Studio Ghibli

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Coordinates: 35°42′11.5″N 139°31′44.9″E / 35.703194°N 139.529139°E / 35.703194; 139.529139

Studio Ghibli, Inc.
Native name
株式会社スタジオジブリ
Kabushiki gaisha Sutajio Jiburi
Kabushiki gaisha
Industry Motion pictures
Video games
TV commercials
Predecessor Topcraft
Founded Tokyo, Japan
(15 June 1985; 33 years ago (1985-06-15))
Founders
Headquarters Koganei, Tokyo, Japan
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Koji Hoshino
(Chairman)
Kiyofumi Nakajima
(President)
Hayao Miyazaki
(Director)
Toshio Suzuki
(Executive director)
Products Animated feature films (anime), television films, commercials, live-action films
¥1.426 billion (2011)
Total assets ¥15.77 billion (2011)
Number of employees
150 (2016)
Parent Tokuma Shoten (1985-2005)
Independent (2005-Present)
Website www.ghibli.jp

Studio Ghibli, Inc. (Japanese: 株式会社スタジオジブリ, Hepburn: Kabushiki gaisha Sutajio Jiburi) is a Japanese animation film studio based in Koganei, Tokyo, Japan.[1] The studio is best known for its anime feature films, and has also produced several short films, television commercials, and one television film. It was founded on 15 June 1985, after the success of Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind (1984), with funding by Tokuma Shoten.

Seven of Studio Ghibli's films are among the 15 highest-grossing anime films made in Japan, with Spirited Away (2001) being the second highest, grossing over US$290 million worldwide. Many of their works have won the Animage Anime Grand Prix award, and four have won the Japan Academy Prize for Animation of the Year. Five of Studio Ghibli's films have received Academy Award nominations. Spirited Away won the Golden Bear in 2002 and the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature Film in 2003. Totoro, a character from My Neighbor Totoro, is the studio's mascot.[2]

On 3 August 2014, Studio Ghibli announced it was temporarily halting production following the retirement of director Hayao Miyazaki, who co-founded the studio with Isao Takahata. On February 2017, Toshio Suzuki announced that Miyazaki had come out of retirement again to direct a new feature film, How Do You Live?, with Studio Ghibli.

Name[edit]

The name Ghibli was given by Hayao Miyazaki from the Italian noun ghibli, based on the Libyan-Arabic name for the hot desert wind of that country, the idea being the studio would "blow a new wind through the anime industry".[3][4] It also refers to an Italian aircraft, the Caproni Ca.309 Ghibli. Although the Italian word is more accurately transliterated as ギブリ (Giburi), the Japanese name of the studio is ジブリ (Jiburi).[3]

History[edit]

Three of the four founders of Studio Ghibli. From top to bottom: Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, Toshio Suzuki.

Founded on June 15, 1985, the studio is headed by the directors Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata and the producer Toshio Suzuki. Prior to the formation of the studio, Miyazaki and Takahata had already had long careers in Japanese film and television animation and had worked together on Hols: Prince of the Sun and Panda! Go, Panda!; and Suzuki was an editor at Tokuma Shoten's Animage manga magazine.

The studio was founded after the success of the 1984 film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind, written and directed by Miyazaki for Topcraft and distributed by Toei Company. The origins of the film lie in the first two volumes of a serialized manga written by Miyazaki for publication in Animage as a way of generating interest in an anime version.[4][5] Suzuki was part of the production team on the film and founded Studio Ghibli with Miyazaki, who also invited Takahata to join the new studio.

The studio has mainly produced films by Miyazaki, with the second most prolific director being Takahata (most notably with Grave of the Fireflies). Other directors who have worked with Studio Ghibli include Yoshifumi Kondo, Hiroyuki Morita, Gorō Miyazaki, and Hiromasa Yonebayashi. Composer Joe Hisaishi has provided the soundtracks for most of Miyazaki's Studio Ghibli films. In their book Anime Classics Zettai!, Brian Camp and Julie Davis made note of Michiyo Yasuda as "a mainstay of Studio Ghibli’s extraordinary design and production team".[6] At one time the studio was based in Kichijōji, Musashino, Tokyo.[7]

On August 1996, Disney and Tokuma Shoten formed a partnership in which Buena Vista Pictures would be the sole international distributor for Tokuma Shoten's Studio Ghibli animated films. Since then, all three afore-mentioned films by Miyazaki at Studio Ghibli that were previously dubbed by Streamline Pictures have been re-dubbed by Disney.[8] On June 1, 1997, Tokuma Shoten Publishing consolidated its media operations by merging Studio Ghibli, Tokuma Shoten Intermedia software and Tokuma International under one location.[9]

Many of Ghibli's films in Japan are theatrically distributed by Toho while home video releases are handled by Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment Japan.[10] Wild Bunch holds the international sales rights to many of Ghibli's films.[11] Ghibli's main international distribution partners also include Disney (Japan Home Video, Taiwan, France),[10][11] GKIDS (North America),[12] StudioCanal (United Kingdom and Ireland), and Madman Entertainment (Australia). Germany-based Wild Bunch itself handles international sales for Studio Ghibli's works.

Over the years, there has been a close relationship between Studio Ghibli and the magazine Animage, which regularly runs exclusive articles on the studio and its members in a section titled "Ghibli Notes." Artwork from Ghibli's films and other works are frequently featured on the cover of the magazine. Saeko Himuro's novel Umi ga Kikoeru was serialised in the magazine and subsequently adapted into Ocean Waves (film), Studio Ghibli's only animated feature length film created for television and it was directed by Tomomi Mochizuki.[13]

In October 2001, the Ghibli Museum opened in Mitaka, Tokyo.[14] It contains exhibits based on Studio Ghibli films and shows animations, including a number of short Studio Ghibli films not available elsewhere.

The studio is also known for its strict "no-edits" policy in licensing their films abroad due to Nausicaä of the Valley of Wind being heavily edited for the film's release in the United States as Warriors of the Wind. The "no cuts" policy was highlighted when Miramax co-chairman Harvey Weinstein suggested editing Princess Mononoke to make it more marketable. A Studio Ghibli producer is rumoured to have sent an authentic Japanese sword with a simple message: "No cuts".[15]

Between 1999 and 2005, Studio Ghibli was a subsidiary brand of Tokuma Shoten, however, that partnership ended on April 2005 when Studio Ghibli was spun off from Tokuma Shoten, and was re-established as an independent company with relocated headquarters.

On February 1, 2008, Toshio Suzuki stepped down from the position of Studio Ghibli president, which he had held since 2005, and Koji Hoshino (former president of Walt Disney Japan) took over. Suzuki said he wanted to improve films with his own hands as a producer, rather than demanding this from his employees. Suzuki decided to hand over the presidency to Hoshino because Hoshino has helped Studio Ghibli to sell its videos since 1996 and has also aided the release of the Princess Mononoke film in the United States.[16] Suzuki still serves on the company's board of directors.

Two Studio Ghibli short films created for the Ghibli Museum were shown at the Carnegie Hall Citywise Japan NYC Festival: "House Hunting" and "Mon Mon the Water Spider" were screened on March 26, 2011.[17]

Takahata developed a project for release after Gorō Miyazaki's (director of Tales from Earthsea and Hayao's son) The Tale of the Princess Kaguya – an adaptation of The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter. The last film Hayao Miyazaki directed before retiring from feature films was The Wind Rises which is about the Mitsubishi A6M Zero and its founder.[18]

On Sunday, September 1, 2013, Hayao Miyazaki held a press conference in Venice to confirm his retirement, saying: "I know I've said I would retire many times in the past. Many of you must think, 'Once again.' But this time I am quite serious."[19]

On January 31, 2014, it was announced that Gorō Miyazaki will direct his first anime television series, Sanzoku no Musume Rōnya, an adaptation of Astrid Lindgren's Ronia the Robber's Daughter for NHK. The series is computer-animated, produced by Polygon Pictures, and co-produced by Studio Ghibli.[20][21]

In March 2014, Toshio Suzuki retired as producer and assumed the new position of general manager. Yoshiaki Nishimura replaced Suzuki in the producer role.[22]

On August 3, 2014, Toshio Suzuki announced that Studio Ghibli would take a "brief pause" to re-evaluate and restructure in the wake of Miyazaki's retirement. He stated some concerns about where the company would go in the future.[23][24][25][26] This has led to speculation that Studio Ghibli will never produce another feature film again. On November 7, 2014, Miyazaki stated, "That was not my intention, though. All I did was announce that I would be retiring and not making any more features."[27] Lead producer Yoshiaki Nishimura among several other staffers from Ghibli, such as director Hiromasa Yonebayashi, left to found Studio Ponoc in April 2015, working on the film Mary and the Witch's Flower.

The 2016 animated fantasy film The Red Turtle, directed and co-written by Dutch-British animator Michaël Dudok de Wit in his feature film debut, was a co-production between Studio Ghibli and Wild Bunch.[28]

In February 2017, Toshio Suzuki announced that Hayao Miyazaki has come out of retirement to direct a new feature film with Studio Ghibli.[29]

On November 28, 2017, Koji Hoshino stepped down as President; he was replaced by Kiyofumi Nakajima (former Ghibli Museum director). Hoshino was then appointed as Chairman of Studio Ghibli.[30]

Works[edit]

While Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind is often considered a Studio Ghibli film, it was produced and released before the studio's official founding.

Feature works[edit]

Year Title Director Screenwriter(s) Producer(s) Music RT
1986 Castle in the Sky Hayao Miyazaki Isao Takahata Joe Hisaishi 95%[31]
1988 Grave of the Fireflies Isao Takahata Tōru Hara Michio Mamiya 97%[32]
My Neighbor Totoro Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi 93%[33]
1989 Kiki's Delivery Service Hayao Miyazaki 96%[34]
1991 Only Yesterday Isao Takahata Toshio Suzuki Katz Hoshi 100%[35]
1992 Porco Rosso Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi 94%[36]
1993 Ocean Waves Tomomi Mochizuki Nozomu Takahashi & Seiji Okuda Shigeru Nagata 87%
1994 Pom Poko Isao Takahata Shang Shang Typhoon 78%[37]
1995 Whisper of the Heart Yoshifumi Kondō Hayao Miyazaki Yuji Nomi 91%[38]
1997 Princess Mononoke Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi 92%[39]
1999 My Neighbors the Yamadas Isao Takahata Akiko Yano 75%[40]
2001 Spirited Away Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi 97%[41]
2002 The Cat Returns Hiroyuki Morita Reiko Yoshida Nozomu Takahashi & Toshio Suzuki Yuji Nomi 90%[42]
2004 Howl's Moving Castle Hayao Miyazaki Toshio Suzuki Joe Hisaishi 87%[43]
2006 Tales from Earthsea Gorō Miyazaki Gorō Miyazaki & Keiko Niwa Tamiya Terashima 41%[44]
2008 Ponyo Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi 92%[45]
2010 The Secret World of Arrietty Hiromasa Yonebayashi Hayao Miyazaki & Keiko Niwa Cécile Corbel 95%[46]
2011 From Up on Poppy Hill Gorō Miyazaki Satoshi Takebe 83%[47]
2013 The Wind Rises[48] Hayao Miyazaki Joe Hisaishi 89%[49]
The Tale of the Princess Kaguya[48] Isao Takahata Isao Takahata & Riko Sakaguchi Yoshiaki Nishimura & Seiichiro Ujiie 100%[50]
2014 When Marnie Was There[51] Hiromasa Yonebayashi Hiromasa Yonebayashi, Keiko Niwa & Masashi Ando Yoshiaki Nishimura & Toshio Suzuki Takatsugu Muramatsu 92%[52]
2020 How Do You Live?[53][54][55][56] Hayao Miyazaki TBA TBA TBA

Notable animators and character designers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 会社情報." Studio Ghibli. Retrieved on 26 February 2010.
  2. ^ John (November 22, 2011). "Everything You Need to Know About Studio Ghibli". Tofugu. Archived from the original on May 8, 2018. Retrieved May 3, 2018. 
  3. ^ a b ジブリという名前の由来は? (in Japanese). Retrieved September 3, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b The Birth of Studio Ghibli, Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind DVD, Walt Disney Home Entertainment, 2005.
  5. ^ "First of Two-part Miyazaki Feature". Animerica. 1 (5): 4. July 1993. 
  6. ^ Camp, Brian; Davis, Julie (September 15, 2007). Anime Classics Zettai. Berkeley California: Stone Bridge Press. p. 292. ISBN 978-1-933330-22-8. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ "The Animerica Interview: Takahata and Nosaka: Two Grave Voices in Animation." Animerica. Volume 2, No. 11. Page 11. Translated by Animerica from: Takahata, Isao. Eiga o Tsukurinagara, Kangaeta Koto ("Things I Thought While Making Movies") Tokuma Shoten, 1991. Originally published in Animage, June 1987. This is a translation of a 1987 conversation between Takahata and Akiyuki Nosaka. "Kichijoji is the Tokyo area where "Studio Ghibli," frequent Takahata collaborator Hayao Miyazaki's studio, is located.
  8. ^ "August Issue News Section:Disney Will Distribute Japanese Animation". Animation World Magazine. August 1996. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  9. ^ Karrfalt, Wayne (May 27, 1997). "Tokuma looks to merge film, media distribution". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 21, 2015. 
  10. ^ a b "The Disney-Tokuma Deal". nausicaa.net. 10 September 2003. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  11. ^ a b Hopewell, John; Keslassy, Elsa (19 August 2013). "Wild Bunch, Miyazaki Re-Team on The Wind Rises". Variety.com. Variety. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  12. ^ "GKids to distribute 13 Ghibli anime films in US". Animenewsnetwork.com. 2011-09-07. Retrieved 2014-06-10. 
  13. ^ Toyama, Ryoko. "Umi ga Kikoeru: Frequently Asked Questions". Nausicaa.net. Retrieved August 12, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Japan, 18-28 April 2003". fjordaan.net. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  15. ^ Brooks, Xan (September 14, 2005). "A god among animators". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved May 23, 2007. There is a rumour that when Harvey Weinstein was charged with handling the US release of Princess Mononoke, Miyazaki sent him a samurai sword in the post. Attached to the blade was a stark message: 'No cuts.' / The director chortles. 'Actually, my producer did that.' 
  16. ^ スタジオジブリ社長に星野康二氏 (in Japanese). Archived from the original on February 2, 2008. Retrieved February 1, 2008. 
  17. ^ "Miyazaki shorts come to Carnegie Hall for one day only". Asia Pacific Arts. March 4, 2011. 
  18. ^ Ashcraft, Brian (July 23, 2012). "Studio Ghibli's Next Film is about Japan's Most Famous Fighter Plane (and the Guy who Designed It)". Kotaku. Retrieved September 30, 2012. 
  19. ^ Highfill, Samantha. (2013-09-06) Hayao Miyazaki on his retirement: 'This time I am quite serious' | Inside Movies | EW.com. Insidemovies.ew.com. Retrieved on 2014-05-12.
  20. ^ "Goro Miyazaki to Direct Ronia the Robber's Daughter TV Anime". Anime News Network. January 30, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Polygon Pictures to Create Animation Under Goro Miyazaki's Direction, The Animated TV Series Ronia, the Robber's Daughter, Premiering on NHK BS in Autumn 2014". Polygon Pictures. January 31, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014. 
  22. ^ "Ghibli Co-Founder Toshio Suzuki Retires as Producer". Anime News Network. 9 March 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  23. ^ "Toshio Suzuki スタジオジブリを背負った男。ヒットメーカー・鈴木敏夫のプロデューサー哲学に迫る". MBS. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  24. ^ Schilling, Mark (3 August 2014). "Japan's Studio Ghibli Envisages Short Break, not Imminent Closure". Variety. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  25. ^ "Spirited Away maker Studio Ghibli halts production". BBC News. August 4, 2014. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  26. ^ Vincent, Alice (August 4, 2014). "Studio Ghibli may stop making films". The Telegraph. Retrieved February 8, 2014. 
  27. ^ "Hayao Miyazaki isn't making features but is at work on a manga". LA Times. 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  28. ^ "The Red Turtle: A film by Michael Dudok De Wit" (PDF). Sony Pictures Classics. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 18, 2017. Retrieved August 18, 2017. a Why Not Productions – Wild Bunch – Studio Ghibli – CN4 Productions – Arte France Cinema – Belvision Coproduction – with the support of Eurimages – with the participation of Canal+ – Ciné+ – Arte France – Region Poitou-Charentes – Departement de la Charente – Region Wallonne – Fondation Gan pour le cinema – in association with Cinemage 9 – Palatine Etoile 11 – Palatine Etoile 12 – BNP Paribas Fortis Film Finance 
  29. ^ "Ghibli Producer Suzuki: Hayao Miyazaki is Preparing to Work on New Feature Film". Anime News Network. 24 February 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2017. 
  30. ^ "Studio Ghibli Appoints Kiyofumi Nakajima as New President". Anime News Network. November 28, 2017. Retrieved December 1, 2017. 
  31. ^ "Castle in the Sky (1989)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (1989 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  32. ^ "Hotaru no haka (Grave of the Fireflies) (1988)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016. 
  33. ^ "My neighbor Totoro (1988)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  34. ^ "Kiki's delivery service (1989)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  35. ^ "Only Yesterday (2016)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2016 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  36. ^ "Porco Rosso (Kurenai no buta) (1992)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  37. ^ "Pom Poko (Heisei tanuki gassen pompoko) (The Raccoon War) (1994)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  38. ^ "Whisper of the Heart (Mimi wo sumaseba) (If You Listen Closely) (2006)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2006 was the year of its U.S. TV & DVD release.)
  39. ^ "Princess Mononoke (1999)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (1999 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  40. ^ "My Neighbors the Yamadas (1999)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  41. ^ "Spirited Away (2001)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  42. ^ "The Cat Returns (2002)". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  43. ^ "Howl's Moving Castle (2005)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2005 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  44. ^ "Gedo senki (Tales from Earthsea) (2010)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2010 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  45. ^ "Ponyo (2009)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2009 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  46. ^ "The Secret World of Arrietty (2012)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (It was released in the U.S. under this title in 2012.)
  47. ^ "From Up On Poppy Hill (2013)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2013 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  48. ^ a b "Studio Ghibli to release Miyazaki, Takahata films in Summer 2013". The Asahi Shimbun. December 21, 2012. Archived from the original on January 1, 2013. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  49. ^ "The Wind Rises (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2014 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  50. ^ "The Tale of the Princess Kaguya (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2014 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  51. ^ "Ghibli Adapts Joan G. Robinson's When Marnie Was There Novel Into Anime". Anime News Network. December 12, 2013. Retrieved May 12, 2014. 
  52. ^ "When Marnie Was There (2015)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  (2015 was the year of its U.S. release.)
  53. ^ "Studio Ghibli is getting ready for Hayao Miyazaki's next (and probably last) film". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 13 February 2018. 
  54. ^ "Details Revealed on Hayao Miyazaki's New Anime Film How Do You Live?". 
  55. ^ "Ghibli's Hayao Miyazaki Reveals His 'Final' Film's Title, Release Window". Anime News Network. 28 October 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2018. 
  56. ^ How Do You Live? on IMDb

Further reading[edit]

  • Cavallaro, Dani. The Animé Art of Hayao Miyazaki. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2006. ISBN 978-0-7864-2369-9. OCLC 62430842.
  • McCarthy, Helen. Hayao Miyazaki: Master of Japanese Animation: Films, Themes, Artistry. Berkeley, Calif.: Stone Bridge Press, 1999. ISBN 978-1-880656-41-9. OCLC 42296779. 2001 reprint of the 1999 text, with revisions: OCLC 51198297.
  • Miyazaki, Hayao. Starting Point: 1979–1996. Beth Cary and Frederik L. Schodt, trans. San Francisco: VIZ Media, 2009. ISBN 978-1-4215-0594-7. OCLC 290477195.
    • Miyazaki, Hayao. Shuppatsuten, 1979–1996 (出発点—1979~1996). Tokyo: Studio Ghibli, Inc./Hatsubai Tokuma Shoten, 1996. ISBN 978-4-19-860541-4. OCLC 37636025. Original Japanese edition.
  • Miyazaki, Hayao. Turning Point: 1997-2008. Beth Cary and Frederik L. Schodt, trans. San Francisco: VIZ Media, 2014. ISBN 9781421560908. OCLC 854945352.
    • Miyazaki, Hayao. Orikaeshiten: 1997-2008 (折り返し点—1997~2008). Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 2008. ISBN 9784000223942. OCLC 237177737. Original Japanese edition.
  • Odell, Colin, and Michelle Le Blanc. Studio Ghibli: The Films of Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata. Harpenden, Hertfordshire, England: Kamera, 2009. ISBN 978-1-84243-279-2. OCLC 299246656.

Documentaries[edit]

  • This Is How Ghibli Was Born (ジブリはこうして生まれた, Jiburi wa kōshite umareta). 1998 documentary, Nippon TV, 28 min.
  • The Kingdom of Dreams and Madness (夢と狂気の王国, Yume to Kyoki no Okoku). 2013 documentary by Mami Sunada, 118 min.

External links[edit]