Legion of Super-Heroes
The Legion of Super-Heroes is a fictional superhero team appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Otto Binder and artist Al Plastino, the Legion is a group of superpowered beings living in the 30th and 31st centuries of the DC Comics Universe, first appears in Adventure Comics #247; the team was associated with the original Superboy character, was portrayed as a group of time travelers. The Legion's origin and back story were fleshed out, the group was given its own monthly comic. Superboy was removed from the team altogether and appeared only as an occasional guest star; the team has undergone two major reboots during its run. The original version was replaced with a new rebooted version following the events of the "Zero Hour" storyline in 1994 and another rebooted team was introduced in 2004. A fourth version of the team, nearly identical to the original version, was introduced in 2007. Superboy was the featured series in Adventure Comics in the 1950s. In Adventure Comics #247 by writer Otto Binder and artist Al Plastino, Superboy was met by three teenagers from the 30th century: Lightning Boy, Saturn Girl, Cosmic Boy, who were members of a "super-hero club" called the Legion of Super-Heroes.
Their club had been formed with Superboy as an inspiration, they had time travelled to recruit Superboy as a member. After a series of tests, Superboy was returned to his own time. Although intended as a one-off story focusing on Superboy, the Legion proved so popular that it returned for an encore in Adventure Comics #267. In this story, Lightning Boy had been renamed Lightning Lad, their costumes were close to those they wore throughout the Silver Age of Comic Books; the Legion's popularity grew, they appeared in further stories in Adventure Comics, Action Comics, other titles edited by Mort Weisinger over the next few years. The ranks of the Legion, only hinted at in those first two stories, was filled with new heroes such as Chameleon Boy, Invisible Kid, Colossal Boy, Star Boy, Brainiac 5, Triplicate Girl, Shrinking Violet, Sun Boy, Bouncing Boy, Phantom Girl, Ultra Boy; the 20th-century cousin to Superman, was recruited as a member. In Adventure Comics #300, the Legion received their own regular feature, cover-billed "Superboy in'Tales of the Legion of Super-Heroes'".
While they would share space with Superboy solo stories for a couple of years, they displaced Superboy from the title as their popularity grew. Lightning Lad was killed in Adventure Comics #304 and revived in issue #312, it was the Adventure Comics run which established environment. A club of teenagers, they operated out of a clubhouse in the shape of an inverted yellow rocket ship which looked as if it had been driven into the ground; the position of Legion leader rotated among the membership. Each Legionnaire had to possess one natural superpower; some issues included comical moments where candidates with bizarre, useless, or dangerous abilities would try out for membership and be rejected. The Legion was based on Earth and protected an organization of humans and aliens called the United Planets alongside the regular police the Science Police; the setting for each story was 1000 years from the date of publication. In Adventure Comics #346, Jim Shooter, 14 years old at the time, wrote his first Legion story.
Soon thereafter, Shooter became the regular writer of the Legion stories, with Curt Swan, Win Mortimer, as artist. Shooter wrote the story in which Ferro Lad died—the first "real" death of a Legionnaire —and introduced many other enduring concepts, including the Fatal Five, Karate Kid, Princess Projectra, Shadow Lass, the Dark Circle and the "Adult Legion", a conjecture regarding what the Legionnaires would be like when they grew up; the Legion's last appearance in Adventure Comics was #380, they were displaced by Supergirl in the next issue. The early 1970s saw the Legion relegated to the status of back-up feature. First, the team's stories were moved to Action Comics for issues #377–392. Following Mort Weisinger's retirement from DC, the Legion was passed to the oversight of editor Murray Boltinoff and began appearing as a backup in Superboy, starting with #172, with writers E. Nelson Bridwell and Cary Bates and artist George Tuska. Dave Cockrum began again increasing the team's popularity.
The first comic book published under the title Legion of Super-Heroes was a four-issue series published in 1973 that reprinted Legion tales from Adventure Comics. In the same year, the Legion returned to cover billing on a book when Superboy became Superboy starring the Legion of Super-Heroes with #197. Crafted by Bates and Cockrum, the feature proved popular and saw such events as the wedding of Bouncing Boy and Duo Damsel in Superboy #200. Issues #202 and #205 of the series were in the 100 Page Super Spectacular format. Cockrum was replaced on art by Mike Grell as of issue #203 which featured the death of Invisible Kid. With #231, the book's title changed to Superboy and the Legion of Super-Heroes and became a "giant-size" title. At this point, the book was written by longtime fan
Superman: The Animated Series
Superman: The Animated Series is an American animated television series based on the DC Comics's flagship character, Superman. It was produced by Warner Bros. Animation and aired on Kids' WB from September 6, 1996 to February 12, 2000; the series was the first of several followups of the acclaimed Batman: The Animated Series, was praised for its thematic complexity, quality animation and modernization of its title character. Premiering ten years after the 1986 reboot of the Superman comic-book character, the animated series paid tribute to both the classic Superman of old and the newer "modern" Superman. For instance, the depiction of Krypton reflects the older idealized version in the Silver Age of Comic Books while the scope of Superman's powers reflects the more restrained contemporary concept as developed by John Byrne in that the superhero has to struggle to perform spectacular feats, while Clark Kent is shown to be if self-confident. Midway through the series' run, it was combined with The New Batman Adventures to become The New Batman/Superman Adventures.
The characters of Superman and Batman were spun off into a new animated series, Justice League, which featured other popular DC Comics characters, including Wonder Woman, The Flash, Green Lantern, Martian Manhunter, Hawkgirl which spawned a sequel series Justice League Unlimited. Producer Bruce Timm wanted the show to have a more 1940s Fleischer Studios Superman-cartoon feel. Another original character design sheet showed the characters in a stylised 1950s style, suggesting that the producers considered setting the series during that period, or ending up like Batman: The Animated Series or as the producers said Gotham was Art Deco with Gothic elements, Metropolis was "Ocean Liner Deco"; as with the first season of Batman, the opening theme sequence of Superman lacked an on-screen title. Like Batman, the opening theme for Superman lacked any lyrics, instead being an instrumental piece played over various scenes from the series. Koko Enterprise Co. LTD. TMS-Kyokuchi Corporation and Dong Yang Animation Co.
LTD contributed some of the animation for this series. One noticeable aspect of the series carried over from Byrne's work was Superman's powers were downplayed compared to his comic book counterpart. Where as in the comic he could lift millions or billions of tons effortlessly, this version struggled lifting trucks, construction equipment, etc; the writers admit. His durability was considerably less that while bullets bounced off him, heavier ordnance like high caliber bullets and missiles caused him pain or discomfort. He's recurrently shown being sensitive to electricity, high-voltage electric currents being able to cause him a great deal of pain, in one episode lasers proved capable to blind him temporarily. Despite this reduced durability, he's rarely shown injured or bleeding, his lung capacity seems quite limited, since he needs special equipment to go underwater or in outer space. In the series, the evil computer Brainiac is not only from Krypton, but is portrayed as responsible for preventing the knowledge of Krypton's imminent destruction from reaching its people so as to save himself, rather than be committed in the futile task of saving the population of the planet.
In addition, the ship that carries the infant Kal-El to Earth is designed to have a pilot, the autopilot used instead was programmed to land smoothly upon reaching its destination. This was done so that the ship is in perfect working condition during Superman's adulthood and could be used as his mode of long range transportation in space. Access to Kryptonian technology and artifacts is severely restricted, such as the ship containing a phantom zone projector and Braniac's technology, although Superman finds a devastated colony in Krypton's solar system with salvageable technology, in addition to Kara In-Ze in her functioning cryostasis capsule. Season two was scheduled to run 26 episodes, but it was extended to 28 episodes in order to accommodate a two-part story introducing Supergirl. While the series features adaptations of much of Superman's rogues gallery, the writers supplemented the supply of enemies by paying tribute to Jack Kirby's Fourth World creations that introduced the villain Darkseid to the series as Superman's archenemy.
Darkseid had been portrayed as a villain in Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show and The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians in the 1980s, but in this series, he was closer to the enormously powerful, evil cosmic emperor envisioned by Kirby. Corey Burton's voice performance as Brainiac was done in the same cold, low-affect style as HAL 9000 in the Space Odyssey films, was modeled after the'Control Voice' heard during the opening narration of The Outer Limits; as with the majority of shows in DC animated universe, Superman: The Animated Series received a comic adaptation taking place in the same universe, that ran from 1996 to 2001, with 68 issues, an annual and a special issue featuring Lobo. Paul Dini wrote the first issue of the series, followed by Scott McCloud, Mark Millar and Evan Dorkin. Among the artists that contributed with the series are Ty Templeton, Rick Burchett, Mike Manley, Aluir Amancio, Min S. Ku and Neil Vokes. List
Crisis on Infinite Earths
Crisis on Infinite Earths is an American comic book published by DC Comics. The story, written by Marv Wolfman and pencilled by George Pérez, was first serialized as a twelve-issue maxiseries from April 1985 to March 1986; as the main piece of a crossover event, some plot elements were featured in tie-in issues of other DC publications. Since its initial publication, the series has been reprinted in various editions; the idea for the series stemmed from Wolfman's desire to abandon the DC Multiverse seen in the company's comics—which he thought was unfriendly to readers—and create a single, unified DC Universe. The foundation of Crisis on Infinite Earths developed through a character introduced in Wolfman's The New Teen Titans in July 1982 before the series itself started. Pérez was not the intended artist for the series, but was excited when he learned of it and called illustrating it some of the most fun he had. At the start of Crisis on Infinite Earths, the Anti-Monitor is unleashed on the DC Multiverse and begins to destroy the various Earths that it comprises.
The Monitor tries to recruit heroes from around the Multiverse but is murdered, while Brainiac collaborates with the villains to conquer the remaining Earths. However, both the heroes and villains are united by the Spectre. Crisis on Infinite Earths is infamous for its high death count; the series was a bestseller for DC and has been reviewed positively by comic book critics, who praised its ambition and dramatic events. The story is credited with popularizing the idea of a large-scale crossover in comics, its events caused the entire DCU to be rebooted. Crisis on Infinite Earths is the first installment in; the story will serve as inspiration for the 2019 Arrowverse crossover. DC Comics is an American comic book publisher best known for its superhero stories featuring characters including Batman and Wonder Woman; the company debuted in February 1935 with New Fun: The Big Comic Magazine. Most of DC's comic books take place within a shared universe called the DC Universe, allowing plot elements and settings to crossover with each other.
The concept of the DCU has provided DC's writers some challenges in maintaining continuity, due to conflicting events within different comics that need to reflect the shared nature of the universe. "The Flash of Two Worlds" from The Flash #123, which featured Barry Allen teaming up with Jay Garrick, was the first DC comic to suggest that the DCU was a part of a multiverse. The DC Multiverse concept was expanded in years with the DCU having infinite Earths. For example, the Golden Age versions of DC heroes resided on Earth-Two, while DC's Silver Age heroes were from Earth-One. Since "Crisis on Earth-One!", DC has used the word "Crisis" to describe important crossovers within the DC Multiverse. Over the years, various writers took liberties creating additional parallel Earths as plot devices and to house characters DC had acquired from other companies, making the DC Multiverse a "convoluted mess". DC's comic book sales were far below those of their competitor Marvel Comics. According to ComicsAlliance journalist Chris Sims, "the multiverse... felt old-fashioned, conjuring up images of'imaginary stories' and characters that DC acquired when they bought out Golden Age competitors and shuttled off to their own universes.
Marvel, on the other hand, felt contemporary... and when you stack them up against each other, there's one difference that sticks out above anything else: Marvel feels unified". During the Bronze Age of Comic Books, writer Marv Wolfman became popular among DC's readers for his work on Weird War Tales and The New Teen Titans. George Pérez, who illustrated The New Teen Titans began to rise to prominence in this era. In 1984, Pérez entered into an exclusive contract with DC, extended one year. Although The New Teen Titans was a major success for DC, the company's comic book sales were still below Marvel's. Wolfman began to attribute this to the DC Multiverse, feeling "The Flash of Two Worlds" had created a "nightmare": it was not reader-friendly for new readers to be able to keep track of and writers struggled with the continuity errors it caused. In The New Teen Titans #21, Wolfman introduced a new character: the shadowy villainous Monitor. In 1981, Wolfman was editing Green Lantern, he got a letter from a fan asking why a character did not recognize Green Lantern in a recent issue despite the two having had worked together in an issue three years earlier.
Soon afterward, Wolfman pitched Crisis on Infinite Earths as The History of the DC Universe, seeing it as a way to simplify the DCU and attract new readers. The History of the DC Universe's title was changed to Crisis of Infinite Earths because its premise, involving the destruction of entire worlds, sounded more like a crisis. Wolfman said when he pitched the series to DC, he realized it was going to be a new beginning for the DCU. "I knew up front, they did too, how big this was going to be," he said. "But, no-one knew whether it would sell at all. It was a risk DC was willing to take, because my thoughts were th
Sheldon Moldoff was an American comics artist best known for his early work on the DC Comics characters Hawkman and Hawkgirl, as one of Bob Kane's primary "ghost artists" on the superhero Batman. He co-created the Batman supervillains Poison Ivy, Mr. Freeze, the second Clayface, Bat-Mite, as well as the original heroes Bat-Girl and Ace the Bat-Hound. Moldoff is the sole creator of the Black Pirate. Moldoff is not to be confused with fellow Golden Age comics professional Sheldon Mayer. Born in Manhattan, New York City but raised in The Bronx, he was introduced to cartooning by future comics artist Bernard Baily, who lived in the same apartment house as Moldoff. "I was drawing in chalk on the sidewalk—Popeye and Betty Boop and other popular cartoons of the day—and he came by and looked at it and said,'Hey, do you want to learn how to draw cartoons?' I said,'Yes!' He said,'Come on, I'll show you how to draw.'"Moldoff sold his first cartoon drawing at age 17. "My first work in comic books was doing filler pages for Vincent Sullivan, the editor at National Periodicals", one of the three companies, with Detective Comics Inc. and All-American Publications, that merged to form the modern-day DC Comics.
Moldoff's debut was a sports filler that appeared on the inside back cover of the landmark Action Comics #1, the comic book that introduced Superman. During the late-1930s and 1940s Golden Age of comic books, Moldoff became a prolific cover artist for the future DC Comics, his work includes the first cover of the Golden Age Green Lantern, on issue #16 of All-American's flagship title All-American Comics, featuring the debut of that character created by artist Martin Nodell. Moldoff created the character Black Pirate in Action Comics #23, became one of the earliest artists for the character Hawkman. Moldoff drew the first image of the civilian character Shiera Sanders in costume as Hawkgirl in All Star Comics #5, based on Neville's Hawkman costume design. Beginning with Flash Comics #4, Moldoff became the regular Hawkman artist, following Neville's departure from the feature the issue before, he drew the Hawkman portions of the Justice Society of America stories published in All Star Comics as well.
Moldoff recalled in 2000 that All-American publisher Max Gaines...took a shine to me.... He's the one who said,'We're going to put you on "Hawkman", do whatever you want with it. Do a good job. And, it!... But when I looked at'Hawkman' and read a couple of stories, I said to myself,'This has to be done in a Raymond style.' I could just feel it.... I saved Sunday pages and the daily papers for years!... liked my style. We were competing with the newspapers; when he picked up the Sunday papers, he saw Flash Gordon, Prince Valiant and the Pirates. When he picked up a comic book, there was a tremendous difference in the quality of the art, and all of a sudden, he saw me—an 18-year-old coming around, I'm a student of Raymond, by God, the stuff looks good—it looks like Raymond! We all leaned on these guys to learn—and we were lucky, because while we were learning, we were selling the product... I spent a lot of time on it. I wrinkles. Drafter into World War II military service in 1944, Moldoff returned to civilian life in 1946, drawing for Standard, Fawcett and Max Gaines' EC Comics.
For EC he drew Moon Girl. When superhero comics went out of fashion in the postwar era, Moldoff became an early pioneer in horror comics, packaging two such ready-to-prints titles in 1948, he recalled in 2000 that, "I had shown This Magazine Is Haunted and Tales of the Supernatural to Will Lieberson before I showed them to Bill Gaines, because I trusted Will Lieberson much more. He showed it to the big guys at Fawcett, he said,'Shelly, Fawcett doesn't want to get into horror now. Moldoff did approach Gaines with the package, signing a contract stipulating that he would be paid a royalty percentage if the books were successful. Several months when EC's Tales From the Crypt hit the newsstands, Gaines reneged on the deal, Moldoff recalled in 2000, with EC attorney Dave Alterbaum threatening to blacklist Moldoff if he took legal action. Afterward, said Moldoff, "Will Lieberson said,'Let me bring it back to Fawcett again, see if they'll take the title', and so they did. What they did was pay me $100 for the title, give me as much work as I wanted, I did the covers.
So that went on that way". Moldoff, who received no royalty there, created the cadaverous host Doctor Death. In 1953, Moldoff became one of the primary Batman ghost artists who, along with Win Mortimer and Dick Sprang, drew stories credited to Bob Kane, following Kane's style and under Kane's supervision. While Sprang ghosted as a DC employee, Moldoff, in a 1994 interview given while Kane was alive, described his own clandestine arrangement: I worked for Bob Kane as a ghost from' 53 to' 67. DC didn't know. No, he didn't pay great, but it was steady work, it was security. I knew. I was doing other work at
A saber-toothed cat is any member of various extinct groups of predatory mammals that were characterized by long, curved saber-shaped canine teeth. The large maxillary canine teeth extended from the mouth when it was closed; the saber-toothed cats were found worldwide from the Eocene epoch to the end of the Pleistocene epoch, existing for about 42 million years. One of the best-known genera is Smilodon, species of which S. fatalis, are popularly, but incorrectly referred as a "saber-toothed tiger," a genus within the subfamily Machairodontinae of the carnivoran family Felidae. Extant members of Felidae include cats of the subfamilies Pantherinae. However, usage of the word cat is in some cases a misnomer, as many species referred to as saber-toothed "cats" are not related to modern cats of Felidae: instead, many are members of other feliform carnivoran families, such as Barbourofelidae and Nimravidae. In this regard, saber-toothed cats can be viewed as examples of convergent evolution; this convergence is remarkable due not only to the development of elongated canines, but a suite of other characteristics, such as a wide gape and bulky forelimbs, so consistent that it has been termed the "saber-tooth suite."Of the feliform lineages, the family Nimravidae is the oldest, entering the landscape around 42 mya and becoming extinct by 7.2 mya.
Barbourofelidae were extinct by 9 mya. These two would have shared some habitats; the different groups of saber-toothed cats evolved their saber-toothed characteristics independently. They are most known for having maxillary canines which extended down from the mouth when the mouth was closed. Saber-toothed cats were more robust than today's cats and were quite bear-like in build, they were believed to be excellent hunters and hunted animals such as sloths and other large prey. Evidence from the numbers found at La Brea Tar Pits suggests that Smilodon, like modern lions, was a social carnivore; the first saber-tooths to appear were non-mammalian synapsids, such as the gorgonopsids. Some had two pairs of upper canines with two jutting down from each side, but most had one pair of upper extreme canines; because of their primitiveness, they are easy to tell from machairodonts. Several defining characteristics are a lack of a coronoid process, many sharp "premolars" more akin to pegs than scissors, long skulls.
The second appearance is in a lineage of Cretaceous metatherians. At least one genus, possessed long canines, given both the predatory habits of the clade as well as the incomplete material, this may have been a more widespread adaptation; the third appearance of long canines is Thylacosmilus, the most distinctive of the saber-tooth mammals and is easy to tell apart. It differs from machairodonts in possessing a prominent flange and a tooth, triangular in cross section; the root of the canines is more prominent than in machairodonts and a true sagittal crest is absent. The fourth instance of saber-teeth is from the clade Oxyaenidae; the small and slender Machaeroides bore canines. Its muzzle was narrower; the fifth saber-tooth appearance is the ancient family of the nimravids. Both groups have short skulls with tall sagittal crests, their general skull shape is similar; some have distinctive flanges, some have none at all, so this confuses the matter further. Machairodonts were always bigger and their canines were longer and more stout for the most part, but exceptions do appear.
The sixth appearance is the barbourofelids. These carnivores are closely related to actual cats; the best-known barbourofelid is Barbourofelis, which differs from most machairodonts by having a much heavier and more stout mandible, smaller orbits and knobby flanges, canines that are farther back. The average machairodont had well-developed incisors; the seventh and last of the saber-tooth group to evolve were the machairodonts themselves. Many of the saber-toothed cats' food sources were large mammals such as elephants and other colossal herbivores of the era; the evolution of enlarged canines in Tertiary carnivores was a result of large mammals being the source of prey for saber-toothed cats. The development of the saber-toothed condition appears to represent a shift in function and killing behavior, rather than one in predator-prey relations. Many hypotheses exist concerning saber-tooth killing methods, some of which include attacking soft tissue such as the belly and throat, where biting deep was essential to generate killing blows.
The elongated teeth aided with strikes reaching major blood vessels in these large mammals. However, the precise functional advantage of the saber-toothed cat's bite in relation to prey size, is a mystery. A new point-to-point bite model is introduced in the article by Andersson et al. showing that for saber-tooth cats, the depth of the killing bite decreases with increasing prey size. The extended gape of saber-toothed cats results in a considerable increase in bite depth when biting into prey with a radius of less than 10 cm. For the saber-tooth, this size-rev
Adventure Comics is an American comic book series published by DC Comics from 1938 to 1983 and revived from 2009 to 2011. In its first era, the series ran for 503 issues, making it the fifth-longest-running DC series, behind Detective Comics, Action Comics and Batman, it was revived in 2009 by writer Geoff Johns with the Conner Kent incarnation of Superboy headlining the title's main feature, the Legion of Super-Heroes in the back-up story. It returned to its original numbering with #516; the series ended with #529, prior to DC's The New 52 company reboot as a result of the Flashpoint storyline. Adventure Comics began its nearly 50-year run in December 1935 under the title New Comics, only the second comic book series published by National Allied Publications, now DC Comics; the series was retitled New Adventure Comics with its 12th issue in January 1937. Issue #32 saw the title changed again to Adventure Comics, which would remain the book's name for the duration of its existence. A humor series, it evolved into a serious adventure series.
In issue #12 when the series was titled New Adventure Comics, Joe Shuster and Jerry Siegel introduced the first version of the character Jor-L as a science fiction detective in the far future. The series' focus shifted to superhero stories starting with the debut of the Sandman in issue #40. Other superheroes who appeared in the early days of Adventure included Hourman. A pivotal issue of the series was #103, when Superboy, Green Arrow, Johnny Quick, Aquaman moved from More Fun Comics, being converted to a humor format to Adventure. Starman's and Sandman's series were canceled to make room for the new features, while Genius Jones moved to the comic the new arrivals had just vacated. Superboy became the star of the book, would appear on each cover into 1969. Superboy's popularity in Adventure resulted in the character receiving his own title in 1949, when superhero titles in general were losing popularity. Krypto the Superdog debuted in issue # 210 in a Curt Swan. In issue #247, by Otto Binder and artist Al Plastino, Superboy met the Legion of Super-Heroes, a team of super-powered teens from the future.
The group became popular, would replace "Tales of the Bizarro World" as the Adventure backup feature with #300, soon be promoted to its lead. Lightning Lad, one of the Legion's founding members, was killed in Adventure Comics #304 and revived in issue #312. Issue #260 saw the first Silver Age appearance of Aquaman. In Adventure Comics #346, Jim Shooter, 14 years old at the time, wrote his first Legion story. Shooter wrote the story in which Ferro Lad died – the first "real" death of a Legionnaire – and introduced the Fatal Five; the Legion feature lasted until issue #380. With the next issue, Supergirl migrated from the backup slot in Action Comics to the starring feature in Adventure and ran until issue #424; the series reached its 400th issue in December 1970 and featured a Supergirl story written and drawn by Mike Sekowsky. As of #425, the book's theme changed from superhero adventure to fantasy/supernatural adventure; that issue debuted one new feature along with three non-series stories, the pirate saga "Captain Fear".
The next edition added a semi-anthology series, "The Adventurers' Club". Soon, editor Joe Orlando was trying out horror-tinged costumed heroes such as the Black Orchid, the Spectre. Before long, conventional superheroes returned to the book, beginning behind the Spectre, first a three-issue run of Aquaman and a newly drawn 1940s Seven Soldiers of Victory script. Aquaman was promoted to lead, backing him up were three-part story arcs featuring the Creeper, the Martian Manhunter, bracketed by issue-length Aquaman leads, he was awarded his own title and Superboy took over Adventure with Aqualad and Eclipso backups. Following this was a run as a Dollar Comic format giant-sized book, including such features as the resolution of Return of the New Gods, "Deadman", the "Justice Society of America"; the standard format returned, split between a new Starman named Plastic Man. With an increase in the story-and-art page count, the last four issues included one more run of Aquaman. All three were dropped to make way for a new version of an old feature, "Dial H for Hero".
Issue #490 saw the comic's cancellation. "Dial'H' for Hero" was moved to New Adventures of Superboy as of that series' issue #28. Adventure Comics was soon rescued; as of the September issue it was revived as a digest-sized comic. This format lasted from issues #491–503, with most stories during this period being reprints, with new stories featuring the Marvel Family and the Challengers of the Unknown including a
Mister Mxyzptlk, sometimes called Mxy, is a fictional impish character who appears in DC Comics' Superman comic books, sometimes as a supervillain and other times as an antihero. Mr. Mxyzptlk was created to appear in Superman #30, in the story "The Mysterious Mr. Mxyzptlk", by writer Jerry Siegel and artist Ira Yarborough, but due to publishing lag time, the character saw print first in the Superman daily comic strip by writer Whitney Ellsworth and artist Wayne Boring. He is presented as a trickster, in the classical mythological sense, in that he possesses reality warping powers with which he enjoys tormenting Superman in a cartoonish way. In most of his appearances in DC Comics, he can be stopped only by tricking him into saying or spelling his own name backwards, which will return him to his home in the 5th dimension and keep him there for a minimum of ninety days. However, this specific limitation of the character has been eliminated since the Crisis on Infinite Earths reboot, upon which the character leaves only when he willingly agrees to do so after meeting some conditions he sets, such as having Superman succeed in getting Mxyzptlk to paint his own face blue.
In 2009, Mister Mxyzptlk was ranked as IGN's 76th Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time. Mister Mxyztplk was introduced in the Golden Age as an imp from the "fifth dimension". Not being bound by our physical laws, he can do things. In his first appearance, Mxyztplk wreaks havoc across Metropolis by using his powers to pull all manner of pranks, first pretending he got hit by a truck and killed increasing his weight when the ambulance gets there and waking up to shock them. What's more, he destroys Superman's worldview of himself. Mxyztplk jumps out a window; when he appears unharmed, an astonished Superman exclaims "I-I thought I was the only man who could fly!!" He gives the Mayor the voice of a donkey blows papers over the town. Mxyztplk soon tells Superman that he is a jester in his home dimension, explaining why he uses his powers to play practical jokes, but one day he found a book. Mxyztplk has designs on conquering the planet for himself, but soon settles for tormenting Superman whenever he gets the opportunity.
His only weaknesses are that he cannot stand being ridiculed and if he says or spells his name backwards, Klptzyxm, he is involuntarily sent back to his home dimension for a minimum of ninety days. He first gets fooled when Superman asks what the word is and he says Superman would have thought him stupid enough to say "Klptzyxm", before realizing what has happened and being transported home. Mxyztplk looks for ways to counter the latter weakness, but he always proves gullible enough for Superman to trick him time and time again. In the Golden Age, saying "Klptzyxm" will not only send Mxyztplk back to the fifth dimension but anyone else who said it. To return to his/her home dimension, one has to say one's own name backwards. Mxyztplk appeared as a small bald man in a purple suit, green bow tie, purple derby hat; this was changed to a futuristic looking orange outfit with purple trim and white hair on the sides of his head in the mid-1950s, although the bowler hat remains adapted to the new color scheme.
In Superman #131, the spelling of Mxyztplk's name changed to "Mxyzptlk". It was explained in the Silver Age Superman comics that Mister Mxyzptlk could affect Superman because Superman is susceptible to magic, established as a major weakness for the superhero; when a Mxyzptlk jaunt causes a special appearance by Superman to be cancelled and children, who had done nothing to Mxyzptlk, to be disappointed, Superman himself decides to turn the tables and visit the 5th dimension, making trouble for the imp, running for mayor. For example, when Mxyzptlk furnishes a huge supply of food for prospective voters, he says, "Eat up, the food's on me!" Superman uses super-breath to blow the food all over the imp and chortles to the voters, "Like he said, folks – the food is on him!" The imp tries to get the Man of Steel to say "Namrepus" but when he succeeds, it does not work and Superman remains in the 5th dimension. Mxyzptlk loses the election, his mission accomplished, Superman banishes himself back to Earth by whispering "Le-Lak".
After the establishment of DC Comics' multiverse in the 1960s, it was explained that the purple-suited Mxyztplk lives in the Fifth Dimension connected to Earth-Two and the orange-costumed Mxyzptlk in the Fifth Dimension connected to Earth-One. The Earth-One version is retconned into Superboy stories as the red-haired Master Mxyzptlk, who bedevils Superboy during his youth in Smallville, he appears as a deus ex machina to stop the Kryptonite Kid, killing a helpless Superboy, so that he could continue to devil Superboy, Superman. A 30th-century descendant of Mxyzptlk appeared in Adventure Comics #310 with similar abilities. Much crueler than his ancestor, this version kills most of the Legion of Super-Heroes until Superboy tricks him into falling victim to the same "Kltpzyxm" weakness, reversing the effects of his magic. However, in another story from Adventure Comics #355 featuring the 30th-century Adult Legion, the brother of the cruel Mxyzptlk teams up with a descendant of Lex Luthor to save the Legionnaires from the Legion of Super-Villains and join the Legion themselves.
Alan Moore offered a radically dif