The Stockholm Underground is a rapid transit system in Stockholm, Sweden. The first line opened in 1950, today the system has 100 stations in use, of which 47 are underground and 53 above ground. There are three coloured main lines on the tube maps; these do however form seven actual routes. Routes number 17, 18 and 19, 13 and 14 and 10 and 11 all go through Stockholm City Centre in a centralized metro system. All seven actual lines use The T-Centralen hub station. Apart from this central station for the metro, there exists just one other junction, the Fridhemsplan station, although both the green and red lines are mutually accessible at the Slussen and Gamla Stan stations; the underground is like the London Underground and the Paris Métro, but unlike the U-Bahn and S-Bahn in Berlin, in that it is equipped with ticket gates. Single tickets must be bought in advance, or at ticket machines that are available in all underground stations and on several tram- bus- or boat stops. Passengers can buy tickets at the ticket booth, just by the gates to the underground.
In 2017, the underground carried 353 million passengers, which corresponds to 1,2 million in a normal weekday. The 105.7-kilometre-long underground system is owned by the Stockholm County Council through the company Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. The operation is contracted to MTR Nordic since 2 November 2009; the Stockholm underground system has been called'the world's longest art gallery', with more than 90 of the network's 100 stations decorated with sculptures, rock formations, paintings, installations and reliefs by over 150 different artists. The decision to build an underground was made in 1941; the following years, in some cases earlier, some routes were built with near underground standard but operated with trams. These included Slussen -- Blåsut and Telefonplan -- Hägerstensåsen; the first part of the metro was opened on 1 October 1950, from Slussen to Hökarängen, having been converted from tram to metro operation. In 1951 a second line from Slussen to Stureby was opened. In 1952, a second system, from Hötorget to the western suburbs was opened.
In 1957, the two parts were connected via the Central station and the Old Town, forming the Green Line. During the period 1950-1960 the Green Line was extended piece by piece; the Red Line was opened in 1964, from T-Centralen over Liljeholmen ending in Fruängen and Örnsberg, both in the Southwest. It was extended piece by piece until 1978, when it reached Mörby centrum via a bridge over Stocksundet sea strait; the third and final system, the Blue Line, was opened in 1975, with two lines running northwest from the city center. As the construction requirements have become more strict over the years, newer segments have more tunnels than older, the Blue Line is all in tunnel; the latest addition to the whole network, Skarpnäck station, was opened in 1994. There are 100 stations in use in the Stockholm metro. One station, was built but never taken into use. One station has been demolished; the Bagarmossen old surface station was demolished and replaced with a new underground station, this being prior to the metro extension to the Skarpnäck metro station.
The Stockholm metro is well known for its decoration of the stations. Several of the stations are left with the bedrock exposed and unfinished, or as part of the decorations. At Rissne, an informative wall fresco about the history of Earth's civilizations runs along both sides of the platform; the following details relate to the present network. The designations "blue line", etc. have only been used since the late 1970s, only since the 1990s. They originated from the fact that the "blue line" tended to operate newer train stock painted blue, while the "green line" had older stock in the original green livery. There was never any red painted stock, but red was chosen to differentiate this line from the other two networks on route maps; the Green line has 3 routes and 49 stations: 37 above ground stations. The track is 41,256 metres long, it opened 1 October 1950. It is used by 451,000 passengers per workday or 146 million per year; the Red line has 2 routes and 36 stations: 15 above ground stations.
The track is 41,238 metres long. It opened 5 April 1964, it is used by 394,000 passengers per workday or 128 million per year. The Blue line has 20 stations: 19 subterranean and one elevated station; the track is 25,516 metres long. It opened 31 August 1975, it is used by 171,000 passengers per 55 million per year. Trains are operated with extended all night service on Fridays and Saturdays. All lines have trains every 10 minutes during daytime, reduced to every 15 minutes in early mornings and late evenings, every 30 minutes during nights. Additional trains in peak hours gives a train every 5–6 minutes on most stations, with 2–3 minutes between trains on the central parts of the network; the metro contains four interchanges and lacks any kind
Solna Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in Sweden, located just north of the Stockholm City Centre. Its seat is located in the town of Solna, a part of the Stockholm urban area; the municipality is a part of Metropolitan Stockholm. None of the area is considered rural, unusual for Swedish municipalities, which are of mixed rural/urban character. Solna is the third smallest municipality in Sweden in terms of area. Solna borders Stockholm Municipality to the south and northwest; the boundary with Danderyd Municipality is delineated by the Stocksundet sea strait. There are two parishes in Solna Municipality: Solna. Solna is divided into eight traditional parts with no administrative functions: Bergshamra, Hagalund, Huvudsta, Järva, Råsunda and Ulriksdal; the largest districts are Råsunda and Huvudsta, with the Solna Centrum in between them. With few exceptions, Solna's built-up areas have a suburban character, but there are several large parks and Friends Arena, Sweden's new national football stadium adjacent to the Solna station of Stockholm commuter rail.
The final matches of both the 1958 FIFA World Cup and the 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup were played at Råsunda Stadium, the national football stadium from 1937 to 2012. Solna has low tax rates and has attracted a wide range of companies and authorities, making it a major place of work in Stockholm. Among the most important employers are the medical university Karolinska Institutet and the Karolinska University Hospital; the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute are located in Solna. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 30 601, or 38.39% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 14 986, or 26.02% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 79 707 residents in Solna, of which 23 597 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.
As with all 290 municipalities of Sweden, Solna has a municipal assembly, holding 61 members elected by proportional representation for a four-year term. An executive committee is appointed by its members. 1943-1956 CA Andersson 1956-1967 KA Larsson 1968-1976 CG Eklund 1977-1982 Sune Berglund 1983-1988 Gösta Fagerberg 1989-1991 Karl Gustav Svensson 1991-1994 Anders Gustâv 1994-1998 Karl Gustav Svensson 1998-2006 Anders Gustâv 2006 Anders Ekegren 2006-2011 Lars-Erik Salminen 2011 Anders Ekegren - 8 juni-24 juli 2011-2012 Lars-Erik Salminen 2012- Pehr Granfalk =Moderate Party =Social Democratic Party =Liberal Party Solna is centrally located in Stockholm and is well served by the Stockholm public transport system with two commuter train stations and six Metro stations as well as a dense bus network run by SL. It was served by trams until 1959. Trams returned after 54 years of absence. A further extension will be opened in 2014. Skanska, NextJet, Vattenfall have their head offices in Solna. Mall of Scandinavia is located in Solna.
The head office of Scandinavian Airlines and SAS Group is located in Solna. The airline head office was located on the property of Stockholm Arlanda Airport in Sigtuna Municipality, but now it is back in Solna. Haga Park, part of the Royal National City Park, was initiated by king Gustav III, planned and carried out in the English landscaping style; the city features three of Sweden's royal palaces. Friends Arena, the Swedish national arena of association football, home of local football club AIK. Mall of Scandinavia, Scandinavia's biggest shopping mall The Solna Church was constructed in the 12th century. For defensive purposes, it was built as a round church, is one of few of that kind in Sweden; the following football clubs are located in Solna: AIK Blue Hill KF Råsunda IS Vasalunds IF Solna Gymnasium is the senior high school/sixth form college of Solna. Solna is twinned with: Gladsaxe, Denmark Ski, Norway Pirkkala, Finland Valmiera, Latvia Burbank, California, USAPartnershipsIn addition to this, Solna has two cooperating cities, Greece Bemowo, Poland Category:People from Solna Municipality Football World Cup 1958 1992 European Football Championship FIFA Women's World Cup 1995 Solna Municipality - Official site Solna Municipality - Tourist Guide in English
Roslagsbanan is a narrow gauge urban railway system in Roslagen, Stockholm County, Sweden. Its combined route length is 65 kilometres and there are 38 stations, it is built to the Swedish three foot gauge. The line starts in Stockholm at Stockholm East Station, it goes north and splits into three branch lines at the junction stations Djursholms Ösby and Roslags Näsby. It is double track between Rydbo and Åkersberga; the rest is single track, but the line to Vallentuna was being doubled in 2012 and Rydbo-Åkers Runö in 2013. There are passing loops at some stations on the single track sections: at Altorp, Hägernäs, Österskär, Visinge, Täby kyrkby, Lindholmen and Kårsta. Following a 2017 agreement between the Swedish state, Stockholm County, the affected municipalities, the line will be extended to the centrally located underground hub T-Centralen, with construction to begin in 2022; the railway, owned by the Stockholm County Council through the public transport company Storstockholms Lokaltrafik, is not part of the nationally owned network.
It is the only narrow gauge railway in Sweden still in use for commercial traffic. Roslagsbanan is part of the Stockholm public transport system, it is operated under contract by Arriva Sverige from 7 January 2013. Arriva Sverige took over from previous contracted company Roslagståg AB, a joint venture by the Danish DSB and Tågkompaniet. Despite its age and limited capacity it is one of the most used railways in Sweden. Since the late 1980s, the railway has but been upgraded to a modern standard with modernised rolling stock, higher platforms and straighter tracks allowing increased speed. There are 15 departures from Stockholm East in the evening rush hour. In 2016, the raliway had a ridership of 48,000 journeys per day; the stations along Roslagsbanan are marked with a J symbol, which stands for the generic term järnvägsstation and is similar to the T symbol used by the Stockholm underground railway stations and the S used for tram stops. Roslagsbanan is now used by Storstockholms lokaltrafik for commuter transport.
The present network comprises most of the southern part of what was once a much bigger network, made up of owned railways all over Roslagen, connecting Stockholm and Uppsala with the countryside and used for passenger and freight trains. For more information on this, see the history section below; the line numbers are not displayed on the trains. In the timetables of Samtrafiken, the lines do not have the numbers as stated above, but the numbers 121 for the line to Kårsta, 122 for the line to Österskär and 123 for the line to Näsbypark; the present train sets were manufactured by ABB Railcar and delivered in 1988–1995. The train sets are maintained and operated by Roslagståg; the trains are made up of three different bogie vehicle types: Motor coach X10p Number of vehicles: 35, Seating capacity: 72, Length: 19.9 metres, Weight: 27.7 tonnes, Power rating: 400 kW, Maximum speed: 80 km/h Driving trailer UBxp Number of vehicles: 34, Seating Capacity: 76, Length: 19.9 metres, Weight: 16.3 tonnes Intermediate trailer UBp Number of vehicles: 32, Seating Capacity: 80, Length: 19.9 metres, Weight: 16 tonnes The trains were refurbished in 2011–2013, where some carriages were rebuilt with low floors, enabling wheelchair and pram access.
The refurbishment included new interiors and exteriors. There are some problems with the rolling stock; the carriages had poor wheelchair accessibility due to narrow doors and stairs. The trains are very noisy considering the railway goes through built up suburban areas; because of this SL began the process of finding a company from which to order modern trains to meet the rising demand for departures on Roslagsbanan in 2010. 22 new trains were ordered from Stadler Rail in 2016 and are scheduled to be delivered in 2020. They are going to be named X15p. Improvements are ongoing to reduce congestion and improve service on the biggest lines serving Täby and Vallentuna. New double track sections are built; the plan is to have double track to Åkersberga and to Vallentuna in 2014. There are plans to upgrade the current maximum speed of 80 to 120 km/h. New trains are needed for the traffic increase which are expected to be delivered in 2014. Along with the new trains, the old X10p in service will be repaired and modified into a more modern look.
A feasibility study into extending the Roslagsbanan to Arlanda Airport was completed in 2010, followed by a public consultation in 2012. The present Roslagsbanan was once just the southern part of a large narrow gauge system throughout Roslagen and eastern Uppland, connecting Stockholm and Uppsala with ports, smaller towns and parts of the countryside and used for both freight and passenger transport. In 1885 the line from Stockholm East Station to Rimbo was opened, today the longest branch of Roslagsbanan, it was built and operated by the private enterprise Stockholm-Rimbo Järnväg. In 1909 SRJ changed its name to Stockholm–Roslagens Järnvägar following the take-over of companies running adjacent lines. Roslagsbanan is one of the oldest electrified railway lines for public transport in Europe; the first Stockholm–Djursholm suburban section, was electrified in 1892, at the time continued in
Lidingöbanan is a light rail line in Stockholm, between Ropsten and Gåshaga brygga, serving the southern half of Lidingö island. The Lidingöbanan has its origins in the Stockholm-Södra Lidingöns Järnväg, proposed by inventor Gustaf Dalén, opened for traffic 1914, it got ferry-less access to Stockholm when the Lidingö bridge was opened 1925. Public transportation on Lidingöbanan has always been provided using tram cars, but in the past Lidingöbanan carried goods traffic. At its largest, Lidingöbanan extended to Humlegården in Stockholm through Stockholms Spårvägar's tramway network, with access to the Värtabanan freight railway track. There was traffic on a track on the north side of Lidingö island which terminated at Kyrkviken, but that section closed in 1971. Lidingö town centre is now accessible only by bus. Lidingöbanan formally became part of SL's public transportation network in 1972. Lidingöbanan was a railway until 31 March 2009, when it was reclassified by the Swedish railway inspectorate.
Freight train traffic existed 1925–1982. Passenger service has, always been provided by tramcars, which prior to 1967 continued onto the streets of Stockholm, as mentioned above; the electrical infrastructure is of tram type. Until the rolling stock consisted of Type A30/A30B and B30/B30B maneouver trams, all over fifty years old, dating from the period when the Stockholm Metro was only completed and these areas were served by trams, adapted for faster two-way traffic; the line was closed between the summer of 2013 and October 2015 for engineering works and installation of new equipment, with rail replacement buses running during that period. When reopened parts of the single track line had been converted to double track, new Type A36 trams were introduced, along with a new signalling system. Lidingöbanan has a single line with thirteen stations, from Ropsten in northeast Stockholm to Gåshaga brygga in southeastern Lidingö. At Ropsten there is an interchange with the Stockholm Metro Red Line 13, a Waxholmsbolaget archipelago boat terminal at Gåshaga brygga.
There are plans to connect the line with the Spårväg City line in central Stockholm in 2020. Trams in Stockholm Public transport in Stockholm List of tram and light rail transit systems 2012 Map of all SL Rail Lines Storstockholms Lokaltrafik - official site Storstockholms Lokaltrafik - official site Järnväg.net - Lidingöbanan
Sundbyberg Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden, just north of the capital Stockholm. Sundbyberg has a 100 % urban population. Sundbyberg was detached from Bromma in 1888 as a market town, it got the title of a city in 1927. In 1949 parts of Solna Municipality and Spånga were added. A proposed merger with Solna in 1971 was never implemented, making Sundbyberg, with an area of 8.83 square kilometres, the smallest municipality in Sweden, but the most densely populated. The municipality prefers to call itself a city, however, has no legal significance. Sundbyberg was for a long time only an area of small agriculture value and most of all used as a place to spend summer for rich families in the city. In 1863 the entire area was bought by Anders Petter Löfström, including Duvbo Estate, who began building houses there. In 1870 the first industrial plot was sold and from there the town did expand with railroad, houses and community services of all kind. A. P. Löfström donated to the municipality, all land for roads, parks, school and other public areas.
Sundbyberg never became a suburb but a independent industrial town on its own. The 44,090 inhabitants live in 17,000 apartments; the industrial policy of the municipality is to provide one job opportunity for every apartment, thus 17,000 jobs. So unlike other municipalities in Metropolitan Stockholm, Sundbyberg is not a bedroom suburb wherefrom people commute to Stockholm, but a place commuted to from outside. In total, 12,000 commuters travel to or from Sundbyberg every day. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 20 229, or 40.93% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 8 531, or 25.24% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 49 424 residents in Sundbyberg, of which 14 954 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.
Sundbyberg is well served by the Stockholm public transport system. There are several metro stations as well as one Stockholm commuter rail station and plenty of bus routes; some main line trains call at Sundbyberg. 1925-1959 Sundbyberg was served by trams. Light railway returned to Sundbyberg in October 2013 when Tvärbanan light rail service was extended from Sickla Udde via Alvik to Solna centrum; the line runs through Central Sundbyberg with tracks laid in the street and has two stops within the municipality. A northern light railway branch from Ulvsunda to Kista will pass through Rissne. Construction is expected to start in 2017. Central Sundbyberg Duvbo Hallonbergen Lilla Alby Rissne Storskogen Ursvik Ör There are plenty of nice shops in the Central Sundbyberg area, which makes the little city a bit independent; the following sports clubs are located in Sundbyberg: Sundbybergs IK Storskogens SK Sundbyberg Municipality - Official site Sundbyberg Museum & Archive - Official site Sundbyberg Den nya Förstaden, H. Österberg,Sundbybergs Museum Sundbyberg under Köpingtiden, H. Österberg,Sundbybergs Museum Sundbyberg den 113:e Staden, H. Österberg,Sundbybergs Museum Sundbyberg i Gamla Bilder, H. Österberg, Sundbybergs Museum Sundbyberg bygger en Kyrka, H. Österberg, Sundbybergs Museum Sundbyberg - om hus och miljöer, Eva Söderlind
Nobina Sverige AB, former Swebus AB, is the largest bus operator in Sweden, with 5,277 employees, 2,241 buses and net sales of 5,138 million SEK. It was owned by the Swedish State Railways until October 1996, when it was sold to Stagecoach Group, later, in January 2000, to Concordia Bus. Swebus AB was formed on 1 January 1990, when all bus operations of the Swedish State Railways were merged to one company; this included SJ Buss and GDG Biltrafikk AB, owned through SJ's subsidiary Swedcarrier AB. The history of SJ's bus operations date back to 1911, while GDG dates back to 1932. However, the companies operated like before for some months, GDG became Swebus from 1 May, while SJ Buss joined on 1 November; the two subsidiaries Swebus Inrikes AB and Swebus Utrikes AB were formed. On 1 July 1991, Postens Diligenstrafik, the Swedish postal service's own bus operator was incorporated; this operator had many brucks for carrying mail in rural parts of Sweden. In 1994, Swebus expanded their activities to Finland by acquiring Finnish operator HPT-TransBus Oy, which changed name to Oy Swebus Finland Ab on 25 January 1995.
Another Finnish bus operator, Oy Espoon Auto Ab, was acquired in 1995 and was merged into Swebus Finland. On 9 June 1994, the Swedish government stated that SJ should concentrate their business to only railway traffic, thus selling out any non-related companies like Swebus, on 2 October 1996, Swebus was sold to Stagecoach Holdings Plc; the management of all foreign operations were transferred to Stagecoach, on 14 April 1998, the Finnish subsidiary changed name to Stagecoach Finland Oy Ab. In April 1997, the long distance coach service Swebus Express was started with traffic in several of Swebus' route areas; the name had first been used in the 1980s, had been loosely used on the long distance routes prior to 1997, but under Stagecoach's ownership it was developed to a commercial product. The Swebus Express division was made into a separate subsidiary. On 27 October 1999, Stagecoach announced that they would sell Swebus to Norwegian-American bus transport group Concordia Bus, with the transaction completed in January 2000.
When the Concordia Bus group changed name to Nobina 1 December 2009, Swebus was renamed to Nobina Sverige AB. In 1993, Swebus Danmark A/S was established as a Danish subsidiary. In January 1995, Sechers Rutebiler A/S and Dania Tours A/S in Rostved near Rønde, in March Fabers Buslinjer A/S in Randers, all in the Central Jutland Region, were acquired and started trading as Dania Bustrafik. Swebus Danmark won a contract in North Zealand with base in Hørsholm, which started on 1 June 1996. After the Stagecoach takeover, all of Swebus' operations in Denmark were sold to former Danish State Railways bus division Combus A/S in autumn of 1997. In an effort to enter the market in Norway's capital Oslo, Swebus made a letter of intent with Oslo Sporveier to buy a 48 % share in their bus division Sporveisbussene in the autumn of 1994, but the agreement was never realised. In 1995, Swebus Norge AS was established, in a different strategy to gain access in the Norwegian market, they acquired bus operators Vestoppland Bilselskap AS in Gjøvik in February and Litra Buss AS in Lillehammer and Hamar og Omland Bilruter AS in Hamar in October.
As the three cities surround lake Mjøsa, Norway's largest freshwater lake, they were all renamed Mjøsbuss AS, with a logo and livery similar to that of Swebus. Mjøsbuss had a total of 270 buses in its fleet. In a new Stagecoach-led attempt to gain traffic in Oslo, they bid for Oslo og Follo Busstrafikk AS, one of the major bus operators in the Oslo area, but they lost the competition to Norgesbuss. A bid for Bærums Forenede Bilruter AS was lost to Norgesbuss. Stagecoach had no further interest in the Norwegian market outside Oslo, all operations in Norway were sold to Norgesbuss on 30 April 1997. Media related to Nobina Sverige at Wikimedia Commons Nobina Sverige website