ABS-CBN (TV network)
ABS-CBN Corporation, commonly known as ABS-CBN, is a Filipino media and entertainment group based in Quezon City. It is the Philippines largest entertainment and media conglomerate in terms of revenue, operating income, net income, equity, market capitalization, ABS-CBN was formed by the merger of Alto Broadcasting System and Chronicle Broadcasting Network. It was first founded in 1946 by Jewish American electronics engineer James Lindenberg, BEC would in turn become Alto Broadcasting System or ABS. Chronicle Broadcasting Network, on the hand, was founded in 1952 by newspaper mogul Don Eugenio Lopez, Sr. The two companies were merged and incorporated as ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation on February 1,1967, shortened to simply ABS-CBN Corporation in 2010 to reflect the companys diversification, the common shares of ABS-CBN was first traded on the Philippine Stock Exchange in July 1992 under the ticker symbol ABS. The group owns and operates the ABS-CBN and ABS-CBN Sports+Action national television networks as well as the Radyo Patrol, the remaining revenue is generated from consumer sales, mainly from ABS-CBN Global Ltd.
which runs The Filipino Channel and from pay TV and broadband internet provider Sky. Among the pay TV networks and channels under the ABS-CBN group are ABS-CBN News Channel, Cinema One, the nucleus of ABS-CBN Corporation began in 1946 with Bolinao Electronics Corporation. BEC was established by James Lindenberg, one of the fathers of Philippine television. At that time, the largest media company was Manila Broadcasting, in 1949, James Lindenberg shifted Bolinao to radio broadcasting with DZBC and masterminded the introduction of television to the country in 1953. In 1951, Lindenberg partnered with Antonio Quirino, brother of Philippine President Elpidio Quirino, in 1952, BEC was renamed as Alto Broadcasting System or ABS. Alto was a contraction of Quirino’s and his wife’s first names, though they had little money and resources, ABS was able to put up its TV tower by July 1953 and import some 300 television sets. The initial test broadcasts began on September of the same year, the very first full-blown broadcast, was on October 23,1953, of a party in Tony Quirinos home.
The television station was known as DZAQ-TV, in turn, on September 24,1956, the Chronicle Broadcasting Network was organized. The network was owned by Don Eugenio Lopez, Sr. and the Philippine Vice President Fernando Lopez, the following year, Don Eugenio acquired ABS from Quirino and Lindenberg. However, it was only on February 1,1967 that the name was changed to ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation to reflect the merger. In the late 1950s, Don Eugenios son, Geny Lopez saw the potential of TV and radio to reach, ABS made breakthroughs in the TV industry by achieving the countrys first color TV broadcast, first satellite feed, and first use of videotape, among others. It was pioneering in marathon election coverage in 1967 when the TV & radio stations of the network aired election updates for 36 hours sharp - making it a national first. On June 15,1961, Eugenio Lopez, Jr. built the first provincial TV station in Cebu airing 4 hours with the tallest tower measuring 216 feet, within weeks, another TV station in Dagupan opened its doors followed by the first broadcasts in Negros Island in 1963
DZMM – operating as ABS-CBN DZMM Radyo Patrol 630 – is a 24-hour Filipino language news/talk radio station broadcasting out of Quezon City, serving the Mega Manila market. It is the station of the Radyo Patrol Network owned by ABS-CBN. The stations studio is located at the ABS-CBN Broadcast Center, esguerra Avenue, corner of Mother Ignacia St. Brgy. South Triangle, Quezon City, while its 50,000 watt transmitter is located at F. Navarette St. Brgy and it can be received in the United States on DirecTV Channel 2066. Some of the weekday programming is simulcast via DYAP Radyo Patrol 765 in Puerto Princesa. The station manages and operates a website, DZMM. com. ph and social media accounts on Facebook and YouTube. It began on October 19,1953, DZAQ, the forerunner of DZMM was the first radio station of the former ABS of the Quirinos under President Elpidio Quirinos brother, Antonio. DZAQ620 kHz featured news and music programs on an AM format which the basis of DZAQ-TV3, Orly Mercado was one of the station managers from 1969 to 1971.
It was the brainchild of former station manager Orly Mercado, Ben Aniceto, the first reporters assigned as Radyo Patrol were Al Mendez, Zolio Paragas and Bar Samson. This was the first major event as a progenitor to the current Radyo Patrol. Veteran anchors and new recruits like Johnny de Leon, Rod Navarro, Joe Taruc, dely Magpayo and Noli de Castro, was part of the announcers of the station. Under the Marcos crony control, the station was dubbed Pinakamatatag sa Buong Pilipinas. With the switch of AM spacing from 10 to 9 kHz that took place between 1979 and 1980, DWWW moved from 620 to 630 AM and gained a new home in Broadcast City in Diliman, Quezon City. At the end, both DWWW of RPN and DWOK of BBC were sequestered by the government with ABS-CBN getting both stations as a result, the fall of the Marcos regime owing to the return of ABS-CBN. In April 1986, newly formed Presidential Commission on Good Government handed over two stations, DWWW of RPN and DWOK of BBC, back to the networks control.
DWWW changed its callsign to DZMM and started preparations for the resumption of broadcasts, Lito Balquierda Jr. Vice-President for Radio, together with Attorney Jake Lopez and Mr. Ben Aniceto spearheaded the return of the giant network to the local broadcasting scene. The network started recruiting both experienced and new employees including a new generation of Radyo Patrol Reporters and their studios were initially located at the Chronicle Building in Pasig. Knowledge Power, the first ever program of the station was launched
The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south, Luzon and Mindanao, the capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. The Philippines has an area of 300,000 square kilometers, and it is the eighth-most populated country in Asia and the 12th most populated country in the world. As of 2013, approximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas, multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands. In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelagos earliest inhabitants and they were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Exchanges with Chinese, Malay and Islamic nations occurred, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of Datus, Sultans or Lakans.
The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in Homonhon, Eastern Samar in 1521 marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization, in 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. With the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi from Mexico City, in 1565, the Philippines became part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. This resulted in Roman Catholicism becoming the dominant religion, during this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons. Aside from the period of Japanese occupation, the United States retained sovereignty over the islands until after World War II, since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution. It is a member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum.
It hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank, the Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain. Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, during his expedition in 1542, named the islands of Leyte, eventually the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago. Before that became commonplace, other such as Islas del Poniente. The official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history, during the Philippine Revolution, the Malolos Congress proclaimed the establishment of the República Filipina or the Philippine Republic. From the 1898 Treaty of Paris, the name Philippines began to appear, since the end of World War II, the official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. The metatarsal of the Callao Man, reliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67,000 years ago is the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date and this distinction previously belonged to the Tabon Man of Palawan, carbon-dated to around 26,500 years ago.
Negritos were among the archipelagos earliest inhabitants, but their first settlement in the Philippines has not been reliably dated, there are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos
Radio Philippines Network
Its studios are located at Broadcast City, Capitol Hills, Quezon City and its transmitter are located at #97 Panay Avenue, Brgy. Founded by Roberto Benedicto and prior to the privatization, it was the station of current government owned and controlled Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation. Currently, Radio Philippines Network is the broadcaster and affiliate of CNN Philippines, the congress of the Philippines approved the franchise of Radio Philippine Network on June 19,1960. Instead of using its name, the network instead used Kanlaon Broadcasting System as its initial branding. Kanlaon is a volcano on the Philippine island of Negros, the home of its founder Roberto Benedicto, Kanlaon Broadcasting System started broadcasting as a radio network with its first station DZBI in Manila. Philippine radio veteran Ben Aniceto was the director at the time. The broadcast network ventured into television broadcasting on October 15,1969 with the launch of KBS-9 Manila as the networks flagship TV station, kBS-12 Baguio signed on the air on the same year.
Properties and funding for the new TV network partly came from ABS-CBN in the form of its old headquarters along Roxas Boulevard, as a result, on its launch it was named Accucolor 9 as the first Philippine television network to launch in full color. In 1970, KBS acquired a Color-ready Outside Broadcast Van for the broadcasts of major news events and sports coverages. In 1975, KBS formally relaunched as RPN, the acronym for its franchise name and it aired special coverages of the Olympics, Thrilla in Manila and the Miss Universe, and programs such as John En Marsha and Superstar. RPN became the birthplace and the first humble abode of the now longest running variety show Eat Bulaga. RPN became the home of the popular and most watched longest running Game show on Philippine Television Family Kuarta o Kahon hosted by Pepe Pimentel originally aired on ABS-CBN BBC-2, the show ran for almost 38 years until it finally ended in the year 2000. RPN pioneered the TV newscasting as they launched the first ever newspaper-format nightly newscast titled NewsWatch, RPN aired anime programming and imported and syndicated programs from the United States.
RPN-9 is the first network to cover the Philippine Basketball Association games live in 1976, in 1980, RPN-9 began to broadcast primetime programs and Eat Bulaga. Through its new satellite technology in which the 1980s logo resembles a satellite antenna. This made RPN the first national network to achieve nationwide program simulcasting via satellite, the network became home to, from 1978 up to the early 1980s, the Super Sentai series. In 1986, after the assumption of office of President Corazon C, the government sequestered Radio Philippines Network for allegedly being part of the crony capitalism under the Marcos regime. By then, it was the network in the Philippines cornering the highest audience share in the entire country
Noon is usually defined as 12 oclock in the daytime, as opposed to midnight. The term midday is used colloquially to refer to a period of time in the middle of the day. Solar noon is when the Sun transits the celestial meridian and is at its highest altitude in the sky. The local or clock time of solar noon depends on the longitude, the opposite of noon is midnight. In many cultures in the Northern Hemisphere, noon had ancient geographic associations with the direction south, remnants of the noon = south association are preserved in the words for noon in French and Italian, both of which refer to the southern parts of the respective countries. Modern Polish, Belarusian and Serbian go a step farther, with the words for noon meaning south, the word noon is derived from Latin nona hora, the ninth hour of the day, and is related to the liturgical term none. The Roman and Western European medieval monastic day began at 6,00 a. m. at the equinox by modern timekeeping, in English, the meaning of the word shifted to midday and the time gradually moved back to 12,00 local time.
The change began in the 12th century and was fixed by the 14th century, solar noon is the moment when the Sun transits the celestial meridian – roughly the time when it is highest above the horizon on that day. This is the origin of the ante meridiem and post meridiem as noted below. The sun is overhead at solar noon at the Equator on the equinoxes, at the Tropic of Cancer on the June solstice. The elapsed time from local solar noon of one day to the day is exactly 24 hours only four instances in any particular year. This occurs when the effects of Earth’s obliquity of ecliptic and its orbital speed around the Sun offset each other and these four days for the current epoch are centered about Feb 11, May 13, July 25 and Nov 3. It occurs at one particular line of Longitude each event. This line varies year to year since Earth’s true year is not a number of days. This event time and location varies due to Earth’s orbit being gravitationally perturbed by the planets and these four 24-hour days occur in both N and S hemispheres simultaneously.
The precise UTC times for four days mark when the opposite line of longitude 180 degrees away experiences precisely 24 hours from local midnight to local midnight the next day. Thus four varying great circles of Longitude define from year to year when a 24-hour day occurs, the two longest time spans from noon to noon occur twice each year around Jun 20 and around Dec 21. The shortest time spans occur twice each year around March 25, noon is commonly indicated by 12 p. m. and midnight by 12 a. m
Manila, officially City of Manila, is the capital of the Philippines. Founded on June 24,1571, by Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi and it is situated on the eastern shore of Manila Bay and is home to many landmarks, some of which date back to the 16th century. In 2012, the Globalization and World Cities Research Network listed Manila as a global city, the city proper is home to 1,780,148 people in 2015, forming the historic core of Metro Manila, the capital region of the Philippines. The metropolitan area, which includes the much larger Quezon City, Manila is the most densely populated city proper in the world, with 41,515 people per square kilometer. The term Manila is commonly used to refer to either the whole area or the city proper. Manila is located on the shore of the Manila Bay on one of the finest harbors in the country. The city has six districts for the lower house of the Philippine Congress. Manila was once ruled by the Kingdom of Tondo before it became a province of the Majapahit Empire.
During the Bruneian invasion of the Philippines, Sultan Bolkiah of Brunei captured Seludong and renamed it Maynilà, Maynilà became a vassal state of the Sultanate of Brunei, established to overpower Tondo. In 1571, conquistadors arrived from Mexico, across the Pacific Ocean, Spanish missionaries soon Christianized the city, incorporated Tondo and built some of the oldest churches in the country, including San Agustin Church. The conquistadors renamed the area Nuevo Reino de Castilla, Manila became the center of Spanish activity in the Far East and one end of the Manila–Acapulco galleon trade route linking Spanish America with Asia, one of the earliest examples of globalization. Because of its location on Pacific trade routes, Manila received the moniker Pearl of the Orient. Spanish rule of the Philippine archipelago lasted for more than three centuries, until 1898, order was usually quickly restored and the city returned to the business of trade. In the 19th century, Manila was one of the most modern cities in Asia, before the Spanish–American War, it saw the rise of the Philippine Revolution.
After the war, the United States took control, switched the official language from Spanish to English, near the end of World War II, during the Battle of Manila, most of the city was flattened by intensive aerial bombardment by the United States Air Force. As a result, relatively little remains of Manilas prewar and colonial architecture, although there are ongoing projects, especially within the old walled city. Maynilà, the Filipino name for the city, originated from the word nilà, referring to a mangrove tree that grew on the delta of the Pasig River. The flowers were made into garlands that, according to folklore, were offered to statues on religious altars or in churches
Fortunato Gan Co, Jr. better known as Atoy Co, is a Filipino actor and current head coach of the Mapua Cardinals in the NCAA. He is a politician and a retired professional basketball player who played 11 seasons in the PBA. Nicknamed The Fortune Cookie during his days, he was notable for his trademark turaround fadeaway jump shot. Co was born on October 15,1951 in Pasig, part of Rizal province and his parents were Fortunato Co, Sr. and Ana Gan. Co joined the Mapua Cardinals in 1970 and played for the Mapúa team for three years and he was named the Most Valuable Player during his first and second years. He brought his wares with the old Crispa team in the MICAA, Co first played in the PBA on April 22,1975, scoring 34 points and leading Crispa to a 113-102 win over CFC, the teams first victory after starting the season with three straight defeats. During his PBA stint, he played for the grand slam champion Crispa Redmanizers from 1975 to 1984. In 1976, he received the All-Filipino Sports Award for Basketball and he was part of the fabled Crispa ballclub that won two Grand Slams, in 1976 and 1983.
He won the Most Valuable Player award in 1979 and was a 9-time Mythical First Team Member. In 1979, he was the first player to score 5,000 points, after his stint with Crispa, he suited up for Manila Beer and Great Taste. He ended his career as the PBAs No.4 in All-Time Scoring with 12,994 points behind Ramon Fernandez, Abet Guidaben and Alvin Patrimonio. He was career 78. 6% free-throw shooter, having converted 1549 out of 1970 free-throw attempts, in 2000, he was named as one of the 25 Greatest Players in PBA History in an elaborate awards ceremonies that highlighted the 25th year anniversary of the league. In 2003, he took part in the Crispa-Toyota Reunion Game that kick-started the PBAs 2003 All-Star Weekend. In 2005, he played for the Baby Dalupan-coached TM PBA Legends that defeated the TM PBA Greats, 96-92, the two teams were made up of the 25 Greatest Players that were chosen by coaches Dalupan and Robert Jaworski. Co ventured into the showbiz after his days were over, first as a co-host for the noontime show Student Canteen over at RPN.
He made a career out of playing supporting roles in movies and teleseryes. Co became a politician when he served as a city councilor of Pasig City from 1998 to 2007. In 2010, he ran again as councilor and was successful in his reelection bid and he operates a sports bar named Atoys at Metrowalk, Pasig City
Raul Marco Sison is a singer & actor now a politician from the Philippines. Sison started his career after his triumph on a singing contest in Channel 7s noontime variety show Student Canteen in the late 70s. In 1991, the Philippine independent record company, Universal Records, the album consists entirely of romantic, easy-listening music, a style of music quite popular in the Philippines. In 1992, Sison released After All These Years, in 1999, Sison released Memories, his first album for local independent record company, Viva Music Group. One of the international hits covered by Sison in the album is Crazy. The album includes Someone That I Used To Love and Kung Maibabalik Ko Lang, may Iba Ka Na Ba. is the first single lifted from Sisons comeback album, Hindi Ko Akalain, released by Star Records. The songs in the album captures that distinct OPM feel as proven in the tracks Hindi Ko Akalain, Baby. Right Beside You, Try My Number and the lead single May Iba Ka Na Ba, the singer was simply doing live performances both here in the country and abroad.
Sison has been part of the group called The Greatest Hitmakers composed of veteran OPM artists Rico Puno, Hajji Alejandro. Aside from his albums, Sison joined popular singers Rico J. Puno, Rey Valera and Nonoy Zuniga. Sison and the group had a series of shows abroad, most of them in US cities such as Reno, Houston. Sison emerges on the release of his love ballad collection titled Isang Pagkakataon, the album has been preceded by other newly written songs by Vehnee Saturno like Selos, Kahit Na Minsan Pa, Sa Iisang Puso Mo and Kwento. It features Sabik Na Puso, a song that was penned by Sison, Isang Pagkakataon features five new songs from Vehnee Saturno. The movie won was Best Festival Movie in the 1998 Metro Manila Film Festival and his 2nd movie, Whos That Girl with Its Showtime host Anne Curtis. Dont Know How Long Ill Be Away Baby, Puwede Ba. allmusic. com/album/after-all-these-years-mw0001159626 Marco Sison at the Internet Movie Database
Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation
Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation is a Philippine-based media company and VHF television network of the Government Communications Group under the Presidential Communications Operations Office. Its studios are located at Broadcast City, Capitol Hills, Diliman and it is one of two government-owned and controlled television stations in the country. The owner of San Miguel Corporation, the station had relay transmitters to bring its programs to viewers in Cebu and Davao. American Dick Baldwin was the stations first owner, and programming first consisted of foreign programs from CBS. Andres would only acquire the channel in 1962, after the declaration of Martial Law, ABS-CBN veteran Ben Aniceto took over the station manager post of Channel 13 from 1973–1976. Benedicto, who purchased the network consisting of the Manila station and other stations in Cebu. IBC opened its FM station DWKB-FM the same year, marking the relaunch, the network debuted its vinta logo, which would be used until 1978 in two iterations.
In 1976, IBC metamorphosed into one of the countrys most viewed TV network with its lineup and full length local. This catapulted IBC in the number one slot among 4 rival networks, the complex was a 55,000 square metre tract located at Capitol Hills, Quezon City. After the EDSA Revolution, IBC, with 20 television stations that time, was sequestered by the government, a board of administrators was created to run the station. All of the stocks and assets of IBC, and its sister networks RPN-9, President Corazon Aquino turned over IBC and RPN to the Government Communications Group and awarded BBC through an executive order to ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation. When BBC closed down, IBC absorbed majority of its displaced employees, cost of programs went up three-fold. Line-produced shows and co-production ventures with some big companies like Viva, Regal. The top rated shows of IBC were pirated by rival networks, cost of programs, talent fees and TV rights increased tremendously. IBC could no longer afford to produce its own shows, in 1987, IBC was renamed as E13 and its slogan Life Begins at 13 noted for the butterfly logo in the form of the letter E and the number 13.
In 1989, E13 was renamed back as IBC, IBC took on a new image at the same year, Pusong Pinoy, Pusong Trese, to recapture the glory days it once had. But because of the sequestration, periodic change of management and the internal problems, the network started to lose the support from its advertisers. Islands Broadcast Corporation under Mr. Alfonso Denoga and Mr. Gil Balaguer took over the management and the marketing of IBC in October 1990 and it was in the part of its operations that ratings and income suffered due to mismanagement which caused labor unrest
Pasay is one of the cities in Metro Manila, the National Capital Region of the Philippines. It is bordered to the north by the City of Manila, Makati to the northeast, Taguig to the east, due to its location just south of the City of Manila, Pasay quickly became an urban town during the American Colonial Period. The Namayan was a confederation of barangays which reached its zenith c and its ruler, whose capital was at Sapa, controlled territory stretching from Manila Bay to Laguna de Bay. Dayang-dayang Pasay, presumably a royal or noble of the realm, is noted as having inherited lands in what is now Culi-culi, the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan arrived in what is now the Philippines on March 16,1521. On May 19,1571, Miguel López de Legaspi took formal possession of the Kingdom of Maynila, for 250 years, the Islands were governed by the Viceroy of Mexico, but in practise Catholic clergymen governed local politics. Of the many orders that came, it was the Augustinian Order who would figure predominantly in the evangelisation of Pasay.
The parish of Pasay was governed from the old Namayan capital, ana de Sapa, which was under the jurisdiction of the Franciscans. Most of Pasay went to friar hands either via donation or by purchase, in 1727, the Augustinians formally took over Pasay and attached it to the Parish of Nuestra Señora de los Remedios in Malate. In that year, Pasay was renamed Pineda in honour of Don Cornelio Pineda, in 1862, a number of prominent citizens of Pasay sent a petition to the civil and ecclesiastical authorities asking that they be allowed to manage their own political and religious affairs. On December 2,1863, Pasay became a pueblo upon the recommendation of the Archbishop of Manila, the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 led many more Spaniards to this part of the world. The new arrivals carried with them ideas and ideals that led to the political and social reforms, times were good and Filipinos were delighted but the Spaniards and friars considered the liberal learnings as seeds of heresy. Democratic reforms ended with the collapse of the regime in Madrid.
Pasay produced numerous heroes during the Philippines-Spanish War, the Katipunan, the organisation founded by Andrés Bonifacio that spearheaded the revolution, had a chapter in Pineda organized by Pascual Villanueva, Jacinto Ignacio, and Valentin Ignacio. Several women fought for the cause of the Katipunan including Marcela Marcelo, the execution of José Rizal, who authored the novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo on December 30,1896, fanned the flames of the Revolution. War between the United States and Spain was declared on April 25, and Dewey steamed into Manila Bay on the night of April 30, with a few well-directed shots, the American squadron destroyed the Spanish flotilla without any deaths. General Emilio Aguinaldo meanwhile declared the independence of the First Philippine Republic on June 12,1898, with this, Don Catalino became Pasays first Presidente municipal. Thinking Americans were allies, Noriel left Pineda on July 29, when Intramuros was finally captured, the Filipinos were denied entry to the walled city.
Since then, tension simmered between Filipino and American troops, with both sides assigned respective zones but neither observed boundary lines