernhag.

By the late 1960s, he was the manager and producer of Björn Ulvaeus and Benny Andersson, who would become the two main songwriters of ABBA. He joined the careers of these two, after managing the Hootenanny Singers, of which Ulvaeus was a member. In 1972, he began managing Anni-Frid Lyngstad, in 1976 Agnetha Fältskog. Before his time with ABBA, Anderson managed some of the biggest Swedish artists at that time, had a huge number of hits on the Swedish charts, his success earned him the nickname "The Business" since he had several artists in the Top 10 at any time with whom he had written and recorded the songs. When requiring fresh ideas, Anderson would travel to New York City, buy songs, American hits, translate or transcribe the lyrics on the return journey ready for a recording session shortly after and have the record on the shelves within a few days; some songs were sent to IFPI/ASCAP for copyright infringement. In the early stages of ABBA, Anderson co-wrote many of the songs' lyrics, among them some of the band's biggest hits, such as "Ring Ring", "Waterloo", "Honey, Honey", "I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do", "Mamma Mia", "S.

O. S", "Fernando", "Dancing Queen", "Knowing Me, Knowing You", "The Name of the Game". Referred to as the fifth member of ABBA, he owned the record label and the publishing company. Anderson shared the ownership with Benny Andersson, Björn Ulvaeus and Michael B. Tretow, the main sound engineer for the company. Anderson was one of the dominant figures behind ABBA, representing their commercial interests and global success through successful record deals. At the same time, he managed the investment of funds and the enormous financial incomes of Polar Music, holding the majority of stocks; this was an agreement dating back to 1974, a great deal of the money came from individual record deals he struck for the group, including a ground-breaking agreement for record sales in the Soviet Union in which ABBA recordings were released in exchange for barrels of oil. In the mid-1980s, a considerable part of ABBA's fortune was lost by mismanagement, bad investments, high demands for tax, the rise of credit rates.

The contract with the performers, as well as the international distribution, ran from a standard publishing and recording deal involving identical contracts, rather than from one written with the performers of the band. This led to problems when three of the four ABBA members terminated their relationship with Anderson when it was revealed that Anderson had used this contract to take a percentage of profits at a value of 4.5 million euros over the course of many years. A complaint against Anderson was submitted to the Stockholm District Court in June 1990 by Agnetha Fältskog's company Agnetha Fältskog Produktion AB, Benny Andersson's company Mono Music AB, as well as a Dutch company holding Björn Ulvaeus's rights; the dispute was settled out of court in July 1991. In 1982, Anni-Frid Lyngstad had sold all the shares in the Polar Music company given to her by Anderson, as she moved abroad, she remains the only member never to seek legal recourse for past royalty fees and was not involved in any way with the legal proceedings against Anderson.

In 1989, Anderson made a substantial financial endowment to found the Polar Music Prize from money he made when he sold the multimillion-dollar record company Polar Records. In this deal nearly all utilisation and license rights, the registered ABBA trademark, were sold for an unknown sum of money to PolyGram shortly before the ABBA members took him to court over royalty back payments. Anderson had licensed ABBA and the members' solo releases to various labels worldwide as a way to earn more royalties. In 1998, PolyGram was in turn sold to Seagram and merged into what is now one of the Big Three record labels, the Universal Music Group, the company that today holds the rights to the entire ABBA back catalogue. Stig Anderson was married to Gudrun Anderson, had two sons and Lasse, a daughter Marie, his daughter, Marie Ledin was involved in the music industry. In the mid-1980s she started a new successful record label called Record Station, followed by Anderson Records. Anderson Records released Anni-Frid Lyngstad's Swedish comeback album Djupa andetag in 1996, as well as Michael B.

Tretow's Grea


Telefuturo, sometimes known as Canal 4, is a Paraguayan television network. The station operates between 66 and 72 MHz in Asunción, reaches the entire population of Paraguay. Telefuturo's coverage reaches all the Región Oriental, where 97% of the population of Paraguay lives. Since its inception it maintained a steady growth and has 14 repeaters. Día a Día Meridiano Informativo Telediario La Lupa AAM Telefútbol Coche a la Vista El Deportivo Fútbol a lo Grande TV Vive la Vida Vive la Tarde Baila Conmigo Paraguay El Conejo MasterChef Paraguay Polémica en el Bar Paraguay Telembopi Yo me Llamo La Voz... Paraguay Got Talent Paraguay Miss Universo Paraguay Copa América FIFA World Cup Euro South American Olympic Qualifiers Summer Olympic GamesFormer sports events from TelefuturoFórmula 3 Sudamericana UEFA Cup Ligue 1 Copa Libertadores Official site

Idol Project

Idol Project is a short, four-episode long OAV series produced in 1995 by Studio OX. This anime follows a cute 14-year-old girl named Mimu Emilton, who dreams of becoming a singing idol, much like her own idol, Yuri. Yuri brought world peace through her music, became the world's president. Mimu has a chance to audition in her hometown of Starland in front of Yuri, with the help of 6 "Excellent Idols". However, before Mimu has the chance to sing in front of Yuri and the Excellent Idols, they are kidnapped by aliens and taken to another universe; the group land on the Tropical Dimension's Bali Hawaii. A competition is to begin in two hours to raise Bali Hawaii's sun, idols from all over space arrive to take part; the owner, Mr Bananaan, desires for the Excellent Idols to win, since they are his most recent obsession. The competition includes several activities, such as the Swing Ski, Muddy Quiz Contest, Water-Scooter Fight. After several comical events, Yuri mistakenly is named the only one able to help the sun rise again for the first time.

After the competition, Mimu must save up enough money to make it back to Starland, her hometown, universes away. Mimu Emilton Mimu is a 14-year-old girl with large aspirations of becoming the best idol in the universe. Although she is ambitious, she loses confidence and becomes discouraged, but something always comes up to motivate her, she works tirelessly for her dream. Her motto is Dream. Voiced by: Mariko Kouda. Although she appears tough, she has unusual soft spots for her guitar and Mimu, whom she believes to have extraordinary talent, her advice for aspiring idols is Guts! Voiced by: Aya Hisakawa; because a lady never reveals her age, Extra's age is unknown. Her philosophy for stardom is Dignity. Voiced by: Mika Kanai, she loves taking baths and singing. Her motto is Rhythm. Voiced by: Kikuko Inoue, she considers her whirlwind kicks and high-speed punches as signs of endearment - and her fans love being mauled by her. Her idol motto is Relax. Voiced by: Hinako Kanamaru, her advice for aspiring idols is Smile!

Voiced by: Koorogi Satomi. Although it was popular enough in Japan to be dubbed into various languages including English, it was not accepted with the same sort of popularity internationally. Most of the appeal in the series comes not from the storyline, or characters, but the all-star cast of famous voice actresses that starred as the main characters of the series, it was directed by Yasufumi Nagaoka and the character designer/animation director was Noritaka Suzuki. Idol Project's appeal is hands-down in its upbeat music, performed by its all-star cast of voice actors. Opening Theme Don't Stop Ending Theme Kimi no Heart wo Neraiuchi アイドルプロジェクト―ファーストプレゼント Don't Stop!―ス・テ・キにめぐり会いたい Angel Kiss カ・ン・セ・ツ♥キッス Crystal Generation オ・ン・ナ・の果実 Cotton Boy ビーナス誕生! みんあ恋のせいね FOLLOW THE HEART 実力派に愛のエールを 君のハートを狙いうち 星のメロディー アイドルプロジェクト―セカンド♥ステージ 天使のいる空 時季の国のアリス 真珠色ロマンス やる気のシャボン玉 Shinny Boy―真夏のまん中― PI・A・NO Be Up! ―夢を追いつめて― 人魚のため息 Star Nights, Star Days 愛だ!? 正義だ!? ぱるぷりん 恋唄 Idol Project: New Dream Hitoshi Doi's Idol Project Page - fansite with an abundant amount of information Idol Project at Anime News Network's encyclopedia

Nightmare in the Sun

Nightmare in the Sun is a film drama directed by Marc Lawrence, written by George Fass and Fanya Foss, about a murderous affair. Derek starred along with Aldo Ray. Smaller roles in the film featured Jr. and Robert Duvall. Beautiful young Marsha Wilson is married to Sam, a wealthy, much-older man, she is having an affair with the sheriff. Marsha picks up a handsome hitch-hiker one day, brings him to husband's ranch and falls for him. Marsha wants to run off with the hitch-hiker. Sam returns home in a jealous rage, discovers what happened and kills Marsha with a rifle in a drunken rage; the town's sheriff concocts a scheme to blackmail Sam, promising to frame the hitch-hiker for Marsha's murder if Sam provides a hefty payment. The hitch-hiker is caught and jailed, escapes and is recaptured. By a remorseful Sam has had enough, he kills the sheriff confesses to committing both murders. Ursula Andress as Marsha Wilson John Derek as the Hitch-Hiker Aldo Ray as the Sheriff Arthur O'Connell as Sam Wilson Sammy Davis Jr. as Truck Driver Robert Duvall as Motorcyclist Richard Jaeckel as Motorcyclist Allyn Joslyn as Junk Dealer Keenan Wynn as Song and Dance Man Chick Chandler as Bartender Marc Lawrence was best known as an actor, but he had moved into directing television.

He helped come up with the original story, his wife co-wrote the screenplay. The movie was financed by one of the du Pont family. Du Pont wanted on screen credit but Lawrence refused, he said in a interview, "I said,'I can't. If all these guys knew the money came from a millionaire, they'd cut my throat. If I sell the picture and your name is on it, I won't get a penny for it'."Hedda Hopper announced Du Pont financed the film in her column in September 1963. Sammy Davis Jr. played a cameo and was going to sing the title track, but it is not in the final film. Filming started on 13 September 1963; the movie was filmed around Calabasas, California over 15 days. Several of the cast agreed to appear for less than their usual fees as a favor to Lawrence. Lawrence made John Derek a co-producer in order that his then-wife Ursula Andress would do a nude scene, he says this would be in the scene at the beginning "when Aldo Ray rapes her". "Derek promised to allow his wife Ursula to do a nude scene with Aldo Ray," Lawrence wrote, "but the day before shooting he changed his mind.

Years he did a nude layout of Ursula for Playboy and got $15,000 for his art."DuPont hindered filming by insisting filming should be dictated by astrology. After filming was completed, Lawrence assembled a rough cut which Du Pont bought for $50,000. "When I got a $50,000 note to get out of the picture, they put in a nude scene," claimed Lawrence. He defaulted on his payments and release of the film was held up when Lawrence attempted to reclaim his money or ownership of the film. Lawrence only directed Daddy's Deadly Darling. List of American films of 1965 Nightmare in the Sun on IMDb Nightmare in the Sun at TCMDB Nightmare in the Sun at BFI

Reciprocal altruism in humans

Reciprocal altruism in humans refers to an individual behavior that gives benefit conditionally upon receiving a returned benefit, which draws on the economic concept – ″gains in trade″. Human reciprocal altruism would include the following behaviors: helping patients, the wounded, the others when they are in crisis; the concept of ″altruism″ was firstly coined by the French philosopher Auguete Comte in the 19th century, derived from the French word ″altruisme″. Comte believed that ″altruism″ is a moral doctrine, the opposite of egoism, emphasizing the noble morality of sacrificing themselves and benefiting others. Human beings have both selfish and altruistic motivations, altruism is used to restrain the egoistical instinct. Comte's altruism describes the nature of human and ethical significances, but it's different from the altruism in biological sciences. In evolutionary biology, altruism is an individual behavior that benefits another individual's fitness but reduces their own fitness in population The concept of ″altruism″ in biology arose from the debate of ″the Problem of Altruism″ in Natural Selection.

Charles Darwin suggested that animals behave in the ways that can increase their survival and reproductive chances while competing with others. However, altruistic behavior – the act of helping others if it accompanies with a personal cost – is common in the animal kingdom, like the Vampire Bat and various primates. Therefore, Charles Darwin regarded ″the Problem of Altruism″ as a potential fatal challenge to his concept of natural selection. In ″The Descent of Man″, Darwin wrote: He, ready to sacrifice his life, as many a savage has been, rather than betray his comrades, would leave no offspring to inherit his noble nature. In 1964, William Hamilton developed mathematical model and put forward to his theory – ″Kin selection″ theory or ″inclusive fitness″ theory reveals that an altruistic gene evolved by natural selection; the gene can be only shared with relatives, reduces the individuals own fitness but boots the fitness of their relatives and off-springs. In this way, this behavior increases the proportion of altruistic gene in population.

Hamilton's rule provides mathematical inequality to state that an altruistic gene spread by natural selection only if the following condition can be satisfied: r B > C, where C is the cost to the individual performing the altruistic act, B is the benefit gained by the recipients of the altruistic act, r is the genetic relatedness between individual and recipients. Hamilton's ″Kin selection″ theory expands the Darwinian definition of ″fitness″ and continues the same Darwinian framework that allows the spread of not only selfish genes but altruistic genes. Hamilton's theory did not support an appropriate explanation with unrelated members of other species. In order to solve this problem, Robert Trivers developed the original theory of reciprocal altruism into an attempt to explain the altruism behaviors among unrelated organisms; the idea of reciprocal altruism is straightforward: an altruistic behavior is selected only if a return would be obtained in the future. It is similar to the Tit-for-Tat strategy from game theory.

The theory of reciprocal altruism in humanity, based on the biological characteristics of human beings and the realistic society, explicates the interdependence and cooperation between people, as well as its rationality. It demonstrates the original motivations and the internal mechanisms of the human cooperation, revealing the inevitability and social significance ranging from kin altruism to un-relative altruism in the human population; as a result, the subjective guess and emotion of human cooperation can be refined to a theory, is become one of the most popular explanations to a variety of social behaviors. In addition, cooperation is the most deep-seated foundation for the formation and existence of human society. Therefore, the proposition of reciprocal altruism is undoubtedly a great theoretical advance in human cognition history. Human reciprocal altruism seems to be a huge magnetic field to interweave different disciplines closely. New exploration has been made by these disciplines at different levels from different points.

The core of Human reciprocal altruism is located in the puzzle: How to overcome short-term self-interest and achieve cooperation. It reveals that altruistic individuals are more competitive than selfish individuals, on either improving individual fitness or resolving conflicts; the compatibility and complementarity of different theoretical perspectives lay the basis of human reciprocal altruism, help with exploring human different viewpoints of human reciprocal altruism. The debate of human reciprocal altruism has been the focus of biology, sociology and culture. In 1902, Peter Kropotkin published his monographMutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution, demonstrates the survival mechanisms of cooperation, based on various examples of animal and human societies, he attempted to reveal that the law of biological evolution is mutual aid rather than survival competition. Mutual aid and cooperation are the principles of all species’ biological evolution including human beings’, the concepts resulting in a profound influence upon biological evolution.

Wilson applied the term of ″sociobiology″ as an attempt to explain social behavior of insect and thus explored the evolutionary mechanism of other animals including human such as the social behavior, altruism. He argued that human altruistic behavior, as one of the human nature characteristics, is the result of the genetic inheritance. In 1971, Trivers published one of the most important biological articles of the 20th century - The Evolution

Boy George discography

English singer Boy George has released nine studio albums, five compilation albums and forty-seven singles. The singer has released seven DJ albums, three EPs and a soundtrack album. Boy George was born as George Alan O'Dowd on 14 June 1961 in Bexley, England; the singer was part of the English New Romantic movement which emerged in the early 1980s. He helped give androgyny an international stage with the success of Culture Club during the 1980s, his music is classified as blue-eyed soul, influenced by rhythm and blues and reggae. Between 1989 and 1992, he founded and was lead singer of Jesus Loves You, which performed house and dance music. In the 1990s and 2000s, Boy George's solo music reveals glam rock influences such as David Bowie and Iggy Pop. Being involved in many activities, he has released fewer music recordings in the 21st century. 1999: Galaxy Mix 2001: Essential Mix 2001: 2001: Lucky for Some 2002: Something Old, Something New – A More Protein Compilation 2002: A Night Out with Boy George – A DJ Mix 2002: A Night In with Boy George – A Chillout Mix 2002: Taboo - Original London Cast Boy George on AllMusic Boy George on Discogs Boy George on Rate Your Music