A column or pillar in architecture and structural engineering is a structural element that transmits, through compression, the weight of the structure above to other structural elements below. In other words, a column is a compression member; the term column applies to a large round support with a capital and a base or pedestal, made of stone, or appearing to be so. A small wooden or metal support is called a post, supports with a rectangular or other non-round section are called piers. For the purpose of wind or earthquake engineering, columns may be designed to resist lateral forces. Other compression members are termed "columns" because of the similar stress conditions. Columns are used to support beams or arches on which the upper parts of walls or ceilings rest. In architecture, "column" refers to such a structural element that has certain proportional and decorative features. A column might be a decorative element not needed for structural purposes. All significant Iron Age civilizations of the Near East and Mediterranean made some use of columns.
In Ancient Egyptian architecture as early as 2600 BC the architect Imhotep made use of stone columns whose surface was carved to reflect the organic form of bundled reeds, like papyrus and palm. Their form is thought to derive from archaic reed-built shrines. Carved from stone, the columns were decorated with carved and painted hieroglyphs, ritual imagery and natural motifs. Egyptian columns are famously present in the Great Hypostyle Hall of Karnak, where 134 columns are lined up in 16 rows, with some columns reaching heights of 24 metres. One of the most important type are the papyriform columns; the origin of these columns goes back to the 5th Dynasty. They are composed of lotus stems which are drawn together into a bundle decorated with bands: the capital, instead of opening out into the shape of a bellflower, swells out and narrows again like a flower in bud; the base, which tapers to take the shape of a half-sphere like the stem of the lotus, has a continuously recurring decoration of stipules.
Some of the most elaborate columns in the ancient world were those of the Persians the massive stone columns erected in Persepolis. They included double-bull structures in their capitals; the Hall of Hundred Columns at Persepolis, measuring 70 × 70 metres, was built by the Achaemenid king Darius I. Many of the ancient Persian columns are standing, some being more than 30 metres tall. Tall columns with bull's head capitals were used for porticoes and to support the roofs of the hypostylehall inspired by the ancient Egyptian precedent. Since the columns carried timber beams rather than stine, they could be taller and more widerly spaced than Egyptian ones; the Minoans used whole tree-trunks turned upside down in order to prevent re-growth, stood on a base set in the stylobate and topped by a simple round capital. These were painted as in the most famous Minoan palace of Knossos; the Minoans employed columns to create large open-plan spaces, light-wells and as a focal point for religious rituals.
These traditions were continued by the Mycenaean civilization in the megaron or hall at the heart of their palaces. The importance of columns and their reference to palaces and therefore authority is evidenced in their use in heraldic motifs such as the famous lion-gate of Mycenae where two lions stand each side of a column. Being made of wood these early columns have not survived, but their stone bases have and through these we may see their use and arrangement in these palace buildings; the Egyptians and other civilizations used columns for the practical purpose of holding up the roof inside a building, preferring outside walls to be decorated with reliefs or painting, but the Ancient Greeks, followed by the Romans, loved to use them on the outside as well, the extensive use of columns on the interior and exterior of buildings is one of the most characteristic features of classical architecture, in buildings like the Parthenon. The Greeks developed the classical orders of architecture, which are most distinguished by the form of the column and its various elements.
Their Doric and Corinthian orders were expanded by the Romans to include the Tuscan and Composite orders. Columns, or at least large structural exterior ones, became much less significant in the architecture of the Middle Ages; the classical forms were abandoned in both Byzantine architecture and the Romanesque and Gothic architecture of Europe in favour of more flexible forms, with capitals using various types of foliage decoration, in the West scenes with figures carved in relief. Furing the Romanesque period, builders continued to reuse and imitate ancient Roman columns wherever possible. Where new, the emphasis was as illustrated by twisted columns, they were decorated with mosaics. Renaissance architecture was keen to revive the classical vocabulary and styles, the informed use and variation of the classical orders remained fundamental to the training of architects throughout Baroque and Neo-classical architecture. Early columns were constructed of some out of a single piece of stone. Monolithic columns are among the heaviest stones used in architecture.
Other stone columns are created out of multiple sections of mortared or dry-fit together. In many classical sites, sectioned columns were carved with a centre hole or depression so that they could be pegged together, using stone or metal pins; the design of
The Bataclan is a theatre located at 50 Boulevard Voltaire in the 11th arrondissement of Paris, France. Designed in 1864 by the architect Charles Duval, its name refers to Ba-ta-clan, an operetta by Jacques Offenbach. Since the early 1970s, it has been a venue for rock music. On 13 November 2015, 89 people were killed in a coordinated terrorist attack in the theatre; the Bataclan originated as a large café-concert in the Chinoiserie style, with the café and theatre on the ground floor and a large dance hall at first-floor level. Its original name was Grand Café Chinois; the French name "Bataclan" refers to the Offenbach operetta, but it is a pun on the expression tout le bataclan, the oldest written use of which predates Offenbach by a century, in a journal entry of 11 November 1761 by Charles Simon Favart. Concerts were held there but it was best known for putting on the vaudevilles of Eugène Scribe, Jean-François Bayard, Mélesville, Théophile Marion Dumersan; the establishment, designed in 1864 by the architect Charles Duval, opened under the management of André Martin Paris on 3 February 1865 and was bought by the singer Paulus in 1892.
In 1892, Buffalo Bill Cody performed there. Over the next several years the building experienced both good and bad luck, many changes in ownership. New fashions after 1910 led to a restoration of the auditorium and a programme dedicated to revues those put on by José de Bérys. Maurice Chevalier had his first theatrical success there, Édith Piaf performed there. Inspired by their new successes, the Bataclan troupe took big shows on a South American tour that proved financially disastrous. In 1926 the auditorium was transformed into a cinema. A fire broke out in the building in 1933; the original building was demolished in 1950 to bring it into compliance with new safety measures in force. In 1969, the cinema the auditorium again became a salle de spectacle; the venue started booking rock acts in the 1970s, many famous performers have played there since. Among them are Soft Machine, Following the terror attacks on 13 November 2015, during the concert by Eagles of Death Metal, the theatre was closed for repairs.
The venue reopened one year after the attack with a Sting concert. The Bataclan is known today for a eclectic programme of events, including rock and pop concerts, comedy and café-théâtre, its façade was repainted in its original colours in 2006. In May 2015, the theatre hosted a "Who Is Malcolm X" event, featuring Muslim rappers Médine, Kery James and Faada Freddy. Jeff Buckley recorded his EP Live from the Bataclan there in 1995. Progressive metal band Dream Theater recorded their 1998 live album Once in a LIVEtime at the Bataclan; the 1972 performance by Lou Reed, John Cale and Nico of the Velvet Underground, long circulated as a bootleg, was released in 2004 as Le Bataclan'72. Camel's 2001 live album. For 40 years, Bataclan had Jewish owners and Joel Laloux, who sold the theatre to new owners on 11 September 2015; the theatre was a target for anti-Zionist activists, since the venue held pro-Israel events. One extremist group called "Army of Islam" threatened the Bataclan in 2011 because its owners were Jews.
Pro-Palestinian activists have protested against the Bataclan's association with pro-Israel activities. A video posted on YouTube shows masked pro-Palestinian militant protesters at the Bataclan in 2008 stating: "We came here to pass along a small message. Be warned. Next time we won’t be coming here to talk.” On 13 November 2015, as part of a series of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant terrorist attacks across Paris, three gunmen who were French nationals of Algerian descent conducted a mass shooting at the Bataclan. An Austrian duo, the White Miles, had completed their performance, the American rock band Eagles of Death Metal were in the midst of their performance when three gunmen wearing suicide belts entered the theatre, firing at people at random, taking hostages; the police stormed the theatre, two gunmen killed themselves during the police raid by detonating suicide vests they were wearing. Two of the attackers, Samy Amimour and Omar Ismaïl Mostefaï, were French citizens; the third attacker, Foued Mohamed-Aggad, was carrying what was thought to be a stolen Syrian passport.
As a result of the attacks, 90 people were killed and over 200 were wounded. The band members of Eagles of Death Metal and most of the road crew escaped unharmed, although their merchandise manager was among the fatalities, it was discovered shortly after the news broke of the attacks that the American rock band Deftones had members in attendance at the Eagles of Death Metal Show. The lead singer of Deftones, Chino Moreno, was eating dinner nearby with his family. Deftones had been scheduled to perform at the Bataclan the following nights. Irish rock band U2 had been scheduled to perform two Paris concerts in the days following the attack, including one to be broadcast live on HBO; the French government cancelled the concert and the members of the band went to the Bataclan the day after the attack, leaving bouquets of flowers in memory of the victims. Lead singer Bono offered condolences, the band pledged to reschedule their Paris shows. On 16 November, the Bataclan management issued a statement that stated that the theatre was closed indefinitely.
It read, "No words suffice to express the magnitude of our grief. Our thoughts go to the victims, to the wou
Place Broglie is one of the main squares of the city of Strasbourg in the French departement of Bas-Rhin. The square is located on the Grande Île, the ancient city center, has an elongated rectangular shape, some 275 metres long and 50 metres wide, it is notable for its prestigious surroundings: the Opera House, the City Hall, the Governor's Palace, the Prefect's Palace, the Strasbourg building of the Banque de France and the historic Mess building. Civilian architecture includes Renaissance, Art Nouveau and Half-timbered Alsatian style. At the westernmost point of the square, close to the bridge Pont du Théâtre leading to the Neustadt stands the ″Janus fountain″, designed by Tomi Ungerer and inaugurated in 1988, for the 2000th anniversary of the first mention of Argentoratum. At the site of the current Banque de France building once stood the birthplace of Charles de Foucauld as well as the house of Philippe-Frédéric de Dietrich where Rouget de l'Isle sang the Marseillaise for the first time.
These former houses and notable events are commemorated on the façade by a set of plaques. A monument by Georges Saupique close to the Opera House commemorates Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque and the Liberation of Strasbourg, it was inaugurated in 1951. A statue of François Christophe de Kellermann by Léon-Alexandre Blanchot stands nearby. A monument to the Marseillaise, a work by Alfred Marzolff is located next to the city hall. Place Broglie is a stop on the Strasbourg tramway, served by lines B, C and E. Media related to Place Broglie at Wikimedia Commons Place Broglie on archi-wiki.org
Siege of Strasbourg
The Siege of Strasbourg took place during the Franco-Prussian War, resulted in the French surrender of the fortress on 28 September 1870. After the German victory at Wörth, troops from the Grand Duchy of Baden under Prussian General August von Werder were detached to capture Strasbourg with the help of two Prussian Landwehr divisions, guarding the North Sea coast; this 40,000-strong siege corps reached the fortress on 14 August and began to bombard it. The defenses were obsolete and 7,000 of the 23,000-strong French garrison were National Guard militiamen. Desiring a quick surrender, the Germans began a terror bombardment to destroy the morale of the civilian population on 23 August. Explosive and incendiary shells were rained down on the city for four days and entire quarters were reduced to ash. Panic developed among the civilians but there was no capitulation. A shell shortage forced Werder to lower the intensity of the German fire on 26 August and switch to formal siege operations; the Germans dug their way closer to the fortress through trench parallels and destroyed specific sections of the defenses with concentrated bombardments.
The siege progressed French sortie attempts were defeated and by 17 September the enceinte wall had been breached. At the same time, the defenders' morale was lowered by news of the annihilation of the Army of Châlons at Sedan and the encirclement of the Army of the Rhine in Metz. On 19 September the Germans captured their first outwork and began a devastating close-range bombardment of the bastions. With the city defenseless and a German assault imminent, the French commander Lieutenant-General Uhrich surrendered the fortress, 17,562 troops, 1,277 artillery pieces, 140,000 rifles, including 12,000 Chassepots, 50 locomotives and considerable stores of supplies into German hands on 28 September; the French National Guards were allowed to disperse. The Germans lost 936 troops; the besiegers expended 202,099 shells, with a weight of about 4,000 tons. Some 861 French soldiers died from all causes by the end of the siege and thousands were wounded. A total of 341 civilians were killed by a further 600 -- 2,000 wounded.
An estimated 448 houses were destroyed and 10,000 inhabitants were rendered homeless. The German siege operation was successful in clearing up railway lines to German forces in the French interior and freed up several divisions and a corps for operations along the Seine and in the siege of Paris; the deliberate German targeting of civilian morale presaged the total wars of the 20th century. After the Battle of Wörth, Crown Prince Frederick detached General August von Werder to move south against the fortress of Strasbourg; the city commanded a bridgehead across the Rhine. Werder's force was made up of 40,000 troops from Prussia, Württemberg and Baden, which lay just across the Rhine from Strasbourg. Werder's force included the Landwehr Guard Division, the 1st Reserve Division, with one cavalry brigade, 46 battalions, 24 squadrons, 18 field batteries, a separate siege train of 200 field guns and 88 mortars, 6,000-foot artillerymen and ten companies of sappers and miners; the artillery parks at Vendenheim and Kork had a total of 366 guns and mortars, with 320,404 shells, case shot and shrapnel provided.
At the time, Strasbourg was considered to be one of the strongest fortresses in France. Marshal Patrice de MacMahon evacuated Alsace after Wörth and left only three battalions of regulars to hold Strasbourg. Stragglers from Wörth, various other remnant forces, 130 marine infantrymen and elements of the Garde Mobile and National Guard militia improved the garrison's strength to 23,000; the fortress had at least 1,277 guns but no military engineers. The French commandant was the 68-year-old Lieutenant-General Jean Jacques Alexis Uhrich. On 11 August, Baden's force put Strasbourg under observation, they occupied the nearby town of Schiltigheim, fortified it, captured the Strasbourg suburb of Königshofen. Werder understood the value of capturing the city, ruled out a lengthy siege of starvation, he instead decided on a quicker action, bombarding the fortifications and the civilian population into submission. The first shells fell on the city on 14 August. On 23 August Werder's siege guns opened fire on the city and caused considerable damage to the city and many of its historical landmarks.
The Bishop of Strasbourg went to Werder to beg for a ceasefire, the civilian population suggested paying 100,000 francs to Werder each day he did not bomb the city. Uhrich refused to relent, by 26 August Werder realized he could not keep up such a bombardment with the amount of ammunition he had. On 24 August, the Museum of Fine Arts was destroyed by fire, as was the Municipal Library housed in the Gothic former Dominican Church, with its unique collection of medieval manuscripts, rare Renaissance books and ancient Roman artifacts. On 26 August, Werder decided to go ahead with formal siege operations against the fortress. On 27 August, he sent a report to royal headquarters on his intention to open the first parallel on the night of 29–30 August; the Germans had carried out preparations for the formal siege as the bombardment proceeded. These included entrenching tool depots at Bischheim and Suffelweyersheim and the platforms, artillery parks and materiel of the siege artillery at Kork, Neumühl and Vendenheim.
By 24 August, the infantry had trained in the building of trenches by engineer officers. To reconnoiter the fortress more and cover the main approach, the German lines of outposts moved forward on 27 August after dark between Königshoffen and the Aar to within 300 meters of the glacis. There was no French resistance. On the morning of 28 August, the lines of outposts were withdrawn back to their
Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed of sand-sized mineral particles or rock fragments. Most sandstone is composed of quartz or feldspar because they are the most resistant minerals to weathering processes at the Earth's surface, as seen in Bowen's reaction series. Like uncemented sand, sandstone may be any color due to impurities within the minerals, but the most common colors are tan, yellow, grey, pink and black. Since sandstone beds form visible cliffs and other topographic features, certain colors of sandstone have been identified with certain regions. Rock formations that are composed of sandstone allow the percolation of water and other fluids and are porous enough to store large quantities, making them valuable aquifers and petroleum reservoirs. Fine-grained aquifers, such as sandstones, are better able to filter out pollutants from the surface than are rocks with cracks and crevices, such as limestone or other rocks fractured by seismic activity. Quartz-bearing sandstone can be changed into quartzite through metamorphism related to tectonic compression within orogenic belts.
Sandstones are clastic in origin. They are formed from cemented grains that may either be fragments of a pre-existing rock or be mono-minerallic crystals; the cements binding these grains together are calcite and silica. Grain sizes in sands are defined within the range of 0.0625 mm to 2 mm. Clays and sediments with smaller grain sizes not visible with the naked eye, including siltstones and shales, are called argillaceous sediments; the formation of sandstone involves two principal stages. First, a layer or layers of sand accumulates as the result of sedimentation, either from water or from air. Sedimentation occurs by the sand settling out from suspension. Once it has accumulated, the sand becomes sandstone when it is compacted by the pressure of overlying deposits and cemented by the precipitation of minerals within the pore spaces between sand grains; the most common cementing materials are silica and calcium carbonate, which are derived either from dissolution or from alteration of the sand after it was buried.
Colors will be tan or yellow. A predominant additional colourant in the southwestern United States is iron oxide, which imparts reddish tints ranging from pink to dark red, with additional manganese imparting a purplish hue. Red sandstones are seen in the Southwest and West of Britain, as well as central Europe and Mongolia; the regularity of the latter favours use as a source for masonry, either as a primary building material or as a facing stone, over other forms of construction. The environment where it is deposited is crucial in determining the characteristics of the resulting sandstone, which, in finer detail, include its grain size and composition and, in more general detail, include the rock geometry and sedimentary structures. Principal environments of deposition may be split between terrestrial and marine, as illustrated by the following broad groupings: Terrestrial environmentsRivers Alluvial fans Glacial outwash Lakes Deserts Marine environmentsDeltas Beach and shoreface sands Tidal flats Offshore bars and sand waves Storm deposits Turbidites Framework grains are sand-sized detrital fragments that make up the bulk of a sandstone.
These grains can be classified into several different categories based on their mineral composition: Quartz framework grains are the dominant minerals in most clastic sedimentary rocks. These physical properties allow the quartz grains to survive multiple recycling events, while allowing the grains to display some degree of rounding. Quartz grains evolve from plutonic rock, which are felsic in origin and from older sandstones that have been recycled. Feldspathic framework grains are the second most abundant mineral in sandstones. Feldspar can be divided into two smaller subdivisions: plagioclase feldspars; the different types of feldspar can be distinguished under a petrographic microscope. Below is a description of the different types of feldspar. Alkali feldspar is a group of minerals in which the chemical composition of the mineral can range from KAlSi3O8 to NaAlSi3O8, this represents a complete solid solution. Plagioclase feldspar is a complex group of solid solution minerals that range in composition from NaAlSi3O8 to CaAl2Si2O8.
Lithic framework grains are pieces of ancient source rock that have yet to weather away to individual mineral grains, called lithic fragments or clasts. Lithic fragments can be any fine-grained or coarse-grained igneous, metamorphic, or sedimentary rock, although the most common lithic fragments found in sedimentary rocks are clasts of volcanic rocks. Accessory minerals are all other mineral grains in a sandstone. Common accessory minerals include micas, olivine and corundum. Many of these accessory grains are more dense than the silicates that
Le Trianon (theatre)
Le Trianon is a theatre and concert hall in Paris. It is located at 80, boulevard de Rochechouart, in the 18th arrondissement of Paris, at the foot of the hill of Montmartre; the Trianon-Concert was built as a café concert in 1894 in the garden of the Élysée Montmartre, requisitioned for the purpose.Édouard Jean Niermans, a young architect who designed or rebuilt several theaters around that time and decorated the Trianon-Concert. Opening in 1895, the Trianon-Concert was one of Paris's first music halls. Mistinguett, made her debut at the Trianon-Concert in its first year. Although her voice was thin, she was an accomplished mimic and comedian, became known for her shapely legs and risqué routines, became a star at the Moulin Rouge. In 1897 a new owner of the Élysée Montmartre refurbished the property, making two rooms: one for concerts and recitals, the other for dancing and skating; the architect, again Édouard Niermans, used steelwork salvaged from Gustave Eiffel's Pavillon de France, built for the Exposition universelle.
Artists such as La Goulue, Grille d’Egoût and Valentin le désossé performed on the stage, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec was a regular visitor. The quick-change artist Leopoldo Fregoli performed there. However, on the night of 17–18 February 1900 the hall and some of the other buildings of the Élysée were destroyed by a fire. Only the facade remained. Fregoli, playing there for the past five days, lost all his decorations and costumes. After the fire, the architect Joseph Cassian Bernard, a student of Charles Garnier and the designer of the Pont Alexandre III, undertook construction of a new 1000-seat theater in the Italian style, with two levels of balconies, it was inaugurated on 18 December 1902 as the Trianon-Théâtre. The theater was renamed the Théâtre Victor-Hugo in 1903, a subsidized theater that gave performances of classical works. In 1906 the theater became the Trianon-Comique, it was home to a branch of the Opéra-Comique that specialized in operetta. Picasso drew portraits of many of the habitués.
In 1917 the theater was renamed the Trianon-Lyrique. It became Le Trianon in 1920. In 1936 Le Trianon became a music hall, putting on performances by artists such as Yvette Guilbert, Marie Dubas, Fréhel and Pierre Dac. In 1939 the hall was converted into the Cinéphone Rochechouart, a cinema, using projectors, installed in 1936. Jacques Brel frequented the cinema in the early 1950s. In the post-war years the cinema was a popular venue, putting on family shows that might include a documentary and newsreel, live performances, a movie in color and cinemascope. Costume dramas were followed by swashbuckling adventure films, spaghetti westerns and karate and kung fu films. However, by the mid-1980s audiences were slumping as TV and VCR provided convenient alternatives to the cinema. In 1992 the cinema was forced to close. After returning to live performance, the theater presented plays and classical music concerts but was best known for performances of singers such as Carla Bruni, Bénabar and Higelin, for musical comedies.
The theater staged operas, musicals, show cases, fashion shows, movie previews, variety shows and festivals. It hosted the final phase of auditions of the Nouvelle Star TV show from 2003. Les Wriggles recorded a show on 23 September 2005. Included in the inventory of historical monuments in 1988, "Le Trianon" was closed for a complete restoration in 2009 did by Julien Labrousse architect and new owner of the place, it reopened to the public on 20 November 2010 with a series of concerts by artists that included M. I. A. Goldfrapp, Tricky, Ayọ, Herman Dune, Julien Doré, Rodrigo y Gabriela, Raphael Saadiq and Macy Gray. Le Trianon hosted the French-naturalized Indonesian singer Anggun for her concert in June 2012; the singer Rihanna appeared at Le Trianon on 17 November 2012 during her "777 tour" to promote her new album Unapologetic. And in July 2013, Singer-songwriter and Rapper Ke$ha performed during her European Leg of her 2nd solo headlining tour the Warrior Tour. On 11 December 2013, English superstar Fryars played a show to a aroused audience.
On 17 October 2015, for the first time, the venue held a Death Metal concert starring the band Opeth, celebrating their 25th anniversary for a sold out crowd. American pop girl group Fifth Harmony performed their concert at the venue on 9 November 2015 as the last and final stop on the European leg of their extended Reflection Tour; the Trianon has a grand entrance on the ground floor and contains the ballroom, winter garden, theater and a restaurant on the street, as well as dressing rooms and offices. The theater can hold 647 people seated in 440 people in the two balconies; each of the balconies has wide stairs leading down to the vestibule and ballroom. On the ground floor "Le Petit Trianon" is a coffee shop designed from the origins of the establishment and again in operation since May 2011 after 20 years of closure; the theater is served by the Anvers metro station. Citations Sources
Élysée Montmartre is a music venue located at 72 Boulevard de Rochechouart, France. It opened in 1807, burned down in 2011, reopened in 2016, has a capacity of 1,380 patrons; the nearest métro station is Anvers. The Élysée Montmartre was a ballroom inaugurated in 1807 where the famous Can-Can was performed among others dances during the 19th century. In 1900, the venue was damaged by fire, was re-decorated. After the Second World War, the venue can host boxing matches; the piece The Mask by Maupassant takes place in this venue and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec draw several paintings there. From mid 1970's" to mid 1980's a wide variety of French and international performers were produced in this place, such Patti Smith, Alain Souchon or Jacques Higelin. In 1992, Steel Pulse released their first live album, Rastafari Centennial - Live in Paris, recorded over three nights at the venue. David Bowie's performance, during the Hours Tour, on 14 October 1999, was filmed and recorded, with three songs appearing on the CD single of "Survive".
In 2005, Cradle of Filth recorded their live DVD, Peace Through Superior Firepower at the venue. The performance was filmed on 2 April 2005. In 2007, The Counting Crows re-released their debut album and Everything After, as a two-disc deluxe edition; the second disc is a recording of a performance at the theatre on 9 December 1994. The venue is mentioned in The Roots' song, "You Got Me", as a place where the subject saw the band and narrator perform though they both lived in the same building in Philadelphia; the room returned to its original vocation in 1995 with dancing evenings animated by the Grand Orchestre de L’Élysée Montmartre and it is now one of the most famous music venues in the city. Finnish Metal band Sonata Arctica were the last band to perform at "Élysée" before it caught fire on 16 March 2011. On 22 March 2011 in the morning, the building caught fire; the venue was purchased by Julien Labrousse and Abel Nahmias in 2013, it was rebuilt under the direction of Julien Labrousse, it reopened on September 2016 with a concert of Matthieu Chedid.
Élysée Montmartre official site Venue description