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Stjørdal

Stjørdal or Skierde is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Stjørdalen region; the administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Stjørdal called Stjørdalshalsen. Some of the villages in the municipality include Elvran, Hegra, Kvithammer, Skatval, Sona, Værnes; the municipality is known for the village of Hell, located in the Lånke area of Stjørdal. Hell is known for its train station, Hell Station, where you find the old sign saying Gods-expedition; the 938-square-kilometre municipality is the 118th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Stjørdal is the 48th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 24,028; the municipality's population density is 26.2 inhabitants per square kilometre and its population has increased by 16.2% over the last decade. The old prestegjeld of Stjørdalen was established as the municipality of Stjørdalen on 1 January 1838. On 1 January 1850, Stjørdalen municipality was divided into two new municipalities: Øvre Stjørdal in the east and Nedre Stjørdal in the west.

On 1 January 1874, Øvre Stjørdal municipality was divided into two new municipalities: Hegra in the west and Meråker in the east. On 1 January 1902, Nedre Stjørdal municipality was divided into three new municipalities: Lånke in the south, Skatval in the north, Stjørdal in the central part; this Stjørdal was quite small in comparison to its size today. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1962, the municipalities of Stjørdal, Hegra, Lånke, Skatval were all merged to form a much larger municipality of Stjørdal. On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Nord-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county; the Old Norse form of the name was Stjórardalr. The first element is the genitive case of the river name Stjór and the last element is dalr which means "valley" or "dale"; the meaning of the river name is unknown. The pronunciation of the name Stjørdal in the local dialect is. On 29 September 1983, by resolution of its municipal council, Stjørdal adopted a new municipal coat of arms in red and gold, bearing a gold or yellow Lindworm on a field of red.

The arms were granted on 25 November 1983. Most Norwegian municipalities have a banner of their respective coats of arms as a flag, accordingly, the municipal flag of Stjørdal bears a yellow wyvern on a red field. Although the coat of arms is from modern times, the dragon motif of the arms was inspired by a medieval seal for the district, dating from 1344; the old municipal seal was considered unsuitable for selection as the municipal coat of arms, because to obtain a municipal coat of arms and flag, a Norwegian municipality must fulfill certain heraldic requirements that do not apply to a seal. For example, a coat of arms will contain only one pictorial motif, while Stjørdal's seal had three motifs and failed to meet additional requirements concerning color elements; the municipality sought assistance from the National Archives of Norway, was referred to archivist Hallvard Trætteberg, resulting in a collaboration to develop the new coat of arms. The dragon is a symbol of Saint Margaret of Antioch, its depiction is derived from Stjørdal's old seal, which showed Saint Margaret standing on a slain dragon.

According to Stjørdal's municipal website, both the four-legged dragon and the two-legged wyvern are used in ancient designs of arms going back thousands of years, have "always stood as a symbol of authority and exalted dignity of great national cultures." The Church of Norway has four parishes within the municipality of Stjørdal. It is part of the Stjørdal prosti in the Diocese of Nidaros. Stjørdal is the location of Steinvikholm Castle, the residence of Norway's last Catholic archbishop, Olav Engelbrektsson, it is located on the Skatval peninsula. Hegra Fortress is located in the central part of the municipality, it was used as a defense against the Swedish military. It was used during World War II in the Battle of Hegra Fortress; the Stjørdal Folk Academy was founded in 1908 by Nils Anton Vaagland, mayor of Stjørdal and served as the academy's director for 10 years. All municipalities in Norway, including Stjørdal, are responsible for primary education, outpatient health services, senior citizen services and other social services, economic development, municipal roads.

The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Frostating Court of Appeal; the municipal council of Stjørdal is made up of 41 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows: Stjørdal consists of the old municipalities of Skatval, Hegra, Lånke, Stjørdal; the Stjørdalselva river runs through the Stjørdalen valley, with the Skatval peninsula on the northern side. The Forbordsfjellet mountain sits in the northern part of the municipality; the Skarvan and Roltdalen National Park lies in the eastern part of the municipality, as is a tiny part of the lake Feren. The village of Stjørdal declared town status in 1997. Stjørdal is one of the fastest-growing municipalities

Carl Kabat

Carl Kabat is a priest of the Catholic order Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate, best known for his eccentric, nonviolent protests against nuclear weapons. He has served over 17 years total in prison over his lifetime. Carl has spent a lifetime witnessing for peace. September 9, 1980: Daniel Berrigan, Jesuit priest and poet from New York City, they poured blood on documents and offered prayers for peace. They were arrested and charged with over ten different felony and misdemeanor counts. In February 1981, they underwent a jury trial in Pennsylvania. During their trial they were denied a "justification defense" and could not present expert testimony. Due to the Court's suppression of individual testimony about the Mark 12A and U. S. nuclear war-fighting policies, four left the trial and returned to witness at G. E, they were returned to court. They were convicted by a jury of burglary and criminal mischief and sentenced to prison terms of five to ten years, they appealed and the Pennsylvania Superior Court reversed their convictions in February 1984.

The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania appealed that decision. Following a ruling in the fall of 1985 by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court in favor of the Commonwealth on certain issues, the case was returned to the Superior Court Appeals Panel. In December 1987, the Superior Court of Pennsylvania refused their appeal, but ordered a re-sentencing; this ruling, was appealed to the Pennsylvania Supreme Court. In February 1989 the Pennsylvania Supreme Court denied a hearing of any further issues in the case, on October 2, 1989 the U. S. Supreme Court announced. On April 10, 1990 the Plowshares Eight were resentenced by the Pennsylvania Court of Common Pleas in Norristown and, with neither the prosecutor nor G. E. making any recommendations or asking reparations, paroled for up to 23 and 1/2 months in consideration of time served in prison. Judge James Buckingham listened attentively to statements by defendants, attorney Ramsey Clark, Dr. Robert J. Lifton, Professors Richard Falk and Howard Zinn, placing the "crime" in the context of the common plight of humanity, international law, America’s long tradition of dissent, the primacy of individual conscience over entrenched political system.

In 2009, the New York Times carried an informative article about Fr. Kabat's continued crusade against nuclear weapons after he protested at a Minuteman missile site outside of Greeley, Colorado. On July 4, 2011 and again on July 4, 2012, Fr. Carl Kabat entered the property at a nuclear bomb plant under construction in Kansas City, MO He named his action the 85% Pruning Hooks action – the title stems from the fact that the plant produces 85% of the non-nuclear components for our nation’s nuclear weapons. Fr. Kabat has re-styled Independence Day as “Interdependence Day” in honor of the interconnection of all nature. On December 13, 2013, with five other protesters, Kabat was found guilty of trespassing on the relocated National Nuclear Security Administration's Kansas City Plant but was given the unusual sentence of writing essay responses to questions posed by the judge. Plowshares Movement Dorothy Day

Pavle Nestorović

Pavle Nestorović, known as Dejak or Deak, was an Archduchy of Austria military officer of Serbian ethnicity. He was most notable as commander of the Serbian Militia during Great Turkish War; the Slavic language word deak was used by Hungarians to denote those who studied at schools with Latin-script textbooks. Pavle Nestorović was among them; the Ottomans captured Nestorović and handed him over to their vassal Imre Thököly who put him in prison in Veliki Varadin. He was ransomed in June 1688. In 1688, after the successful siege of Belgrade, Nestorović was appointed as commander of Smederevo with the rank of captain, he had under 600 Serbs. He was appointed as commander of the Serbian Militia. Count Đorđe Branković had no military experience and tried to engage Nestorović to command units of Serbs he would mobilize to join the Army of the Holy Roman Empire. Branković may have had the intention to marry Nestorović's sister to establish closer ties with him. Since the beginning of 1689, according to instructions from Vienna, Nestorović organized anti-Ottoman uprisings of Serbs in Sanjak of Smederevo.

He was disappointed because the rebels were not supported by the Habsburg imperial army. The rebels fieldwork expecting a quick advance by the army. On 29 August 1689 the Serbian Militia under the command of Dejak as a vanguard unit of the Habsburg army were victorious against a vanguard unit of the Ottoman army during the Battle of Batočina. On 24 September 1689, the Habsburg army captured Niš after defeating the Ottomans at the Battle of Niš. Nestorović and the Serbian unit under his command participated in this battle; when Louis William learned that there were no Ottoman defense positions on Vinik, he ordered Nestorović to attack it. Nestorović managed to bypass the right-wing of the Ottoman forces and with this maneuver won the battle. For this achievement, after this battle Nestorović was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant. On 4 October 1689 Nestorović was appointed as commander of all units of Serbian Militia in Serbia. Following the plan of the supreme command, the army was split into two parts.

One part under command of Louis William headed toward Vidin, while the remaining part of 3,700 soldiers under command of general Piccolomini went from Niš via Prokuplje to Kosovo Vilayet in the middle of October 1689. The major part of his soldiers were 3,400 members of the Serbian Militia under command of Antonije Znorić, appointed as assistant of Nestorović. In 1695 Nestorović without success. In 1697 Nestorović fought against Imre Thököly near Tokaj. In 1699, after the Treaty of Karlovac, the Serb regiment under command of Nestorović was disbanded and he was appointed as Oberstarzt of Titel. Antonije Znorić Jovan Monasterlija Komoranac Subota Jović Novak Petrović Sekula Vitković Pane Božić Prodan Štet Serbian Militia