Bharatiya Janata Party
The Bharatiya Janata Party is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress. As of 2016, it is the countrys largest political party in terms of representation in the parliament and state assemblies. The BJP is a party, with close ideological and organisational links to the Hindu nationalist Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. The BJPs origins lie in the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, formed in 1951 by Syama Prasad Mookerjee, after the State of Emergency in 1977, the Jana Sangh merged with several other parties to form the Janata Party, it defeated the incumbent Congress party in the 1977 general election. After three years in power, the Janata party dissolved in 1980 with the members of the erstwhile Jana Sangh reconvening to form the BJP. Although initially unsuccessful, winning two seats in the 1984 general election, it grew in strength on the back of the Ram Janmabhoomi movement. After the 1998 general election, the BJP-led coalition known as the National Democratic Alliance formed a government under Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee for a year.
Following fresh elections, the NDA government, again headed by Vajpayee, lasted for a term in office. In the 2004 general election, the NDA suffered an unexpected defeat, long time Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi led it to a landslide victory in the 2014 general election. Since that election, Modi leads the NDA government as Prime Minister and as of March 2017, the official ideology of the BJP is integral humanism, first formulated by Deendayal Upadhyaya in 1965. The party expresses a commitment to Hindutva, and its policy has historically reflected Hindu nationalist positions, the BJP advocates social conservatism and a foreign policy centred on nationalist principles. Its key issues have included the abrogation of the status to Jammu and Kashmir, the building of a Ram temple in Ayodhya. However, the 1998–2004 NDA government did not pursue any of these controversial issues and it instead focused on a largely neoliberal economic policy prioritising globalisation and economic growth over social welfare.
The BJPs origins lie in the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, popularly known as the Jana Sangh and it was founded in collaboration with the Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, and was widely regarded as the political arm of the RSS. The RSS loaned several of its leading pracharaks, or full-time workers, prominent among these was Deendayal Upadhyaya, who was appointed General Secretary. The Jana Sangh won only three Lok Sabha seats in the first general elections in 1952 and it maintained a minor presence in parliament until 1967. The Jana Sanghs first major campaign, begun in early 1953, centred on a demand for the integration of Jammu. Mookerjee was arrested in May 1953 for violating orders from the state government restraining him from entering Kashmir and he died of a heart attack the following month, while still in jail
The Times of India
The Times of India is an Indian English-language daily newspaper. It is the fourth-largest newspaper in India by circulation and largest selling English-language daily in the according to Audit Bureau of Circulations. It is the oldest English-language newspaper in India still in circulation, in 1991, the BBC ranked The Times of India among the worlds six best newspapers. It is owned and published by Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. which is owned by the Sahu Jain family. In 2014 however, The Times of India was ranked 174th among Indias most trusted brands according to the Brand Trust Report 2014, the Times of India issued its first edition 3 November 1838 as The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce. In 1850, it began to publish daily editions, in 1860, editor Robert Knight bought the Indian shareholders interests, merged with rival Bombay Standard, and started Indias first news agency. It wired Times dispatches to papers across the country and became the Indian agent for Reuters news service, in 1861, he changed the name from the Bombay Times and Standard to The Times of India.
In the 19th century, this company employed more than 800 people and had a sizeable circulation in India. In 1946, Bennett Coleman & Co, Ltd was sold to sugar magnate Ramkrishna Dalmia of the then-famous industrial family, the Dalmiyas, for Rs 20 million, as India was becoming independent and the British owners were leaving. In the court case followed, Ramkrishna Dalmia was sentenced to two years in Tihar Jail after having been convicted of embezzlement and fraud. But for most of the term he managed to spend in hospital. Upon his release, his son-in-law, Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain, to whom he had entrusted the running of Bennett, in the early 1960s, Shanti Prasad Jain was imprisoned on charges of selling newsprint on the black market. Based on the pleading, Justice directed the Government to assume control of the newspaper which resulted in replacing half of the directors, the court appointed D K Kunte as Chairman of the Board. Kunte had no business experience and was an Opposition member of the Lok Sabha.
In 1976, during the Emergency in India, the Government transferred ownership of the back to Ashok Kumar Jain. The move was a critique of Prime Minister Indira Gandhis 21-month state of emergency, in late 2006, Times Group acquired Vijayanand Printers Limited. VPL previously published two Kannada newspapers, Vijay Karnataka and Usha Kiran, and an English daily, Vijay Times, Vijay Karnataka was the leader in the Kannada newspaper segment then. The paper launched a Chennai edition,12 April 2008 and it launched a Kolhapur edition, February 2013
Daily News and Analysis
Daily News and Analysis is an Indian broadsheet launched in 2005 and published in English from Mumbai, Pune, Jaipur and Indore in India. It is the first English broadsheet daily in India to introduce an all-colour page format and it targets a young readership and is owned and managed by Diligent Media Corporation. A high-profile advertising campaign with the tagline, Speak up, its in your DNA, preceded the birth of Daily News, the context into which the publication was introduced was described by the Indian media as tumultuous, with price cuts and competitive activity occurring. In an announcement on its front page on 1 February 2010, former editor-in-chief Aditya Sinha announced that DNA would drop its edit page, dNAs decision was considered bold and attracted much criticism in the field. DNA subsequently began providing, where appropriate, expert opinion and comments in different pages of the newspaper, IRS ranked DNA as sixth among the top ten English dailies in India. DNA is the second most-read English broadsheet in the city of Mumbai and it registering 86 percent growth in average per-issue readership over the five years since the IRS survey in the second half of 2006, nearly doubling the issue readership from 444,000.
In 2012, Quarter, DNA added 21,000 readers, in February 2007, DNA announced that its paid circulation had reached 400,000 in Mumbai. It had previously reached 300,000 in October 2006, in May 2006, DNA authorised Ernst & Young to certify its circulation figures. They submitted their report in July, putting its circulation at 270,000. Today, DNA is the choice of 1506,000 readers in Mumbai alone. The paper is available on the World Wide Web, their e-paper site. They have presence on social media and there are news apps for mobile phones. DNA organises a yearly Mumbai marathon called DNA I Can for women only, Zee Entertainment Enterprises Zee News Official website
Narendra Damodardas Modi is an Indian politician who is the 14th and current Prime Minister of India, in office since May 2014. He was the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014, Modi, a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party, is a Hindu nationalist and member of the right-wing Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. Born to a Gujarati family in Vadnagar, Modi helped his father sell tea as a child and he was introduced to the RSS at the age of eight, beginning a long association with the organisation. He left home after graduating school, partly because of an arranged marriage which he rejected. Modi traveled around India for two years, and visited a number of religious centres and he returned to Gujarat and moved to Ahmedabad in 1969 or 1970. In 1971 he became a worker for the RSS. During the state of emergency imposed across the country in 1975, the RSS assigned him to the BJP in 1985, and he held several positions within the party hierarchy until 2001, rising to the rank of general secretary. Modi was appointed minister of Gujarat in 2001, due to Keshubhai Patels failing health.
Modi was elected to the assembly soon after. His administration has been considered complicit in the 2002 Gujarat riots, or otherwise criticised for its handling of it and his policies as chief minister, credited with encouraging economic growth, have received praise, and several industrial projects were begun during his tenure. His administration has been criticised for failing to improve health, poverty. Modi led the BJP in the 2014 general election, which gave the party a majority in the Lok Sabha, Modi himself was elected to parliament from Varanasi. Modi has attempted to improve efficiency in the bureaucracy, and centralised power through the abolition of the planning commission and he has begun a high-profile sanitation campaign, and weakened or abolished environmental and labour laws. Narendra Modi was born on 17 September 1950 to a family of grocers in Vadnagar, Mehsana district and he was the third of six children born to Damodardas Mulchand Modi and Hiraben Modi. Modis family belonged to the Modh-Ghanchi-Teli community, which is categorised as an Other Backward Class by the Indian government, as a child, Modi helped his father sell tea at the Vadnagar railway station, and ran a tea stall with his brother near a bus terminus.
Modi completed his secondary education in Vadnagar in 1967, where a teacher described him as an average student. Modi had a gift for rhetoric in debates, and this was noted by his teachers. Modi preferred playing larger-than-life characters in theatrical productions, which has influenced his political image, when eight years old, Modi discovered the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, and began attending its local shakhas
Subhas Chandra Bose
Bose had been a leader of the younger, wing of the Indian National Congress in the late 1920s and 1930s, rising to become Congress President in 1938 and 1939. However, he was ousted from Congress leadership positions in 1939 following differences with Mahatma Gandhi and he was subsequently placed under house arrest by the British before escaping from India in 1940. In November 1941, with German funds, a Free India Centre was set up in Berlin, a 3, 000-strong Free India Legion, comprising Indians captured by Erwin Rommels Afrika Korps, was formed to aid in a possible future German land invasion of India. By spring 1942, in light of Japanese victories in southeast Asia and changing German priorities, a German invasion of India became untenable, adolf Hitler, during his only meeting with Bose in late May 1942, suggested the same, and offered to arrange for a submarine. During this time Bose became a father, his wife, or companion, Emilie Schenkl, identifying strongly with the Axis powers, and no longer apologetically, Bose boarded a German submarine in February 1943.
In Madagascar, he was transferred to a Japanese submarine from which he disembarked in Japanese-held Sumatra in May 1943, with Japanese support, Bose revamped the Indian National Army, composed of Indian soldiers of the British Indian army who had been captured in the Battle of Singapore. To these, after Boses arrival, were added enlisting Indian civilians in Malaya, the Japanese had come to support a number of puppet and provisional governments in the captured regions, such as those in Burma, the Philippines and Manchukuo. Before long the Provisional Government of Free India, presided by Bose, was formed in the Japanese-occupied Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Bose had great drive and charisma—creating popular Indian slogans, such as Jai Hind, —and the INA under Bose was a model of diversity by region, religion, Bose was regarded by the Japanese as being militarily unskilled, and his military effort was short-lived. In late 1944 and early 1945 the British Indian Army first halted, almost half the Japanese forces and fully half the participating INA contingent were killed.
The INA was driven down the Malay Peninsula, and surrendered with the recapture of Singapore and he died from third degree burns received when his plane crashed in Taiwan. Some Indians, did not believe that the crash had occurred, with many among them, especially in Bengal, Indian National Congress, the main instrument of Indian nationalism, praised Boses patriotism but distanced itself from his tactics and ideology, especially his collaboration with Fascism. Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23 January 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Province, to Prabhavati Devi and Janakinath Bose and he was the ninth in a family of 14 children. He was admitted to the Protestant European School, like his brothers and sisters and he continued his studies at this school which was run by the Baptist Mission up to 1909 and shifted to the Ravenshaw Collegiate School. The day Subhas was admitted to school, Beni Madhab Das. After securing the position in the matriculation examination in 1913. His nationalistic temperament came to light when he was expelled for assaulting Professor Oaten for the latters anti-India comments and he joined the Scottish Church College at the University of Calcutta and passed his B. A. in 1918 in philosophy.
Bose left India in 1919 for England with a promise to his father that he would appear in the Indian Civil Services examination and he went to study in Fitzwilliam College and matriculated on 19 November 1919
Zee TV is an Indian cable and satellite television channel owned and operated by Zee Entertainment Enterprises, a media and entertainment company based in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It majorly airs programmes in Hindi and other languages of India. The channel is available in various nations of Southeast Asia, the Caribbean. A part of the Essel Group, it started to broadcast on 2 October 1992 as the first Hindi-language cable channel in India, shows from Zee TV are aired on the very popular channel MBC Digital 4. Zee TV HD was launched on 15 August 2011 along with Zee Cinema HD, the channel mostly airs content intended for family and coming-of-age generations ranging from comedy to drama. It aired reality shows such as Shabaash India, Sa Re Ga Ma Pa, I Can Do That, Indias Best Cinestars Ki Khoj, and Dance India Dance
Zee Entertainment Enterprises Ltd. is an Indian media and entertainment company based in Mumbai, India. A subsidiary of the Essel Group the companys founder and managing director is Subhash Chandra, the Company has 35 channels serving Indian content across India and 169 countries, with the latest being World is One News. The company was launched on 15 December 1991 and was known as Zee Telefilms until 2006, when it was renamed. ZEEL currently operates over 34 different television channels, a cable company Siti Cable, a record label Zee Music Company and it has expanded operations abroad, with several of its channels available in the UK and US as well as Africa and Asia. In 2002 ZEEL acquired a majority stake in ETC Networks, in 2006, they acquired Integrated Subscriber Management Services Limited and in November 2006, ZEEL acquired an interest in Taj television TEN Sports. In February 2010 ZEEL acquired a stake in TEN Sports. As Zee Telefilms, the formed part of BSE Sensex from 2000-2005. The news and regional entertainment channel business was spun off into a company in 2006 under the corporate banner Zee News Ltd.
Fox holds an approximate 30% interest in Tata Sky Limited which owns, the Company has a 50/50 joint venture, Star Den, with Den Networks Limited to perform channel placement services in India. It owns a music label, Zee Music Company, in 2016, Zee launched Zee Mundo, the first ever Spanish-language Bollywood movie channel. Zee Motion Pictures operates Zee Limelight, gadar, Ek Prem Katha, Natsamrat and Rustom include their successful productions
EsselWorld is an amusement park located in Gorai and established in 1989. The park is owned by Pan India Paryatan Pvt. Ltd, EsselWorld along with its counterparts, Water Kingdom are stretched over 64 acres of land. Together, they are recognised as one of the largest Amusement And Water Park, EsselWorld is one of the largest amusement park in the country, along with Adlabs Imagica. It draws in an estimated 1.8 million visitors annually, EsselWorld is home to a variety of rides appropriate for individuals of all ages. It boasts of fourteen family rides, eleven adrenaline-pumping thrill rides, apart from the conventional features of a theme park such as rollercoasters and rides, EsselWorld is host to Mumbais first ice skating rink, spanning 3400 square feet. The park maintains the temperature at a constant 4 degrees Celsius. The dance floor is a characteristic of the park that enables visitors to hold parties at the park. It enjoys colored lights, high audio, and a glass dance floor. To maintain its international demeanor the dance hall plays a fusion of Bollywood as well as Western music, the theme park comprises a 6-lane bowling alley widely known as Rikis Rocking Alley.
The bowling alley consists of an arcade as well as a restaurant, Tandoori One. Other culinary options across EsselWorld include Southern Treat - serving traditional South Indian delicacies, Dominos Pizza, Taipan Chinese restaurant, Mumbai - a taste of the local favorites, Happy Singh Da Dhaba – Punjabi cuisine and Mother Dairy desserts. Scattered across the park are the faces of the Fab-5, otherwise known as EsselWorld, the Fab-5 Bandwagon is an established merchandise store that provides visitors and customers the option to purchase low-priced souvenirs. It was titled Indias Scariest Ride, the ride is a 6,000 square feet indoor dark ride, with a track and car system. It runs for a total of four minutes through a dark den filled with mist and fog amidst numerous thrills, the ride comprises more than 20 scenes, which are supported by state-of-the-art animatronics and hi-end audio. The ride was designed by renowned international dark attractions manufacturer The Attraction Factory established in Missouri, pictures of Essel World at flickr Official Web Page EsselWorld set World Record Essel World - Asia’s Largest Theme Water Park sets World Record
Mumbai Football Club is an Indian professional football club based in Mumbai, the capital city of Maharashtra state of India. The club participates in the I-League, Indias top-tier football league, Mumbai FC was founded in 2007 with the objective of providing a platform for the young aspiring footballers from the city to showcase their talent and to try to make it to the big stage. The club gained promotion to the I-League in 2008, and finished 7th in their maiden I-League campaign in 2008–09 season. Mumbai FC have a rivalry with another Mumbai-based club Air India. Mumbai FC was officially founded at a launch in Mumbai on 27 June 2007. The club was created to provide Indian football another non-institutional club, the club started building their team straight away with the signing of Englishmen David Booth. The team added their first round of foreign players Felix Aboagye, the club began their grassroots project in November 2007 with Aqueel Ansari being the head coach. Mumbai FC participated in their first tournament, the Mumbai Football League Elite Division in 2007, Mumbai FC lost their match in the Mumbai Football League to RCF 2–1 with Dane Pereira scoring the first goal.
Mumbai FC won the first match in their history against Bengal Mumbai, in their second match, the club won their first-ever championship, the Abhijit Kadam Memorial Cup, in which Mumbai defeated I-League club Vasco. The club finished in place in the Mumbai Football League Elite Division behind I-League club Mahindra United. The club played in their first national competition in 2008 when they participated in the 2008 I-League 2nd Division, the club were placed in Group B with Mohammedan, Indian Bank, Amity United, Oil India, and New Delhi Heroes. The club won their first four matches in their group, only losing the match of the group stage against Mohammedan which did not matter as the club was already qualified for the Final Round. The club won their first match of the Final Round which was a match against Mohammedan. The club played local rivals Pune for the first time in their history, the club drew against Vasco which was followed by a two-goal victory over Indian Bank. The club officially secured promotion to the I-League when the defeated Chirag United despite being a man-down, the club played their first season in the I-League during the 2008–09 I-League season.
Mumbai completed a double against the two giant Kolkata clubs after they defeated East Bengal at the Salt Lake Stadium 1–0 with Felix Aboagye scoring the only goal. Mumbai played their first ever match in their history at the Cooperage Ground on 11 October 2008 with Kalia Kulothungan scoring the only goal in the match. Halfway through the season Mumbai was placed in place in the table
Sony Entertainment Television
Sony Entertainment Television or SET, is a Hindi-language based general entertainment television channel in the Indian subcontinent. It was launched in October 1995 and is owned by Sony Pictures Networks India Pvt. Ltd. a subsidiary of Sony Pictures Entertainment, the network carried C. I. D. and Kaun Banega Crorepati. Sony is available in HD on DishTV, Tata Sky, Videocon d2h, Airtel digital TV, Dish Home, Fastway Cable and Siti cable. It was launched on 28 May 2012. See List of programs broadcast by Sony Entertainment Television Beyhadh - Romantic thriller drama showcasing the several aspects of nature of love among Arjun, Maya, CID - The CID Department fight crimes and solve mysteries basically around Mumbai. Crime Patrol - Showcasing the Police Force and how they fight crimes in India, Peshwa Bajirao - Historical drama showcasing Peshwa Bajirao, a passionate warriors story. Sankat Mochan Mahabali Hanumaan - Showcasing one of the Hindu deities, the Kapil Sharma Show - Showcasing comedian Kapil Sharma and his gang in the hilarious talk show.
Yeh Moh Moh Ke Dhaage one of the most hated shows on Sony Official Site
Twenty20 cricket, sometimes written Twenty-20, and often abbreviated to T20, is a short form of cricket. At the professional level, it was introduced by the England and Wales Cricket Board in 2003 for the inter-county competition in England. In a Twenty20 game the two teams have a single innings each, which is restricted to a maximum of 20 overs, a typical Twenty20 game is completed in about three hours, with each innings lasting around 75–90 minutes and a 10–20-minute interval. This is much shorter than previously-existing forms of the game, and is closer to the timespan of other team sports. It was introduced to create a form of the game which would be attractive to spectators at the ground. Since its inception the game has very successful resulting in its spread around the cricket world. On most international tours there is at least one Twenty20 match, the inaugural ICC World Twenty20 was played in South Africa in 2007 with India winning by five runs against Pakistan in the final. Pakistan won the tournament in 2009, and England won the title in the West Indies 2010.
West Indies won in 2012, with Sri Lanka winning the 2014 tournament, West Indies are the reigning champions, winning the 2016 competition, and in doing so, became the first nation to win the tournament twice. When the Benson & Hedges Cup ended in 2002, the ECB needed another one day competition to fill its place, cricketing authorities were looking to boost the games popularity with the younger generation in response to dwindling crowds and reduced sponsorship. It was intended to deliver fast paced, exciting cricket accessible to thousands of fans who were put off by the versions of the game. Stuart Robertson, the manager of the ECB, proposed a 20 over per innings game to county chairmen in 2001. The first official Twenty20 matches were played on 13 June 2003 between the English counties in the Twenty20 Cup, the first season of Twenty20 in England was a relative success, with the Surrey Lions defeating the Warwickshire Bears by 9 wickets in the final to claim the title. Thirteen teams from different parts of the participated in Pakistans inaugural competition in 2004.
On 12 January 2005 Australias first Twenty20 game was played at the WACA Ground between the Western Warriors and the Victorian Bushrangers and it drew a sell-out crowd of 20,000, which was the first time in nearly 25 years the ground had been completely sold out. Starting 11 July 200619 West Indies regional teams competed in what was named the Stanford 20/20 tournament, the event was financially backed by billionaire Allen Stanford, who gave at least US$28,000,000 funding money. It was intended that the tournament would be an annual event, guyana won the inaugural event, defeating Trinidad and Tobago by 5 wickets, securing US$1,000,000 in prize money. On 5 January 2007 Queensland Bulls played the New South Wales Blues at The Gabba, a crowd of 11,000 was expected based on pre-match ticket sales
The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the Parliament of India. Membership of Rajya Sabha is limited by the Constitution to a maximum of 250 members, Members sit for staggered six-year terms, with one third of the members retiring every two years. The Rajya Sabha meets in continuous sessions, and unlike the Lok Sabha, the Rajya Sabha, like the Lok Sabha can be prorogued by the President. The Rajya Sabha has equal footing in all areas of legislation with Lok Sabha, except in the area of supply, in the case of conflicting legislation, a joint sitting of the two houses can be held. However, since the Lok Sabha has twice as many members as the Rajya Sabha, the Vice-President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, who presides over its sessions. The Deputy Chairman, who is elected from amongst the houses members, the Rajya Sabha held its first sitting on 13 May 1952. The salary and other benefits for a member of Rajya Sabha are same as for a member of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha members are elected by state legislatures rather than directly through the electorate by single transferable vote method.
Article 84 of the Constitution lays down the qualifications for membership of Parliament, must be elected by the Legislative Assembly of States and Union territories by means of Single transferable vote through Proportional representation. Must have their name present on the voters list, cannot be an insolvent, i. e. he/she should not be in debt that he/she is not capable of repaying in a current manner and should have the ability to meet his/her financial expenses. Should not hold any office of profit under the Government of India. Should not be of unsound mind, must possess such other qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by Parliament. In addition, twelve members are nominated by the President of India having special knowledge in areas like arts. However, they are not entitled to vote in Presidential elections as per Article 55 of the Constitution, the Constitution of India places some restrictions on Rajya Sabha which makes Lok Sabha more powerful in certain areas in comparison.
Money bills, as defined in the Constitution of India Act 110, when Lok Sabha passes a money bill, and transmits it to Rajya Sabha, Rajya Sabha has only fourteen days to return the bill to Lok Sabha. If Rajya Sabha fails to return the bill in fourteen days, also, if Lok Sabha rejects any of the amendments proposed by Rajya Sabha, the bill is deemed to have been passed by both Houses of Parliament in the form Lok Sabha finally passes it. Hence, Rajya Sabha cannot stall, or amend, a bill without Lok Sabhas concurrence on the same. Article 108 provides for a joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament in certain cases, considering that the numerical strength of Lok Sabha is more than twice that of Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha tends to have a greater influence in a joint sitting of Parliament. A joint session is chaired by the Speaker of Lok Sabha, in Indian federal structure, Rajya Sabha is a representative of the States in the Union legislature