Glasgow City Council
Glasgow City Council, the local government body of the city of Glasgow, became one of the newly created single tier local authorities in 1996, under the Local Government etc. Act 1994, with boundaries somewhat different from those of the City of Glasgow district of the Strathclyde region: parts of the Cambuslang and Halfway and Rutherglen and Fernhill areas were transferred from the city area to the new South Lanarkshire council area; the district had been created in 1975 under the Local Government Act 1973 to include: the former county of the city of Glasgow and a number of areas within the county of Lanark: Cambuslang, part of a Carmunnock area and Baillieston, Garrowhill, Mount Vernon and Springboig. The early city was run by the old "Glasgow Town Council". In 1895, the Town Council became "The Corporation of the City of Glasgow", it retained this title until local government re-organisation in 1975, when it became "City of Glasgow District Council". In 1996, following the dissolution of Strathclyde Regional Council and Glasgow District Council, their responsibilities transferred to the new single-tier local authority Glasgow City Council.
The title Lord Provost of Glasgow, used now for the civic leader of the city council, has history dating from the 15th century. During World War I, the council was unique in the United Kingdom in appointing an official war artist, Frederick Farrell. Glasgow Corporation Transport was under the control of the Glasgow Corporation, ran the local buses and Glasgow Trams, until it was superseded by the Greater Glasgow Passenger Transport Executive on 1 June 1973. During the period of two tier local government, 1975 to 1996, Glasgow District Council was responsible for refuse collection, museums and housing, while Strathclyde Regional Council had responsibilities for policing, fire service, education, social work and transport; the city council established in 1996, took on the powers and responsibilities divided between councils of the Glasgow City district and the Strathclyde region. The council area borders onto East Dunbartonshire, East Renfrewshire, North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire and West Dunbartonshire.
The council is ceremonially headed by the Lord Provost of Glasgow, elected to convene the council and perform associated tasks as a general civic leader and Lord Lieutenant. The current incumbent is Eva Bolander; the council's executive branch is headed by a Leader of the Council, the leader of the largest political grouping the Scottish National Party. The executive committee is formed of 19 members across all the elected parties proportionally, however this would have given the SNP a majority of 10 seats despite not gaining one through the election; the Greens proposed an amendment to add an additional seat for each party, making the SNP the biggest minority party. It was passed and so its composition of 23 seats is currently: The council consists of 85 councillors elected for a five-year term from 23 wards; these wards were introduced for the 2017 election, replacing those introduced in 2007, each returns three or four members by the single transferable vote system of election. This system was introduced by the Local Governance Act 2004, as a means of ensuring a reasonably proportionately representative outcome.
The most recent full council election took place on Thursday 4 May 2017. The Scottish National Party did not gain an overall majority. A new multi-member ward system was introduced for the 2017 council election: A previous multi-member ward system was introduced for the 2007 council election: Prior to the 2007 election, there were 79 councillors elected from 79 single-member wards by the plurality system of election; the result from this system in 2003 was 69 of the 79 councillors representing the Labour Party, although that party gained only around half the votes cast in the election to the council, the Scottish National Party represented by just four councillors, despite gaining some 20% of the votes. There were three Liberal Democrat councillors, one Conservative councillor, one Scottish Socialist Party councillor; the 1999 council election result was more skewed in terms of seats and overall vote share due to the voting system in use, with Labour receiving 74 seats from 49% of the vote and the SNP receiving 2 seats from 29%
Glasgow is the most populous city in Scotland, the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020. Part of Lanarkshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands. Inhabitants of the city are referred to as "Glaswegians" or "Weegies", it is the fourth most visited city in the UK. Glasgow is known for the Glasgow patter, a distinct dialect of the Scots language, noted for being difficult to understand by those from outside the city. Glasgow grew from a small rural settlement on the River Clyde to become the largest seaport in Scotland, tenth largest by tonnage in Britain. Expanding from the medieval bishopric and royal burgh, the establishment of the University of Glasgow in the fifteenth century, it became a major centre of the Scottish Enlightenment in the eighteenth century. From the eighteenth century onwards, the city grew as one of Great Britain's main hubs of transatlantic trade with North America and the West Indies.
With the onset of the Industrial Revolution, the population and economy of Glasgow and the surrounding region expanded to become one of the world's pre-eminent centres of chemicals and engineering. Glasgow was the "Second City of the British Empire" for much of the Victorian era and Edwardian period, although many cities argue the title was theirs. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Glasgow's population grew reaching a peak of 1,127,825 people in 1938. Comprehensive urban renewal projects in the 1960s, resulting in large-scale relocation of people to designated new towns; the wider metropolitan area is home to over 1,800,000 people, equating to around 33% of Scotland's population. The city has one of the highest densities of any locality in Scotland at 4,023/km2. Glasgow hosted the 2014 Commonwealth Games and the first European Championships in 2018; the origin of the name'Glasgow' is disputed. It is common to derive the toponym from the older Cumbric glas cau or a Middle Gaelic cognate, which would have meant green basin or green valley.
The settlement had an earlier Cumbric name, Cathures. It is recorded that the King of Strathclyde, Rhydderch Hael, welcomed Saint Kentigern, procured his consecration as bishop about 540. For some thirteen years Kentigern laboured in the region, building his church at the Molendinar Burn where Glasgow Cathedral now stands, making many converts. A large community became known as Glasgu; the area around Glasgow has hosted communities for millennia, with the River Clyde providing a natural location for fishing. The Romans built outposts in the area and, to keep Roman Britannia separate from the Celtic and Pictish Caledonia, constructed the Antonine Wall. Items from the wall like altars from Roman forts like Balmuildy can be found at the Hunterian Museum today. Glasgow itself was reputed to have been founded by the Christian missionary Saint Mungo in the 6th century, he established a church on the Molendinar Burn, where the present Glasgow Cathedral stands, in the following years Glasgow became a religious centre.
Glasgow grew over the following centuries. The Glasgow Fair began in the year 1190; the first bridge over the River Clyde at Glasgow was recorded from around 1285, giving its name to the Briggait area of the city, forming the main North-South route over the river via Glasgow Cross. The founding of the University of Glasgow in 1451 and elevation of the bishopric to become the Archdiocese of Glasgow in 1492 increased the town's religious and educational status and landed wealth, its early trade was in agriculture and fishing, with cured salmon and herring being exported to Europe and the Mediterranean. Following the European Protestant Reformation and with the encouragement of the Convention of Royal Burghs, the 14 incorporated trade crafts federated as the Trades House in 1605 to match the power and influence in the town council of the earlier Merchants' Guilds who established their Merchants House in the same year. Glasgow was subsequently raised to the status of Royal Burgh in 1611. Glasgow's substantial fortunes came from international trade and invention, starting in the 17th century with sugar, followed by tobacco, cotton and linen, products of the Atlantic triangular slave trade.
Daniel Defoe visited the city in the early 18th century and famously opined in his book A tour thro' the whole island of Great Britain, that Glasgow was "the cleanest and beautifullest, best built city in Britain, London excepted". At that time the city's population was about 12,000, the city was yet to undergo the massive expansionary changes to its economy and urban fabric, brought about by the Scottish Enlightenment and Industrial Revolution. After the Acts of Union in 1707, Scotland gained further access to the vast markets of the new British Empire, Glasgow became p
Shires of Scotland
The counties or shires of Scotland are geographic subdivisions of Scotland established in the Middle Ages. Established for judicial purposes, from the 17th century they started to be used for local administration purposes as well; the areas used for judicial functions came to diverge from the shires, which ceased to be used for local government purposes after 1975 under the Local Government Act 1973. Today, local government in Scotland is based upon "council areas", which sometimes incorporate county names, but have vastly different boundaries. Counties continue to be used for the purpose of lieutenancy and land registration purposes, though the lieutenancy areas are not identical. Malcolm III appears to have introduced sheriffs as part of a policy of replacing previous forms of government with Norman feudal structures; this policy was continued by Edgar, Alexander I, in particular David I. David completed the division of the country into sheriffdoms by the conversion of existing thanedoms; the earliest sheriffdom south of the Forth which we know of for certain is Haddingtonshire, named in a charters of 1139 as Hadintunschira and in another of 1141 as Hadintunshire.
Stirlingshire appears in a charter of 1150 under the name Striuelinschire. The shires of the Highlands were completed only in the reign of King Charles I. In 1305 Edward I of England, who had deposed John Balliol issued an Ordinance for the Government of Scotland; the document listed the twenty-three shires existing and either appointed new sheriffs or continued heritable sheriffs in office. ^Note a: Gospatric was mentioned as sheriff in a number of charters of Earl David. The shire was not listed in the ordinance, in 1305 appears to have been under the jurisdiction of the Sheriff of Selkirk, with the remainder comprised in the constabularies of Jedburgh and Roxburgh under the jurisdiction of the constable of Berwick; the shire was one of those surrendered to Edward III of England in 1334. The remaining shires were formed either by the territorial expansion of the Kingdom of Scotland, or by the subdivision of existing sheriffdoms. Many of the new shires had irregular boundaries or detached parts as they united the various possessions of the heritable sheriffs.
C.1326: Argyll: lordship subdued by Alexander II in 1222. Norwegian claims over the area ended in 1266. First record of appointment of sheriff dates from 1326. 1369: Kirkcudbright formed when area between Rivers Nith and Cree granted to Archibald the Grim. Archibald appointed a steward to administer the area, hence it became a "stewartry". C.1388: Bute. The islands formed part of Kintyre district of Argyll. A heritable sheriff was appointed to the shire in 1388. 1402: Renfrew: separated from the Shire of Lanark by Robert III. Tarbertshire existed from before 1481, when it gained territory from Perthshire, until 1633, when it was annexed to Argyll. 1503: Ross: formed from part of Inverness by Act of Parliament during the reign of James IV, the sheriff to sit at Tain or Dingwall. Sheriffs were appointed, further acts of 1649 and 1661 restated its separation from Inverness; the 1661 act clarified the area encompassed, based on the pre-Reformation Diocese of Ross. Sir George Mackenzie's Ross-shire estates were transferred to Cromartyshire by a 1685 Act of Parliament.
1503: Caithness: formed from part of Inverness by the same 1503 act as Ross-shire, the sheriff to sit at Dornoch or Wick. The area of the sheriffdom was to be identical to that of the Diocese of Caithness. 1581: Orkney was erected into a lordship with the right of sheriffship. It was annexed to the Crown in 1612, although the term "lordship" continued to be applied to the area. 1633: Sutherland separated from Inverness.b^Note b: In 1583 the Earl of Huntly, hereditary sheriff of Inverness, granted the Earl of Sutherland jurisdiction over the sheriffdom of Sutherland and Strathnaver. This was only the south-eastern area of the county, with Halladale River forming the boundary; the shire was formed in 1631 by Crown Writ of Charles I, severing Sutherland from Inverness. The new county comprised the Earldom of Sutherland along with Assynt and the baronies between Ross and Caithness. Dornoch was appointed the head burgh of the shire; the writ was confirmed by the Parliament of Scotland in 1633. From the 17th century the shires started to be used for local administration apart from judicial functions.
In 1667 Commissioners of Supply were appointed in each sheriffdom to collect the land tax. The commissioners assumed other duties in the county. Following the union of Scotland with England, the government began bringing Scotland's local governance into line with the rest of Great Britain; the full machinery of county government was not established due to the fact that the office of sheriff or steward had become hereditary in certain families in the majority of sheriffdoms. At the accession of George II twenty-two sheriffs were hereditary, three were appointed for life and only eight held office at the pleasure of the monarch; the heritable sheriffdoms were Argyll, Banff, Clackmannan, Dumbarton, Elgin, Kinross, Linlithgow, Orkney & Zetland, Renfrew, Selkirk, Sutherland and Wigtown. Following the unsuccessful Jacobite Rising of 1745 the government took
South Lanarkshire is one of 32 unitary authorities of Scotland. It contains some of Greater Glasgow's suburbs, it contains many towns and villages. It shares borders with Dumfries and Galloway, East Ayrshire, East Renfrewshire, North Lanarkshire, the Scottish Borders and West Lothian, it includes part of the historic county of Lanarkshire. South Lanarkshire Council has its headquarters in Hamilton, has 16,000 employees, a budget of £1bn; the large and varied geographical territory takes in rural and upland areas, market towns such as Lanark and Carluke, the urban burghs of Rutherglen and East Kilbride, Scotland's first new town. There are 20 council wards in South Lanarkshire, each serving a population ranging from 12,000 to 19,000 and each ward represented on the council by 3 or 4 elected councillors using single transferable vote. South Lanarkshire operates a cabinet style system, with key decisions being taken by the Executive Committee, under the leadership of the Council Leader, approved by the council, led by the provost.
South Lanarkshire shares borders with the unitary authorities of Dumfries and Galloway, East Ayrshire, East Renfrewshire, City of Glasgow, North Lanarkshire, West Lothian and Scottish Borders. The area was formed in 1996 from the areas of Clydesdale and East Kilbride districts, some outer areas of Glasgow District; the Council Headquarters building, on Almada Street, was built as the Lanark County Buildings in 1963, designed by Lanark council architect D G Bannerman. The 16 storey, 165 foot tower is the largest in Hamilton, is a visible landmark across this part of the Clyde Valley; the modernist design was influenced by the United Nations building in New York. Glass curtain walls cover the north and south facades, with the narrow east and west sides being blank white walls. At the front of the building is the circular council chamber, a plaza with water features, it is known by locals as the "County Buildings". Bothwell Castle Calderglen Country Park, East Kilbride Chatelherault Country Park, near Hamilton, including Cadzow Castle Clyde Valley Craignethan Castle David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre Dollan Aqua Centre, East Kilbride Falls of Clyde Hamilton Mausoleum James Hamilton Heritage Park, East Kilbride John Hastie Museum, Strathaven Lanark Loch Little Sparta, near Dunsyre near Lanark Low Parks Museum, Hamilton New Lanark, a World Heritage Site Rutherglen Town Hall and medieval church tower Sites of the Battle of Drumclog and the Battle of Bothwell Bridge Strathaven Castle Wilsontown Ironworks South Lanarkshire College University of the West of Scotland Routes To Work South South Lanarkshire Council homepage South Lanarkshire at Curlie
Strathclyde Fire and Rescue Service
Strathclyde Fire & Rescue was, between 1975 and 2013, the statutory fire and rescue service for the area of Strathclyde, Scotland. It was the largest fire and rescue service in Scotland, one of the largest in Europe, its territory ranged from the densely populated Glasgow to remote rural and island communities. It was amalgamated into the single Scottish Fire and Rescue Service in April 2013. Strathclyde Fire Brigade was formed in 1975 when control of fire services was passed from local authorities to the new Strathclyde Regional Council; when Strathclyde Regional Council was abolished in 1996 the twelve new unitary authorities that replaced it agreed to keep the fire service as it was. In 2005, the name was changed to Strathclyde Fire & Rescue to reflect the change in the operations that the modern fire and rescue service undertook; that year a book called "Everyday Heroes" was launched detailing the work of Strathclyde Fire & Rescue over the past 30 years. Strathclyde Fire & Rescue, along with the other seven fire and rescue services across Scotland, was amalgamated into a single, new Scottish Fire and Rescue Service on 1 April 2013.
This replaced the previous system of eight regional fire and rescue services across Scotland which had existed since 1975. The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service has its headquarters in Perth. Strathclyde Fire & Rescue had over 200 Appliances which includes Rescue Pumps, Aerial Rescue Pumps, Heavy Rescue Vehicle, Technical Support Unit, Major Incident Units and Water Rescue Units; the Volunteer Stations had Volunteer Support Units. The service operated 111 fire stations; the following eight regional fire and rescue services were merged on 1 April 2013, creating the Scottish Fire and Rescue Service: Central Scotland Fire and Rescue Service Dumfries and Galloway Fire and Rescue Service Fife Fire and Rescue Service Grampian Fire and Rescue Service Highlands and Islands Fire and Rescue Service Lothian and Borders Fire and Rescue Service Strathclyde Fire and Rescue Service Tayside Fire and Rescue ServiceThe same boundaries were used for the eight territorial police forces, which were amalgamated into Police Scotland on 1 April 2013.
Blues and twos Fire Services in Scotland FiReControl Fire apparatus Fire engine Fire Fire Museum Fire and Rescue Authority
Strathclyde Partnership for Transport
The Strathclyde Partnership for Transport is a passenger transport executive responsible for planning and coordinating regional transport the public transport system, in the Strathclyde area of western Scotland. This includes responsibility for operating the third oldest in the world; the principal predecessor to SPT was the Greater Glasgow Passenger Transport Executive set up in 1972 to take over the Glasgow Corporation's public transport functions and to co-ordinate public transport in the Clyde Valley. In the 1980s it was replaced by the Strathclyde Passenger Transport Executive, under the overall direction of Strathclyde Regional Council. Section 40 of the Local Government etc. Act 1994 created a new statutory corporation, the Strathclyde Passenger Transport Authority, which took over "all of the functions, property, rights and obligations of Strathclyde Regional Council as Passenger Transport Authority" on 1 April 1996; the Executive was reincorporated as a body consisting of councillors drawn from the 12 Council Areas which succeeded Strathclyde Region:- Argyll and Bute West Dunbartonshire East Dunbartonshire North Lanarkshire South Lanarkshire City of Glasgow South Ayrshire East Ayrshire North Ayrshire Inverclyde Renfrewshire East Renfrewshireand nine transport experts appointed by the Scottish Executive: On 1 April 2006 - following the passing of the Transport Act 2005 - Strathclyde Passenger Transport Executive, along with the WESTRANS voluntary regional transport partnership, were replaced by the Strathclyde Partnership for Transport.
The new national agency Transport Scotland was created at the same time. At this latest reorganisation SPT gained responsibility for planning for all regional transport though it lost a number of specific powers relating to rail franchising and concessionary fares. There will be no change in its major operational functions. SPT has the following main responsibilities: Developing a regional transport strategy for west central Scotland Planning of public transport investment Operation of the Glasgow Subway Operation and maintenance of bus stations, bus stops, travel centres and other support infrastructure Provision of some subsidised bus services, where no commercial services exists Provision of dial-a-bus and ring'n'ride services Issuing ZoneCard tickets, dividing the revenue between participating transport providers Until 1986 SPT was directly responsible for running the municipal bus services in Glasgow, owned both the buses and the necessary supporting infrastructure; the Transport Act 1985 deregulated the bus industry and SPT was subsequently forced to sell off its bus operations.
The main bus operator in Glasgow is now First Glasgow, although SPT owns the city's Buchanan Bus Station, the largest bus station in Scotland. The Greater Glasgow Passenger Transport Executive, the forerunner of SPTE, started operations in 1973, taking over the entire municipal owned and operated bus, Underground railway, services of Glasgow Corporation Transport, in existence from 1894 to 1973, they used a new livery, a variation of the previous GCT colours of green and cream. The new livery had Verona green on the lower panels, yellow between decks, white was used for window surrounds, the roof. A stylised "GG" logo was applied to the forward yellow side panels. At bus stops, pennents had GG branding along with Scottish Bus Group branding on bus stops that were used by the SBG; the orange and black colour scheme used on in the 1980s to 1990s was a special livery for a small fleet of cut down single deck Leyland Atlanteans that operated the Glasgow Central to Queen Street rail link service.
As GCT had done, the GGPTE continued to buy large numbers of Leyland Atlantean double-decker buses, they were by far the most numerous type of bus in service, but GGPTE introduced new bus types such as the Scania-MCW Metropolitan, the front-engined, Scottish-built, Volvo Ailsa. At the start of the 1980s GGPTE was replaced by SPTE. Revised liveries were introduced, with the green and yellow replacing most of the white on some buses, matt black lower deck window surrounds applied to many others, the latter became the livery applied to new buses. Logos changed, stylised "Trans-Clyde" lettering was displayed below the "GG" logo, which SPTE was using on rail services and the Underground at the time; the "GG" logo was discontinued, "Trans-Clyde" was used alone although a Volvo Citybus prototype was branded in the same livery with "Strathclyde" instead. Bus Stop pennents was replaced with "Trans-Clyde" branding. In the "Trans-Clyde" era Coach & Tour stock was painted white with a two tone brown stripe pattern and single deck buses was painted white with a verona green skirt and yellow painted above the green.
In 1983 SPTE changed their colours to orange and black, the "Trans-Clyde" name was dropped and replaced with "Strathclyde Transport" branding with the Strathclyde Regional Council Scotland map logo, the typeface used on the former "Trans-Clyde" brand name was used. Bus stop pennents were given "Strathclyde Transport" branding by having a sticker placed on top of the old "Trans-Clyde" name; the name lasted until 1986 due to deregulation of the bus industry, The orange and black colour scheme was kept and "Strathclyde's Buses" branding was used. New bus stop pennents were given with Strathclyde Transport branding but without Scottish Bus Group branding; the Regional Council logo was retained on "Strathclyde's Buses" was used alone. In May 1992 a f
East Dunbartonshire is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland. It borders the north-west of the City of Glasgow and contains many of the suburbs of Glasgow as well as many of the city's commuter towns and villages. East Dunbartonshire shares borders with North Lanarkshire and West Dunbartonshire; the council area covers parts of the historic counties of Dunbartonshire and Stirlingshire. The council area was formed as a result of the Local Government etc.. Act 1994, from part of the former Bearsden and Milngavie and Strathkelvin districts of the wider Strathclyde region. East Dunbartonshire council area has low levels of deprivation, with low unemployment and low levels of crime; the population is both ageing. In a 2007 Reader's Digest poll, East Dunbartonshire was voted the best place in Britain to raise a family; the area continually tops the Halifax Bank Quality of Life list. In 2010 East Dunbartonshire ranked 3rd in Scotland and was the only Scottish area in the British Top 20 in 2008 A Legatum Prosperity Index published by the Legatum Institute in October 2016 showed East Dunbartonshire as the most prosperous council area in Scotland and the ninth most prosperous in the United Kingdom.
At the first election to East Dunbartonshire Council in April 1995, 26 councillors were elected for a four-year term. Labour gained an outright majority and formed a single-party administration, headed by Charles Kennedy and Michael McCarron as leader and depute leader, with John Dempsey and Ann Cameron taking the civic posts of Provost and Depute Provost. Cllr Kennedy was the leader of Strathkelvin District Council, continued to hold that post during the shadow year of East Dunbartonshire until the final abolition of the district council in April 1996; the Liberal Democrats and Conservatives were the only other parties represented on East Dunbartonshire Council and sat in opposition for the next four years. The number of councillors was reduced to 24 at the May 1999 election, when the Labour Party was again returned as the largest group, but without an overall majority. At the statutory meeting, Charles Kennedy and Rhondda Geekie were appointed as leader and depute leader of a minority Labour administration, but the Provost and Depute Provost roles were taken by Lib Dem councillor Robin McSkimming and Conservative councillor Anne Jarvis.
Within a few months, the Labour administration fell, with support from the Conservatives, the Lib Dem councillors Keith Moody and John Morrison took over as leader and depute leader of a new administration in which members of both the Lib Dem and Conservative groups held the various convenerships. At the May 2003 election, the Liberal Democrats further increased their representation on the council, securing 12 out of the 24 seats. With the reduced Labour group declining to put forward nominations, Lib Dem councillors Pat Steel and Cathy McInnes became Provost and Depute Provost, John Morrison and Fiona Risk leader and depute leader. For the next four years the Lib Dems ran a single party administration that relied, when necessary, on the casting vote of the chair. June 2004 saw the emergence of the East Dunbartonshire Independent Alliance, when Jack Young and former council leader Charles Kennedy, elected as Labour councillors the previous year, formed a fourth group on East Dunbartonshire Council.
As a result of the 2007 election, the Scottish Liberal Democrats were reduced to three councillors and lost control of East Dunbartonshire Council, with one of the primary grievances amongst the electorate being fortnightly waste collection, after the introduction of kerbside collections for recycling plastics, glass and paper. Although the SNP were elected as the largest group, the administration became a Labour/Conservative coalition due to no single party having overall control; the leader of the council was Labour councillor Rhondda Geekie and the position of provost was subsequently held by Lib Dem councillor Eric Gotts. The depute leader and depute provost were the Conservative councillors Billy Anne Jarvis. In December 2009, Lib Dem representation increased to 4, following Ashay Ghai's win in the Bearsden South by-election caused by the resignation of the Conservatives' Simon Hutchison. However, their numbers reverted to 3 in June 2011, when Lib Dem councillor Duncan Cumming resigned from the party citing issues relating to the Liberal Democrats' role in the UK coalition government, sitting thereafter as an independent.
The 2012 election, again returned a council where no single party had overall control, the administration became a three-way Labour/Lib-Dem/Conservative coalition. The leader of the council remained Rhondda Geekie; the depute leader and depute provost were the Lib Dem councillor Ashay Ghai and the Conservative councillor Anne Jarvis. EDIA councillor Charles Kennedy, of the Campsie and Kirkintilloch North ward, died on 13 July 2012; the subsequent by-election took place on 13 September. Thereafter the EDIA was voluntarily deregistered, its remaining councillor, Jack Young, continuing as an independent for the remainder of his term retiring from the council in May 2017. Following a disagreement between the Liberal Democrats and their administration colleagues, the ruling three-party coalition reverted to a minority two-party Labour/Conservative coalition in January 2016, the Conservatives' Billy Hendry resumed the role of depute council leader; the number of seats on the local council was reduced to 22 at the 2017 election