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Strategic Air Command

For the current active command, see Air Force Global Strike Command Strategic Air Command was both a United States Department of Defense Specified Command and a United States Air Force Major Command, responsible for Cold War command and control of two of the three components of the U. S. military's strategic nuclear strike forces, the so-called "nuclear triad", with SAC having control of land-based strategic bomber aircraft and intercontinental ballistic missiles or ICBMs. SAC operated all strategic reconnaissance aircraft, all strategic airborne command post aircraft, all USAF aerial refueling aircraft, to include those in the Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard. However, SAC did not operate the KB-50, WB-50 and WB-47 weather reconnaissance aircraft operated through the mid and late 1960s by the Air Weather Service, nor did SAC operate the HC-130 or MC-130 operations aircraft capable of aerial refueling helicopters that were assigned to Tactical Air Command Military Airlift Command, from 1990 onward, those MC-130 aircraft operated by the Air Force Special Operations Command, or any AFRES or ANG tactical aerial refueling aircraft operationally gained by TAC, MAC or AFSOC.

SAC consisted of the Second Air Force, Eighth Air Force and the Fifteenth Air Force, while SAC headquarters included Directorates for Operations & Plans, Command & Control, Training and Personnel. At a lower echelon, SAC headquarters divisions included Aircraft Engineering, Missile Concept, Strategic Communications. In 1992, as part of an overall post-Cold War reorganization of the U. S. Air Force, SAC was disestablished as both a Specified Command and as a MAJCOM, its personnel and equipment redistributed among the Air Combat Command, Air Mobility Command, Pacific Air Forces, United States Air Forces in Europe, Air Education and Training Command, while SAC's central headquarters complex at Offutt AFB, Nebraska was concurrently transferred to the newly created United States Strategic Command, established as a joint Unified Combatant Command to replace SAC's Specified Command role. In 2009, SAC's previous USAF MAJCOM role was reactivated and redesignated as the Air Force Global Strike Command, with AFGSC acquiring claimancy and control of all USAF bomber aircraft and the USAF strategic ICBM force.

The Strategic Air Forces of the United States during World War II included General Carl Spaatz's European command, United States Strategic Air Forces in Europe, consisting of the 8AF and 15AF, the United States Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific and its Twentieth Air Force. The U. S. Army Air Forces' first mission in the Strategic Bombing Campaign in the European Theater during World War II included the VIII Bomber Command, which conducted the first European "heavy bomber" attack by the USAAF on 17 August 1942; the Operation Overlord air plan for the strategic bombing of both Germany and German military forces in continental Europe prior to the 1944 invasion of France used several Air Forces those of the USAAF and those of the Royal Air Force, with command of air operations transferring to the Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force on 14 April 1944. Planning to reorganize for a separate and independent postwar U. S. Air Force had begun by the fall of 1945, with the Simpson Board tasked to plan, "...the reorganization of the Army and the Air Force...".

In January 1946, Generals Eisenhower and Spaatz agreed on an Air Force organization composed of the Strategic Air Command, the Air Defense Command, the Tactical Air Command, the Air Transport Command and the supporting Air Technical Service Command, Air Training Command, the Air University, the Air Force Center. Strategic Air Command was established in the U. S. Army Air Forces on 21 March 1946, acquiring part of the personnel and facilities of the Continental Air Forces, the World War II command tasked with the air defense of the continental United States. At the time, CAF headquarters was located at Bolling Field in the District of Columbia and SAC assumed occupancy of its headquarters facilities until relocating SAC headquarters to nearby Andrews Field, Maryland as a tenant activity until assuming control of Andrews Field in October 1946. SAC totaled 37,000 USAAF personnel. In addition to Bolling Field and, seven months Andrews Field, SAC assumed responsibility for: Roswell AAF, New Mexico home of the USAAF's sole nuclear-capable bomb wing, Smoky Hill AAF, Kansas SAC had seven additional CAF bases transferred on 21 March 1946 which remained in SAC through the 1947 establishment of the U.

S. Air Force as an independent service; those installations included: Castle Field, California Clovis AAF, New Mexico Fort Worth AAF, Texas Davis-Monthan Field, Arizona Rapid City AAF, South Dakota MacDill Field, Florida Mountain Home AAF, Idaho On 31 March 1946, t

Discovery Park (Seattle)

Discovery Park is a 534-acre park on the shores of Puget Sound in the Magnolia neighborhood of Seattle, Washington. It contains 11.81 miles of walking trails. United Indians of All Tribes' Daybreak Star Cultural Center is within the park's boundaries. A lighthouse is located on West Point, the westernmost point of the park and the entire city of Seattle, on the south side of the North Beach strip is a sewage treatment plant, but it is entirely concealed from the marsh and trail; the Discovery Park Loop Trail, designated a National Recreation Trail in 1975, runs 2.8 miles through the park, connecting to other trails. The park is built on the historic grounds of Fort Lawton. Both the FLHD and the lighthouse are on the National Register of Historic Places. Forests, beaches and bluffs dominate the landscape of the park; the park is one of the best places in the city to view wildlife birds and marine mammals. The Seattle Audubon Society has compiled a checklist of 270 species of birds seen in the park and nearby waters.

Elliott and Shilshole Bays are home to harbor seals and California sea lions, while the wooded areas support Townsend's chipmunks. Most visitors enjoy hiking the Loop Trail, which forms a circuit through forest and shrub habitats around the upland portion of the park, provides excellent views of Puget Sound. Many historical buildings stand in semi disrepair in the main grassy area; the shoreline is accessible by road or trail, however, a permit is required prior to driving a vehicle to the beach. Free permits can be obtained at the Environmental Learning Center in the East Parking Lot and are designated for qualified individuals only; the south beach is on the windward side of the peninsula, Elliott Bay, the north beach is on the leeward side and has views of Shilshole Bay. At the point between the north and south beaches is the West Point Lighthouse. Coniferous forest is to be found in the north bluff region and can be accessed from the road that leads to the beach. Deciduous woods surround the visitor center.

Overlooking the south bluff is a large meadow with small trees and shrubs. Bigleaf maple, red alder, bitter cherry, Douglas-fir, western red cedar, western hemlock make up a large percentage of the tree cover in the park. Invasive species such as Himalayan blackberry, Scot's broom, English ivy, holly are present throughout, requiring active on-going management to suppress. Discovery Park is a recent creation, having been created in the early 1970s from land surplus to the U. S. Army's Fort Lawton; the site for the 1,100 acres fort had been given to the Army by the city in 1898, the fort opened in 1900. The Army offered to sell it back to the city for one dollar in 1938 but the city refused, citing maintenance concerns. Much of the land was surplused in 1971, given to the city in 1972, dedicated as Discovery Park in 1973. Fort Lawton continued as an Army Reserve facility until it was closed at a ceremony on February 25, 2012; the Grunge band Temple of the Dog filmed the music video for their hit single "Hunger Strike" on the shores of Discovery Park.

The most controversial issue regarding the Discovery Park is what to do with former military property acquired in and around the park. In 2004, the City of Seattle announced it would purchase 23 acres of U. S. Navy property within the park; the decision was made to demolish the structures to create open space. In 2008, plans to close Army base Fort Lawton opened up debate over what to do with the former military properties: housing advocates wanted it converted into affordable housing, while some neighborhood groups opposed the idea; the City Council approved leading to a lawsuit. As of March 2009, the King County Superior Court Judge ordered the city to comply with the State Environmental Policy Act process. In 2008, a group of homeless people and homeless rights advocates set up camp in the park, but was forced to vacate by the city. In September 2010, the U. S Department of Housing and Urban Development approved the 10 October 2008 Proposed Redevelopment Plan and Homeless Assistance Application for the US Army Ft. Lawton Complex.

The HUD letter to the mayor of Seattle stated the need for homeless housing outweighed the need for other redevelopment proposals and that 144 family housing units and over 2000 beds in "supportive" permanent housing should be built and that HUD was ready to assist the city of Seattle, if required. The park has a remarkable tendency to attract wild animals. In the winter of 2008-2009, a coyote in the park made headlines, in May 2009, a black bear was seen. In September 2009, the park was closed because of the presence of a cougar; the animal was transported to the Cascade mountains. The beach has a history of sporadic clothing-optional use in the more remote areas of its shoreline. However, such use is not sanctioned by the City. A beach rally organized by The Body Freedom Collaborative's Seattle Free Beach Campaign on September 4, 2004 to shore support for clothing-optional use resulted in the arrest of a man sunbathing, after a complaint was made to the Seattle Police. Media related to Discovery Park at Wikimedia Commons Official site, Seattle Department of Parks and Recreation Friends of Discovery Park Seal Sitters (volunteer Harbor Seal p

2017 in Mexican television

The following is a list of events affecting Mexican television in 2017. Events listed include television show debuts and cancellations. January - The broadcast facility of defunct station XHK-TV in La Paz, Baja California Sur is demolished. 31 May - In Tijuana, Baja California, XETV-TDT ends its 64-year-long history of providing English-language programming to the Tijiana-San Diego borderplex area when the area's affiliation with The CW in the United States moved to San Diego-based KFMB-DT2, XETV's Canal 5 affiliation moving to the main channel while discontinuing its second digital subchannel upon the switch. 40 y 20 El Chiapo Ingobernable Sin tu mirads The Day I Met El Chiapo Plaza Sesamo Acapulco Bay Corazon salvaje Esmeralda La usurpadora Alma de hierro Big Brother México Hotel Erotica Cabo Lo Que Callamos Las Mujeres 40 y 20 Como dice el dicho El Chiapo La Voz… México México Tiene Talento Sin tu mirads Valiant Love List of Mexican films of 2017 2017 in Mexico