A student center is a type of building found on university and some high school campuses. In the United States, such a building may be called a student union, student commons, union or student center; the term "student union" refers most in the United States to a building, while in other nations a "students' union" is the student government. The Association of College Unions International has several hundred campus organizational members in the US; the US usage in reference to a location is a shortened form of student union building. The first student union in America was Houston Hall, at the University of Pennsylvania, which opened January 2, 1896 and remains in operation to this day; the first Ohio Union at Ohio State University was Enarson Hall. The building opened in 1911 and was the first student union to be built at a state university and the fourth of its kind in the United States. Oklahoma State University's student union opened in 1950. Subsequent additions, renovations in 2010, have made the building one of the largest student activity centers in the world at 611,000 sq ft.
Some student centers carry unique origins and historical significance with some on the National Register of Historic Places. The William Pitt Union was constructed in 1898 as a hotel and was converted into a student center in 1956; some student activity centers on the NRHP include O'Hara Student Center, McKenny Hall, the Tivoli Student Union. The Tivoli Student Union was home to the Trevoli Brewing Company but since has been converted to serve several institutions in Denver, Colorado. In 2007, the University of Vermont's student center became the first LEED Gold certification by the U. S. Green Building Council. Other examples of student centers include West Virginia University's Mountainlair, the J. Wayne Reitz Union at the University of Florida, the Bronco Student Center at Cal Poly Pomona, the McCormick Tribune Campus Center at the Illinois Institute of Technology, the Price Center at UC San Diego. Broadly speaking, the facility is devoted to student socialization. A student center or student union is the community center of the college, serving students, staff and guests.
A student activity center might offer a variety of programs, activities and facilities. It may contain lounges, wellness centers, dining facilities or vendors, entertainment venues; the student center is the center of student affairs and activities and may house the offices of the student government or other student groups. It may act as a small conference center, with its meeting rooms rented out to student groups and local organizations holding conferences or competitions. An example of this for instance is the Michigan Union, which hosts the University of Michigan Model United Nations conference. Depending on the school and its location it might have unique amenities such as a bowling alley, cultural or prayer rooms and unique services. At Eastern Michigan University Student Center the building offers a kiva, a round, 360-degree room patterned after spaces used in Native American cultures; the Kiva Room at EMU is used for collaboration, or for musical purposes. In the Ohio State University-Ohio Union, the student union offers an interfaith prayer room which has feet washing area for Muslim students.
The University of Central Florida has an optometric consumer service location. Association of College Unions International Student union Student activities
Augustin Félix Fortin, a French painter of landscapes, of genre and historical subjects, was born in Paris in 1763, studied under his uncle, the sculptor Félix Lecomte. He was, chiefly noted for his sculpture, for which he obtained the Prix de Rome in 1783, he became a member of the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture in 1789, died in Paris in 1832. Among his paintings are: Invocation to Nature. A Satyr. Lesbia. Examples of sculptures: Sculptured memorial wall plaque in Carrara marble commemorating the passing in 1808, in Malta, of Louis Charles, Count of Beaujolais, brother of future King of France Louis Philippe I. Completed in 1819 and located in the Chapel of France in St. John's Co-Cathedral, Malta, to mark the place where the count is buried. Attribution: This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Bryan, Michael. "Fortin, Augustin Félix". In Graves, Robert Edmund. Bryan's Dictionary of Engravers. I. London: George Bell & Sons. Augustin Félix Fortin in American public collections, on the French Sculpture Census website
Jimi Hendrix was an American guitarist and singer-songwriter whose career spanned from 1962 to 1970. His discography includes the recordings released during his lifetime. Prior to his rise to fame, he recorded 24 singles as a backing guitarist with American R&B artists, such as the Isley Brothers and Little Richard. Beginning in late 1966, he recorded three best-selling studio albums and 13 singles with the Jimi Hendrix Experience. An Experience compilation album and half of a live album recorded at the Monterey Pop Festival were issued prior to his death. After the breakup of the Experience in mid-1969, songs from his live performances were included on the Woodstock: Music from the Original Soundtrack and More and Band of Gypsys albums. A studio single with the Band of Gypsys was released. Hendrix's albums and singles with the Experience were released by Track Records in the United Kingdom and Reprise Records in the United States. Track issued the Band of Gypsys' album, but to settle an American contract dispute, it was released by Capitol Records in the US.
The Woodstock soundtrack album was issued by Atlantic Records and its subsidiary Cotillion Records in US. Over the years, the Hendrix catalogue has been handled by different record companies, including Track's successor, Polydor Records in Europe and the UK, MCA Records. In 2010, Sony's Legacy Recordings became the exclusive distributor for the recordings managed by Experience Hendrix, a family company, his original albums have been reissued, sometimes with new album art and bonus material. Hendrix's work as an accompanist appears on several different labels. After he became popular, Hendrix contributed to recordings by several different artists. In addition to the legitimate singles and albums released before his death, two albums worth of demos and outtakes recorded with Curtis Knight with misleading cover art and titles were released, which Hendrix publicly denounced. After his death, many more such albums appeared. Jimi Hendrix videography Footnotes Citations References Belmo. Jimi Hendrix: Experience the Music.
Burlington, Ontario: Collector's Guide Publishing. ISBN 1-896522-45-9. McDermott, John. Hendrix: Setting the Record Straight. New York City: Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-39431-9. McDermott, John. Jimi Hendrix: Sessions. New York City: Little, Brown. ISBN 0-316-55549-5. McDermott, John. Ultimate Hendrix. New York City: Backbeat Books. ISBN 0-87930-938-5. McDermott, John. West Coast Seattle Boy: The Jimi Hendrix Anthology. Jimi Hendrix. New York City: Legacy Recordings. OCLC 762162961. 88697769272. Roby, Steven. Black Gold: The Lost Archives of Jimi Hendrix. New York City: Billboard Books. ISBN 0-8230-7854-X. Roby, Steven. Becoming Jimi Hendrix. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81910-0. Shadwick, Keith. Jimi Hendrix: Musician. San Francisco: Backbeat Books. ISBN 0-87930-764-1. Shapiro, Harry. Jimi Hendrix: Electric Gypsy. New York City: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-05861-6. Whitburn, Joel. Top R&B Singles 1942–1988. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research. ISBN 0-89820-068-7. Whitburn, Joel. Joel Whitburn Presents: Across the Charts – The 1960s.
Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research. ISBN 978-0898201758
Diana, 7 Days is a 2017 documentary film, broadcast in the United Kingdom by BBC on 27 August 2017. The documentary is the last of two documentaries commissioned by Prince William and Prince Harry to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the death of their mother, Princess of Wales; the film focuses on Diana's death and funeral and the effect it had on those closest to her and to the grieving public. The documentary drew 5.6 million viewers – making it the most watched television programme that night in the UK. Prince William, Duke of Cambridge Prince Harry Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer Lady Sarah McCorquodale Tony Blair Alastair Campbell Richard Ayre Jayne Fincher Fergus Shanahan Malcolm Ross Diana, Our Mother: Her Life and Legacy, the first 2017 documentary commissioned by the sons
Johann "Hans" Friedrich Karl Asperger was an Austrian pediatrician, medical theorist, medical professor. He is best known for his early studies on mental disorders in children, his work was unnoticed during his lifetime except for a few accolades in Vienna, his studies on psychological disorders acquired world renown only posthumously. He wrote over 300 publications concerning a condition he termed autistic psychopathy. There was a resurgence of interest in his work beginning in the 1980s, due to his earlier work on autism spectrum disorders, Asperger syndrome, was named after him. Both Asperger's original pediatric diagnosis of AP and the eponymous diagnosis of AS, named after him several decades have been controversial, he was involved in the Nazi regime and was appointed to his high position over other Jewish doctors and because he was against the Jewish people. The controversy has intensified since revelations that, during the Nazi years, Asperger sent at least two disabled children to the Am Spiegelgrund clinic, knowing they would be the subject of cruel experiments and euthanised under the Nazi programme named, post-bellum, "Aktion T4".
Hans Asperger was born in Vienna and raised on a farm not far from the city. The eldest of three sons, Asperger had difficulty finding friends and was considered a lonely, remote child, he was talented in language. He liked to quote himself and referred to himself from a third-person perspective; as a youth, he joined the Wandering Scholars of the Bund Neuland, a conservative Catholic organization within the German Youth Movement. He considered this a formative experience stating: "I was molded by the spirit of the German youth movement, one of the noblest blossoms of the German spirit."Asperger studied medicine at the University of Vienna under Franz Hamburger and practiced at the University Children's Hospital in Vienna. He earned his medical degree in 1931 and became director of the special education section at the university children's clinic in Vienna in 1932, he joined the Austrofascist Fatherland Front on May 10, 1934, nine days after Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss passed a new constitution making himself dictator.
Asperger had five children. During World War II, he was a medical officer. Near the end of the war, Asperger opened a school for children with Sister Viktorine Zak; the school was bombed and destroyed, Sister Viktorine was killed, much of Asperger's early work was lost. Georg Frankl was Asperger's chief diagnostician until he moved from Austria to America and was hired by Leo Kanner in 1937. Asperger published a definition of autistic psychopathy in 1944 that resembled the definition published earlier by a Russian neurologist named Grunya Sukhareva in 1926. Asperger identified in four boys a pattern of behavior and abilities that included “a lack of empathy, little ability to form friendships, one-sided conversations, intense absorption in a special interest, clumsy movements”. Asperger noticed that some of the children he identified as being autistic used their special talents in adulthood and had successful careers. One of them became a professor of astronomy and solved an error in Newton's work he had noticed as a student.
Another one of Asperger's patients was the Austrian writer and Nobel Prize in Literature laureate, Elfriede Jelinek. In 1944, after the publication of his landmark paper describing autistic symptoms, Hans Asperger found a permanent tenured post at the University of Vienna. Shortly after the war ended, he became director of a children's clinic in the city, it was there that he was appointed chair of pediatrics at the University of Vienna, a post he held for twenty years. He held a post at Innsbruck. Beginning in 1964, he headed the SOS-Kinderdorf in Hinterbrühl, he became professor emeritus in 1977, died three years later. AS was named after Hans Asperger and recognized in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in 1994. Asperger died before his identification of this pattern of behaviour became recognised; this was in part due to his work being in German and as such it was little-translated. English researcher Lorna Wing proposed the condition Asperger's syndrome in a 1981 paper, Asperger's syndrome: a clinical account, that challenged the accepted model of autism presented by Leo Kanner in 1943.
It was not until 1991. Frith said that fundamental questions regarding the diagnosis had not been answered, the necessary scientific data to address this did not exist. Unlike Kanner, who overshadowed Asperger, the latter's findings were ignored and disregarded in the English-speaking world in his lifetime. In the early 1990s, Asperger's work gained some notice due to Wing's research on the subject and Frith's recent translation, leading to the inclusion of the eponymous condition in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th revision in 1993, the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th revision in 1994, some half a century after Asperger's original research. Despite this brief resurgence
Sir George Munro of Culcairn was a Scottish soldier of the 18th century from Ross-shire, Scotland. He commanded the 3rd Independent Highland Company from 1714 to 1716, fought at the Battle of Glen Shiel in 1719, led the 6th Company in formation of the "Black Watch" in 1725, the 8th Company of Black Watch when it was regimented in 1739 and again commanded an Independent Highland Company in 1745-46, he was shot in error in 1746. George Munro of Culcairn was born on 18 September 1685, the second son of Sir Robert Munro, 5th Baronet of Foulis, chief of the Clan Munro, known as the Blind Baron. George's elder brother was Sir Robert Munro, 6th Baronet of Foulis, the next successive chief of the clan. During the Jacobite rising of 1715 the Mackenzie Jacobite garrison at Inverness surrendered to Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat upon the day when the Battle of Sheriffmuir was fought and another Jacobite force was defeated at the Battle of Preston. Soon after this 31-year-old Colonel Sir Robert Munro of Foulis marched into the town of Inverness with 400 Munros and took over control as governor from Fraser.
Government troops arrived in Inverness towards the end of February, for some months the process of disarming the rebels went on led by a Munro detachment under George Munro of Culcairn. During the Jacobite rising of 1719, Captain George Munro of Culcairn led a detachment of Munros at the Battle of Glen Shiel where they helped to defeat the Jacobites. During the battle George, wounded was shielded by his servant, however he told his men to carry on and not to shield him; the Jacobites continued to fire at George after he was down, until Sergeant Robert Munro, son of Hugh Munro of Tullochue, with a small party, dislodged Captain George Munro's assailants, after having swore upon his dirk that he would effect his rescue. The Jacobites were soon put after the battle the Jacobite rising was over. Historian Peter Simpson states that the Munro company ably led by George Munro of Culcairn took a positive part in the fighting and that their bold action helped in the defeat of the Jacobites under the Earl Marischall.
Simpson states that the battle raged for three hours but the superior power of the Government grenadiers along with the aggressive forays of the Munros won the day for the Government. In 1725 six Independent Highland Companies were formed. One of Munros, one of Frasers, one of Grants and three of Campbells. George Munro of Culcairn was made a Captain in Munro's company under his elder brother Colonel Sir Robert. In 1739 ten Independent Highland Companies were embodied into a regiment of the line; the regiment was known as the 43rd Highlanders. The regiment's first action together came at the Battle of Fontenoy in 1745 against the French, however George Munro of Culcairn had retired from the regiment in 1744. During the Jacobite rising of 1745 the Munros continued their support for the British Government. George Munro was appointed the command of the Munro Independent Highland Company. While his elder brother, Robert Munro, now the chief of the clan was appointed command of the English 37th Regiment of Foot and Robert's son, Sir Harry Munro, 7th Baronet held command in Loudon's Highlanders regiment.
General Sir John Cope arrived at Inverness on 29 August 1745. George Munro of Culcairn met him and agreed that the Munros "should take arms and join the King's troops". Harry Munro joined Sir John Cope at the Water of Nairn and when the army marched for Aberdeen on 4 September Loudon's Highlanders regiment included his three companies, while George Munro of Culcairn's detachment acted as scouts. Sir John Cope remained in Aberdeen where a fourth company of Loudoun's regiment joined the others until 14 September from whence they sailed to Dunbar and their infamous defeat at the Battle of Prestonpans. Harry was among 70 officers taken prisoner and for a time was imprisoned in Glamis Castle but by mid January 1746 he was among 31 men released who arrived at Edinburgh, where he learnt the tragic news of his father Robert's and his uncle Duncan's deaths after the Battle of Falkirk Muir. Meanwhile, the main body of 200 Munros, having escorted Sir John Cope to Aberdeen had returned to the north under George Munro of Culcairn and were not present at Prestonpans.
However, George Munro and his Independent Company seem to have been involved in the events which led up to the Battle of Inverurie if not involved in the battle itself. One account does state that the Munros under George Munro of Culcairn were positioned in such a way that they were able to attack the advancing Jacobites from the front and flank leaving many dead on the field. Another account states that the Munros held position at the village of Oldmeldrum and were not involved in the battle at all. John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun and Sir John Cope had escaped by sea to London after the Battle of Prestonpans from whence Loudoun returned north to Inverness to take command in the north but was forced with Duncan Forbes, Lord Culloden and George Munro of Culcairn to withdraw through the Black Isle into Ross-shire being pressed by a much larger Jacobite force. According to historian Ruairidh MacLeod, at this time George Munro of Culcairn was the most experienced military man in the north. After the Battle of Falkirk, Mackenzie Jacobites had burned Foulis Castle leaving it a semi ruin.
In April of that year the Jacobite army was defeated at the Battle of Culloden by Government forces but although Loudon's regiment were present Harry Munro was listed as missing on leave and George Munro of Culcairn had returned north. After the Jacobite rising had been suppressed a Munro Independent Company under Harry Munro of Foulis and the command