David Keith Lynch is an American filmmaker, musician and photographer. He has been described by The Guardian as "the most important director of this era", while AllMovie called him "the Renaissance man of modern American filmmaking", his films Blue Velvet and Mulholland Drive are regarded by critics to be among the greatest films of their respective decades, while the success of his 1990–91 television series Twin Peaks led to him being labeled "the first popular Surrealist" by film critic Pauline Kael. He has received three Academy Award nominations for Best Director, has won France's César Award for Best Foreign Film twice, as well as the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival and a Golden Lion award for lifetime achievement at the Venice Film Festival. In 2016, Mulholland Drive, was named the top film of the 21st century by the BBC following a poll of 177 film critics from 36 countries. Born to a middle-class family in Missoula, Lynch spent his childhood traveling around the United States before he studied painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, where he first made the transition to producing short films.
He moved to Los Angeles, where he produced his first motion picture, the surrealist horror film Eraserhead. After Eraserhead became a cult classic on the midnight movie circuit, Lynch was employed to direct the biographical film The Elephant Man, from which he gained mainstream success, he was employed by the De Laurentiis Entertainment Group and proceeded to make two films: the science-fiction epic Dune, which proved to be a critical and commercial failure, a neo-noir mystery film Blue Velvet, which stirred controversy over its violence but grew in critical reputation. Next, Lynch created his own television series with Mark Frost, the popular murder mystery Twin Peaks, he created a cinematic prequel, Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me, a road film Wild at Heart and a family film The Straight Story in the same period. Turning further towards surrealist filmmaking, three of his subsequent films operated on dream logic non-linear narrative structures: Lost Highway, Mulholland Drive, Inland Empire.
Meanwhile, Lynch embraced the Internet as a medium, producing several web-based shows, such as the animated DumbLand and the surreal sitcom Rabbits. Lynch and Frost reunited for the Showtime limited series Twin Peaks: The Return, with Lynch co-writing and directing every episode. Lynch's other artistic endeavours include: his work as a musician, encompassing two solo albums—Crazy Clown Time and The Big Dream —as well as music and sound design for a variety of his films. An avid practitioner of Transcendental Meditation, Lynch founded the David Lynch Foundation in 2005, which sought to fund the teaching of TM in schools and has since widened its scope to other at-risk populations, including the homeless and refugees. Lynch was born in Missoula, Montana, on January 20, 1946, his father, Donald Walton Lynch, was a research scientist working for the U. S. Department of Agriculture, his mother, Edwina "Sunny" Lynch, was an English language tutor. Two of Lynch's maternal great-grandparents were Finnish, had immigrated to the United States from Finland in the 19th century.
Lynch was raised a Presbyterian. The Lynch family moved around according to where the USDA assigned Donald, it was because of this that when he was two months old, Lynch moved with his parents to Sandpoint and only two years after that, following the birth of his brother John, the family moved to Spokane, Washington. It was here; the family moved to Durham, North Carolina Boise and Alexandria, Virginia. Lynch found this transitory early life easy to adjust to, noting that he found it easy to meet new friends whenever he started attending a new school. Commenting on much of his early life, Lynch has remarked: I found the world and fantastic as a child. Of course, I had the usual fears, like going to school... For me, back school was a crime against young people, it destroyed the seeds of liberty. The teachers didn't encourage a positive attitude. Alongside his schooling, Lynch joined the Boy Scouts, although he would note that he only "became so I could quit and put it behind me." He rose to the highest rank of Eagle Scout.
As an Eagle Scout, he was present with other Boy Scouts outside the White House at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy, which took place on Lynch's birthday in 1961. Lynch had been interested in painting and drawing from an early age, became intrigued by the idea of pursuing it as a career path when living in Virginia, where his friend's father was a professional painter. At Francis C. Hammond High School in Alexandria, Lynch did poorly academically, having little interest in school work, but was popular with other students, after leaving decided that he wanted to study painting at college, beginning his studies at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston in 1964, where he was a roommate of Peter Wolf. Nonetheless, he left the School of the Museum of Fine Arts after only a year, stating that "I was not inspired AT ALL in that place", instead deciding that he wanted to travel around Europe for three years with his friend Jack Fisk, unhappy with his studies at Cooper Union, they had some hopes tha
Europa is a 1991 Danish art drama film directed by Lars von Trier. It is von Trier's third theatrical feature film and the final film in his Europa trilogy following The Element of Crime and Epidemic; the film features an international cast, including the French-American Jean-Marc Barr, Germans Barbara Sukowa and Udo Kier, expatriate American Eddie Constantine, the Swedes Max von Sydow and Ernst-Hugo Järegård. Europa was influenced by Franz Kafka's Amerika, the title was chosen "as an echo" of that novel. A young, idealistic American hopes to "show some kindness" to the German people soon after the end of World War II. In US-occupied Germany, he takes on work as a sleeping-car conductor for the Zentropa railway network, falls in love with a femme fatale, becomes embroiled in a pro-Nazi terrorist conspiracy. Europa employs an experimental style of cinema, combining black and white visuals with occasional intrusions of colour, having actors interact with rear-projected footage, layering different images over one another to surreal effect.
The voice-over narration uses an unconventional second-person narrative imitative of a hypnotist. The film's characters, music and plot are self-consciously melodramatic and imitative of film noir conventions; the film was shot throughout Poland and in Denmark Von Trier's production company, Zentropa Entertainments, is named after the sinister railway network featured in this film, in turn named after the real-life train company Mitropa. Europa was released as Zentropa in North America to avoid confusion with Europa Europa; the film received positive reviews from critics. Review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes reports an 85% score based on 13 reviews, with an average rating of 7.3/10. The film won three awards at the 1991 Cannes Film Festival. Upon realizing that he had not won the Palme d'Or, von Trier gave the judges the finger and stormed out of the venue; the Criterion Collection released the film on DVD in 2008. The package contained several documentaries on an audio commentary from von Trier.
Europa on IMDb Europa at the TCM Movie Database Europa at Box Office Mojo Europa at Rotten Tomatoes Europa: Night Train an essay by Howard Hampton at the Criterion Collection
The Wounds is a 1998 Serbian drama film written and directed by Srđan Dragojević. It depicts the violent lives of two boys in Belgrade as they aspire to make names for themselves in the city's underworld; the story takes place throughout the 1990s, against the backdrop of Yugoslav Wars and growing ethnic hatred. The film won a Bronze Horse at the Stockholm International Film Festival and a FIPRESCI Prize at the Thessaloniki Film Festival, "For its powerful, dramatic depiction of the brutal reality and complexity of life in the Balkans today." Rane's opening sequence announces it as being "dedicated to the generations born after Tito". The film follows the fate of two boys, Pinki and Švaba, growing up in New Belgrade during the Yugoslav Wars period. Pinki was born on 4 May 1980, the day Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito died, was given his unusual name by his father Stojan Mučibabić, an idealistic and patriotic officer of the Yugoslav People's Army, devoted to communist ideals and Marshal Tito.
Father's first choice for his firstborn's name was Tito, but the officials at the municipal office thought it provocative and inappropriate in the time of grieving so he settled on Pinki, after local communist Partisan fighter. Meanwhile, Pinki's best friend Švaba is raised and cared for only by his grandmother, a Serb of Croatia who fled to Serbia during World War II after genocide from the Croatian fascist movement Ustaše. Living in the block of apartment buildings in New Belgrade's neighbourhood of Paviljoni, both kids are juvenile, though Pinki is a bit more thoughtful and articulate while Švaba is moody and prone to anger outbursts; the duo has another friend in the neighbourhood — Dijabola, an eager and bespectacled outsider whose sexy and aloof mother Lidija is a well-known television host. Though they hang out with him, Pinki and Švaba treat Dijabola badly, he is the butt of their insults and even gets beaten up by them. The story begins in the late summer of 1991 as the kids watch Serbian troops going off to war in neighbouring Croatia where the Battle of Vukovar is raging.
Pinki's father Stojan is frustrated about being forced into early retirement by the JNA army and thus missing the chance to go to war. He spends his days glued to the television set, watching news reports from Vukovar and cheering on the JNA. By now he has transformed into a nationalist and has become irritable, getting into petty quarrels with neighbours and venting his anger along ethnic and political lines, he has found a new idol - instead of Tito he's now a huge supporter of Slobodan Milošević. Pinki, for his part, is oblivious to the events around him as he spends most of his time compulsively masturbating. By 1992 and 1993, Serbia is under a UN trade embargo, the war has spread from Croatia to Bosnia as well. Entering their early teens, Pinki, Švaba and Dijabola begin their fascination with a neighbour across the street nicknamed Kure who drives a nice car, makes regular robbing excursions to Germany while dating a trashy kafana singer. They're impressed with his swagger and lifestyle and are ecstatic one day when he invites them to unload his car that's full of stuff he brought over from Germany.
In fact, he sends Dijabola away and picks only Švaba, but upon Švaba's suggestion tells Pinki to come along as well. Like many of their peers, Pinki and Švaba enter the world of crime at fourteen years of age in an ex-communist community, in hyper-transition, because of war and sanctions, reminds the two friends of a theater of the absurd; the idols of the main characters are famous Belgrade gangsters featured on a TV show called Puls Asfalta, which turns them into media stars. Pinki and Švaba fantasize of being on the show one day and they attempt to be noticed by its producers by committing crimes. After they succeed in establishing themselves as influential criminals and drug dealers, their uprising in the world of crime is cut by mutual conflict as both start having sex with Lidija. Švaba shoots Pinki five times in the same places. Pinki manages to survive and after some time he escapes from the hospital, calls his friend to make peace; the truce is more than terrible, as the wounded boy has, after an unwritten rule, to inflict five identical wounds to his friend, so the friendship can be rebuilt.
After shooting Švaba three times, he considers wounding him one more time instead of the required two. They are interrupted by a furious Dijabola who shoots at them Švaba, for killing his mother. A shootout occurs and Švaba and Dijabola are killed. In the end, wounded and is lying on the ground, laughs at the audience by claiming that he "made out better than you." Dušan Pekić – Pinki Milan Marić – Švaba Dragan Bjelogrlić – Čika Kure Vesna Trivalić – Lidija Andreja Jovanović – Dijabola Branka Katić – Suzana Miki Manojlović – Stojan Gorica Popović – Nevenka Nikola Kojo – Biber Zora Doknić – Švaba's grandmother Danica Maksimović – Ninana, the prostitute.. Bata Stojković – Neighbour Seka Sablić – Neighbour Radoslav Milenković – Police inspector Nikola Pejaković – Kafana owner Dragan Maksimović – Patient in the hospital Milorad Mandić – Body builder Following the success of his previous film Lepa sela lepo gore, Dragojević signed with the William Morris Agency and was in advanced talks throughout late summer and early fall 1996 about moving to Hollywood.
Meanwhile, back home in Serbia he had two film ideas in the early stages of development — the epic World War I story St. George Slays the Dragon and a smaller fil
4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days is a 2007 Romanian art film with drama and thriller elements and directed by Cristian Mungiu and starring Anamaria Marinca, Laura Vasiliu, Vlad Ivanov. The film is set in Communist Romania in the final years of the Nicolae Ceaușescu era, it tells the story of two students, roommates in a university dormitory, who try to procure an illegal abortion. Inspired by an anecdote from the period and the general social historic context, it depicts the loyalty of the two friends and the struggles they face. Mungiu and cinematographer Oleg Mutu shot it in Bucharest and other Romanian locations in 2006. After making its world premiere at Cannes, 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days made its Romanian debut on 1 June 2007, at the Transilvania International Film Festival, it opened to critical acclaim, was noted for its minimalism and intense themes. The film won three awards including the Palme d'Or, it went on to win numerous honours, including Best Film at the European Film Awards and Romania's national Gopo Awards.
4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days became the subject of some controversy over censorship, the abortion debate, its exclusion from the 80th Academy Awards, but in 2016 it was named one of BBC's 100 Greatest Films of the 21st Century. In 1987, two university students in an unnamed Romanian town, Otilia Mihartescu and Gabriela "Găbița" Dragut, are roommates in a dormitory; when Găbița becomes pregnant, the two young women arrange a meeting with Mr. Bebe in a hotel, where he is to perform an illegal abortion. At the college dorm, Găbița and Otilia review the items; as Găbița nervously sits and waits, Otilia barters and buys soap and cigarettes from the dormitory shop. Afterwards, Otilia takes a bus to visit her boyfriend Adi, from. Adi asks Otilia to visit his family that night. Otilia declines, relenting after Adi becomes upset. Otilia heads to the Unirea hotel where Găbița has booked a room, only to be informed by an unfriendly receptionist that there is no reservation under Găbița's last name. Otilia visits another hotel, the Tineretului, after much begging and haggling, is able to book a room at an expensive rate.
After speaking with Găbița on the telephone, Otilia goes to a rendezvous point to meet with Mr. Bebe, although he had asked Găbița that she meet him personally. Mr. Bebe grows angry upon hearing. At the Tineretului, Mr. Bebe discovers that Găbița's claim that her pregnancy was in its second or third month was a lie, that it has been at least four months; this changes the procedure and adds the risk of a murder charge. While the two women were certain that they would pay no more than 3,000 lei for the abortion, it becomes clear that Mr. Bebe expects both women to have sex with him. Desperate and distressed, Otilia has sex with Mr. Bebe so that he will not walk out on them, as does Găbița. Mr. Bebe performs the abortion by injecting a probe and an unnamed fluid into Găbița's uterus, leaves Otilia instructions on how to dispose of the fetus when it comes out. Otilia continues to help and care for her. Otilia leaves Găbița at the Tineretului to attend Adi's mother's birthday party, she is still disturbed but stays and has dinner with Adi's mother's friends, who are doctors.
They converse about trivial matters while Adi remain silent. After Otilia accepts a cigarette in front of Adi's parents, one of the guests starts talking about lost values and respect for elders. Adi and Otilia retreat to his room, they begin debating what would happen if it were Otilia, pregnant, as Adi is opposed to abortion. After the argument, Otilia calls Găbița from Adi's house. Găbița does not answer, so Otilia decides to return to the hotel; when Otilia enters the hotel room Găbița is lying on the bed, she tells Otilia that the fetus has been expelled and is in the bathroom. Otilia puts it in a bag, while Găbița asks her to bury it. Otilia walks outside climbing to the top of a building, as Mr. Bebe had suggested, dropping the bag in a trash chute, she finds Găbița sitting in its restaurant. Otilia tells Găbița that they are never going to talk about the episode again. Otilia stares blankly at Găbița. Romanian Communist Party leader Nicolae Ceaușescu enacted the abortion law Decree 770 in 1966 in order to increase the birth rates in the country.
The procedure was permitted in only limited circumstances. The law was not based on any religious opposition to abortion, but on the government's authority and control over its citizens. Academic Adriana Gradea further argued justifications for the decree rendered a view of women as second-class citizens, with no right to be heard. In the 1980s, the decree was strengthened to mandate gynecological appointments, to assess if individual women could reproduce. Author Dominique Nasta judged the film to be an accurate portrait of the oppression, on the poor state of the economy of Romania in the days of Ceaușescu's regime. During the years of Decree 770, the only available abortion methods, all illegal, could prove fatal to women, causing thousands of deaths. According to Mungiu's notes he shared with the press, the death toll was 500,000. Gradea cited a 10,000 estimate. Sanctions against contraception were in place, sex education was rare. Following the 1989 Revolution, abortion was made lawful, subsequently unrestricted in the first 14 weeks.
The initial idea for 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days was inspired by an anecdote from Communist Romania that director Cr
Nabil Ayouch is a French-Moroccan television and film director and writer of Moroccan origin. He was born in Paris, to a Moroccan Muslim father and a Tunisian Jewish mother, although he spent a large part of his childhood in Sarcelles. After three years of course of theatre in Paris. Ayouch started his career as a scriptwriter and director with the advertising agency Euro-RSCG. In 1992, he directed Les Pierres bleues du désert, a first short film with Jamel Debbouze which tells the history of a young man convinced that there are large blue stones in the desert. Since he directed two short films, Hertzienne Connexion and Vendeur de silence for which he received international recognition, he won the Ecumenical Award in 2000 in the Montreal World Film Festival for his film Ali Zaoua: Prince of the Streets. Ayouch is set to produce the French-Moroccan thriller film Mirages, his 2012 film God's Horses competed in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival. Pierres bleues du désert, Les Mektoub Ali Zaoua, prince de la rue a.k.a.
Ali Zaoua: Prince of the Streets Une minute de soleil en moins a.k.a. A Minute of Sun Less Whatever Lola Wants God's Horses Much Loved Razzia Pierres bleues du désert, Les Mektoub Ali Zaoua, prince de la rue a.k.a. Ali Zaoua: Prince of the Streets Une minute de soleil en moins a.k.a. A Minute of Sun Less Whatever Lola Wants co-written with Jane Hawksley Ali Zaoua, prince de la rue a.k.a. Ali Zaoua: Prince of the Streets Chevalier of the Order of Arts and Letters Jonathan Smolin, "Nabil Ayouch: Transgression and Difference" in: Josef Gugler, Ten Arab Filmmakers: Political Dissent and Social Critique, Indiana University Press, 2015, ISBN 978-0-253-01644-7, pp 214–244 Nabil Ayouch on IMDb
Sweden the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre; the highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats and Swedes and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia; the climate is in general mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence, that in spite of this still retains warm continental summers.
Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway. The capital city is Stockholm, the most populous city in the country. Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. Sweden is a unitary state divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities. An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, the Hanseatic League threatened Scandinavia's culture and languages; this led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years War on the Reformist side, an expansion of its territories began and the Swedish Empire was formed; this became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809.
The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs; the union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905. Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, albeit Sweden has since 2009 moved towards cooperation with NATO. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but declined NATO membership, as well as Eurozone membership following a referendum, it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens, it has the world's eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks in numerous metrics of national performance, including quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality and human development.
The name Sweden was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland. Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant "people of the Swedes"; this word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas. The Swedish name Sverige means "realm of the Swedes", excluding the Geats in Götaland. Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Svøríki, Icelandic Svíþjóð, the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi and Rootsi are used, names considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, who were known as the Rus', through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia; the etymology of Swedes, thus Sweden, is not agreed upon but may derive from Proto-Germanic Swihoniz meaning "one's own", referring to one's own Germanic tribe. Sweden's prehistory begins in the Allerød oscillation, a warm period around 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic reindeer-hunting camps of the Bromme culture at the edge of the ice in what is now the country's southernmost province, Scania.
This period was characterised by small bands of hunter-gatherer-fishers using flint technology. Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD. In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes as a powerful tribe with ships that had a prow at each end. Which kings ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC; as for literacy in Sweden itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandinavian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has come down to the present from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts of male names, demonstrating th
Tessa Charlotte Rampling is an English actress and singer, known for her work in European arthouse films in English and Italian. An icon of the Swinging Sixties, she began her career as a model and became a fashion icon and muse, she was cast in the role of Meredith in the 1966 film Georgy Girl. She soon began making French and Italian arthouse films, most notably during this time in Luchino Visconti's The Damned and Liliana Cavani's The Night Porter, she went on to star in Zardoz, Farewell, My Lovely, Woody Allen's Stardust Memories, opposite Paul Newman in The Verdict, Long Live Life, Mon Amour, Angel Heart and The Wings of the Dove. In 2002 she released an album of recordings in the style of cabaret, titled As A Woman. In the 2000s, she became the muse of French director François Ozon, appearing in his films Under the Sand, Swimming Pool and Angel. On television, she is known for her role as Evelyn Vogel in Dexter. In 2012 she was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award, both for her performance in the miniseries Restless.
Other television roles include work in Broadchurch and London Spy, for the latter of which she was nominated for a Golden Globe Award. For her performance in the 2015 film 45 Years, she won the Berlin Film Festival Award for Best Actress, the European Film Award for Best Actress, was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress. In 2017, she won the Volpi Cup for Best Actress at the 74th Venice International Film Festival for Hannah. A four-time César Award nominee, she received an Honorary César in 2001 and France's Legion of Honour in 2002, she was made an OBE in 2000 for her services to the arts, received the 2015 Lifetime Achievement Award from the European Film Awards. In 2015, she released her autobiography, Who I Am, she worked on an English translation, published in March 2017. Rampling was born in Sturmer, the daughter of Isabel Anne, a painter, Godfrey Rampling, an Olympic gold medalist and British Army officer, she spent most of her childhood in Gibraltar and Spain, before she returned to the UK in 1964.
She attended Académie Jeanne d'Arc in Versailles and St. Hilda's School, a boarding school in Bushey, England, she had one sister, who committed suicide in 1966, aged 23. She and Sarah had had a close relationship, they had performed in a cabaret act together during their teenage years, she first appeared in a Cadbury advertisement. She was noticed by a casting agent while walking down a street in London, her first screen appearance, uncredited, was as a water skier in Richard Lester's film The Knack...and How to Get It. She appeared as an extra in the Beatles film A Hard Day's Night. In 1965, she was cast in the role of Meredith in the film Georgy Girl and was given a role by John Boulting in the comedy Rotten to the Core. In 1967, she starred opposite Yul Brynner in the adventure film The Long Duel, she appeared alongside Franco Nero in the Italian film Sardinia Kidnapped, directed by Gianfranco Mingozzi. On television, Rampling played the gunfighter Hana Wilde in "The Superlative Seven," a 1967 episode of The Avengers.
In 1969, she starred opposite Sam Waterston in the romance-drama Three, in 1972, she starred opposite Robert Blake in the drama Corky and portrayed Anne Boleyn in the costume drama Henry VIII and His Six Wives. After this, her acting career blossomed in both French cinema. Despite an early flurry of success, she told The Independent: "We weren't happy, it was a nightmare, breaking all that. Everyone seemed to be having fun, but they were taking so many drugs they wouldn't know it anyway." Rampling has performed controversial roles. In 1969, in Luchino Visconti's The Damned, she played a young wife sent to a Nazi concentration camp. Critics praised her performance, it cast her in a whole new image: mysterious and tragic. "The Look," as her co-star Dirk Bogarde called it, became her trademark. She appeared naked in the cult classic Vanishing Point, in a scene deleted from the U. S. theatrical release. Lead actor Barry Newman remarked. In 1974's The Night Porter, in which she again appears alongside Dirk Bogarde, she plays a former concentration camp inmate who, after World War II, reunites with a former camp guard with whom she had had an ambiguous relationship.
Their relationship resumes, she becomes his mistress and torture toy once again. In Max mon amour, she played a woman. In 1974, she posed nude for Playboy. In 1976 she co-presented for Best Art Direction-Set Decoration Award with Anthony Hopkins at the 48th Academy Awards. In 1974, Rampling starred in John Boorman's science-fiction film Zardoz opposite Sean Connery, she starred with Peter O'Toole in Foxtrot and with Richard Harris in Orca. She gained recognition from American audiences in a remake of Raymond Chandler's detective story Farewell, My Lovely and with Woody Allen's Stardust Memories, in The Verdict, an acclaimed drama directed by Sidney Lumet that starred Paul Newman. Rampling starred in Claude Lelouch's 1984 film Viva la vie, before going on to star in the cult-film Max, Mon Amour, appear in the thriller Angel Heart. For a decade she withdrew from the public eye due to depression. In the late 1990s, she appeare