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Studley, Warwickshire

Studley is a large village and civil parish in the Stratford-on-Avon district of Warwickshire, England. Situated on the western edge of Warwickshire near the border with Worcestershire it is 4 miles southeast of Redditch and 13 miles northwest of Stratford-upon-Avon; the Roman road of Ryknild Street, now the A435, passes through the village on its eastern edge, parallel to the River Arrow. The name derives from the Old English leah, being a meadow or pasture, where horses, are kept. Studley is sometimes claimed to be the largest village in England, this is incorrect as it is not the largest village in Warwickshire. Although Polesworth and Bulkington are larger, by population, they could be classed as a suburban; the United Kingdom Census 2001 reported Studley's population as being 6,624, decreasing to 5,879 at the 2011 Census. The manor of Studley is recorded twice in the Domesday Book as part of the lands of William son of Courbucion. Land for 11 ploughs. In lordship 2. 19 villagers with a priest and 12 smallholders have 9 ploughs.

A mill at 5s. The value is 100s. Swein held it freely." A further holding is listed as part of the land of William Bonavallet "William holds 1 hide in Stodlei from William. Land for 2 ploughs. In lordship 1 plough. Meadow 4 acres. Value 10s. Godric held it freely."It is the site of both a castle, not the 19th-century house called Studley Castle, the remains of a medieval priory. The Augustinian priory was founded in the 12th century by Peter Corbizun but was closed at the dissolution under Henry VIII and was used as a source of stone for other local buildings. Nothing remains today apart from the use of the name priory in a few local building names such as Priory Farm, which now much modernised, embodies a few fragmentary portions of a conventual building. A gabled west wall of stone rubble contains the remains of a large 14th-century window. A few medieval sculptured. Studley is known for being the site of a sewing needle and surgical needle making industry; this specialisation started when Elizabeth I permitted a number of Huguenot refugees to settle here, bringing this rare craft with them.

Their expertise enabled English needle manufacture to catch up with French methods and Studley was a leading area in this advance, gaining a European and worldwide reputation. From the 19th century, precision-made surgical needles were in demand, with advances in manufacturing technology, such was the demand that over 3,000 workers were employed. In 1977 the old factory where needles were made was burnt down, the production of "Aero" needles moved to a nearby site; the original factory site now contains a supermarket, other retail outlets, housing. One of the streets in the village is named "Crooks Lane", ostensibly because the crooked needles from the original factory were dumped at the end of this lane, but the road was there before the village had a needle factory. Studley is a ward of Stratford on Avon District Council and represented by Councillors Justin kerridge and Hazel Wright, Liberal Democrat. Nationally it is part of Stratford-on-Avon, whose current Member of Parliament is Nadhim Zahawi of the Conservative Party.

It is included in the West Midlands electoral region of the European Parliament, following the 2014 elections the seven members are. Studley is surrounded on the north and west by hills rising to about 500 ft; the River Arrow flows across the south-west corner, through flat ground, but the country north and east of the brook is for the most part undulating and well wooded. The main village lies on the west bank of the river, along the Roman Rykneild Way, now the A435, Alcester-Birmingham main road; the fact that the church and the site of the castle are about half a mile away on the opposite side of the river indicates that the original settlement was, at some distance from the Roman road. At Washford, half a mile north of Studley village, the main road bears right from the Rykneild Street and continues through the hamlet of Mappleborough Green and up Gorcott Hill, which marks the northern extremity of the parish; the Rykneild Street was, until the end of the 18th century, the main road to Birmingham.

The parish church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin consists of a chancel, south aisle and west tower. It features a 12th-century north wall and window of Norman date, fine surviving examples of opus spicatum or herringbone masonry, a medieval rood screen, Elizabethan era table and dug out chest, Jacobean era pulpit and brasses and other points of interest; the survey of the clergy by the puritans in 1586 described the vicar, Thomas Penford as. Cathell a seelie Welshman that can scarce reade English distinctlie; the valew of both is better xx by the yeare". Studley is noted as having many pubs (17 within one square mile, plus numer

Sons of Vulcan

The Sons of Vulcan was an American labor union which existed from 1858 until 1876. The union recruited skilled craftsmen who manipulated pig iron to create steel. In the 1870s, it was the strongest union in the United States, it merged with two other iron and steel unions in 1876 to form the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers—the forerunner of the United Steelworkers. Puddling is the process of stirring pig iron with iron bars, exposing it to the air so that the carbon in the pig iron is oxidized and burns off; this process creates steel. As practiced in the early and mid-19th century, puddling required great strength as well as skill; because chemical testing of the molten iron had not yet been developed, puddlers relied on their long experience with steelmaking to determine whether too much or too little carbon had been oxidized. Puddling was an dangerous trade, as some steel processes required the molten metal to boil and bubble as the puddler stirred in scrap iron and puddlers were required to physically remove slag and drain pure steel out of furnaces for additional processing.

The first strike in the iron and steel industry in the United States took place among puddlers in Pittsburgh, from December 20, 1849, to May 12, 1850. The employers broke the strike by hiring new puddlers. Labor relations in the iron and steel industry remained tense for much of the next decade. Wages plunged during the Panic of 1857, the steel industry was slow to recover. On April 12, 1858, a group of puddlers met at a hotel bar on Diamond Street to form a labor union, which they called the "Iron City Forge of the Sons of Vulcan"; the new union resolved accepting only puddlers as members. Miles Humphreys was the new union's "Grand Master", offices were established for a vice president and secretary; the new union did little for two years. The union's national leadership received no pay, but this changed in 1866 when the three national officers were paid the average industry wage in exchange for devoting full-time to union business. Membership in the union was kept secret, for fear of physical retaliation.

The Civil War led to a sharp increase in the demand for steel, wages rose substantially. Employers were loath to fire puddlers during the war because so few replacement workers could be found; this led to renewed interest in the Sons of Vulcan. The locals formed a national union in Pittsburgh on September 8, 1862, calling itself the "Grand Forge of the United States, United Sons of Vulcan". A second annual convention was held in Wheeling in the newly formed state of West Virginia in 1862, at which a constitution and bylaws were adopted; as it became apparent in June 1864 that the Civil War might be coming to a close, employers attempted to cut wages. The union responded with a nationwide strike of its members; the strike ended on February 13, 1865, when the employers agreed to a wage scale based on the price of iron bars—the first time employers recognized the union, the first union contract in the iron and steel industry, what may be the first union contract of any kind in the United States.

At the union's convention in Buffalo, New York which opened August 7, 1865, Humphreys reported that "forges" had been established in Illinois, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and West Virginia, the union's membership had tripled. The following year, the union began employing paid organizers across the East; the union had 36 active forges and 1,514 members in 1867. The union's strike policy, nearly proved its undoing. Only the workers with a grievance would strike, with the majority of other workers in the refinery continuing to work. Absent union solidarity, employers broke strikes. Financial support for striking workers was provided by voluntary contributions from fellow "forge" members, not the national union; this strike policy led to the collapse of 11 local unions in 1867 and 16 more in 1868. The union counted only 600 members in 1868. In 1870, the Sons of Vulcan instituted a new policy in which only the national union could approve a strike and all workers in a local "forge" were required to walk out if a strike was approved.

Additionally, the national union began providing limited financial support to strikers. These changes improved the union's stability, membership climbed to 3,331 members in 83 "forges" in 12 states by 1873; the union saw a membership decline of about 25 percent after the Panic of 1873. Nonetheless, by 1876 the Sons of Vulcan was the strongest labor union in the U. S. Other iron and steel unions had formed in the post-Civil War period, in 1873 merger of the largest unions was proposed; the Associated Brotherhood of Iron and Steel Heaters and Roughers had formed in Chicago, Illinois, in 1861. This craft union recruited the skilled workers who rolled steel in railroad track mills, but soon expanded its membership to rollers throughout the iron and steel industry. Another union, the Iron and Steel Roll Hands of the United States, formed in Chicago in 1870; this union attracted anyone. The Roll Hands never achieved much membership growth, which led the union to propose merger as a way of combating employer resistance to unions.

The main impetus for merger was the growing failure of many strikes. If the puddlers struck and iron manufactured would continue to be milled by the rollers, heaters and other mill hands; this enabled the employer to continue to manufacture product and receive revenue, so outlast the union. The movement to form

Amy H. Sturgis

Amy H. Sturgis is an author and scholar of science fiction/fantasy studies and Native American studies, she earned her Ph. D. in intellectual history from Vanderbilt University, serves on the advisory board of Mythopoeic Press, contributes to the Hugo Award winning StarShipSofa podcast and the Liberty and Power group weblog. Sturgis is author of four books on U. S. presidential history and Native American studies, five edited works on science fiction and fantasy, dozens of other scholarly and mainstream book chapters and presentations. In 2006, she was awarded the Imperishable Flame Award for Achievement in Tolkien/Inklings Scholarship, she contributes regular "Looking Back on Genre History" features to and narrates contemporary science fiction stories for the UK-based podcast StarShipSofa. In both 2009 and 2011, she received the Sofanaut Award in Podcasting for Best Fact Article Contributor. In 2010, it became the first podcast to win a Hugo Award. In 2012, Sturgis was featured in a series of documentary short films produced by Ozymandius Media for the Institute for Humane Studies.

In 2012, Sturgis was named a Great Graduate by the Alumni Association of Broken Arrow Senior High School. Sturgis lives in Granite Falls, North Carolina with her husband, Larry M. Hall, Provost at Lenoir-Rhyne University. Official website Personal blog Goodreads author page "Science Fiction Primer: An Interview with Amy H. Sturgis" at Journey to the Sea "The End of Star Wars, But Not Its Fans" Talk of the Nation NPR Interview with Amy H. Sturgis Articles by Amy H. Sturgis at Reason Magazine 2012 Film Series Featuring Amy H. Sturgis

Patrick Bauer (footballer)

Patrick Bauer is a German professional footballer who plays as a defender for Preston North End. In May 2011 Patrick Bauer extended his contract with VfB Stuttgart until June 2015. On 29 July 2011 Bauer had his debut for the first team of VfB Stuttgart in the first round of the 2011–12 DFB-Pokal against SV Wehen Wiesbaden. On 17 August 2012 Patrick Bauer was loaned out to C. S. Marítimo until the end of the 2012–13 season. On 26 August 2012 he made his debut for C. S. Marítimo B in the Segunda Liga against Vitória S. C. B. Six days he scored his first goal in the Segunda Liga against Sporting B. On 24 July 2013 Patrick Bauer signs a three-year contract with C. S. Marítimo. On 22 June 2015, he became Charlton Athletic's first signing of the summer by putting pen to paper on a four-year contract with the Championship side. Bauer made his Charlton Athletic debut against QPR on 8 August 2015. On 12 September, he scored his first goal for the club in a 1–1 draw with Rotherham United. On 26 May, 2019 Bauer scored the winning goal for Charlton in the 94th minute of the 2019 EFL League One play-off Final against Sunderland at Wembley Stadium.

He was offered a new contract by Charlton at the end of the 2018–19 season, but instead decided to sign a three-year deal with Championship side Preston North End. He has been capped for Germany national youth teams ten times in total. Bauer and his wife had their first child, a daughter, in May 2019; as of 29 February 2020 Charlton Athletic EFL League One play-offs: 2019 Profile at Profile at Patrick Bauer at Profile at

2007 Kosovan local elections

Municipal elections were held in Kosovo on November 17, 2007, at the same time as elections to the Assembly of Kosovo, with a second round for the mayoral elections held on 2007-12-08. The date was set for September 1, 2007 by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Joachim Rücker; the elections were held in Kosovo's thirty municipalities, for the first time, local mayors were directly elected. Joachim Rücker decided not to recognise the election results in Serb-populated municipalities where Albanians were elected due to the Serb election boycott. Three Kosovo Serb lists registered for the election early: Multi-Ethnic Council of Plemetin Kosovo Movement Civil Initiative for Novo Brdo and Zubin PotokIn total, 50 lists participated the elections. Many of the lists participating in the local elections were Serbian, as opposed to the parliamentary elections, where only eight Serbian lists participated; the Democratic Party of Kosovo, which won the Assembly election, the New Kosovo Alliance agreed in early December 2007, prior to the second round of the elections, to form coalitions at the local level wherever possible.

The results of the mayoral elections in the thirty municipalities were as follows: Democratic Party of Kosovo: 17 mayors Democratic League of Kosovo: 7 mayors Alliance for the Future of Kosovo: 3 mayorsDue to the Kosovan Serbs' election boycott, no run-off election was held in Leposavić, Zubin Potok and Zvečan. According to the final results, party control of the municipal councils is as follows: Democratic Party of Kosovo: 14 municipal council presidents Democratic League of Kosovo: 6 municipal council presidents Alliance for the Future of Kosovo: 3 municipal council presidentsTurnout in the second round was 31%. Basic official results Detailed official results Preliminary run-off results Council of Europe observers' report on the elections

Cupid (singer)

Bryson Bernard better known by his stage name Cupid, is an American singer born and raised in Lafayette, Louisiana. He has released four albums, is best known for the single "Cupid Shuffle". Bryson Bernard started singing in his church's choir, encouraged by his pastor father, he enrolled at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette Chicago Cubs Chicago White Sox WCIU-TV Chicago Transit Authority Pace KTLA WGCI-FM WVAZ-FM Marilyn Milian WWE SmackDown! Shut Your Mouth Chicago Cedric Banks ESRB with a full athletic scholarship in track and field, he left the track team to form a singing group known as Fasho, which changed its name to Fifth Element. After Fifth Element was dissolved, Bernard pursued a solo career, he sang at venues such as talent shows and funerals. With a five-octave vocal range, Bernard earned the nickname "Cupid" for an impressive performance of the Sam Cooke's 1960s hit single "Cupid"; the singer first received radio airplay in 2001 with his self-released first single, "Do Ya Thang".

His second self-released album, 2005’s The King of Down South R&B gained airplay throughout the region, from Florida to Texas. In January 2007, shortly before the release of his third album, Time For a Change, he was signed to Atlantic Records, his first single from that album, “Cupid Shuffle”, peaked at #66 on the Billboard Hot 100 and #21 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart. Since the song has gone double platinum and gets 6,500 new downloads each week, his other singles include "Say Yes", "Happy Dance", "The Love Slide" and "Do My Ladies Run This Party". In 2008, Cupid broke the Guinness World Record for the largest line dance assembled with over 17,000 people in Atlanta at Ebony’s Black Family Reunion Tour. 107'5 WGCI Fm In addition, Cupid's music can be heard in the films Step Up 2: The Streets, P. S. I Love You, Nancy Drew, Jumping the Broom. In 2012 he auditioned for the third season of the American music competition The Voice singing for his blind audition his own hit "Cupid Shuffle" in a varied version.

None of the four judges Adam Levine, Cee Lo Green, Christina Aguilera or Blake Shelton pressed their "I Want You" button, thus eliminating him from further competition. But Cee Lo Green recognized Cupid after he finished the song and asked him to perform another tune to prove that "he can sing". After recognizing his true musical talent, the judges said that he should have tried a different song to help present his voice better. 2002: Cupid 2005: The King of Down South R&B 2007: Time for a Change 2012: Feel Good Music 2001: "Do Ya Thing" 2007: "Do Yo Dance" 2007: "Say Yes" 2007: "Cupid Shuffle" 2008: "Happy Dance" 2008: "Love Slide" 2010: "Do My Ladies Run This Party" 2013: "I Killed Lil Saint" "All I Need" - Nancy Drew soundtrack "369" - Step Up 2: The Streets 2012: "The Voice" Official website