Stillwater, Oklahoma

Stillwater is a city in north-central Oklahoma at the intersection of US-177 and State Highway 51. It is the county seat of Payne County, United States; as of the 2010 census, the city population was 45,688. Stillwater is the principal city of the Stillwater Micropolitan Statistical Area which had a population of 78,399 according to the 2012 census estimate. Stillwater was part of the first Oklahoma Land Run held on April 22, 1889 when the Unassigned Lands were opened for settlement and became the core of the new Oklahoma Territory; the city charter was adopted on August 24, 1889. Stillwater is home to the main campus of Oklahoma State University as well as Northern Oklahoma College – Stillwater, Meridian Technology Center, the Oklahoma Department of Career and Technology Education. Stillwater has a diverse economy with a foundation in aerospace, biotechnology, optoelectronics and publishing, software and standard manufacturing; the city operates under a council-manager government system. The city's largest employer is Oklahoma State University.

It was one of the 100 Best Places to Live in 2010, according to CNN Money Magazine. Stillwater is located in the area popularly known as "Tornado Alley." It has a humid subtropical climate and the highest recorded temperature was 115 °F on August 11, 1936. The city is home to the National Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum and the NCAA Division I Oklahoma State Cowboys and Cowgirls; the north-central region of Oklahoma became part of the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. In 1832, author and traveler Washington Irving provided the first recorded description of the area around Stillwater in his book A Tour on the Prairies, he wrote of “a glorious prairie spreading out beneath the golden beams of an autumnal sun. The deep and frequent traces of buffalo, showed it to be a one of their favorite grazing grounds.” According to one legend, local Native American tribes — Ponca, Osage, Pawnee — called the creek “Still Water” because the water was always still. A second legend states that cattlemen driving herds from Texas to railways back east always found water "still there".

A third legend holds that David L. Payne walked up to Stillwater Creek and said, “This town should be named Still Water”. Members of the board thought he was crazy. Stillwater Creek received its official name in 1884 when William L. Couch established his “boomer colony” on its banks. While the creek itself was tranquil, the next few years saw turmoil as pioneers sought free, fertile land and soldiers held them off while complicated legal issues and land titles with Creek and Seminole tribes were hashed out. On April 22, 1889, the cannons fired signaling the first Land Run that opened up the Unassigned Lands of the Oklahoma Territory, which included Stillwater. By the end of the day, 240 acres had been claimed and designated as Stillwater Township and a tent city with a population numbering 300 had sprung up on the prairie; the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture says that the name became Stillwater only when the post office opened on May 28, 1889. On Christmas Eve, 1890, the legislature of Oklahoma Territory passed a bill certifying Stillwater as the land grant college site.

In 1894, Oklahoma Agricultural and Mechanical College held a dedication of its first brick building, Assembly Building known as Old Central. Between 1889 and statehood, Stillwater grew. By statehood in 1907, downtown Stillwater was home to more than 50 buildings including several banks, grocery stores and department stores; the first newspaper was the Stillwater Gazette. The population in 1917 was 3,000 and by World War II it had grown to more than 10,000. During the war, town leaders’ aim was to convert Oklahoma A&M into a war training center, they succeeded in creating 12 training units that involved bringing nearly 40,000 service men and women to Stillwater. The WAVES was the largest with 10,000 participants. Quonset huts were dotted across town and barracks occupied the site where Stillwater Medical Center and the CareerTech headquarters are now; this vast operation tided the city through the war and served as a base for a healthy economy in the postwar period. In 1952, the Industrial Foundation was established and its trustees worked to bring new industry to town: Moore Plant in 1966, Swan Hose in 1968, Mercury Marine in 1973, National Standard plant in 1988, World Color Press in 1974 and Armstrong World Industries, Inc. in 1988.

The census of 2000, the population was 39,065. The City of Stillwater operates under a council-manager government system, in which an elected city council is responsible for making policy, passing ordinances and approving the city's budget; the council appoints a city manager. The city council meets the first and third Monday of the month in the Council Room at the Stillwater Municipal Building, 723 S. Lewis. Stillwater does not have city council districts; the mayor and councilors are elected to three-year or four-year terms with at least one of the five seats up for election in April every year. Any person elected to the office of council member after Jan.. 1, 2017, is eligible to serve no more than 12 years on the council. Years served; the vice mayor is elected by the council acts as mayor during mayor's absence. As of June 2018 the city council consists of Mayor Will Joyce, Vice Mayor Pat Darlington, councilors Amy Dzialowski, John Wedla

Dan Dooley

Daniel Dooley is an Irish hurler who plays for Cork Senior Championship club Bride Rovers and at inter-county level with the Cork senior hurling team. He lines out as a left wing-forward. On 28 November 2008, Dooley scored 1-02 from full-forward when St. Colman's College defeated Coláiste Chríost Rí by 4-15 to 2-13 to win the Dr. O'Callaghan Cup. On 1 March 2014, Dooley was at full-forward on the Cork Institute of Technology team that faced the Waterford Institute of Technology in the final of the Fitzgibbon Cup, he was held scoreless throughout the game which resulted in a 0-17 to 0-12 victory for the Waterford team. Dooley joined the Bride Rovers club at a young age and played in all grades at juvenile and underage levels, enjoying divisional and county championship success in the under-12 and minor grades. On 28 September 2008, Dooley was a substitute when Bride Rovers faced Sarsfields in the final of the Cork Senior Championship, he remained on the bench for the entire game which Bride Rovers lost by 2-14 to 2-13.

Dooley was added to the Cork senior hurling panel in November 2018. He made his first appearance on 24 February 2019 and scored two points from left wing-forward in Cork's 2-21 to 1-21 National Hurling League defeat of Limerick; as of match played 20 April 2019. As of match played 16 March 2019. St. Colman's CollegeDr. O'Callaghan Cup: 2008 Dan Dooley profile at the Bride Rovers GAA website


Rapids are sections of a river where the river bed has a steep gradient, causing an increase in water velocity and turbulence. Rapids are hydrological features between a cascade. Rapids are characterised by the river becoming shallower with some rocks exposed above the flow surface; as flowing water splashes over and around the rocks, air bubbles become mixed in with it and portions of the surface acquire a white colour, forming what is called "whitewater". Rapids occur where the bed material is resistant to the erosive power of the stream in comparison with the bed downstream of the rapids. Young streams flowing across solid rock may be rapids for much of their length. Rapids cause water aeration of the river resulting in better water quality. Rapids are categorized in classes running from I to VI. A Class 5 rapid may be categorized as Class 5.1-5.9. While class I rapids are easy to navigate and require little maneuvering, class VI rapids pose threat to life with little or no chance for rescue.

River rafting sports are carried out. Fluid dynamics International Scale of River Difficulty - for classification of rapids Rheophile - organisms that live in fast flowing water Riffle - A fast moving portion of a stream without the vigour of a rapid Mason, Bill. Path of the Paddle. Northword Press. ISBN 9781559710046. Rapids entry in National Geographic's encyclopedia