Stirlingshire or the County of Stirling is a historic county and registration county of Scotland. Its county town is Stirling, it borders Perthshire to the north and West Lothian to the east, Lanarkshire to the south, Dunbartonshire to the south-east and south-west. The County Council of Stirling was granted a coat of arms by Lord Lyon King of Arms on 29 September 1890; the design of the arms commemorated the Scottish victory at the Battle of Bannockburn in the county. On the silver saltire on blue of St Andrew was placed the rampant red lion from the royal arms of Scotland. Around this were placed two caltraps and two spur-rowels recalling the use of the weapons against the English cavalry. On the abolition of the Local Government council in 1975, the arms were regranted to the Local Government Stirling District Council, they were regranted a second time in 1996 to the present Local Government Stirling Council, with the addition of supporters. In 1130, one of the principal royal strongholds of the Kingdom of Scotland, was created a Royal burgh by King David I.
On 11 September 1297, the forces of Andrew Moray and William Wallace defeated the combined English forces of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey, Hugh de Cressingham near Stirling, on the River Forth, at the Battle of Stirling Bridge during the First War of Scottish Independence. On 22 July 1298 the Battle of Falkirk saw the defeat of William Wallace by King Edward I of England. On 24 June 1314 the Battle of Bannockburn at Bannockburn, was a significant Scottish victory in the Wars of Scottish Independence, it was one of the decisive battles of the First War of Scottish Independence. On 11 June 1488 the Battle of Sauchieburn was fought at the side of Sauchie Burn, a stream about two miles south of Stirling, Scotland; the battle was fought between the followers of King James III of Scotland and a large group of rebellious Scottish nobles including Alexander Home, 1st Lord Home, nominally led by the king's 15-year-old son, Prince James, Duke of Rothesay. In 1645 the Covenanter army under General William Baillie formed near Banton for their engagement with the Royalist forces under the command of Montrose at the Battle of Kilsyth, Kilsyth, on 15 August 1645.
The Battle of Falkirk Muir on 17 January 1746 saw the Jacobites under Charles Edward Stuart defeat a government army commanded by Lieutenant General Henry Hawley. Stirlingshire occupies a strategic position on the Forth-Clyde isthmus commanding the main overland routes from Glasgow and Edinburgh up to central and northern Scotland; the western'arm' of the county is sparsely populated and dominated by Loch Lomond, which it shares with Dunbartonshire, the Trossachs. Several islands within Loch Lomond belong to Stirlingshire, the chief of these being Eilean nan Deargannan, Ceardach, Inchfad, Ellanderroch and Clairinsh. On the north-eastern boundary with Perthshire a small portion of Loch Katrine lies within Stirlingshire, the smaller Loch Arklet can be found here. Central Stirlingshire is dominated by the Carron Valley Reservoir and the Campsie Fells, Kilsyth Hills and Gargunnock Hills, with the larger towns such as Lennoxtown and Kilsyth spread out along the southern border and A891/A803 roads.
The south-western corner of the county around Milngavie abuts the Greater Glasgow conurbation and contains several small reservoirs and lochs, such as Burncrooks Reservoir, Kilmannan Reservoir, Carbeth Loch, Craigallian Loch, Dumbrock Loch, Mugdock Loch, Mugdock/Craigmaddie Reservoir and Bardowie Loch. The area east of the M80 is much flatter and contains the bulk of the county's population, with the Firth of Forth providing access to the North Sea; the bulk of Stirlingshire's motorway network lies in the eastern third of the county where the population is most concentrated. Various A roads form a circle around central Strirlingshire, with the rest of the county served by B roads. Various ferries enable one to cross Loch Lomond in the far west, the Kincardine Bridge in the far east provides access to Fife and Clackmannanshire. Only the eastern third of the county is connected by rail, with the exception of Milngavie railway station in the far south-west which provides access to Glasgow; the rail lines connect the towns of the eastern conurbation to each other and on to Edinburgh, Glasgow and Perth.
In 2001, according to the website of the General Register Office for Scotland, there were 871 civil parishes. List of civil parishes in Scotland Civil parishes are still used for some statistical purposes, separate census figures are published for them; as their areas have been unchanged since the 19th century this allows for comparison of population figures over an extended period of time. Following the boundary changes caused by the Local Government Act 1889, Stirlingshire contained the following civil parishes: The Royal Burgh of Stirling The Burgh of Bridge of Allan The Burgh of Denny and Dunipace The Burgh of Falkirk The Burgh of Grangemouth The Burgh of Kilsyth (a burgh of barony from 1620, a police burgh from 187
Myxilla incrustans is a species of demosponge. It is an encrusting species and is yellow. M. incrustans is an encrusting sponge occurring in patches 5 cm high. It is some shade of yellow but can range through orange and white, it has a bubbly-looking appearance with internal channels visible through the surface and large, raised oscules. The consistency is soft and elastic but the surface feels crisp because of the vertical spicule bundles supporting it; the skeleton is built out of megascleres with spear-shaped ends with tiny spines on them. The microscleres are a mixture of shovel-like chelae and "C" - shaped sigmas. Several other similar sponges grow in the same habitats and microscopic examination is necessary to identify the species. M. incrustans is found in the Arctic, round Bear Island and the Faroe Islands, on the coasts of Norway and south along the Atlantic coast to the Mediterranean Sea. In these areas, it is found between low-water mark and a depth of 400 metres on vertical rocks and sites with clean water exposed to strong tidal flows.
It occurs in the northwest Pacific Ocean and Japanese waters. Here it is found growing on the shells of clams in the genus Chlamys. M. incrustans is viviparous and in the months of August and September, developing embryos are sometimes found inside the tissues. These measure about 0.5 mm across before becoming detached. Initiation of the sexual processes involved in reproduction depends on the water temperature; the male tissue releases sperm into the water column. These may get sucked into another sponge, fertilisation takes place. About 7% to 12% of the maternal tissue of the sponge is used up in the reproductive process, there is some localized destruction of the tissue
Vel is a 2007 Indian Tamil-language action film written and directed by Hari and produced by Mohan Natarajan. It stars Suriya in a double role as identical twins as protagonists, Asin as the female lead, Kalabhavan Mani as the antagonist, it features Vadivelu, Saranya Ponvannan, Charan Raj and Nassar in supporting roles. The film's score and soundtrack was composed by Yuvan Shankar Raja; the film released on 8 November 2007. Upon release, the film received mixed reviews but was a commercial success; the film was dubbed and released in Telugu as Deva and in Hindi as Main Faisla Karunga in 2014. and who have twins lose one of them while traveling between Tirunelveli and Chennai. The child stolen by a beggar for its gold chain is abandoned at the door of a rich feudal landlord, he is brought up in the family as Vel and becomes the darling of everybody including Appatha, the family head. Meanwhile the other twin grows up and becomes a private detective Vasu, who falls in love with a television hostess, Swathi.
At the same time Vel is given a tough time by Sakkara Pandi, a former minister and local strongman who has his own axe to grind. The twins meet, swap their roles and unite to fight the villain, forms the rest of this predictable yarn. Director Hari once again teamed up with composer Yuvan Shankar Raja for the musical score of Vel after having worked together in Thaamirabharani; the soundtrack of Vel features 6 songs. Lyrics were written by Na. Muthukumar and Hari. Comedian Vadivelu had lent his voice for one of the songs; the album received mixed reviews. This film's theaterical run was 50 days in 17 centers and 100 days in 13 centers making it a commercially successful venture. Vel on IMDb
Rince Ri was a National Hunt racehorse. He was owned by Frank Moriarty, he made his racecourse debut in December 1997, where he won a maiden hurdle at Navan and followed this up with two further wins in January and February, including a Grade 2 race. In his final appearance of the 1997/98 season, he was sent off favourite for a Grade 3 race at Navan and finished fourth; the 1998/99 season saw Rince Ri embark on a novice chasing campaign. He won a beginners chase at Navan in November 1998 and followed this up with two more wins in January and February, both in Grade 3 races. After finishing second in another Grade 3 race, Rince Ri went to Fairyhouse for the Powers Gold Cup, where he won by 9 lengths from Promalee, he made his seasonal reappearance in the Troytown Chase in November, where he finished third, before stepping back up to the top level for the John Durkan Memorial Chase. He finished a 3/4 length second to Buck Rogers. Rince Ri resumed winning ways in his next start, where he beat favourite Florida Pearl by a head in the Ericsson Chase at Leopardstown.
His next start saw him lock horns with that rival again, but Florida Pearl recorded victory in the Irish Hennessy Chase, where Rince Ri finished third. His final start of the season saw him go to the Cheltenham Festival for the first time, where he was sent off a 33/1 shot for the Cheltenham Gold Cup, he unseated Ruby Walsh, three out. The 2000/01 season started with Rince Ri's second successive win in the Ericsson Chase before injury ruled him out for the rest of the season. November 2001 saw Rince Ri return from injury at Naas, he filled the same position in his next two starts, in the John Durkan Memorial Chase and the Ericsson Chase. After finishing second in the Pierse Chase in January 2002, Rince Ri crossed the shores to Cheltenham, where he won the Pillar Chase, his next start proved to be the final one of that season, where he finished third behind Alexander Banquet in the Irish Hennessy Chase. The 2002/03 season was one of mixed fortunes for Rince Ri, as he finished down the field in the John Durkan Memorial Chase, the Ericsson Chase, the Pierse Chase, the Irish Hennessy Chase, before he went to Fairyhouse, where he won the Bobbyjo Chase in February.
He followed that up with another win in a Listed race at Navan. In his final start of the season, Rince Ri finished second behind First Gold in the Punchestown Gold Cup; the 2003/04 season saw Rince Ri placed in numerous Grade 1 races, without getting his head in front. He was placed in the John Durkan Memorial Chase, the Normans Grove Chase, the Pillar Chase, the Irish Hennessy Chase, he finished the season with a fourth behind Beef or Salmon in the Punchestown Gold Cup, his final two seasons saw Rince Ri run in a mixture of hurdle and chase races, including the Bobbyjo Chase and the 2006 Grand National, without getting his head in front again. After failing to finish in the 2006 Grand National, he was retired
Bruce Maccabee is an American optical physicist employed by the U. S. Navy, a leading ufologist. Maccabee received a B. S. in physics at Worcester Polytechnic Institute in Worcester, Mass. and at American University, Washington, DC. In 1972 he began his career at White Oak, Silver Spring, Maryland. Dr. Maccabee retired from government service in 2008, he has worked on optical data processing, generation of underwater sound with lasers and various aspects of the Strategic Defense Initiative and Ballistic Missile Defense using high power lasers. Maccabee has been an active ufologist since the late 1960s when he joined the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomena and was active in research and investigation for NICAP until its demise in 1980, he became a member of the Mutual UFO Network in 1975 and was subsequently appointed to the position of state Director for Maryland, a position he still holds. In 1979 he was instrumental in establishing the Fund for UFO Research and was the chairman for about 13 years.
He presently serves on the National Board of the Fund. His UFO research and investigations have included the Kenneth Arnold sighting, the McMinnville, Oregon photos of 1950, the Gemini 11 astronaut photos of September, 1966, the Tehran UFO incident of September 1976, the New Zealand sightings of December 1978, the Japan Airlines sighting of November 1986, the numerous sightings of Gulf Breeze UFO incident, 1987–1988, the "red bubba" sightings, 1990-1992, the Mexico City video of August, 1997, the Phoenix lights sightings of March 13, 1997, 2004 Mexican UFO incident and many others, he has done historical research and was the first to obtain the secret "flying disc file" of the FBI. In addition, he has collected documents from the CIA, the U. S. Air Force, the U. S. Army, other government agencies. Maccabee is the author or coauthor of about three dozen technical articles and more than a hundred UFO articles over the last 30 years, including many which appeared in the MUFON UFO Journal and MUFON Symposium proceedings.
Among his papers was a reanalysis of the statistics and results of the famed Battelle Memorial Institute Project Blue Book Special Report No. 14, a massive analysis of 3200 Air Force cases through the mid-1950s.. Another was a reanalysis of the results of the Condon Committee UFO study from 1969. In addition, he has written or contributed to half a dozen books on the subject of UFOs and appeared on numerous radio and TV shows and documentaries as an authority on the subject. Maccabee is an accomplished pianist who performed at the 1997 and 1999 MUFON symposia, he lives in Allen County and married to Jan Maccabee. ISBN 978-1-56718-493-8 UFO/FBI Connection ISBN 978-0-380-78599-5 UFOs Are Real: Here's the Proof ISBN 978-1-56065-093-5 Could UFO's Be Real ISBN 978-0-9618082-0-4 Melbourne Episode: Case Study of a Missing Pilot ISBN 978-1-893183-28-5 Abduction In My Life: A Novel of Alien Encounters "Strong Magnetic Field Detected Following a Sighting of an Unidentified Flying Object," Journal of Scientific Exploration, 8, #3, 347, 1994 abstract "Water Spout UFO Photographed," MUFON UFO Journal, Nov. 1994 "The Arnold Phenomenon," January/February and March/April issues of the International UFO Reporter, 1995 "Raining on Sagan's Parade," MUFON UFO Journal, January, 1996 portions of article "The White Sands Films," International UFO Reporter, Vol. 21, #1, Spring, 1996 The White Sands Proof article "Illegitimate Science?
A Personal Story," Journal of Scientific Exploration, 10, #2, 269, 1996 abstract "Acceleration," Proceedings of the International MUFON Symposium, 1996 article "The Nightline UFO Video," MUFON UFO Journal, Dec. 1996 related article "The First Sighting," Proceedings of the International MUFON Symposium, 1997 "UFOs, the Real Thing or the Wrong Impression," Shutterbug Magazine, Aug. & Sept. 1997 "My Mission from the Ashtar Command," International UFO Reporter, Winter, 1997–1998 "Preliminary Report on the Mexico City Video of August 6, 1997," MUFON UFO Journal, April, 1998 "Flying Peanut or Double UFO," MUFON UFO Journal, January, 1999 "Phoenix Lights Revisited," MUFON UFO Journal, Feb. 1999 "Immediate High Alert: The Mystery of December 6, 1960," Proceedings of the 1999 MUFON International Symposium. "Optical Power Output of an Unidentified High Altitude Light Source," published in the Journal of Scientific Exploration, vol. 13, #2, 1999 article "Atmosphere or UFO," Journal of Scientific Exploration, vol.
13, #3, 1999 abstract article "Prosaic Explanations, the Failure of UFO Skepticism," Infinite Energy Magazine, Issue #29, 2000. He has appeared in a number of documentaries. Here are some of the more recent: A Current Affair TV show, April 1992 Unsolved Mysteries, Feb. 1993 Fred Fiske Radio Show on National Public Radio (Feb. 93 repeated twice d
Eleanor Shanley, from Keshcarrigan in County Leitrim in the North West of Ireland, is renowned for her unique interpretation of Irish and Roots songs. She has been at the top of her profession since her first appearance as the singer with traditional group De Danann, subsequently with Ronnie Drew, she has toured with Christy Moore and Sharon Shannon and as a soloist both in Ireland and abroad, where she is much in demand at top music festivals. Shanley has recorded with Ronnie Drew, Sharon Shannon, Eddi Reader, Tommy Fleming, Desmond O'Halloran, Dolores Keane, Christy Hennessy, The Dubliners and many others, her current collaborators are Frankie Lane and Paul Kelly with whom she has performed since 2002. Tommy Fleming's Restless Spirit album. De Danann's. Dubliners' 30 Years a Greying. Frankie Lane's Gunsmoke at El Paso. With Frankie Lane and Paul Kelly: A Place of My Own Official site