The Apple IIe is the third model in the Apple II series of personal computers produced by Apple Computer. The e in the name stands for enhanced, referring to the fact that several popular features were now built-in that were only available as upgrades or add-ons in earlier models. Improved expandability combined with the new features made for a attractive general-purpose machine to first-time computer shoppers; as the last surviving model of the Apple II computer line before discontinuation, having been manufactured and sold for nearly 11 years with few changes, the IIe earned the distinction of being the longest-lived computer in Apple's history. Apple Computer planned to discontinue the Apple II series after the introduction of the Apple III in 1980. Management believed that "once the Apple III was out, the Apple II would stop selling in six months", cofounder Steve Wozniak said. By the time IBM released the rival IBM PC in 1981, the Apple II's technology was four years old. In September 1981 InfoWorld reported—below the PC's announcement—that Apple was secretly developing three new computers "to be ready for release within a year": Lisa, "McIntosh", "Diana".
Describing the last as a software-compatible Apple II replacement—"A 6502 machine using custom LSI" and a simpler motherboard—it said that Diana "was ready for release months ago" but decided to improve the design to better compete with the Xerox 820. "Now it appears that when Diana is ready for release, it will offer features and a price that will make the Apple II uncompetitive", the magazine wrote."Apple's plans to phase out the Apple II have been delayed by complications in the design of the Apple III", the article said. After the Apple III struggled, management decided in 1981 that the further continuation of the Apple II was in the company's best interest. After 3 1⁄2 years of the Apple II Plus at a standstill, came the introduction of a new Apple II model — the Apple IIe; the Apple IIe was released in the successor to the Apple II Plus. The Apple IIe was the first Apple computer with a custom ASIC chip, which reduced much of the old discrete IC-based circuitry to a single chip; this change resulted in reducing the size of the motherboard.
Some of the hardware features of the Apple III were borrowed in the design of the Apple IIe, some from incorporating the Apple II Plus Language card. The culmination of these changes led to increased sales and greater market share of home and small business use. One of the most notable improvements of the Apple IIe is the addition of a full ASCII character set and keyboard; the most important addition is the ability to display lower-case letters. Other keyboard improvements include four-way cursor control and standard editing keys, two special Apple modifier keys, a safe off-to-side relocation of the "Reset" key; the auto-repeat function is now automatic, no longer requiring the "REPT" key found on the keyboards of previous models. The machine came standard with 64 KB RAM, with the equivalent of a built-in Apple Language Card in its circuitry, had a new special "Auxiliary slot" for adding more memory via bank-switching RAM cards. Through this slot it includes built-in support for an 80-column text display on monitors and could be doubled to 128 KB RAM by alternatively plugging in Apple's Extended 80-Column Text Card.
As time progressed more memory could be added through third-party cards using the same bank-switching slot or, general-purpose slot cards that addressed memory 1 byte at a time. A new ROM diagnostic routine could be invoked to test the motherboard for faults and test its main bank of memory; the Apple IIe lowered production costs and improved reliability by merging the function of several off-the-shelf ICs into single custom chips, reducing total chip count to 31. The IIe switched to using newer single-voltage 4164 DRAM chips instead of the unreliable triple-voltage 4116 DRAM in the II/II+. For this reason the motherboard design is much cleaner and runs cooler as well, with enough room to add a pin-connector for an external numeric keypad. Added was a backport-accessible DE-9 joystick connector, making it far easier for users to add and remove game and input devices. Improved were port openings for expansion cards. Rather than cutout V-shaped slot openings as in the Apple II and II Plus, the IIe has a variety of different-sized openings, with thumb-screw holes, to accommodate mounting interface cards with DB-xx and DE-xx connectors.
Although the lower IC count improved reliability over previous Apple II models, Apple still retained the practice of socketing all ICs so that servicing and replacement could be performed more easily. Later-production IIe models had the RAM soldered to the system board rather than socketed. Despite the hardware changes, the IIe maintains a high degree of backwards compatibility with the previous models, allowing most hardwa
Dot matrix printer
A dot matrix printer is an impact printer that prints using a fixed number of pins or wires. In contrast and laser printers technically exhibit dot matrix printing, but they are not considered "dot matrix printers". Impact vs. non-impact is one way. Dot-matrix impact printers, "the most common type still sold as of October of 2012," use "a vertical column of pins which fire". In the 1970s and 1980s, dot matrix impact printers were considered the best combination of cost and versatility, until the 1990s were by far the most common form of printer used with personal and home computers; the first impact dot matrix printer was the Centronics 101. Introduced in 1970, it led to the design of the parallel electrical interface, to become standard on most printers until it was displaced well over a decade by the Universal Serial Bus. Digital Equipment Corporation was another major vendor, albeit with a focus on use with their PDP minicomputer line, their LA30 30 character/second dot matrix printer, the first of many, was introduced in 1970.
By the dawn of the 1990s, inkjet printers became more common as PC printers. Unlike the LA30's 80-column, uppercase-only 5x7 dot matrix, DEC's product line grew. New models included: LA36: supported upper and lower case, with up to 132 columns of text LA34: a lower-cost alternative to the LA36 LA38: an LA34 with more features LA180: 180 CPS LS120: 120 CPS LA120: 180 CPS LA12: a portable terminal The DECwriter LA30 was a 30 character per second dot matrix printing terminal introduced in 1970 by Digital Equipment Corporation of Maynard, MassachusettsIt printed 80 columns of uppercase-only 7×5 dot matrix characters across a unique-sized paper; the printhead was driven by a stepper motor and the paper was advanced by a noisy solenoid ratchet drive. The LA30 was available with both a serial interface. In 1972, a receive-only variation named; the LA30 was followed in 1974 by the LA36, which achieved far greater commercial success, becoming for a time the standard dot matrix computer terminal. The LA36 used the same print head as the LA30 but could print on forms of any width up to 132 columns of mixed-case output on standard green bar fanfold paper.
The carriage was moved by a much-more-capable servo drive using a DC electric motor and an optical encoder / tachometer. The paper was moved by a stepper motor; the LA36 was only available with a serial interface but unlike the earlier LA30, no fill characters were required. This was possible because, while the printer never communicated at faster than 30 characters per second, the mechanism was capable of printing at 60 characters per second. During the carriage return period, characters were buffered for subsequent printing at full speed during a catch-up period; the two-tone buzz produced by 60-character-per-second catch-up printing followed by 30-character-per-second ordinary printing was a distinctive feature of the LA36 copied by many other manufacturers well into the 1990s. Most efficient dot matrix printers used this buffering technique. Digital technology broadened the basic LA36 line into a wide variety of dot matrix printers; the DEC LA50 was designed to be a "dot matrix" printer. When in graphic mode, the printhead can generate graphic images.
When in graphics mode, the LA50 can print Sixel graphics format. The Centronics 101 was innovative and affordable at its inception; some selected specifications: Print speed: 165 characters per second Weight: 155 pounds Size: 27 ½" W x 11 ¼" H x 19 ¼ D Shipping: 200 pounds, wooden crate, unpacked by removal of 36 screws Characters: 62, 10 numeric, 26 upper case and 26 special characters Character size: 10 characters per inch Line spacing: 6 lines per inch Vertical control: punched tape reader for top of form and vertical tab Forms thickness: original plus four copies Interfaces: Centronics parallel, optional RS-232 serial In the mid-1980s, dot-matrix printers were dropping in price, being "faster and more versatile than daisywheel printers" they've continued to sell. Increased pincount of the printhead from 7, 8, 9 or 12 pins to 18, 24, 27, 36 permitted superior print-quality, necessary for success in Asian markets to print legible CJKV characters. Epson's 24-pin LQ-series rose to become the new de facto standard, at 24/180 inch.
Not only could a 24-pin printer lay down a denser dot-pattern in a single-pass, it could cover a larger area and print more quickly. Although the text-quality of a 24-pin was still visibly inferior to a true letter-quality printer—the daisy wheel or laser-printer, as manufacturing costs declined, 24-pin printers replaced 9-pin printers. To obtain the maximum output speed, albeit at a lower quality, each character and line is only printed once; this is called "draft mode". Near Letter Quality mode—informally specified as good enough to be used in a business letter—endowed dot-matrix printers with a simulated typewriter-like quality. By using multiple passes of the carriage, higher dot density, the printer could increase the effective resolution. In 1985, The New York Times described the use of "near letter-quality, or N. L. Q." and "near
Apple IIc Plus
The Apple IIc Plus is the sixth and final model in the Apple II series of personal computers, produced by Apple Computer. The "Plus" in the name was a reference to the additional features it offered over the original portable Apple IIc, such as greater storage capacity, increased processing speed, a general standardization of the system components. In a notable change of direction, the Apple IIc Plus, for the most part, did not introduce new technology or any further evolutionary contributions to the Apple II series, instead integrating existing peripherals into the original Apple IIc design; the development of the 8-bit machine was criticized by quarters more interested in the more advanced 16-bit Apple IIGS. The Apple IIc Plus was introduced on September 16, 1988, at the AppleFest conference in San Francisco, with less fanfare than the Apple IIc had received four years earlier. Described as little more than a "turbocharged version of the IIc with a high-capacity 3½ disk drive" by one magazine review of the time, some users were disappointed.
Many IIc users had add-ons giving them something rather close to what the new model offered. Before the official release of the machine, it had been rumored to be a slotless version of the Apple IIGS squeezed into the portable case of the Apple IIc. Apple employee John Arkley, one of the engineers working on the Apple IIc Plus project, had devised rudimentary plans for an enhanced Apple IIGS motherboard that would fit in the IIc case, petitioned management for the go-ahead with such a project; when the project started the original plan was to just replace the 5.25-inch floppy drive with a 3.5-inch, without modifying the IIc design. Other features were added as the project progressed, it is believed the Apple IIc Plus design, its existence at all, was influenced by a third-party Apple IIc-compatible known as the Laser 128. It is not a coincidence that the Apple IIc Plus is similar in design to the Laser 128EX/2 model, released shortly before the Apple IIc Plus; as it was backwards-compatible, the Apple IIc Plus replaced the Apple IIc.
Codenames for the machine while under development included: Raisin and Adam Ant. The Apple IIc Plus had comprised three new features compared to the IIc; the first and most noticeable feature was the replacement of the 5.25-inch floppy drive with the new 3.5-inch drive. Besides offering nearly six times the storage capacity, the new drive had a much faster seek time and button-activated motorized ejection. To accommodate the increased data flow of the new drive, specialized chip circuitry called the MIG, an acronym for "Magic Interface Glue", was designed and added to the motherboard along with a dedicated 2 KB static RAM buffer; the second most important feature was a faster 65C02 processor. Running at 4 MHz, it made the computer faster than any other Apple II, including the IIGS. Apple licensed the Zip Chip Apple II accelerator from third-party developer Zip Technologies and added to the IIc Plus; the CPU acceleration was a last-minute feature addition, which in turn made the specialized circuitry for the use of a 3.5-inch drive unnecessary at full CPU speed as the machine was now fast enough to handle the data flow.
By default the machine ran at 4 MHz, but holding down the'ESC' key during a cold or warm boot disabled the acceleration so it could run at a standard 1 MHz operation — necessary for older software that depended on timing games. The third major change was the internalization of the power supply into the Apple IIc Plus's case, utilizing a new miniature design from Sony. Cosmetic changes were apparent as well; the keyboard layout and style now mirrored that of the Apple IIGS and Macintosh, including an enlarged "Return" key and updated modifier keys. Above the keyboard, the used "40/80" switch was replaced by a sliding volume control; the case housing and keyboard had been changed to the light-grey Apple platinum color, creating a seamless blend between keyboard and case, making them appear as one. The machine, a half pound lighter than the original IIc, weighed in at 7 pounds. In the rear of the machine the most obvious change was a three-prong AC plug connector and power switch where the voltage converter had once been, an Apple security port at the far left corner, the standardization of the serial port connectors.
All the same built-in Apple II peripheral equivalents and port functionality of the IIc remained, with the one exception being the floppy port. Whereas the previous IIc could only support one external 5.25-inch floppy drive and "intelligent" storage devices such as the UniDisk 3.5, the Apple IIc Plus offered backwards port compatibility and more. Support for the external Apple 3.5 Drive used by the Apple IIGS and Macintosh was now present, up to two external 5.25-inch floppy drives could be added as well. Internally, the new motherboard sported a pin connector for an internal modem.
The Apple III is a business-oriented personal computer produced and released by Apple Computer in 1980. It was intended as the successor to the Apple II series, but was considered a failure in the market. Development work on the Apple III started in late 1978 under the guidance of Dr. Wendell Sander, it had the internal code name of "Sara", named after Sander's daughter. The machine was first announced and released on May 19, 1980, but due to serious stability issues that required a design overhaul and a recall of existing machines, it was formally reintroduced in the second half of 1981. Development stopped and the Apple III was discontinued on April 24, 1984, its last successor, the III Plus, was dropped from the Apple product line in September 1985; the Apple III could be viewed as an enhanced Apple II – the newest heir to a line of 8-bit machines dating back to 1976. However, the Apple III was not part of the Apple II line, but rather a close cousin; the key features business users wanted in a personal computer were a true typewriter-style upper/lowercase keyboard and an 80-column display.
In addition, the machine had to pass U. S. Federal Communications Commission radio frequency interference qualifications for business equipment. In 1981, International Business Machines unveiled the IBM Personal Computer – a new 16-bit design soon available in a wide range of inexpensive clones; the business market moved towards the PC DOS/MS-DOS platform pulling away from the Apple 8-bit computer line. After numerous stability issues and a recall that included the first 14,000 units from the assembly line, Apple was able to produce a reliable version of the machine. However, damage to the computer's reputation had been done and it failed to do well commercially as a direct result. In the end, an estimated 65,000–75,000 Apple III computers were sold; the Apple III Plus brought this up to 120,000. Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak stated that the primary reason for the Apple III's failure was that the system was designed by Apple's marketing department, unlike Apple's previous engineering-driven projects.
The Apple III's failure led Apple to reevaluate its plan to phase out the Apple II, prompting the eventual continuation of development of the older machine. As a result Apple II models incorporated some hardware, such as the thermal Apple Scribe printer, software technologies of the Apple III. Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs expected hobbyists to purchase the Apple II, but because of VisiCalc and Disk II, small businesses purchased 90% of the computers; the Apple III was designed to be a successor. While the Apple II contributed to the inspirations of several important business products, such as VisiCalc and Apple Writer, the computer's hardware architecture, operating system, developer environment were limited. Apple management intended to establish market segmentation by designing the Apple III to appeal to the 90% business market, leaving the Apple II to home and education users. Management believed that "once the Apple III was out, the Apple II would stop selling in six months", Wozniak said.
The Apple III is powered by a 1.8 MHz Synertek 6502A or B 8-bit CPU and, like some of the machines in the Apple II family, uses bank switching techniques to address memory beyond the 6502's traditional 64KB limit, up to 256 K in the IIIs case. Third-party vendors produced memory upgrade kits that allow the Apple III to reach up to 512 KB. Other Apple III built-in features include an 80-column, 24-line display with upper and lowercase characters, a numeric keypad, dual-speed cursor control keys, 6-bit audio, a built-in 140 KB 5.25" floppy disk drive. Graphics modes include 560x192 in black and white, 280x192 with 16 colors or shades of gray. Unlike the Apple II, the Disk III controller is part of the logic board; the Apple III is the first Apple product to allow the user to choose both a screen font and a keyboard layout: either QWERTY or Dvorak. These choices cannot be changed while programs were running, unlike the Apple IIc, which has a keyboard switch directly above the keyboard, allowing the user to switch on the fly.
A major limitation of the Apple II and DOS 3.3 is the way it addresses resources, which makes it desirable for peripherals to be installed in standardized locations This forces the user to identify a peripheral by its physical location, such as PR#6, CATALOG, D1, so on. The Apple III introduced an advanced operating system called Apple SOS, pronounced "apple sauce", its ability to address resources by name instead of a physical location allows the Apple III to be more scalable than the Apple II. Apple SOS allows the full capacity of a storage device to be used as a single volume, such as the Apple ProFile hard disk drive. Apple SOS supports a hierarchical file system; some of the features and code base of Apple SOS were migrated into the Apple II's ProDOS and GS/OS operating systems, as well as Lisa 7/7 and Macintosh system software. With a starting price between $4,340 to $7,800 US, the Apple III was more expensive than many of the CP/M-based business computers that were available at the time.
Few software titles besides VisiCalc were available for the computer. Because Apple did not view the Apple III as suitable for hobbyists, it did not provide much of the technical software information that accompanied the Apple II
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, that designs and sells consumer electronics, computer software, online services. It is considered one of the Big Four of technology along with Amazon and Facebook; the company's hardware products include the iPhone smartphone, the iPad tablet computer, the Mac personal computer, the iPod portable media player, the Apple Watch smartwatch, the Apple TV digital media player, the HomePod smart speaker. Apple's software includes the macOS and iOS operating systems, the iTunes media player, the Safari web browser, the iLife and iWork creativity and productivity suites, as well as professional applications like Final Cut Pro, Logic Pro, Xcode, its online services include the iTunes Store, the iOS App Store, Mac App Store, Apple Music, Apple TV+, iMessage, iCloud. Other services include Apple Store, Genius Bar, AppleCare, Apple Pay, Apple Pay Cash, Apple Card. Apple was founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Ronald Wayne in April 1976 to develop and sell Wozniak's Apple I personal computer, though Wayne sold his share back within 12 days.
It was incorporated as Apple Computer, Inc. in January 1977, sales of its computers, including the Apple II, grew quickly. Within a few years and Wozniak had hired a staff of computer designers and had a production line. Apple went public in 1980 to instant financial success. Over the next few years, Apple shipped new computers featuring innovative graphical user interfaces, such as the original Macintosh in 1984, Apple's marketing advertisements for its products received widespread critical acclaim. However, the high price of its products and limited application library caused problems, as did power struggles between executives. In 1985, Wozniak departed Apple amicably and remained an honorary employee, while Jobs and others resigned to found NeXT; as the market for personal computers expanded and evolved through the 1990s, Apple lost market share to the lower-priced duopoly of Microsoft Windows on Intel PC clones. The board recruited CEO Gil Amelio to what would be a 500-day charge for him to rehabilitate the financially troubled company—reshaping it with layoffs, executive restructuring, product focus.
In 1997, he led Apple to buy NeXT, solving the failed operating system strategy and bringing Jobs back. Jobs pensively regained leadership status, becoming CEO in 2000. Apple swiftly returned to profitability under the revitalizing Think different campaign, as he rebuilt Apple's status by launching the iMac in 1998, opening the retail chain of Apple Stores in 2001, acquiring numerous companies to broaden the software portfolio. In January 2007, Jobs renamed the company Apple Inc. reflecting its shifted focus toward consumer electronics, launched the iPhone to great critical acclaim and financial success. In August 2011, Jobs resigned as CEO due to health complications, Tim Cook became the new CEO. Two months Jobs died, marking the end of an era for the company. Apple is well known for its size and revenues, its worldwide annual revenue totaled $265 billion for the 2018 fiscal year. Apple is the world's largest information technology company by revenue and the world's third-largest mobile phone manufacturer after Samsung and Huawei.
In August 2018, Apple became the first public U. S. company to be valued at over $1 trillion. The company employs 123,000 full-time employees and maintains 504 retail stores in 24 countries as of 2018, it operates the iTunes Store, the world's largest music retailer. As of January 2018, more than 1.3 billion Apple products are in use worldwide. The company has a high level of brand loyalty and is ranked as the world's most valuable brand. However, Apple receives significant criticism regarding the labor practices of its contractors, its environmental practices and unethical business practices, including anti-competitive behavior, as well as the origins of source materials. Apple Computer Company was founded on April 1, 1976, by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, Ronald Wayne; the company's first product is the Apple I, a computer designed and hand-built by Wozniak, first shown to the public at the Homebrew Computer Club. Apple I was sold as a motherboard —a base kit concept which would now not be marketed as a complete personal computer.
The Apple I went on sale in July 1976 and was market-priced at $666.66. Apple Computer, Inc. was incorporated on January 3, 1977, without Wayne, who had left and sold his share of the company back to Jobs and Wozniak for $800 only twelve days after having co-founded Apple. Multimillionaire Mike Markkula provided essential business expertise and funding of $250,000 during the incorporation of Apple. During the first five years of operations revenues grew exponentially, doubling about every four months. Between September 1977 and September 1980, yearly sales grew from $775,000 to $118 million, an average annual growth rate of 533%; the Apple II invented by Wozniak, was introduced on April 16, 1977, at the first West Coast Computer Faire. It differs from its major rivals, the TRS-80 and Commodore PET, because of its character cell-based color graphics and open architecture. While early Apple II models use ordinary cassette tapes as storage devices, they were superseded by the introduction of a 5 1⁄4-inch floppy disk drive and interface called the Disk II.
The Apple II was chosen to be the desktop platform for the first "killer app" of the business world: VisiCalc, a spreadsheet program. VisiCalc created a business market for the Apple II and gave home users an additional reason to buy an Apple II: compatibility with the office. Before VisiCalc, Apple had been a distant third place c
Squid as food
Squid is eaten in many cuisines. There are many ways to cook squid, with every country and region having its own recipes. Fried squid appears in Mediterranean cuisine. In Lebanon and Armenia, it is served with a tarator sauce. In New Zealand and South Africa, it is sold in fish and chip shops. In North America, fried squid is a staple in seafood restaurants. In Britain, it can be found in Mediterranean'calamari' or Asian'salt and pepper fried squid' forms in all kinds of establishments served as a bar snack, street food or starter. Squid can be prepared for consumption in other ways. In Korea, it is sometimes served raw, elsewhere it is used as sushi and tempura items, stuffed, covered in batter, stewed in gravy and served in stir-fries and noodle dishes. Dried shredded squid is a common snack including East Asia; the body can be cut into flat pieces or sliced into rings. The arms and ink are edible. In Chinese and Southeast Asian cuisine, squid is used in stir-fries and noodle dishes, it may be spiced.
In China and Japan squid is grilled whole and sold in food stalls Pre-packaged dried shredded squid or cuttlefish are snack items in Hong Kong, Korea, Japan and Russia shredded to reduce chewiness. In Japan, squid is used in every type of dish, including sushi, tempura and grilled. In Korea, squid is sometimes served quickly. Unlike octopus, squid tentacles do not continue to move when reaching the table; this fresh squid is 산 오징어. The squid is served with soy sauce, chili sauce, or sesame sauce, it is wrapped in lettuce or pillard leaves. Squid is marinated in hot pepper sauce and cooked on a pan, they are served by food stands as a snack food and deep fried or grilled using hot skillets. They are cut up into small pieces to be added to 해물파전 or a variety of spicy seafood soups. Dried squid may accompany alcoholic beverages such as anju. Dried squid is served with peanuts. Squid served with hot pepper paste or mayonnaise as a dip. Steamed squid and boiled squid are delicacies. In Korea, squid is made into jeotgal.
The ojingeo-jeot, thin strips of skinned, washed and fermented squid seasoned with spicy gochutgaru -based spices and minced aromatic vegetables, is a popular banchan served in small quantities as an accompaniment to bap. In Japan, similar dish is called ika-no-shiokara; the salted squid, sometimes with innards, ferments for as long as a month, is preserved in small jars. This salty, strong flavoured item is served in small quantities as an accompaniment to white rice or alcoholic beverages. In the Philippines, squid is cooked as adobong pusit, squid in adobo sauce, along with the ink, imparting a tangy flavour with fresh chillies. Battered squid rings, sold as a popular deep-fried street food called calamares in the Philippines, is served with alioli, mayonnaise or chilli vinegar. Squid is grilled on charcoal, brushed with a soy sauce-based marinade, stuffed with tomato and onions. Another recipe is rellenong pusit, stuffed with finely-chopped vegetables, squid fat, ground pork. A variant of pancit noodles is pancit pusit, pancit bihon with squid added, along with the ink, giving the noodles its dark color.
In India and Sri Lanka, squid or cuttlefish is eaten in coastal areas for example, in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Squid are eaten as squid gravy. In Kerala and Tamil Nadu, squid are called kanava or kadamba. In Egypt and Turkey, squid rings and arms are coated in batter and fried in oil. Other recipes from these regions feature squid simmered with added vegetables. In Greek or Turkish cuisine, there is a stuffed squid dish. In Lebanon and Turkey, fried squid is served with tarator, a sauce made using tahini. Like many seafood dishes, it may be served with a slice of lemon. Fried squid is a dish in Mediterranean cuisine, it consists of batter-coated squid, deep-fried for less than two minutes to prevent toughness. It is served plain, with lemon on the side. In Spain, has the calamari rings covered in a thick batter, deep fried, with lemon juice and mayonnaise or garlic mayonnaise. Battered and fried baby squid is puntillitas. Squid stewed in its own black ink is called calamares en su tinta or chipirones en su tinta resulting a black stew-like dish in which squid meat is tender and is accompanied by a thick black sauce made with onion, squid ink, among others.
In Spain and Italy, squid or cuttlefish ink is eaten in dishes such as paella, risotto and pasta. In Italy, Spain and Croatia, squid rings and arms are coated in batter and fried in oil. Other recipes from these regions feature squid simmered with vegetables such as squash or tomato; when frying, the squid flesh is kept tender by short cooking time. When simmering, the flesh is most tender. In Portugal, lulas are eate
Apple 410 Color Plotter
The Apple 410 Color Plotter is a color plotter printer, sold by Apple Computer, Inc. from 1983 to 1988. The colors came in either water- or oil-based inks; the printer could be connected to an Apple Apple III computer. Eagle.def entry "Apple Colour Plotter: Product Description". October 7, 1993. Archived from the original on October 25, 2016. Retrieved August 11, 2017. Documentation and driver for the Apple 410 Color Plotter. on GitHub Reviving the Apple 410 Color Plotter NYC Resistor Rare Apple 410 Color Plotter Unboxing on YouTube