Stretham Old Engine is a steam-powered engine just south of Stretham in Cambridgeshire, used to pump water from flood-affected areas of The Fens back into the River Great Ouse. It is one of only three surviving drainage engines in East Anglia, is a Grade II* listed building. During the seventeenth century, large areas of fenland in East Anglia were reclaimed via extensive draining schemes. Despite this and livestock were swept away by widescale flooding as the land sank because of the drainage; as a partial solution, windpumps were used to pump water away from flood-affected areas, but relied on the weather and lacked the power required to lift large quantities of water. Wicken Fen nature reserve has a preserved and restored windpump, used to manage the water table in the Fen; the advent of steam power in the late 18th century offered a new solution, these new engines began to spring up around The Fens. The steam engine on the Old West River just south of Stretham was built by the Derbyshire firm, Butterleys, in 1831, costing £4950.
It replaced four nearby windmills and its scoop wheel was used for over a century to lift water from flood channels back into the river. Powered by coal, brought by barge, it consumed a ton of fuel every four hours; the rotative beam engine is of the double-acting type with a beam of 24 feet 8 inches and a flywheel 24 feet in diameter. The scoop wheel it drives has been successively enlarged as the level of the fens has shrunk: the first wheel was 29 feet, increased to 33 feet in 1850 and to 37 feet 2 inches in 1896 and lifted 120-150 tons of water per minute. During use, the engine needed constant supervision, with the stoker and superintendent on 24-hour call. One superintendent installed a telescope in his window so he could supervise the workmen without the need to get his feet wet. In 1924, the installation of a Mirrlees diesel engine saw the steam engine relegated to'standby', the last serious use was during the floods of 1939 and 1940. Prickwillow Museum contains a nearly identical Mirrlees Diesel engine, preserved and restored to working order.
The pumping station was replaced with 5 smaller, more efficient, electrical pumps that drain into the River Cam and are still in use. The engine is open to the public Sunday afternoons and Bank Holidays from the beginning of April to the end of October between 1.00pm and 5.00pm. Prickwillow Museum Wicken Fen Pinchbeck Engine Dogdyke Pumping Station Stretham Old Engine official website
The Australian Teachers Of Media or ATOM is an independent, not-for-profit, professional association that promotes the study of media and screen literacy. The membership of ATOM includes a collective of educators from across all subject disciplines at all levels of education, the screen media industry and the general public interested in the media; the national organisation is responsible for the ATOM Awards that have been presented annually since 1982. The awards celebrate the best of Australian screen content from the education sector and screen industry professionals, now feature the 1 Minute Film Competition and ATOM Photo Comp. ATOM publishes Metro Magazine and Screen Education. ATOM aims to foster and encourage a generation of students who are both multi-literate and technologically savvy. Through the publishing of both Metro Magazine and Screen Education and through convening the ATOM Awards and the ATOM Australian International Multimedia Awards, ATOM promotes media literacy in Australia and internationally.
Best Enemies ATOM Film and Multimedia Awards ATOM Award website Council of ACT Education Associations Description of ATOM activities AFC NewsAndEvents Description of the 2004 Awards, including finalists Australian Teachers of Media ATOM Victoria official website ATOM Queensland ATOM Queensland website ACCC Australian Competition and Consumer Commission Listing "ATOM's reach spreads" 2002 article in The Age newspaper
The St. Louis Gaelic Athletic Club is an amateur Irish and international cultural and sporting club focused on promoting Gaelic games in the St. Louis, Missouri metro area; the club was founded as the St. Louis Hurling Club, but changed its name to better reflect the club's participation in its two main sports; the club was founded in the Summer of 2002 on the south side of Tower Grove Park, by three former Milwaukee Hurling Club mates, Paul C. Rohde, Dan Lapke, Patrick O’Connor; the vision included introducing the sport of hurling to the metro St. Louis, Missouri area, creating opportunities to play the sport, developing better hurlers, developing strong St. Louis representation in nationwide competition. Through targeted recruiting and promoting the sport, potential Hurlers continued to join, in Autumn 2002, small scrimmages were being held at the southwest corner, the northeast section of Tower Grove, to allow for the continued growth. In March 2003, the downtown and AOH-Dogtown St. Patrick's Day parades saw hurling represented for the first time in the history of St. Louis.
On April 26, 2003, St. Louis played its first national match at Chicago's Gaelic Park, defeating the University of Notre Dame 3-9 to 2-3. A follow-up loss to Atlanta in the tournament placed St. Louis a respectable 2nd place in its first outing as a Club. Two subsequent matches against Milwaukee rounded out national competition for St. Louis in 2003. In May 2003, the St. Louis Hurling Club was honored, one year ahead of their objective date, with the rare invitation to join 21 other American cities aligned with the North American County Board. NACB is overseen by the Gaelic Athletic Association, the governing body of hurling at its top level in Ireland; the St. Louis Hurling Club is the first association of American-born hurlers invited to join NACB in a club's first year of organization, is the second-largest club of American-born hurlers in North America. A seven-members executive committee was formed on May 22, 2003 for two year terms, with the founding president's term serving as four consecutive years.
Television, radio and magazine exposure increased the number of interested hurlers, in September 2003, the first St. Louis Hurling Club season was held, an 8-week league featuring three teams: Brown & Brown Financial, Black Thorn Sons of Liberty, McGurk's Black Shamrocks, with McGurk's defeating Brown & Brown, winning the first Gateway Cup on November 22, 2003. September brought a Proclamation from the Irish Consulate office, commending the Club on its league and advancing the sport of Hurling. In April 2004, the Club's success allowed for the addition of a fourth team, Llywelyn's Red Dragons, began its Spring league, welcomed by the Missouri House of Representatives through a state resolution commending the Club for its success. Black Thorn Sons of Liberty defeated McGurk's for the Spring league Cup on June 19, 2004. In September, the St. Louis Hurling Club traveled to Boulder, representing St. Louis in a NACB finals tournament for the first time ever; the result included a thrilling come-from-behind victory over Seattle.
The National Championship for the new Jr.-C Division belonged to St. Louis; the St. Louis Hurling Club began its Autumn 2004 season on September 18 with a Proclamation from the City of St. Louis, congratulating the Club on its National Championship and commemorating the first anniversary of the inaugural league, where Hurling was played among St. Louisans for the first time. Mayor Francis Slay proclaimed September 25, 2004 “St. Louis Hurling Club Appreciation Day”. St. Louis won the Junior D Gaelic Football Championship in 2013 at the NACB Finals in Cleveland, OH, they defeated Indianapolis, Houston on the way to the Championship. In the Championship they defeated a tough Buffalo side by a score of 2-4 to 0-8 and won by a late goal by club legend John Behl; the club operates an eight-team hurling league in the spring and summer and a six-team football league in the late summer and fall, hosting games at various sites throughout the St Louis metropolitan area. In addition to their representative side, they join forces with other clubs in the Midwest to send teams overseas: most in 2013 the "Heartland Hurlers", composed of top players from St Louis and Kansas City, traveled to Ireland for a week of training and competition with sides from Kilkenny and Tipperary, finishing with a tournament in Thurles where "the Interstate 70 Boys" reached the semi-finals and received recognition from Irish TV when the group was shown during a match at Semple Stadium.
The Club's objectives were set out January 10, 2003: recruit at least 30 active members, enabling a minimum two-team league, increase awareness of the sport and the club in the metropolitan area through aggressive marketing, establish a strong national reputation of St. Louis hurling through victories in nationwide competition, improve quality of play to a level adequate for consideration into the North American County Board in 2004. Alongside their Spring and Autumn leagues, the Club stays committed to representing the city in national competitions and exhibition matches to promote the popularity of Hurling, Gaelic Football, Camogie in St. Louis and across the country. List of Gaelic Athletic Association clubs Official Website of the North American Gaelic Athletic Association Milwaukee Hurling Club Atlanta Hurling Club St. Louis Hurling Club Akron Hurlin
The Acadians are the descendants of French colonists who settled in Acadia during the 17th and 18th centuries, many of whom are descended from the Indigenous peoples of the region. The colony was located in what is now Eastern Canada's Maritime provinces, as well as part of Quebec, present-day Maine to the Kennebec River. Acadia was a distinctly separate colony of New France, it was administratively separate from the French colony of Canada. As a result, the Acadians and Québécois developed two distinct cultures; the settlers whose descendants became Acadians came from many areas in France, but northern and central regions such as Île-de-France, Brittany and Aquitaine. During the French and Indian War, British colonial officers suspected that Acadians were aligned with France, after finding some Acadians fighting alongside French troops at Fort Beauséjour. Though most Acadians remained neutral during the French and Indian War, the British, together with New England legislators and militia, carried out the Great Expulsion of the Acadians during the 1755–1764 period.
They deported 11,500 Acadians from the maritime region. One-third perished from disease and drowning; the result was what one historian described as an ethnic cleansing of the Acadians from Maritime Canada. Most Acadians were deported to various British American colonies, where many were forced into servitude or marginal lifestyles; some Acadians were deported to England, to the Caribbean, some were deported to France. After being expelled to France, many Acadians were recruited by the Spanish government to migrate to present-day Louisiana, under Spanish rule since the British victory in the Seven Years War, their descendants developed what became known as Cajun culture. In time, some Acadians returned to the Maritime provinces of Canada to New Brunswick; the British prohibited them from resettling their villages in what became Nova Scotia. Before the US Revolutionary War, the Crown settled Protestant European immigrants and New England Planters in former Acadian communities and farmland. After the war, it made land grants in Nova Scotia to Loyalists.
British policy was to establish a majority culture of Protestant religions, to assimilate Acadians with the local populations where they resettled. Acadians speak. Many of those in the Moncton area speak English; the Louisiana Cajun descendants speak. Many speak Cajun French, a close relative of Acadian French from Canada, but influenced by Spanish and the West African languages of Louisiana and the peoples they mixed with. During the early 1600s, about sixty French families were established in Acadia, they developed friendly relations with the peoples of the Wabanaki Confederacy, learning their hunting and fishing techniques developed for local conditions. The Acadians lived in the coastal regions of the Bay of Fundy. Living in a contested borderland region between French Canada and the British territories on New England and the coast, the Acadians became entangled in the conflict between the powers, their competition in Europe played out in North America as well. Over a period of seventy-four years, six wars took place in Acadia and Nova Scotia, in which the Confederacy and some Acadians fought to keep the British from taking over the region.
While France lost political control of Acadia in 1713, the Mí'kmaq did not concede land to the British. Along with some Acadians, the Mi'kmaq from time to time used military force to resist the British; that was evident in the early 1720s during Dummer's War, but hostilities were brought to a close by a treaty signed in 1726. The British had conquered Acadia in 1710. Over the next 45 years, the Acadians refused to sign an unconditional oath of allegiance to Britain. Many were influenced by Father Jean-Louis Le Loutre, who from his arrival in 1738 until his capture in 1755, preached against the'English devils'. Acadians took part in various militia operations against the British and maintained vital supply lines to the French Fortress of Louisbourg and Fort Beausejour. During the French and Indian War, the British sought to neutralize any military threat posed by the Acadians and to interrupt the vital supply lines which they provided to Louisbourg by deporting Acadians from Acadia; the British founded the town of Halifax and fortified it in 1749 in order to establish a base against the French.
The Mi'kmaq resisted the increased number of British settlements by making numerous raids on Halifax, Dartmouth and Lunenburg. During the French and Indian War, the Mi'kmaq assisted the Acadians in resisting the British during the Expulsion of the Acadians. Many Acadians might have signed an unconditional oath to the British monarchy had the circumstances been better, while other Acadians would not sign because they were anti-British; the French and British competition had a long history, including opposing Christian established religions: Catholic in France and its colonies, Protestant in England. Acadians had numerous reasons against signing an oath of loyalty
Joique Dewayne Bell Jr. is a former American football running back. He played college football at Wayne State. Bell was signed by the Buffalo Bills as an undrafted free agent in 2010, he has been a member of the Philadelphia Eagles, Indianapolis Colts, New Orleans Saints, Detroit Lions, Chicago Bears. As a senior at Wayne State, Bell was the winner of the Harlon Hill Trophy, awarded to the Division II player of the year, after he rushed for 2,084 yards and 29 touchdowns in the 2009 season. After going undrafted in the 2010 NFL Draft, Bell signed with the Buffalo Bills on April 29, 2010. On September 4, 2010, he was released by the Bills during final team cuts. Bell was signed to the Bills' practice squad on the following day. On September 21, 2010, the Philadelphia Eagles signed Bell off the Bills' practice squad, he was released by the Eagles on November 10, 2010. Bell was claimed off waivers by the Indianapolis Colts on November 11, 2010. On December 15, 2010, Bell was released by the team. One day after his release from the Colts, on December 16, 2010, Bell was signed to the Eagles' practice squad.
Bell was signed off the Eagles' practice squad by the New Orleans Saints on January 5, 2011 before the playoffs began. He was released by the team on September 20, 2011, re-signed to the Saints' practice squad the following day. On December 26, 2011, Bell was signed by the Detroit Lions, he played his first game with the Lions on September 9, 2012, appeared in all 16 games of the 2012 season, compiling 414 rushing yards on 82 carries with three rushing touchdowns. He hauled in 52 receptions for 485 yards, he was re-signed by the Lions in April 2013. He again played all 16 games for Detroit, finishing with 650 rushing yards and eight rushing touchdowns. Bell caught 53 passes for 547 yards, as he and teammate Reggie Bush, who had 54 receptions for 506 yards, became the first running back duo in NFL history to both top 500 rushing yards and 500 receiving yards in a season. On March 11, 2014, he signed a two-year, $7 million contract extension with $4.3 million in guaranteed money. Combined with the second round tender he signed worth $2.187 million, he was under contract for three years and $9.3 million overall.
On February 16, 2016, Bell was released by the Detroit Lions. On September 27, 2016, Bell was signed by the Chicago Bears. On October 24, he was released by the Bears; the Detroit Lions re-signed Bell on December 6, 2016, after starting running back Ameer Abdullah suffered a fractured foot. Bell was born in Benton Harbor and majored in criminal justice at Wayne State. While a student at Wayne State, Bell worked as a security guard at the Detroit Lions' training camp. Detroit Lions bio Buffalo Bills bio Wayne State Warriors football bio
Sumuru is a female supervillain created by Sax Rohmer, author of the Fu Manchu series of novels. She first appeared in a 1945-1946 BBC radio serial, rewritten as a novel in 1950. Four more novels were published between 1951 and 1956. Two movies were made in the 1960s and one more in 2003. Like her criminal mastermind forerunner Fu Manchu, the beautiful Sumuru leads a secret organization aimed at taking control of the world. Sumuru's society, the Order of Our Lady, recruits beautiful women to seduce and exploit men, to establish a matriarchal world order. After the end of World War II, Rohmer was approached by the BBC to do a radio serial; as the BBC did not wish to offend the Republic of China, Rohmer used the same basic plots with a female mastermind named Sumuru. The series Shadow of Sumuru was broadcast from 1945-1946 on the BBC Light Programme in eight half-hour shows with Anna Burden and Robert Beatty in the cast. In 1950 Rohmer published his radio serial as a novel entitled The Sins of Sumuru.
The American Fawcett Gold Medal paperback publishing house printed it under the title Nude in Mink, against Rohmer's wishes. When the book went into a second printing in a month's time, the publisher commissioned a book series, with the first four books having different titles in the U. K. and the U. S. Nude in Mink / The Sins of Sumuru Sumuru / The Slaves of Sumuru The Fire Goddess / Virgin in Flames Return of Sumuru / Sand and Satin Sinister Madonna The Sumuru Omnibus compiled by John Robert ColomboAt the request of his American publishers, Rohmer added more explicit sexual content in the Sumuru series than was seen in his previous work. Anthony Boucher described the 1954 installment as "melodrama as entertainingly Perelmanesque as the exploits of the evil Doctor." He praised Sinister Madonna as "outrageously enjoyable", describing it as "critically indefensible, but my God, such fun...!"On the other hand, the 1988 Dictionary of Literary Biography found Rohmer's work wanting: "The Sumuru novels are second-rate, in some cases thematic recyclings of earlier, work.
Unlike the Fu Manchu books, they contain no main protagonist in the mold of Nayland Smith, although the hero of The Emperor of America is a continuing character. Broken by Sumuru, he struggles back in the final Sumuru novel, Sinister Madonna, which ends on an uncertain note and with the promise of a sequel, not to be." Harry Alan Towers, who had produced the Fu Manchu film series in the mid-1960s with Christopher Lee, produced his first two Sumuru films featuring Shirley Eaton as Sumuru. Years he produced yet another Sumuru film in 2003; the third film set it in the far future. The Million Eyes of Sumuru, starring Shirley Eaton and directed by Lindsay Shonteff The Girl from Rio, starring Shirley Eaton and directed by Jess Franco Sumuru, starring Alexandra Kamp and directed by Darrell RoodtIt has been noted that in The Million Eyes of Sumuru, the character's matriarchal goals are subverted by the filmmakers' insistence on upholding traditional gender roles: "Sumuru... leads an all-girl cult that rejects marriage as male-dominated and focuses on breeding children without benefit of clergy in order to build a new civilization.
The movie turns all of this into a Bond knockoff right down to Sumuru -- who decrees that execution is the punishment for her followers who fall in love -- melting into West's arms and telling him she needs a man to take her and dominate her."The 1969 sequel undercut the character's pseudo-feminist agenda by bowing to current fashion: "In Franco's The Girl from Rio and her Amazons are transported to the future city of "Femina" Brazil's own future city, Brasília. Once more the core business is the seduction, financial ruin and destruction of her rich male victims. However, herein Carnaby Street plastic capes and "kinky boots" are the order of the day, but in attempting'60s kitsch, Franco fails to hit the mark." Yellow peril Richard Calder, "Sumuru", The Lost and Found The Page of Sumuru https://web.archive.org/web/20101229224019/http://www.njedge.net/~knapp/sumuru.htm Book reviews https://web.archive.org/web/20131001031650/http://community-2.webtv.net/BaronHermes/sumuru/index.html